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Publication numberUS1866089 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 5, 1932
Filing dateMar 27, 1930
Priority dateJul 27, 1925
Publication numberUS 1866089 A, US 1866089A, US-A-1866089, US1866089 A, US1866089A
InventorsDay William H
Original AssigneeRemington Rand Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Index or file
US 1866089 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 5, 1932. w H, DAY 1,866,089

INDEX OR FILE Original Filed July 27. 1925 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 501 010501 M/fiam H pay Allorzz/e li July 5, 1932.

Original Filed July 27. 1925 w. H. DAY

INDEX 0R FILE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 wlnnmm H. DAY, or onm'ron} Patented July 5,1932

mnn xion FILE ts aart uaeamed Jul '27, 1925, serial no. 46,336." Divided and-this application filedfmarelifi' i, e, I 1930. seriai'no. 439,450.

r i Tliisapplicationis a division of applica -tion Serial-No. 46,336,filed*July 27, 1925,

patented Oct. 28,1930, No. 1,7 80,006.

" This invention relates to indexes, files'or indicators of that typein which aholder or carrier is employed to receive and mount a 'seriesof overlapping index elements or feeom bearing members ofthe type generally termed visible indexes,; wherein a'margin' o each card of theindex is exposed to view for the purpose of identification regarding the data contained upon the-remainder of the ing members, gu'idesyor retaining means by 7.

card, or to allow readyand clearvisibility {of the'data uponthermargin soexpos'ed'. The

carrier-or holder is 'usually provided with some arrangement-of index element' engagwhich'therecordebearing, members are held in position thereon, and usually detachably so, while thecarriers are. either swingingly mounted upon 'a supporting frame to be I "manipulated similarly to the leaves of abook,

' erallybeen provided with aflange'along'the [outer edge -thereof,leither. to act alone as, a

same time covering theside edges of-theseries of index elements to protect the same from. -mutilation or being soiled. fThis structure tended toincrease the cost ofmanu'facturing the holders as well as to increase the amount of room required for a plurality of suchlhold- 'ers,-due to the increased thickness of the same z'at-"thispointg' a; .71 l

In some instances,the holders were ;constructed in such a manner thatthey lacked the necessary stiffness required tobe properly and effectively manipulated, due to the flimsijness of the holder framing and lackof supg "port for the front edge of-the same. ,Thiswas especiallytr-ue when the, holder was formed. from a single sheet of metal which merely had a bent over edge alongsthe ifront thereof.

finger grip or assucha grip While at'the -Ineans allowing'a firm grip upon theedge,

causing the I i-other cases, these to a certain number of reference bearlng oonnncmcuninssmnon To ma a ma n on BUFFALO, 1;. Y. .1 V s,

possibility that the fingers would] I occasionally slip therefrom and cause delay inzthe usethereof;

holders were limited er edgeof the same, the ear b'eing of such def sign and applied 'in such a mannerilthat a comparatively large amount, of holder, sur- 7, face was not in use as :an index element sup- Y port. r

"' Theprincipal object of this invention, thereforefis to provide :an improved index holder 7 or carrier of the above type, which will fiber of such construction and combination a errangement of the parts thereof, :that the come; while retaining, all ,of the advantages,

decreasing thecost of manufacture and inabove mentioned disadvantages will beovere creasing the efiiciency infthe use of the same- Another'object ofnthis invention is to'provide a carrier forindex elementsof the above will be light" ilrweight: and easily manipu- -type, with ainovel frame construction which lated, while being 1 of sufii'cient- "stiffness 1 to,

properly Stand t e ra of i onstantflw l without becoming distorted.

Another object of this invention islto s'oar range the index element retaining means'used in the frame portion of a carrier of thisitype that the index elements will be protected against mutilationwithout the useof a side flange or the like ,'in order to reduce thecomtime.

hi kness of aplurality of si eh h 1d-. ,ersto-a minimum. .7

stillancther bjfict io'f this instances to i provide index' elementisupportingmeans (of noveliconstruction by the use of which more I of such. elements may be mounted thereon than formerly, thereby increasing fthecapac; 3

ity of the index as a whole. s

Stillr'another object of'this invention isto provide 'a combination ofa retaining means and a support ng meansg'for use with such a type of holder that the latter will cooperate with theframe to form an elficientdejviceiof this character whereon index elements maybe while allowin a maximum quantity of such elements to be held thereby.

To these and other ends the invention consists in the novel features and combinations of parts to be hereinafter described and 7 In the accompanyingdrawings Fig. 1 is a'ffontelevation of anjindex or file, embodying my improvements, showing the carriershingedly supported to swing as leaves. I

. Fig; 2 is a top plan viewof the parts shown in Fig. 1. V

Fig. 3 is aside elevation or side face view of 'one of the-carriers or leaves. V

Fig. 4 1s a section onl ne of Fig. 3. e

r Fig. 5 is an enlarged view of the bottom portion of'the sideface of-the carrier shown I F g. 6 is a: section on line 6'-6 of Fig. 5. Fig. 7 is a section on line 7 -7-of Fig.

Fig.8 is'al section on line 88 of Fig. 5;

. '9 'isaviewsiniilar to Fig.5, Wlth'fl "carrier having the position of the retaining member changed and a modified form of an. associated part.

' Fig. 10 is a sectiononiline 1010 of Fig. Fig. 1 I.isa side face View of a somewhat "modified 'form of carrier, embodying ceri tain features of this invention.)

Fig. ,12fi's'a section on line 12 12" of 11, and

Fig. 13 is a-v detailed viewof the form of 2 index element apted for use with acarrier ofgthe form illustrated". Y

Forthe urose of illustratin m invenas Y 1 tion, I have selected the general form of swinging leaf described in'the patent to R. D.

Hayesabove referred to, and have selected they form of index elements used and described in connection with that form ofleaf and-which are of the type shown and'described in thejpatent to Irving Fisher, N o..- 1 f I,O4 8,O56, dated December 2 1, 1912.

i The particular form of leaf illustrated is somewhat similar in structure to the/one demount-tampon a supporting means comprising'a rack 10, provided with so-c'alled upper lower tracks 11 and 12", which are slidingly engageable bycertain portions of'ea'ch' leaf l5, in this instance, the upper and lower arms 13131101 14;, to'swingingly support the" i i ed upon the leaf'by means of the cooperation same. "The leaf 15 comprises a framework 2 of wires or rods, bent into suchform that a rectangularly shaped open frame is-provided. "In this instance, the preferred form of franie is formed by bendingthe end portions A 16and17ofarod or wire 18 at right angles to the remaining portion 19 and terminating the same beyondthe frame'into the form of the arms 13 and 14, for the purpose above noted. Portions 20 and 21 of another wire or rod 22 are bent 'at right angles to the remaining portion. 23 thereof, and the end portions-24. and-25 of this rod are bent at right angles to the respective portions 20 and 21. The end portions 24; and 25 extend toward each other and are substantially paral- 'lel with the portion 23. The rod 22, bent as above, is" adapted to cooperate with the rod 18 "to form the enclosed loop forming the open rectangularly shaped frame by having r the portions 20 and 21 closely associated with portions 16 and 17 as shown in Fig. 3. The

.endportions 24 and 25 are closely associated with the portion 19 of the rod 18. -'The portions 20 and 21 and ltiand 17 are tied togQtl181,'l11 this-instance, by means'of the sleeves 26 which partially surround both, as shown in Fig; 3. Likewise, the end portions '24: and'25 are tied to the portion 19by similar sleeves 27 shown also in Fig; 8. By the above constructiona. very rigidframe structure is provided, thezmembers of which are securely fastenedtog'ether in such a manner I that each: component braces the. other, both laterally and longitudinally. I

A thinsh-eet of material 28,-which to obtain the desirable lightnessiii weight, is pref- :erably made ofal'uminum, is secured between 95.

the eomponents'of the frame. The edges 29 an'd30 of the sheet or base plate 28garer'olled over-the wire or-rod'porti0nsf20 and 21, and

theedge 32 thereof is rolled over the wire or. rod portion'23. The'remaining edge 33 of the-sheetofmaterial-28 is rolled over the portion' 19 of the 'wireor'rod 18. These edgesfare rolled'over the wire or rod at the above mentioned points in such a manner that the I sheet or base-plate 31 lying'between' the vari- 'ous frame portions isthe plane of the horizontal center: lines of the. wires or rods, as clearly shown in Figs. 4,6, 7 and 10-, whereby the wires or rods form what may be termed ahead which surrounds the. base-plate the outer edge thereof.

"Theiportion of the bead above mentioned, which is formed bythe rod portion 19 at-the 'f'ront edge of the leaf is of especial utility in connection withthis invention, inasmuch. as the same forms" a finger grip for use in the manipulation of the leaves to swing the same when they are mounted upon a support or rack 10', or'to draw them'in and. out of a cabinet'when slidingly mounted insuch a .devic 5 The index elements or cards-34 are mount- "base-plate 31 by any'suit'able'meanspsuchas eyeletslO, and theraised edge portions 38 and 39 present oppositely and 1aterja 11y de 'rected flanges which extend, in this instance, awayfrom each otherj To insure proper cooperation of the tongues *and36 of the elements 3 34, with these edge flanges, the

tongues are reversely extended "relatively to thest'rip" raised edges 38 and 39, ina direction toward each other.* A reverse-order,

of course, is possible. ,Other' tongue-portions 4% and 42 are provided in the index element i'34,'whereby each ofthe same nests with adjacent ones, asde'scribedin theabove mentioned Fisher patentlfBoth sides of the a .base plate are used to support'cards 34-and for this purpose'two strips 37 '1 are used, one

on each side of the base" plate-31, eachef V which are arranged in ,backto back relation tubular rivets.

and secured' to the base plate'by :the same.

- The retaining strip37 is prefei'ably secured to the base plate 31,'slightly oifthe' longitudinal center line thereof, toward the rear edge, 'in order'that a front edge margin243 will be provided and that the index elements mounted thereon :will be spacedfrom the beaded front edge of the leaf. The margin."-

43 cooperates with the beaded frontedg'eof the leaf or frame to facilitatetheluse'of the guided in such movement therebydue to the engagement ofthe' tongue portions '35 and freeedges 46 and- 47 o'f-the' anged edge por tions 38 and 39 ofthefstrip when the-ele-- ments are mounted-thereon, and-prevent the movement by such engage-= bead as a finger; grip by spacing the samejfr'o'm the adjacent side edges of the index elements mounted thereon, and insures thatthe index 1 elements will not be soiled or otherwise mutilated when the leaves are manipulated; f

'- The above mentioned cooperation betweenthe index elements 34 and the retaining strip" 37 is such that the elements '34 are 'free to slide longitudinally along the strip 37 and be 36-with the raised edge. portions orfflanges 38 and 39. Relative lateral movement-between the elements 34 and-the strip 37 isprevented 1 by the provision of other 'cooperating'portions of both. Vertically disposed edges 44 and are provided associated with the elements 34 which engage a ainst" the outer relative lateral index elements against. slippage downwardly and from the leaf. For this lpurpose, lhavei selected a pair of members'or ears '48 and 4 9,

the preferre-d formof'whichisjshowni.nFi.gs. 3,5, 6, and 7. The ear members 48and 49' are preformed from ablanli of material;-prefer-' ably metal, and comprise a'fbase portion '50 adapted to be suitablyfsecured tothe plate 3l; such as by means of eyelets 515-1 A ermeate of these ear members is turned: up and: over I the base portion 50, forming at thegbend 53:2. supporting shoulder to engage the edge;54 o f the A lowermost" index element of a I series,*" as shown in F 5.; 1,; 3 and 5,'lthe..index element 34 inFig. 5 'eing shownin dottedlinesr.

v In order-that a :maximumniimber of index elementsmaybe' applied to and mounted upon 1a leafof a givensize,' it'is desirable thatthe "ears 48 and 49, or at least-the: supporting porftion 53 thereof, be located as near the lower 1 edge of theleaf as is-possible,whileretaining'the efficiency intheuse ofzthesame; It

1 is;necessary that the lower end 55 ofithe index element retaining and guide member 37 3 be spaced from the extreme lowerredge. 56 of the leaf an amount sufficient to allow thetongue portions 35 and .36 of the index element;34 to slip-from under the flanges .38 and 39,-.re-

' spectively, when said element is removed fromthe guide 37 at this-point after disengagement such operation by engagement with the bead 57 formed by the wire or ro'd portions 17' and? i from ears48 ,"49, without the tongue portions being mutilated, distorted. or prevented from 21, and the enclosing plate1edge30. @To'faoili- :tate removal of theelement-from the guide strip,the flanged portions thereof are rounded atithis'end asat58.

disposediedge's .44 and 45: of the element with the. edges 46" and 47 of, the strip. .It'fis, of "course, important; that this qcooperationbe continuedthroughoutthe entire length ofithe strip 37 and affect each ofthe index elements *Jof the series; 5 The lowermost element,-gthere fore, must] be so located with. respect to the terminating point '59 of the edges 46 and..47,

ofthe strip 37, thatthe vertieal'edges44 and 45 thereof will at all times berefficie ntly engaged: The vertical edges 44 and .45 arepre determinably located in respectfto thev mar-1 ginal edge i54 ofi the" index element 34' and for a 'certain' type; and size j-of element are standard in this location.- It is, therefore, necessary toso locate the marginaledge 54" 11 of theelement in respeetto the terminating {As above mentioned, there is acooperatioif between 'theelem'e'nt :34 and the; guide strip whereby theseparts are prevented from {laterallyshifting,relativelytov each other/by means of the engagement of. the vertically v p'oint '59' andthefiangeathat proper engagement will-bemaintain'e'd' between the edges 44 'and'4 5', and:'46'-and 47,"respectively. This is accomplished by properly locating "the supporting shoulderformediby -the bend 53 in the ears 48- and 49, f withvrespect to the lower 'edge'55of'the retaining-strip 37. Theisup:

porting shoulder :formed' by ,the f: bend 5 3,

therefore, must' be spacedgfromthe terminat f ing point 59, whieh iconstitutesthe effective greater thanth fic -l.g i gb twe the hm ginF54pfthei "edgesf44 and 45and den-element 34. 1;; ig;

as shown-"in Figs. Sand .7.- Figs. 9 and 10 i-llustra'te a somewat modified form of; element supporting ears 60. In this form the base 50, above mentioned, is not required, as

r "the opposite "ears upon both sides of the leaf are formed from the same pieee of material as shownin Fig.- 10, and are connected by the portion 61,Which is Wrapped about the baseplate edge 30. The portion 61 substantially surrounds the'wire or rod portion 21andits surrounding base-plate edge 30, and is with the base=plate 3 1, adjacentthis edge, whereby-a shoulder. 63' is formed which is analogous in use and construction to the supi porting shoulder formedby the bend 53abo've described, in connection with thef ears 48 and 49.

1 Figs. 11 and "12 illustrate a leaf70 wherein V the frame portion 71 is formed-of but one j wire or red and the frontedge 72 of the baseplate 7 3 is bent back'uponritself to: form 'a bead for the same use as above described. shown in dotted linesin Fig. 11, an index element'ia may be mounted upon a leaf in a some'what similar manner, as previously described regarding elemente fa with the. ex

ception that the retaining strip; ,75 is, inthis instance, located at the longitudinal, center of the leaf. In order to obtain thefinger gripping; andrelement edge protecting space 7 6,

s the tongues77 of the index element 'z fare struck up out of the material forming the same sufficiently off the longitudinal center thereof to cause the body of the element or center of! theleaf. What is claimed is:

- plate mounted therein, said framebeing composed of two rods, one bent to form three sides'of the frame and'the other bent to form 59 three sides of the frame and having a portionextending over" the fourthlside'thereo'f, and

ortion ofath'ird side thereof, and means overlapped'rel'ationoi'i; said frame '3 Inan'index'or file-,an index dardca-rrier frame havingz'arm portions extendifigbeypnd one side thereof to engage a support, s'aid wise on said base plate.-

armstbeingextensions of a rod formng three sides of the frame'and a rod secured to each of the threesides so formed and forming the fourth side of the frame, and meansjfor supporting index elements on said frame. r

r {L In an index or file, an index card carrier cured thereto to orm the other side of'said frame, said second mentioned rod having other portions reinforeingtwo sides of said frame and other, portions secured toathird portion extendin between said armsand seside thereof, and means for supporting index elements on said frame. erimp'ed at'62 into more or less close contact p I 5.- In an in ex; or file, an index element carrier comprlsing a base-plate and arectangu- 1 larly shaped frame about said plate composed. a

of a rodsurrounding three sides thereof and another rod forming the fourth side and having portions extendingflin? adjacent and parallel relation to. the three other; sides, and

means-forsupporting-index elements flatise onsaid base plate;

V 6. In an index or file, indexelement caranother rod forming the fourth sideand hav-" ing'portions extending along and parallel to the three other sides, said second mentioned rod portions being secured to the first-mentioned rod at the parallel portionsthereof, and means for supporting index elements fiat- 7. In-an indexorfile, anindex element car- 'rier comprising a rectangularly shaped surrounding frame having. a-bas e-plate inter- I Jposed therebetween, said frame composed of card to'assume a position off the-longitudinal a rod-like structure having single rod portionsat one-of its sides, and double rod porh r tions at three sides thereof, and means for 1 In. an ndex or file, ani-ndex card carrier I supporting index elements fiat-Wise on saidv eoniprilsingia. frame of rodsor w1re,-a r-base base plate.

8. A frame strueturefora panel or thelike, comprising a rod-like'me'mberbentto form three sides of said frame,.- andanother rodlike memberbentto form one-sideof saidframe and to overlap portions of said first mentioned member upon the;-- three sides frame structure for supporting a series ofi'ndex elements thereon;

like, comprisinga. rod-like m mber bent to form three sides-of saidjframe, and another rod-like member bent to form: one side of, said frame and to overlap portionsoffsaid firstmentioned member upon the three sides forniedthereby, meansto secure said second mentioned member, at the points of overlap, and means carried by said frame structure,

' formed-thereby, and means can-ied b'y-said 90A 'f'ramefstruc'ture' for a panel or the V for supporting a series of index elements thereon. V r 10. A frame structure for a panel or the like, comprising a rod-like member bent to I form three sides ofsaid frame, and another" rod-like member bent to form one side of said frame and to overlap portions of said firstmentioned member upon the three sides formed thereby means to secure said second I mentioned member at the points of overlap, said means comprising a sleeve-like member embracing both rod-like members and pressed 7 into close contacting relation therewith, and means carried by said frame structure for supporting a series of index elements thereon.

WILLIAM H. DAY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3514883 *Aug 12, 1968Jun 2, 1970Alto O AlbrightPivotal display panel installation
US6250598 *Jun 2, 1997Jun 26, 2001“Durable” Hunke & Jochheim GmbH & Co. KGHolder for swivelling panels or the like
US6678978 *Mar 10, 2001Jan 20, 2004“Durable” Hunke & Jochheim GmbH & Co. KGDevice for holding turning plates or the like
Classifications
U.S. Classification40/398
International ClassificationB42F17/00
Cooperative ClassificationB42F17/00
European ClassificationB42F17/00