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Publication numberUS1868519 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 26, 1932
Filing dateOct 21, 1929
Priority dateOct 21, 1929
Publication numberUS 1868519 A, US 1868519A, US-A-1868519, US1868519 A, US1868519A
InventorsBreuer Adam A
Original AssigneeBreuer Adam A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Portable suction cleaner
US 1868519 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 26, 1932. A. A. BREUER 1,868,519

k -PORTABLE SUCTION CLEANER Filed Oct. 21, 1929 Patented July 26, 1932 v UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ADAM A. BREUER, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS PORTABLE SUCTION CLEANER.

Application filed October 21, 1929. Serial No. 401,119.

This invention relates to a portable sucing description, accompanying drawing, and tion cleaner and more particularly to a wheel appended claims. supported portable tank with a suction pro- According to the invention, a wheel supducing mechanism or device on the cover, orted tankis provided with a cover on which whereby the cleaner may be readily rolled or 1s carried the suction producing mechanism wheeled from place to place for use. or device which is in the form of an electrical- An object of the invention is to provide a 1y driven suction fan. The cover is provided portable suction cleaner which may be readwith a suction line inlet discharging into the ily wheeled from place to place while in use. interior of the tank and a connection passes 10 Another object of the invention is to profrom the interior of the tank to the suction vide alarge capacity portable suction cleaner side of the fan, whereby dirt laden air is including a tank, with a suction producing drawn through the tank precipitating heavy mechanism or device so associated with the particles in the tank, and keeping the same ,tank that the suction stream passes through away from the fan.

15 the tank to the suction producing mechanism An embodiment of the invention is illusor device for precipitating heavy particles in trated in the accompanying drawing and the the tank and thus keeping away such partiviews thereof are as follows: cles from the suction producing mechanism or Figure 1 is a side elevational view of a suc- 7 device for prolonging the usefulness and life t1on cleaner embodying the present invention.

20 of the latter device. Figure 2 is an enlarged top plan view of A further object of the invention is to prohe {mechanism of Flgure 1. vide awheel supported suction cleaner includ- Flgure 3 is an enlarged fragmental secing a tank with a suction producing mechatignal view through a portion of the upper nis'm or device on the cover of the tank and a margin of the tank and the portion of the 25 suction inlet for a hose connection with the cover, showing one means for securing the suction producing mechanism or device so ar- Cover to the tank. ranged 0n the cover as to offset, any tendency Figure 4 is a fragmental vertical sectional of the cleaner to tip over when the same is V ew hrough the illustrated form of apparapulled along by the hose. S. 30 A still-further object of the invention i t Figure 5 is an enlarged sectional view taken 30 provide a wheel supported portable suction u stantially on line VV of Figure 2. cleaner with a tank of large capacity and a Th drawing Will now be explained: suction producing mechanism or device on the Th f rm of apparatus chosen to excover of the tank and with the parts so armplify the present invention includes a ranged that the suction stream passes through" cylindrical tank 1 having a bottom 2. The the tank to the suction producing mechani m lower end of the tank adjacent the bottom or device. Every particle which is precipi: is. inclined inwardly for affording strength tated in the tank is kept away from the sucto the same.

tio'n producing mechanism or device, The A plurality of brackets 3 are secured t0 40 suction producing mechanism or device is rethe l w r-end f he n 1 y m ans 0f movably associated with the cover for removrivets 4 or similar attaching means. Rollers al therefrom to use as a blower or suction 01 Wheels 5 are Carried by swivel members 6 mechanism if desired. arranged in the brackets 3. p A yet further object of the invention is to The upper end of the tank is provided 4 provide a wheel supported portable suction with reinforcing means, shown in the prescleaner including atank with the suction proent instance as consisting of bulge 7. ducing mechanism or device supported on the he upper end of the tank 1 is illustrated cover of the tank outwardly of the same. as formed with a bead 8 for making a smooth The above, other and further objects of the margin for the tank. 50 invention will be apparent from the follow- A remevable V r A is provided and is for fitting I so I so

made preferably from aluminum for the sake of lightness.

The cover A has an annular depression 9 formed in the under surface of the flange 10 A gas et 11 of suitable material is inserted in the groove 9 for making an airtight joint between the cover A and the tank 1. s

The flange 10 of the cover A is provided at intervals in its circumference with spaced members 12, each having a pair of spaced ears 13 formed integrally with the same. The members 12 and the spaced cars 13 form attaching lugs for securing the cover A to the tank body 1.

Bolts 14 are pivoted at 15 to attachin brackets 16, which brackets have outstan ing ears 17 for the ends of the bolts 14. The

brackets 16 are riveted or otherwise secured to the tank body 1 by rivets 17a; passlng through suitable openings in the brackets 16 and the body 1 and also through reinforcing itrgps 18 against the inner surface of the tank There are four such bolts 14 shown.

The free ends of the bolts are threaded and every bolt carries a wing nut 19 to be tightened against the ears 13 of the members 12 when the cover A is applied to the body 1.

The cover A is provided centrally thereof with upstanding lugs 20'and' 21, the upper ends of which are shaped to removably receive an electrically driven suction producing mechanism or device B.

he suction producing mechanism or de-.

vice illustrated includes a motor compartment and a fancasing 22 within which is a fan (not-shown) driven from the motor within t a motor casing. The fan casing 22 has a suction inlet -23 at the center of the casing and tangential exhaust port 24.

A handle 25 is formed on the motor casing whereby the suction producing mechanism or device B may bev carried when removed from the .cover A or which serves as means for guiding the complete suction producing mechanism or device and in moving it from place to place.

The cover A is provided forwardly of the end of the suction producing mechanism or. device B remote from the fan casing 22 with an inlet nozzle comprising, in the present instance, a tapered end 26 which diverges from the entrance thereof and a downwardly turned discharge end 27. The nozzle is provided also with an aperture 28 which normally is closed by a glass plate 29 held in position by a ring 30 secured by screws 31. A resilient gasket 32 is interposed between the underside of the glass 29 and the wall about the aperture 28; This opening is provided so that the operator may observe'the nature of the incoming suction stream.

The cover A is provided with a horizontally about by means of the hose,

extending flange 33 defining .an opening through the cover. This is dlsposed in line with the axis of the inlet nozzle and on the opposite side of the cover from the nozzle. over the bead 8 of the tank body 1.

An elbow conduit 34 enters the circular flange 33 and communicates with the suction inlet port 23 of the suction producing mechanism or device B. 7

It will be observed that the suction stream enters the top of the tank at a point which is diametrically opposite to the outlet connection to the suction side of the suction producing mechanism or device B so that the suction stream will travel a considerable distance from the inlet nozzle to the outlet conduit 34, thus allowing precipitation of all particles except the suspended dust.

A dust bag 35 is connected to the outlet port 24 in the usual manner and the air discharged through the outlet port 24 carrying,

the suspended dust passes through the bag, depositin the dust in the bag for removal as desired.

A suction hose (not shown) is connected to the end 26 of the inlet nozzle and is useful in pulling the cleaner from place to place while 1n use.

The suction'producing mechanism or device B is removably supported on the lugs 20 and 21 b being placed thereon and held in position y. a strap 36' which passes over the suction producing mechanism or device and has its ends removably fastened to bolts 37 passing through apertures in enlarged bosses 38 of the cover A.

A cleaner made ,in accordance with the present invention is especially useful in large buildings, such as factories, warehouses, and the like, and is also'very useful in cleaning furnaces, as the tank 1 is ofrelatively large capacity and the suction producing mecha-' msm or device B is also of sui'ficient capacity to remove'clinkers, cinders and'the like from the furnaces. large particles removed from a furnace, for

instance, would be drawn into the tank through the inlet nozzle 26, and because of the fact that this nozzle opens directly into the tank and not into the suction producing mechanism, such large particles would, because the volume of the incoming air is increased, allow such heavy particles to fall to the bottom of the tank as such expansion of the incoming air stream loses the power to carry the large particles 1n suspension, whereby the air and whatever dust there may be in it then escapes through the conduit 34 to the suction mechanism, 35. v

The arrangement of the suction producing then to the dust bag mechanism or device and the cover of the tank or container 1 in relation to the nozzle 26 is such that, whenever the cleaner is moved the suction producing mechanism or device will counteract Clinkers, ashes, and other any tendency to tip over the cleaner, due to the pull on the hose. This is an important feature, especially when an apparatus of this sort is used to clear large surfaces and the operator has to move his hose a considerable distance to pick up all of the dirt from such surface.

The operation of the motor in the suction producing mechanism or device is controlled in any well known manner.

It 1s a further advantage to pass the suction current through the tank and deliver the suction current to the tank near the upper end thereof and also withdraw the same from the tank near the upper end thereof, as such action allows ready precipitation of the heavy particles so that no heavy particles of any character whatsoever reach the fan to destroy or damage the same and also keeps these particles out of the dust bag.

The cover A may be readily applied to and removed from the tank 1 by releasing of the fastening means heretofore described. The provision of the gasket 11 between the cover A and the bead 8 of the tank enables the making of an air-tight joint so that the tank 1, when the cover is applied thereto, will be air tight resulting in escape of no dust and also aiding in the full efliciency of the suction created by the suction producing mechanism or device.

Should it be desired to use the suction producing mechanism or device B separately from the tank A and its associated parts, then the device may be removed by loosening the wing nuts 19 and disconnecting the conduit 34 from the suction inlet of the fan casing 2. When the device has been removed, it may be used as a blower or as a smaller suction cleaner, in which event it is equipped with the proper tools or connections for such purposes.

The invention has been described herein more or less precisely, yet it is to be understood that the invention is not to be limited thereby, as changes may be made in the arrangement and proportion of parts and that equivalents may-be substituted without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed.

The invention is claimed as follows:

1. A portable suction cleaner comprising a vertical tank supported on wheels, a cover removably secured on said tank, an elongated suction producing mechanism mounted on the top of said cover and disposed centrally thereof, said mechanism including a motor and a fan, outlet conduit means extending through said cover and connected to the inlet of said suction producing mechanism, an inlet elbow on said cover having a portion thereof extending beyond the periphery of said cover to provide a hose connection in.

communication with the interior of said tank,

said extending portion of said elbow being disposed away from said mechanism along the horizontal axis of said mechanism, said fan being disposed to rotate in a lane perpendicular to the horizontal axis the mechanism, and to the axis about which the cleaner tends to tip when pull is exerted thereon by a hose connected to said hose connection.

2. A portable suction cleaner comprising a vertical tank supported on wheels, a cover removably secured on said tank, suction producing mechanism mounted on the top of said cover, an aperture in said cover formed with an annular flange, an outlet elbow connected to the intake of said mechanism extending through said aperture communicating with the interior of said tank, an inlet elbow formed integral with said cover having a portion thereof extending beyond the periphery of said cover to provide a hose connection, said inlet elbow and said aperture being spaced apart on opposite marginal portions of said cover.

8. A suction cleaner comprising a vertical tank, a cover removably secured on said tank, suction producing mechanism mounted on top'of said cover, an outlet conduit connected to the intake of said mechanism extendin vertically through a marginal portion of sai cover to provide communication with the interior of said tank, an inlet conduit extending vertically through the diametrically op- .posite marginal portion of said cover, said inlet conduit having a portion thereof extending above said cover and being reduced to provide a nozzle to receive a hose, the interior of said tank being unobstructed whereby a zone is provided for the precipitation of solids from an oppositely directed stream of air passing from said inlet to said outlet conduits.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto subscribed my name at Chicago, Cook County,

Illinois.

ADAM A. BREUER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2456639 *Nov 29, 1946Dec 21, 1948Breuer Electric Mfg CompanyVacuum cleaner
US2533268 *Jul 24, 1947Dec 12, 1950Breuer Electric Mfg CompanyCombined blower and vacuum cleaner
US2540919 *Jan 25, 1949Feb 6, 1951Wm H Vallas JrPortable dust collector and separator
US2863524 *Feb 21, 1955Dec 9, 1958Strapavac CorpVacuum cleaner
US3490208 *Aug 25, 1966Jan 20, 1970James E SiegeleIndustrial heavy-duty vacuum cleaner
US6210457 *Jun 7, 1999Apr 3, 2001Lee Valley Tools Ltd.Transparent lid for auxiliary dust removal receptacle
Classifications
U.S. Classification55/356, 96/416, 417/423.2, 55/315
International ClassificationA47L5/36, A47L5/22
Cooperative ClassificationA47L5/365
European ClassificationA47L5/36B