US 1869313 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. T. MACKAY PROT July 25, 1932.
ECTIVE WRAPPER Filed July 3, 1929 INVENTOR T/Waafay B Y ATTORN EY Patented July 26, 1932 UNITED STATES AT OF IC it JOSEPH 'I'.
MAGKAY, or BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, nssreivon 'To UNrrEn FRUIT-co n PANY, on NEW YORK, N. Y., A conrons'rro v or Nnw EnsjEY PROTECTIVE wianrrnit Application filed July 3, 1929. Serial it'd. 375,633.
The present invention has for an object to provide an improved paper wrapper for enclosing a bunch of bananas to protect the same for shipment.
Bananas as shipped in unprotected bunches are more or less damaged in shipment by rubbing and bruising. The invention provides an improved wrapper which can be ec0- nomically applied and which while protecting the bananas makes easy the necessary inspection to determine the stage of ripening.
The nature and objects of the invention will be better understood from a description of an illustrative wrapping embodying the invention, for the purposes of which description reference should be had to the accompanying drawing forming a part hereof and in which-- Figure 1 is a view of a wrapper in the form of a bag constructed in accordance with and embodying the principles of the invention,
Fig. 2 is a view showing'the wrapper applied to a bunch of bananas and showin a window torn open for inspection of the bananas,
Fig. 3 is a view of a wrapper showing an arrangement in which provision is made for opening the window in'the bag in which the rip cord is not necessary, and
Fig. 4 is a view showing the wrapper of Fig. 3 applied to a bunch of bananas and showing an inspection window torn open.
In the embodiment of the invention shown for the purposes of illustrating the principles of the invention, a paper wrapper is provided for protecting the bananas for shipment provision being made for readily opening a window in one side of the wrapper for inspection of the bananas.
The wrapper may be'of any suitable type. Conveniently it may consist of a paper bag 5 of suitable construction. There are certain advantages in the use of a multi-ply bag and accordingly an outer bag 6 of stiff manila paper and an inner bag 7 of oiled water proof paper are shown. The bag is formed at 1ts bottom with a hole 8 through which may project the stem of a bunch of bananas for convenience in handling. As will be apparent from Figs. 2 and 4:, the opening is of sufficient size toperinit' the passage into-"the I wrapper of enoughair to carry onthe r'espir-.v
ation of the bananas. I
In order to make provision for conveniently tearinga window in the side of the wrapper, a slot 9 is cut in the bag at a point sufficiently spaced from theclos'ed end." The slot is T- shaped with its lateral ends turned down- Wardly as'indicated at 10 in order that the I direction of tear may be longitudinal rather than transverse of the wrapper and with a central portion 11 extending longitudinally,
A-rip cord 12, the endof which is secured to the bag by a staple 18, extends into the bag throughthe slot 9 and out through a second slot 14 which is spaced considerably from the open end of the bag in order that it may be spaced upwardly from the lower end of the bunch of bananas when the wrapper is applied.- As the rip cord is pulled, it will ordinarilytake the position in the stem portion of the T-shaped slot 9 and when further pulled Will cut or tear through tof the slot 14:. To facilitate this tearing, "the .bag' may be scored or perforated along the line 15, if desired. The free end of'the cord 12 extends at-the open end: of the bag to proyidefor tying the mouth of the bag, as shown in" Fig. 2, the tying. also serving to anchor the cord when it is-pulled to rip open the inspection window for examining the bananas to determine their ripeness and quality;
. In Fig.2 the wrapper is shown as applied of a multi-ply bag 20 consisting of an outer manila bag 21 and an inner oiled paper bagffl 22 with an opening 23 through thebag bottom to receive the stem of he bunch A slot 24 is shown to facilitate tearing open a window for inspection, the outerends 25 of this slot being turned downwardly'in order that the tearing may start in the desiredfdirection.-
This slot also may have a central extension 26 thus forming a T-shaped slot to make 'more easy the insertion of a hand for tearing and preferably score lines 27 are provided extending along the length of the bag to determine the direction of tear of the inspection window. At the end the two score lines may be connected by a transverse slot or score line to terminate the tearing. 7
' 111 Fig. 4 the bag is shown as applied to a bunch of bananas and the window is shown as formed by tearing the strip along the score lines 27 and by further tearing open the win- V dow laterally for better inspection.
The foregoing particular description is illustrative merely and is not intended as defining the limits of the invention.
I claim v V 1'. A package comprising-"a bunch of bananas and a paper bag enwrapping said 7 bunch, said bag enclosing a quantity of air with the bunch for the respiration of the fruit and having an opening in one end adapted to permit extension of the stalk of said bunch therethroughand to permit the passageof sufficient air to carry on the respiration of the bananas, said bag being adapted to be closed atits opposite-end around the end of the bunch.
2. A package comprising a bunch of bananas and a waterproof paper bag enwrapping said bunch, said bag enclosing a quantity ofair with the bunch for the respiration of the fruit and having an'opening in one end adapted to permit extension of the stalk of said bunch therethrough and to permit the passage of sufficient airto carry on the respiration of the bananas, and means for iubstantially closing the opposite end of said 3. A'package comprising a'bunch of bananas and a paper bag in wrapping said 'bunch,"said bag enclosing a quantity of air with the bunch for the respiration of the fruit and having an opening in one end adapted to permit extension of the stalk of said bunch therethrough and to permit thepassage of-sufiicient air to carry on the respiration of the bananas, said bag being closed at its opposite end around the end of the bunch, and means for providing an inspection opening at a normally closed side of the bag.
In testimony whereof, I have signed. my name to this specification this 1st day of July,
' v JOSEPH T.MAOKAY.