US 1870102 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 2, 1932.
' J. D. DAVIES 1,870,102
BUILDING BRICK Filed July 31, 1950 2 Sheets-Sheet l Jme SI Fd/ve 'e ,9
A itomey Inventor Aug. 2, 1932.
J. D. DAVIES BUILDING BRICK Filed July 51, 1930 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Inventor e/zwes Ia/vies A tiorney Patented Aug. 2, 1932 NITED STATES JAMES DANDO DAVIES, OF"MARTINS FERRY, OHIO BUILDING :B RIcx Application filed July 31,
This invention relates to certain structural improvements and refinements embodied in building bricks, especially of the clay variety generally used in the construction of domestic homes and analogous buildings.
The purpose of the invention is to provide simple andeconomical apertured bricks which can be used in conjunction with standard bricks and the apertured bricks so arranged in superposed spaced relationship as to form a vertical conduit in the brick wall construction to accommodate electric wires, pipes, reinforcing parts or the like, or to simply serve as a flue or a ventilating passage. The
invention is mainly designed for use with veneer walls.
The specific structural details and relative arrangement and association thereof will become more readily apparent from the following description and drawings.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a fragmentary elevational view 1 showing the especially designed corners forming bricks as developed in accordance with the present invention.
Figure 2 is a top plan view of a pair of associated corner bricks.
Figure 3 is a side elevational view of one of the corner bricks.
36 Figure 4: is a top plan View thereof.
Figure 5 is asection on the line 55 of Figure 3.
Figure 6 is an assembled view, showing certain of the body bricks arranged in staggered or break jointfashion.
Figure 7 is a top plan view of one of the body bricks.
Figure 8 is a view like Figure 2 showing the pair of bricks in reversed form to provide a difierently shaped corner.
For the sake of distinction, I have utilized the numeral 9 to designate the corner brick and the numeral 10 to designate the body brick, so it is possible touse the corner bricks in association with the body bricks as is obvious from examining Figure 6. The brick 9 in each instance comprises a body pore tion 11, of general rectangular configuration, which is here shown as provided adjacent 59 7 one end with. an ofiset vertical passage 12. At
1930. Serial No. 472,077.
the top is an angular recess which forms the female portion of the joint. At the bottom is a depending annular flange 14, forming the male portion of the'joint. This allows the pair of bricks seen in Figure 2 to be associ ated in right angular form with the flange 14, projecting into the annular seat 13, thus defining a portion of one of the conduitsin the walls'construction. It is to. be observed that the passage or aperture 12' is slightly oifset at one side, thus producinga convexprojecting portion 15, projecting beyondthe edge 16 and a rounded portion 17,'merging intothe edge 18. \Vhen'using these bricks 9, in the assembly shown inigures 2 and 8 for example, an especially fashioned corner in the wall constructionis thus designed.
The bricks may be disposed to assume the position shown in Figure 8, for forming one shape of corner or in the position shownin F igure Q, forming a different shape of corner, 7 Incidentally, when 'assemblingthe bricks in superposed fashion, a rod or pipe is struck down through the passage formed by the aperture 12 to reinforce this rounded corner construction. It is to be observed in making this kind of a corner it will be unnecessary tochip the bricks excessively in placingthem together. Acorner of this rounded configuration will be ornamental. Itis of course ob vious that the passage' produced by joining the bricks to other in this manner maybe left unob'structe for forming a drain passage or to accommodate wires and other'accessories used in-the building construction trade. For sake of distinction, the brick 10 embodies, as will be seenan oifsetround hole 19, an annular seat2O in the top,- and an annular projecting rib'Ql, onthefbottom andher'ethe portion :22 is. of segmental form and projects beyond the intermediate portion of the face 23 ofthe brick. In using these bricks 9 and 10 in the'assembly shown in Figure 6, perf mits them to be employedin brick joint fashion "for; 1 providing the. conduitv at a central point of the'wa-ll construction." I
It is evident that this brick can be used for reinforcing the corners of brick walls by runof the foundation to the top. It may be used in any design or shape, namely round, square, hexagonal or what not.
In using the round bricks, the square end of the abutting brick can be knocked out by 5 the brick layer so as to fit the round end of the conductor brick, for instance a brick having a concave recess in one end thereof having its recessed part placed against the end of the upper brick 9 as shown in Fig. 6, and a similar brick is placed against the rounded end of the lower brick 9 in said figure. Similar bricks are placed between the bricks 9 in Fig. 2 and bricks having straight ends are placed between the bricks 9 of Fig. 8. 15 Incidentally the term conductor is used to indicate a brick having an opening therethrough, for forming a passage or conductor hole in the wall construction. In the construction of brick buildings, when the build- 9 ings join one another, and there is no room for conductors and the roof would have to be especially constructed in order to drain water to the rear side of the building, with the use of this invention, on a conductor brick, this is eliminated, for the roof can be arranged to slope at any angle or direction desired.
Even though I have shown and described the preferred embodiment of my invention, it is to be understood that various changes in the shape, size and arrangement of parts may be resorted to, without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended claim. What isclaimed is:
k In a building construction, a veneer Wall formed of standard bricks and two sets of tying corner bricks, the corner bricks being of the same thickness as a standard brick, one end of each brick of one set being placed betweenthe ends of a pair of bricks of the other set whereby the bricks of each set are spaced apart to receive between them the end bricks of alternate rows of said standard bricks, the
bricks of one set extending in a different direction from the bricks of the other set to form a corner, the corner forming ends of the bricks of the two sets being rounded with an edge of each brick merging into the rounded part and each rounded part having an opening passing therethrough with an annular groove in one face'of the brick surrounding the opening, and an annular rib on the other face surrounding the opening, the ribs on one set of bricks fitting in the grooves of the other set of bricks to tie the two sets together with the openings in the bricks of the two sets being in alignment to form a continuous passage at the corner of the building. .In testimony whereof I aflix my signature.
JAMES DANDO DAVIES.