US 1870575 A
Abstract available in
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 9, 1932.
w. F. K!ESE L, JR
FREIGHT CAR Filed March 7, 1931 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 I FIG: I.
UIIIIIIIIJI IIIII- II INVENTOR:
l t ilZumzfjfzeseJi ATTORNEYS.
Aug. 9, 1932. w. F. KIESEL, JR
FRE I GHT G AB Filed March 7, 1931 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 IN VEN TOR:
' which heretofore and to reduce the labor ?atented 9, 1932 UNITED STATES WILLIAM F. KIESEL, 3B,
or HOLLIDAYSBUBG, rmmsnvmu.
rnnmn'r can Application filed March 7,
This invention has particular relation to freight cars and especially to gondola cars, the invention being Characterized by the tovision of a corner member in the form an angular casting, one arm of which is adapted to serve as an end-post forming the terminus of a side truss, and the other arm 0 which is adapted for attachment to the car center sill to form an end sill thereon.
The primary object of the invention is to provide improved means at the corner of a car for connecting the end of a side truss with the center S111, and by making such connecting means in the form of an integral casting, includin therein various parts ave constituted separate to lighten the car structure v involved in its assembly without sacrifice in strength or r;- gidity. Other objects attachments,
and advantages characterfully apparent from the. detailed description here inafter of one example of the invention, the description having reference to the accompanying drawings, whereof:
Fig. I is an end view of a gondola car embodying my invention.
Fig. 11 is a sde elevation of one end of the car.
Fig. In is a plan view of the same.
Fig. IV is a longitudinal sectional view of the end of the car showing the adaptation.
ot-the end gate for use as a bridge supported at one end on the end sill of the car and provided at this end with a special form of attachment engaging a flange of the end sill to limit the outward movement of the end gate. 4
Fig. V shows a modified form of attachment for the end gate to facilitate its use as a bridge in the manner shown in Fig. IV.
Fig. V1 is an enlarged end view of a corner casting generally similar to that shown in Fig; I but modified to facilitate the attachment of hand brake gear.
Fig. VII is a side elevation of the hand brake corner casting shown in F1 g Fig. VIII is a cross section of the hand i is. formed at the ledge 14 supporting the web 15 of a; Z-bar 16 1931. Serial No. scones.
brake corner casting taken as indicated by the lines VIII-4711 of Fig. VI and Fig. IX is a cross section oi the hand brake corner castin taken as indicated by the lines IXIX 0 Fig. VI.
The car selected for illustration in the drawings is a relatively long low sided gondola car, the general features of which are described in my co-pending application for U. S. Letters Patent, Serial No. 520,797, filed March 7 1931. is here illustrated comprises generally a can ter sill 1, side trusses and corner castings 3 and 4 joining the ends of the side trusses with The center sill 1 isbuilt the center s1ll 1.
That portion of the car which up, according to common practice, of a pair of longitudinal beams 5 with outwardly ex tending top and bottom flanges 6 and 7 and a casting 8 secured to the beams '5 at their ends. Housed within the center sill beams 5 there is shown the usual draw bar with a coupler 10 at the end thereof.
Each corner casting 3, 4 comprises a vertical arm 11 constituting an end-post formmg the terminus of a side truss and a horizontal arm 12 joined to the top of the center sill and constitntin for the car body. ach casting 3, 4 is sub stantially of box shaped section-relatively strong at the corner or bend and decreasing in thickness from the corneror bend towards a part of an end sill the ends of the arms 11 and'12, the diminishing thickness being more pronounced in the horizontal arm 12 which terminates in a narrow ledge 13 with an inclined surface fit ting against and riveted to a to flange 6 of a center sill beam 5, I
The vertical arm of each corner casting 3, top with a horizontal which forms the top chord of a side truss.
scent to the ledge ii there is a recess 17 winch is formed to receive the downturned flange 18 of the Z-bar 16. A flange 19 ex:
- tending longitudinally of the car from an mner side of the vertical arm or" each :corner casting 3, 4 is riveted tcthe end of aside wall 29. An additional flange r21 amending transversely of the car from an inner side of the vertical arm 11 serves as an abutment pler operating at 22 rests when the gate is in its normal position. This flange 21 is provided with an openingat23topermittheendgate22to be used as a bridge in a manner as hereinafter described; At its bottom end the flange 19 of eachvertical arm 11 is oflset as shown at area for accomm'o 24 to provide a truss. In the present exam le of my invention there is also riveted to e bottom of the vertical arm 11 a side step 26; and above the side step there is provi prising rungs 27 attached byrivets at their ends to a bracket 28 on the one side and to perforated v 29 on the other side which cast integrally with thev corner memben 3 1 y The horizontal arm 12 of each corner casting 3 includes an inwardly projecting floor flange 30 to which the floor plates 31 of the car areriveted, and an upstanding flan 46 which acts as an abutment against whic the end gate 22 rests. Verticalribs 57 serve to brace or stiffen the upstanding flange 46 and the floor flange 30. Atqthe corner the floor flan 30 joins the inwardly extending verticafflange 58 of the corner post. Within each horizontal arm 12 there IS a cavity at 2 bounded at its ends by vertical webs 32, serving as legs, with elongated dia nal as clearly shown in Fig. I.
e cavity 2 is of such size as to receive therein the. arms 34 of a U-shaped link 35. The links 35 are pivoted to the corner castings 3, 4 by means a bolt 36 which passes through the slotted webs 32 and the expanded ends of the link arms 34 and which may be retained in place by a pin 37. The links 35 are in be released at the to byswinging the latches 82 upward about e -shaped bolts 41 as pivots.
-At one side of the car, the corner casting 3 is formed with an angular protuberance 42 extending downward at the corner which protuberance aflords a bearin for the free end of a coupler 0 rating r 43. The conis engaged between op sitelugs 44 formed thereon and is restrained I g t outward movement by a cotter'Pini 45. By forming the lugs 44 integrally with the corner member 3, the necessity of resorting to a se arate attachment for supporting the free en of the coupler operating rod 43 is eliminated.
When it is desired to use the end gate 22 dating the end of a -ttom chord of a side ed a ladder comwhic are adapted to catch turn attached bymeans of brackets 38 to the downward to the car floor or to be 8 as a bridge to span the space between the end of the car and a platform or the floor of another car, this may be accomplished as shown in Fig. IV, by first detaching the end gate at top and bottom, and then sliding it in a horizontal position outward from the car floor. The and gate will be permitted to pass through the openings 23 in the 21 of the vertical arms 11 of the corner castings 3,
4 and will rest upon the flanges'46 of the horizontal arms 12. this position the bottom of the end gate becomes the outer end of the bridge, and the links which normally act as hinges may conveniently be used as handlm. The top of the end' which becomes the inner end of the is preferably provided with clips 47 itilpon the edge of a movement of the flan 46 and thus limit the bri go in an outward direction; or the and gate may be provided with a modified form of clip 47a, as shown in Fig. V of U- shaped section with 10 48 and 49 serving as sto on each side 0 the flange 46.
In igs VI and VII, there is shown a modified form of corner casting 3a designed for use at a hand brake corner. The casting includes a vertical arm 11a and a horizontal arm 12a substantially similar to the arms of the corner castings herein described. At the as corner, however, the casting 3a is provided with an opening 50 adapted to'accommodate a bell crank lever formin part of the brake rigging. To afl'ord a fulcrum for the bell crank lever on the walls 51 adjacent to the opening 50,machined bosses 52 with holes 53 therethrougb are provided near the top of,
the openi 50. On the vertical arm 1110, there are :iditio nal ogenin 54 and a machined surface'55 wit a p 56, this arrangement facilitating the attachment of various parts of the hand brake rig- It will be particularly noted that the 001'.
ner members 3, 4 and 3a are substantially no complete in themselves and require a minimum of separate attachments to be applied thereon when the car is assembled. F urthermore, the vertical arms 11 being configured to receive the ends of the top and bottom us:
chords and webs of the side trusses, and the horizontal arms 12 being joined to the center 7 sill, the stresses imposed upon the side trusses are directl communicated at the car corners e corner castings. When superno through t imposed loads are carried on the top chords of the side tmes, outward bending of they vertical arms 11 of the corner members is resisted by the engagement of the ledges 13 of the horizontal arms 12 beneath the projecting top flanges 6 of the center sill.
While I have described my invention with reference to an embodiment thereof in a particular type of freight car, and while I have referred at some length to the details of a.
urality of holes 108 that certain features of the invention may be used to advantage without a correspondthereto.
ing use of other described my Having thus claim:
1. In a railway car,
dad a corner member in the form of an angle having a vertical arm formed with flanged and recessed portions ada ted to receive the end of the side truss an constituting an 'end post, and having a transversely extending horizontal arm with its inner end terminating at the center sill a v d secured invention, 1
2. In a railway car, side trusses, agate at the ends of said side trusses, and corner members having vertical ortions secured to said side trusses and forming end posts and having transversely extending horizontal portions i to said center. sill, opposite form of angles members havforming an end sill, said corner for holding ing flanges serving as abutments the end gate in position.' i
3. In a railway car, a corner member in the form of an angle having one arm adapted to serve as an end post and another arm-adapted to serve as an end sill, said corner member being substantially reinforced atthe bend and decreasing in thickness towards the ends of said arms.
l. lna railway car, a center sill, and a corner casting in the form of an angle having a vertical arm adapted to serve as an end post for a side truss and to said center sill, said horizontal arm having a protuberance thereon extending downward at the corner and formed to afford a bearing for a coupler operating rod.
51111 a railway car, a center sill, and a corner casting in the form of an angle having a vertical arm adapted to serve as an end post for a side truss and a horizontal arm jome said horizontal arm having lugs formed thereon afiording a bearing for a coupler operating rod.
6. In a railway car, corner castings in the having vertical arms adapted to serve as end posts for side trusses and orizontal arms adapted to serve as an end sill, said legs having flanges affording abutments for holding an'end gate in position with recessed areas in said flanges permitting the end gate to be passed therethrough when used as a bridge.
7. In a railway car, a removable end gate,
' corner Castings having vertical and horizontal flanged arms adapted end posts and parts am where y the end gate may be passed a center sill, a side a horizontal arm joined p 1 said center sill ing a longitudinally extending fiange'ad horizontal arm 3 ness towards the end of the side through said bridge supported on the end sill.
8. In a railway car, corner castings having vertical and horizontal flanged arms adapted to serve respectivemodate the ends of top and bottom chords of a side truss, and having a longitudinal flange adapted for attachment to the side wall of the car, said casting having a projecting boss thereon adapted to receive one end of a side ladder rung. I
10. In a railway car, anend post compris ing a casting adapted for attachment to the end of a side truss and including a pr'o'ecting perforated boss afiording a seat for e end of a side ladder rung.
11. In a railway car, an angular corner member of substantially box shaped section having a vertical arm "forming the terminus of a side truss and a horizontal arm constituting an end sill.
. 12. In a railway car, a flanged center sill, and a corner member in the form of an angle having one arm adapted to serve as an end. 0st, and having another arm with a ledge at the end thereof engaged beneath a flange or the center sill and oined thereto. 13. in a. railway car, a flanged center sill an angular corner member having a vertica arm forming the terminus of a side truss, and a transversely extending horizontal arm formed at its end to fit against a flange-of and being attached thereto. 14. in a railway car, an end post of substantially box-shaped section formed at its top to accommodate a side truss top chord in the-sha e of a Z-bar and recessed at the inner si e near the bottom to accommodate a side truss bottom chord in the form of a vertically disposed-flat plate, said post hava ted for attachment to the said wall of the ciir.
15. In a railway car,
arm terminus oi a side truss, and a 'oined at its end to the center sill, said horizontal arm decreasing in thickcenter sill. 16.131 a railway car, a center sill, a side trnss,-and a corner member of substantially shaped section comprising a vertic forming the box-shaped section and in the form of an I having a vertical arm secured to the angle truss and constitutmg an end rough w en used as a bridge, n 2
corner castings when used as a a removable end gate,
a center sill, and an angular corner member of substantialg boxand having a transversely extendi orizontal arm secured to the center sill an constituting an end sill, said corner member. n"
having an openindg therein adapted to house parts of the ban brake gear of the car.
v 17. In a railway car, a center sill, a side truss, and a corner member of substantially box-shaped section and inthe form of an angle having a vertical arm secured to the 1 '1 end of the'side-truss and constituting an endv goat, and having a transversely extend:
crizontal arm secured to the center sill an constituting an end sill, said corner member.
- having an opening therein and perforated a walls adjacent to said opening affording a v fulcrum for. a brake lever.-
" 18. Acne-piece metal our end castin comprising a corner post and a horizon arm, and apertnred hinge lugs arranged on said 19. A one-piece metal car end castin comprising 'a corner post and a horizonta arm, said arm having a floor flange projecting inwardly therefrom and braced by ribs.
, 20. A one-piece metal car end castin comprising a corner post and a horizonta arm, said post being provided with an inwardly extending vertlcal flange, a horizontal floor flange projecting inwardly from said arm so; and joined to the flange of the corner post, and ribs reinforcing said floor flange.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto 'sl ed my name at Altoona, Pennsylvania,.
this 25th da oi Februarv 1931.
so LIAM F. KlESEL, JR.