Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1871571 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 16, 1932
Filing dateJan 21, 1931
Priority dateJan 21, 1931
Publication numberUS 1871571 A, US 1871571A, US-A-1871571, US1871571 A, US1871571A
InventorsLester N Weber
Original AssigneeAmerican Reenforced Paper Comp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tarpaulin
US 1871571 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 16, 1932. L. N, WEBER 1,871,571

TARPAULIN Filed Jan. 21, 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR 4; 2. 7%

'TTORNEY Aug" 116,- igg N, WEBER 1,871,571

TARPAULIN Filed Jan. 21, 1931 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR 31 0546:-

A TTORNE Y 1 LESTER} 'N. wnnniafor CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, AssIGn'on T0 AMERICAN VREENFORCED Patented Aug. 16, 1932 PAPER. coMrANY, OF ATTLEBOBO, MessAcHUsEr'rs, A conroaa'rion or MessieoHUsET'rs f s TA PA LIN Qix fncation' filed January 21, 1931'. Serial No. 510,120.

This'invention relates to a Waterproof covering. sheet or tarpaulin. formed of reenfor ced paper;

"Tarpaulins are extensively used on land and aboard ships to cover and protect various objects, and as commonly constructed are made of waterproof canvas. 3 They-are usually relatively large and are comparatively expensive due tothe number of 'yards of canvas required in theirconstructlon,

The present invention therefore relates to a modified tarpaulin or covering sheet formed of waterproof reenforced paper that is strong enough to withstand the forces to which the covering sheet is likely tobe subjected, and to the construction'whereby the marginal edges of the sheet may be tied down with anchoring ropes without tearing the paper. 1 r s WVhen tarpaulins are employed'to protect Objects from the weather it is necessary "to secure the tarpaulins firmly in pl'ace-to' prevent them from being pulled loose'orcarried away by the wind, and an important feature of the-present invention-therefore resides in very good results are securedby employing a two ply paper having the sheets of paper united by a waterproof 'adhesive such 'as black asphaltumand reenforced withfunspun fibres of long staple secured between the sheets, by the adhesive and which are capable of withstanding the strong pull'of the anchoring ropes.

A' more specific feature of the invention resides in means for reenforcing the sheet of'paper in the area of'the grommet, and

;in covering .means for excluding rain and moisture at this point.- Th'eaboveand other features of the invention will be hereinafter described in connectioniwith the accompanying drawings whichillustrate one tical' form of the invention.

In the drawings l I Fig. 1 a plan View of a tarpaulin constructed of reenforced waterproof paper in accordance with the present invention.

good prac Fig. 2 on an enlarged scale is a plan View a of a portion of the tarpaulinof F ig. 1 showing theconstruction of a grommet; and

' F ig. 3 is asectional view taken on the line 33 of Fig.2. i

The covering sheet or tarpanlin of the presentinve'ntion' is illustrated in'the drawings a as formed of a multiply reenforce'd paper comprising theiupper sheet of paper '2 and a similarlower sheet of paper 3. These sheets of paper are secured together by a waterproof adhesive, such as black asphaltum, and the dinally and transversely by layers 4 and 5 of straightened unspu'n' fibres, such as sisal which are relatively strong and" will not stretch or elongate appreciably under tension. While other forms of reenforced' waterproof paper might be used in carrying out thefeatures'of the present invention-the reenforc'ed paper shown and described is particularly well adapted for the present use becausethe asphaltum serves to firmly unitethe sheets of paper 2 and 3 to render the composite sheetv waterproof, and serves also to firmly secure the reenforcing fibres to the sheets of paper so that the tension or pull exerted upon the paper will be taken up by the fibres to pre- Vent the paper from tearing.

.70 paper is preferably reenforced both longitu- It will be understood that the tarpaulin of the present invention may be given any desired size by securing two or'more sheets-of reenforced waterproof papertogether'.

The strength of the edge portions'cf the tarpaulin of reenforced papryis preferably ginal edge portion (i-to the face ofvthe sheet by a waterproof adhesive such asbla ck asphalincreased by folding a marginal edge 'p'ortion 6 thereof back upon the paper as shown in the drawings and by securing this martum. The corners-of the covering sheet'are also preferably folded inwardly as at 7 to'in;

crease the strength of the sheet at this point.. It is important that the covering sheet or tarpaulin ofthe presentinvention be provided with means whereby it may be readily tied .a waterproof adhesive;

or anchored in place over the object to be protected and this isac'complished in accordance with the present invention by providing the desired number of grommets or metalv eyelts along the marginal edges of the covering sheet and at the four corners. Since these grommets are likely to be subjected to a .8 of textile material-folded about the edge portion of the tarpaulin as shown and firmly secured to the opposite faces ofthecovering sheet, preferably by a waterproof adhesive.

It isdesirable to exclude, moisture from the textile material 8 and'thismay be-accomplished by covering the samewith a patch 9 preferably formed of reenforc efd waterproof paper similar to-the sheet 1. This patch shouldbeconsidera bly largerthan the reenforcing sheet 8 as shown and isipreferably folded about the edge portion of the sheet 1 and is adhesively secured to the opposite faces of the sheetthrough the employment of Each grommet or metal: eyelet l0 pref er;- ably passes through the reenforcing sheet 1, folded marginal portion 6, the textile material 8, and also through the outer waterproof ing patch 9, as best shown in Fig.3 and is se-' cured in'place by spreading the inner end portion of the tubular shank 1 1 ofthe grommet outwardly over the disc 12v in a well known manner and as will be apparent from a r t will be seen from thelconstruction just described that. the reenforcingelements 6, 8, and 9 all serve to distribute the'pull'exerted upon the grommet 10 over a substantial area ofthe sheet 1 of reenforced paper, and it will i also be seen that since the grommet passes through the layers 4 and 5 of reenforcing fibres thepull exerted upon the grommet will be imparted directly to these reenforcing elements to relieve the paper sheets 2 and 3 from rupturing strains. The grommets disposed at the corners of. the tarpaulin extend through the reenforcing elements above men- .tioned and also through the inwardly folded corner portion to further increase the strength of the construction at these corners. The anchoring means for the tarpaulin ,suchias ropes13lmay be passed through the grommets as shown in Figs.2 and'3 and may exert a strong pull upon the grommets withrial and paper covering,

ployed for various purposes where a relative- V ly large waterproof covering is desired and that the same is sufficiently strong and durable to withstand repeateduse without tearing. "It will also beseen that thecost of such reenforced papertarpaulin is only a'fraction 1. A tarpaulinformed of waterproof reenforced paper and provided along its edges with. anchoring eyelets, each comprising a strip of textile material folded about the edge of the paper and .adhesi'vely; secured to the paper, a covering of waterproof paper secured over thetextile materialto exclude moisture therefrom, and a grommet secured through said ;reenforced .paper, textile mate- .A. rp u in or f een r e waterproof paper and providedalong its edges with anchoring eyelets, each including a strengthening piece of fabric adhesively secured'tto the area of the reenforcedpapel adjacent the anchoringeyelet, a moisture excluding covering ofw'aterproof paper for the fabricand a grommet-secured throughsaid reenforced paper, fabric. and covering j- '3. A tarpaulin formed of reenforced waterproof paper having its marginal edges folded back upon the paper, strengthening strips of textile fabric secured over the folded portionof the piaper, a covering ofwater- .proof paper Secured OYer the textile fabric to exclude. moisture therefrom, and grommets provided at spaced intervals along thejmarginal portionof the paper .and inserted through the two thicknesses of the folded refo ced pap nt e textile in t rialn q aid s ve i gr i a 1, Ji. A ,tarpaulin formedof reenforced multiply paper, comprising two sheets of .paper secured togetherby a waterproof-adhesive and reenforced by straightened unspunfibres embedded in the adhesive; between the sheets and the marginal edges of the multiply paperbeing folded back and adhesively secured to, the] face 'ofthepaper, strengthening strips of textile. fabric. ad- .hesively secured overthe folded portions of the, paper, a moisture'excluding and strain distributing patch of greater area than the textile strip secured by a waterproof adhesive to the paper over each of saidstrip and formed of reenforced waterproofpaper, and 1 grommets provided; 1 along the edges of the multiply sheet andeach'secured througha folded marginalf portion, textile strip and V i 7 5 tarpaulinj'formed of reenforced' of'the cost of a tarpaulin formed of canvas. I What is claimed-is 1 folded marginal portion, textile strip and covmultiply paper, comprising tWo sheets of paper secured together by a waterproof adv hesive and reenforced by. fibres embedded in the adhesive between the sheets and the mar-V ginal edges of the multiply paper being folded back and secured'to the face of the paper With a Waterproof adhesive that Will exclude moisture from under the fold, strengthening strips of textile fabric secured over the folded portions of the paper, a covering of Waterproof paper secured over said strips to exclude moisture therefrom, and grommets provided along the edges of the multiply sheet and each secured through a ering. V

In testimony whereof, I have name to this specification.

LESTER N. WEBER.

signed my

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2635562 *Mar 13, 1950Apr 21, 1953Central States Paper & Bag ComHaystack cover
US2689608 *Oct 10, 1951Sep 21, 1954Suess Edwin HFlexible grain door for closed cars
US2887154 *Apr 26, 1952May 19, 1959Hallas Leon GDeformable self-supporting shield
US2911038 *Apr 16, 1957Nov 3, 1959Dubuque Awning & Tent CoDeformable self-supporting welding shield
US3818633 *Oct 18, 1971Jun 25, 1974D SableDevice for and a method of watering and feeding plants
US3964223 *Jun 13, 1975Jun 22, 1976The Yokohama Rubber Co. Ltd.Waterproof sheet for aircraft cargo chamber
US4043085 *Jul 2, 1976Aug 23, 1977Morishita Chemical Industry Co. Ltd.Lumber cover
US4257200 *May 21, 1979Mar 24, 1981Hensley Clifford ACotton module tarpaulin pin
US4385474 *Sep 14, 1977May 31, 1983Earley Ronald LThermally and sonically insulating and weatherproofing cover for mobile homes
US4580372 *Aug 14, 1984Apr 8, 1986Mobil Oil CorporationLightweight tarpaulin
US4590714 *Nov 2, 1984May 27, 1986Manville Service CorporationHeat insulating tarpaulin
US4682447 *Jan 3, 1986Jul 28, 1987Mobil Oil CorporationLightweight tarpaulin
US4718962 *Feb 27, 1987Jan 12, 1988Goodwin Albert CShower curtain repair kit
US4780351 *Aug 20, 1987Oct 25, 1988Wheelabrator Corporation Of Canada LimitedProtective cover
US4954378 *Nov 18, 1988Sep 4, 1990Goodman Allan LRepair kit for shower curtain and the like
US5240756 *Jul 24, 1989Aug 31, 1993Wisapak Oy AbTarpaulin
US5363605 *Jun 10, 1993Nov 15, 1994Gary HandwerkerCover for piles of particulate matter
US5381900 *Oct 27, 1993Jan 17, 1995Marra; Robert T.Pressurized air-bottle staging mat
US5543196 *Jul 26, 1994Aug 6, 1996Robinson; Michael D.Selvedge reinforcement
US5601899 *Mar 17, 1995Feb 11, 1997Cascade Engineering, Inc.Sheet with integral fastener
US5809989 *Feb 28, 1996Sep 22, 1998Dacotah Rose, Inc.Apparatus and method to prevent campfires from spreading
US6837006Sep 9, 2002Jan 4, 2005James T. DeskinPrefabricated home covering
US7160213 *May 27, 2004Jan 9, 2007Aer-Flo Canvas Products, Inc.Baseball batter training method
US7534177Dec 27, 2006May 19, 2009Aer-Flo Canvas Products, Inc.Baseball bunting target system
US7947615 *Apr 4, 2006May 24, 2011Awi Licensing CompanyAcoustical canopy system
US8713865 *Sep 14, 2012May 6, 2014Life Shield Engineered Systems, LlcShrapnel containment system and method for producing same
US20040139924 *Oct 22, 2003Jul 22, 2004Hannon Lawrence E.Animal pen system
US20050266937 *May 27, 2004Dec 1, 2005Aer-Flo Canvas Products, Inc.Baseball bunting target system and method
US20070017179 *Apr 4, 2006Jan 25, 2007Springer Brian LAcoustical canopy system
US20070089681 *Oct 6, 2006Apr 26, 2007Lawrence HannonAnimal Pen System
US20070178993 *Dec 27, 2006Aug 2, 2007Aer-Flo Canvas Products, Inc.Baseball bunting target system
US20090056209 *Aug 28, 2007Mar 5, 2009Epi Environmental Technologies (Nevada) Inc.Biodegradable agricultural film
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/3, 428/99, 160/DIG.700, 428/137
International ClassificationB63B19/12
Cooperative ClassificationY10S160/07, B63B19/12
European ClassificationB63B19/12