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Publication numberUS1872290 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 16, 1932
Filing dateJun 23, 1928
Priority dateJun 23, 1928
Publication numberUS 1872290 A, US 1872290A, US-A-1872290, US1872290 A, US1872290A
InventorsHitner John K
Original AssigneeWestinghouse Electric & Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Corrugated or threaded anode
US 1872290 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. K. HITNER Aug. 16, 1932.


' ATTORNEY l atented Aug. 16, .1932


My invention relates to a process of electro-plating the interior surfaces of molds with layers of chromium and more particularly to an improved anode that is effective iii caus ing an efiicient deposition of the chromium on the molds.

An object of my invention is to provide an improved method of coating the interior surfaces of molds or dies with electro-deposited layers of another metal.

Another object of my invention is to provide a chromium-plating bath having an anode that is corrugated, threaded or formed manner that a large close relatlonother into a spiral in such anodlc surface is presented in shlp to the lnterlor surface of a mold or hollow body upon which an electro-deposited desired, thus enabling layer of chromium is the throwing power of the solution-to be increased, and a uniformlayer of chromium to be deposited upon the interior surface of the mold.

In the electro-deposition of chromium, it is desirable that the anode shall present a surface which is somewhat similar in contour to the surface of the article to be coated. In electro-plating the interior of molds, it has, therefore, been proposed to place'the anode in concentric relationship with respect to the -mold to be coated, so that the exterior surface of the anode will cause the chromium to be deposited evenly upon the interior surface of the mold. 'When the anode is arranged in this manner, however, it does not have a very large surface.

It is also desirable to utilize an anodehavwhich is preferably lower than the current density at the cathode and this is' accomplished by providing a comparatively large .anodic area,

as it has been found, in pract1ce, that the life of the anode is considerably increased when the current density is low and rugate or thread the anode, or make it in a spiral form so equally as great as, or greater than, the surface of the article to be coated.

andthe base plate 11 to mg a comparatively low current dens1ty=-' that it wiil have a surface' 1928. Serial N0. 287,672.

Fig. 2 is a similar view of the supports for I the electrodes, showing the molds in cross section and a modified form of my anode in elevation;

Fig. 3 is a view in transverse section of the device shown in Fig. 1, taken along the line III-III; and

Fig. 4.- is a similar view of the device shown in Fig. 1, taken along the line IV-IV, showing means for centering the bottom part of the anode.

In practicing my invention, I provide a suitable tank 5 containing the trolyte 6, which is preferably composed of a dilute solution of chromic acid containing a small percentage of chromicsulphate. The molds 7 and -7' are supported in compact form ath or elecby an upper annular member or ring 8 and a ring 12 is provided when it is desired to plate a plurality of molds at one time. A plurality of spaced bolts 13, extending through apertures in the rings 8 and 9, are provided with nuts 14 which bear against the lower ring and, when tightened, cause the upper ring 8 bear against the molds, thus holding them in firm, compact relationship.

The upper ring 8 is recessed at its upper central portion to provide a seat for a porcelain ring 15. A cover 16, having a central aperture therethrough, rests upon the porcelain ring and supports a corrugated anode 19, the upper end 18 of which extends through the aperture and makes a tight-fitting engagementwith the cover. The porcelain ring 15 serves to insulate the anode from the molds at the upper portion and the mica plate 7 10, which is in the form of a spider, perand also serves to center the anode so that it will be equally distant from all portions of the molds. Lateral apertures are provided in upper ring 8 to permit the free circulation of the electrolyte.

The electrode structure shown in Fig. 2 is similar to that shown in Fig. l with the exception that the anode 19 is shown in the form ofa spiral instead of being corrugated. The anodes 19 and 19 are preferably formed entirely of lead, although, if preferred, a steel rod coated with lead by any desired method, as by spraying, may be used.

The assembled electrodes are preferably suspended in the electrolyte by means of a cross bar 22, embedded in slots 2-1 in the upper edges of tank 5, and supporting hooks 23,

thelower ends of which are wrapped around bolts-l3 between the annular ring 8 and the heads of the bolts. However, if desired, the electrodes may be supported from the bottom of the tank by blocks of any material that will not be attacked by the electrolyte, such as glass.

It is essential, however, that the electrodes be suspended or supported in some ,such man? ner, as a sludge has a tendency to form and settle on the bottom of the tank during electrolysis, which would circulate between the electrodes and prevent the deposition of a smooth plate of chromium if the electrodes were permitted 'to rest on the bottom of the tank.

My novel arrangement of the cathode and anode enables the electrolyte to flow continuously between the surfaces of the electrodes, thereby enriching the plating solution between the electrodes, which would otherwise have the tendency to become weak be'cause of the electrode-position of the chromium.

.The large anodic area which is in close relationship tothe inner surface of the molds 7 and 7 to be plated enables the chromium to be deposited evenly and in an efiicient manner.

During electrolysis, the current enters through the positive terminal 25, which is secured to the. upper end 18 of anode '19, passes through the anode and the solution 6, causing the chromium to be deposited upon the interior surface of the mold, and then flows through the ring 8 and supportin hooks23 to the negative terminal (not shown? which is attached in any desired manner to the supporting bar 22.

It will be understood that various-modifications may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of my invention. For example, instead of plating two molds, the number may be varied, depending upon the depth of the electrolyte. The improved arrangement of the electrodes and the character of the anode may also be utilized for the coating of the interior of dies or other hollow bodies. The anode may anode, such as I have shown, may also be uscful, in the eleetro-deposition of other metals which require a large anodic surface, for instance, nickel. I desire, therefore, that only such limitations shall be imposed upon my invention as are required by the prior art and the appended claims.

I claim as my invention 1. In an apparatus for the electro-dcposition of'metals,-thc combination of an upper ring, a lower ring, a plurality of molds supported between the two rings, and a corrugated anode supported coaxially in the intcrior of the molds.

2. Inan apparatus for the electro-deposition of metals, the combination of a hollow body, an anode situated interiorly of said body and having a surface at least as large as the interior surfaceof the hollow body, and means including a plurality of rings and a cover for holding the anode and cathode in spaced relationship.

3. In an' apparatus for the electro-deposition of chromium, the combination of a plurality of hollow bodies, means for supporting the hollow bodies in coaxial alignment with each other and means for supporting .an anode' coaxially in the interior of said hollow bodies, the exterior surface of said anode being, at least equal to the interior surface of the hollow bodies.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto subscribed my name this sixteenth day of June,


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2431948 *Nov 1, 1943Dec 2, 1947Gen Motors CorpApparatus for electrodepositing metal on bearing shells and the like
US2474638 *Mar 13, 1945Jun 28, 1949Schmid Inc JuliusTesting electrode
US2643225 *Jan 19, 1949Jun 23, 1953Federal Mogul CorpElectroplating rack
US2760929 *Oct 6, 1952Aug 28, 1956Republic Steel CorpElectroplating apparatus
US2979452 *Aug 23, 1954Apr 11, 1961Nat Forge CoApparatus for electroplating crankshaft journals
US3022232 *May 26, 1958Feb 20, 1962Caterpillar Tractor CoMethod and apparatus for simultaneously plating and lapping
US3104221 *Feb 17, 1960Sep 17, 1963Hill Robert HSelf-circulating solution anode for chromium plating vessels
US3262872 *Mar 23, 1962Jul 26, 1966Henes Mfg CoApparatus for the electrolytic production of hydrogen and oxygen for the safe consumption thereof
US3514389 *Sep 6, 1968May 26, 1970Nsu Motorenwerke AgApparatus for producing a wear-resistant surface on a workpiece
US5954940 *Jun 30, 1997Sep 21, 1999American Air Liquide Inc.Method for measuring coating quality
US6106693 *Jul 1, 1999Aug 22, 2000American Air Liquide Inc.Method for measuring coating quality
US6207030Jun 19, 2000Mar 27, 2001American Air Liquide Inc.Apparatus for measuring coating quality
DE743712C *Jan 31, 1940Dec 31, 1943Messerschmitt Boelkow BlohmEinhaengevorrichtung zur elektrolytischen Hartverchromung verhaeltnismaessig langer, innen mit einer Chrom-Metallschicht zu versehender zylindrischer Werkstuecke, insbesondere von Laufbuechsen fuer Gegenkolbenmotoren
DE744590C *Jan 31, 1940Jan 20, 1944Messerschmitt Boelkow BlohmEinhaengevorrichtung zur elektrolytischen Hartverchromung mehrerer uebereinander angeordneter innen und/oder aussen mit einer Chrommetallschicht zu vesehender zylindrischer Werkstuecke
DE2737051A1 *Aug 17, 1977Feb 22, 1979Cities Service CoAnode structure comprising planar coils and basket - with opening configured to accept coils in vertical, parallel alignment
U.S. Classification204/242, 205/131, 204/272, 205/284
International ClassificationC25D17/10, C25D17/12, C25D7/04
Cooperative ClassificationC25D17/12, C25D7/04
European ClassificationC25D17/12, C25D7/04