|Publication number||US1872290 A|
|Publication date||Aug 16, 1932|
|Filing date||Jun 23, 1928|
|Priority date||Jun 23, 1928|
|Publication number||US 1872290 A, US 1872290A, US-A-1872290, US1872290 A, US1872290A|
|Inventors||Hitner John K|
|Original Assignee||Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (15), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
J. K. HITNER Aug. 16, 1932.
CORRUGATED OR THREADED ANODES Filed June 25, 1928 INVENTOR- John/C Hz'zner.
' ATTORNEY l atented Aug. 16, .1932
JOHN K. HI'INER, E WILKINSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR '10 WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC & MANUFACTURING COMPAN Y, A CORPORATION OF PENNSYLVANIA CORRUGATED OB- THREAIDED ANODE Application filed June 23,
My invention relates to a process of electro-plating the interior surfaces of molds with layers of chromium and more particularly to an improved anode that is effective iii caus ing an efiicient deposition of the chromium on the molds.
An object of my invention is to provide an improved method of coating the interior surfaces of molds or dies with electro-deposited layers of another metal.
Another object of my invention is to provide a chromium-plating bath having an anode that is corrugated, threaded or formed manner that a large close relatlonother into a spiral in such anodlc surface is presented in shlp to the lnterlor surface of a mold or hollow body upon which an electro-deposited desired, thus enabling layer of chromium is the throwing power of the solution-to be increased, and a uniformlayer of chromium to be deposited upon the interior surface of the mold.
In the electro-deposition of chromium, it is desirable that the anode shall present a surface which is somewhat similar in contour to the surface of the article to be coated. In electro-plating the interior of molds, it has, therefore, been proposed to place'the anode in concentric relationship with respect to the -mold to be coated, so that the exterior surface of the anode will cause the chromium to be deposited evenly upon the interior surface of the mold. 'When the anode is arranged in this manner, however, it does not have a very large surface.
It is also desirable to utilize an anodehavwhich is preferably lower than the current density at the cathode and this is' accomplished by providing a comparatively large .anodic area,
as it has been found, in pract1ce, that the life of the anode is considerably increased when the current density is low and rugate or thread the anode, or make it in a spiral form so equally as great as, or greater than, the surface of the article to be coated.
andthe base plate 11 to mg a comparatively low current dens1ty=-' that it wiil have a surface' 1928. Serial N0. 287,672.
Fig. 2 is a similar view of the supports for I the electrodes, showing the molds in cross section and a modified form of my anode in elevation;
Fig. 3 is a view in transverse section of the device shown in Fig. 1, taken along the line III-III; and
Fig. 4.- is a similar view of the device shown in Fig. 1, taken along the line IV-IV, showing means for centering the bottom part of the anode.
In practicing my invention, I provide a suitable tank 5 containing the trolyte 6, which is preferably composed of a dilute solution of chromic acid containing a small percentage of chromicsulphate. The molds 7 and -7' are supported in compact form ath or elecby an upper annular member or ring 8 and a ring 12 is provided when it is desired to plate a plurality of molds at one time. A plurality of spaced bolts 13, extending through apertures in the rings 8 and 9, are provided with nuts 14 which bear against the lower ring and, when tightened, cause the upper ring 8 bear against the molds, thus holding them in firm, compact relationship.
The upper ring 8 is recessed at its upper central portion to provide a seat for a porcelain ring 15. A cover 16, having a central aperture therethrough, rests upon the porcelain ring and supports a corrugated anode 19, the upper end 18 of which extends through the aperture and makes a tight-fitting engagementwith the cover. The porcelain ring 15 serves to insulate the anode from the molds at the upper portion and the mica plate 7 10, which is in the form of a spider, perand also serves to center the anode so that it will be equally distant from all portions of the molds. Lateral apertures are provided in upper ring 8 to permit the free circulation of the electrolyte.
The electrode structure shown in Fig. 2 is similar to that shown in Fig. l with the exception that the anode 19 is shown in the form ofa spiral instead of being corrugated. The anodes 19 and 19 are preferably formed entirely of lead, although, if preferred, a steel rod coated with lead by any desired method, as by spraying, may be used.
The assembled electrodes are preferably suspended in the electrolyte by means of a cross bar 22, embedded in slots 2-1 in the upper edges of tank 5, and supporting hooks 23,
thelower ends of which are wrapped around bolts-l3 between the annular ring 8 and the heads of the bolts. However, if desired, the electrodes may be supported from the bottom of the tank by blocks of any material that will not be attacked by the electrolyte, such as glass.
It is essential, however, that the electrodes be suspended or supported in some ,such man? ner, as a sludge has a tendency to form and settle on the bottom of the tank during electrolysis, which would circulate between the electrodes and prevent the deposition of a smooth plate of chromium if the electrodes were permitted 'to rest on the bottom of the tank.
My novel arrangement of the cathode and anode enables the electrolyte to flow continuously between the surfaces of the electrodes, thereby enriching the plating solution between the electrodes, which would otherwise have the tendency to become weak be'cause of the electrode-position of the chromium.
.The large anodic area which is in close relationship tothe inner surface of the molds 7 and 7 to be plated enables the chromium to be deposited evenly and in an efiicient manner.
During electrolysis, the current enters through the positive terminal 25, which is secured to the. upper end 18 of anode '19, passes through the anode and the solution 6, causing the chromium to be deposited upon the interior surface of the mold, and then flows through the ring 8 and supportin hooks23 to the negative terminal (not shown? which is attached in any desired manner to the supporting bar 22.
It will be understood that various-modifications may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of my invention. For example, instead of plating two molds, the number may be varied, depending upon the depth of the electrolyte. The improved arrangement of the electrodes and the character of the anode may also be utilized for the coating of the interior of dies or other hollow bodies. The anode may anode, such as I have shown, may also be uscful, in the eleetro-deposition of other metals which require a large anodic surface, for instance, nickel. I desire, therefore, that only such limitations shall be imposed upon my invention as are required by the prior art and the appended claims.
I claim as my invention 1. In an apparatus for the electro-dcposition of'metals,-thc combination of an upper ring, a lower ring, a plurality of molds supported between the two rings, and a corrugated anode supported coaxially in the intcrior of the molds.
2. Inan apparatus for the electro-deposition of metals, the combination of a hollow body, an anode situated interiorly of said body and having a surface at least as large as the interior surfaceof the hollow body, and means including a plurality of rings and a cover for holding the anode and cathode in spaced relationship.
3. In an' apparatus for the electro-deposition of chromium, the combination of a plurality of hollow bodies, means for supporting the hollow bodies in coaxial alignment with each other and means for supporting .an anode' coaxially in the interior of said hollow bodies, the exterior surface of said anode being, at least equal to the interior surface of the hollow bodies.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto subscribed my name this sixteenth day of June,
JOHN K. HITNER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2431948 *||Nov 1, 1943||Dec 2, 1947||Gen Motors Corp||Apparatus for electrodepositing metal on bearing shells and the like|
|US2474638 *||Mar 13, 1945||Jun 28, 1949||Schmid Inc Julius||Testing electrode|
|US2643225 *||Jan 19, 1949||Jun 23, 1953||Federal Mogul Corp||Electroplating rack|
|US2760929 *||Oct 6, 1952||Aug 28, 1956||Republic Steel Corp||Electroplating apparatus|
|US2979452 *||Aug 23, 1954||Apr 11, 1961||Nat Forge Co||Apparatus for electroplating crankshaft journals|
|US3022232 *||May 26, 1958||Feb 20, 1962||Caterpillar Tractor Co||Method and apparatus for simultaneously plating and lapping|
|US3104221 *||Feb 17, 1960||Sep 17, 1963||Hill Robert H||Self-circulating solution anode for chromium plating vessels|
|US3262872 *||Mar 23, 1962||Jul 26, 1966||Henes Mfg Co||Apparatus for the electrolytic production of hydrogen and oxygen for the safe consumption thereof|
|US3514389 *||Sep 6, 1968||May 26, 1970||Nsu Motorenwerke Ag||Apparatus for producing a wear-resistant surface on a workpiece|
|US5954940 *||Jun 30, 1997||Sep 21, 1999||American Air Liquide Inc.||Method for measuring coating quality|
|US6106693 *||Jul 1, 1999||Aug 22, 2000||American Air Liquide Inc.||Method for measuring coating quality|
|US6207030||Jun 19, 2000||Mar 27, 2001||American Air Liquide Inc.||Apparatus for measuring coating quality|
|DE743712C *||Jan 31, 1940||Dec 31, 1943||Messerschmitt Boelkow Blohm||Einhaengevorrichtung zur elektrolytischen Hartverchromung verhaeltnismaessig langer, innen mit einer Chrom-Metallschicht zu versehender zylindrischer Werkstuecke, insbesondere von Laufbuechsen fuer Gegenkolbenmotoren|
|DE744590C *||Jan 31, 1940||Jan 20, 1944||Messerschmitt Boelkow Blohm||Einhaengevorrichtung zur elektrolytischen Hartverchromung mehrerer uebereinander angeordneter innen und/oder aussen mit einer Chrommetallschicht zu vesehender zylindrischer Werkstuecke|
|DE2737051A1 *||Aug 17, 1977||Feb 22, 1979||Cities Service Co||Anode structure comprising planar coils and basket - with opening configured to accept coils in vertical, parallel alignment|
|U.S. Classification||204/242, 205/131, 204/272, 205/284|
|International Classification||C25D17/10, C25D17/12, C25D7/04|
|Cooperative Classification||C25D17/12, C25D7/04|
|European Classification||C25D17/12, C25D7/04|