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Publication numberUS1875048 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 30, 1932
Filing dateDec 13, 1930
Priority dateDec 13, 1930
Publication numberUS 1875048 A, US 1875048A, US-A-1875048, US1875048 A, US1875048A
InventorsLevene George
Original AssigneeMassachusetts Memorial Hospita
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Light pencil
US 1875048 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 30, 1932. Q LEVENE 1,875,048


Application led December 13, 1930. lerlal lo. 502,019.

This invention relates to devices for marking photographic films, plates or other sens1- tized sheets, and has for its principal object' the provision of a compact and handy utensil which may be used in the manner of a pencil and which is provided with an apertured tip adapted to direct a beam of light onto the film or plate when the pencil is moved over a sensitized surface, thereby to expose traced characters, words or other indicia to bereproduced upon ensuing prints of the developed sheet.

More specifically, the purposes of the invention are to provide a light pencil in which the working end or tip is movable longltudinally of a casing containing a light source and a source of current for the light, the light source being automatically energized upon inward movement of the t1p caused by pressure upon the sheet; and to provide a tip which constitutes a light filter preventing the spread of actinic rays but permitting safe Alight to illuminate the region surrounding the tip to facilitate the marking of sensitive sheets in a dark room. These and other features of the invention will be evident from the following description and will be pointed out in the appended claims, it being understood that the invention is not intended to be limited to the specific form or details of the present disclosure.

A preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which:

Fig. 1 is a side view, partly in section, of the improved light pencil;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary section thereof; and

Fig. 3 is a similar view, showing the pencil in position for use.

In the particular embodiment chosen for the purpose of illustration, the improved pencil comprises a cylindrical casing 4 having a threaded cap or closure 5 at its rearward end and a removable tube 6 mounted at its forward end; a marking tip 7 slidable axially within the tube 6 and having a tapered projecting nose 8; a normally extinguished electric lamp bulb 9 or other light source supported within the casing tube; and a common type of battery 10 also mounted in the casing and constituting a source of current for the vlight 9. The arrangement is such that the lamp is automatically energized upon inward movement of the tip 7 caused, for cxample, by pressin the nose 8 upon the sensitized sheet; and te tip has an axial opening 11 therethrough permitting the passage of light from the bulb 9 and directing the beam of light upon the senstitized surface to expose the plate or film.

The nose 8 at least of the working tip is preferably so constructed as to provide a light lter permitting (in addition to the light directed through the aperture 11) general distribution of light to Which the surface is substantially insensitive. For this purpose, the tip may be formed of colored Celluloid or other treated, semi-transparent material which obstructs the emission of the actinic rays; or the surface of the nose 8 of a tip formed of clear glass or the like may be painted or otherwise coatedy or covered with colored matter or material having similar properties. For ordinary films or plates the filter will be ruby colored; whereas panchromatic sheets require a green filter. It will be understood that the marking operation should be performed in the usual dark room; and it is thus apparent that the safe light emitted through the marking tip substantially increases the visibility of the darkened sheet and the nose of the moving pencil. Hence, the writer is enabled to mark legibly upon the sheet 12 when the pencil is pressed downgardly thereon in the manner indicated in Although in this aspect of the invention the tip may be fixed with respect to the casing and the light energized by a suitable switch, a particular feature of the illustrated construction resides in the provision of circuit closing means operable upon inward movement of the slidable tip 7. To this end, the bulb is movably mounted within the casing so that it is carried into circuit-closing position with respect to the battery 10 by the motion of the marking tip when the nose 8 is pressed upon the film or plate. It will be observed that outward movement of the tip is limited by anannular flange 13 at the cas- 'l disclosure fis for the purpose (if-illustration ing mouth .which engages a complemental shoulder 14 lon the -tip and that in such position the lamp is extinguished. v 1 I The base of bulb 9 is mounted in a-socket 15 fixed in a slidable tubular member or holdv er 16 which extends forwardly to serve asa shield for the bulb and preferably seats against the inner end of the tip 7, as indi* cated at 17. The bulb holder and marking tip are yieldingly held in outward position `by means of a helical s pring 18 interposed b'etween the socket 15 an the end of the battery 10, thus normally spacin the contacts 19 and 20 of the bulb base and attery respectively.

As shown in Fig. 3, these contacts are closed.`

upon inward movement of the Vmarking 'tip and light the bulb.

As iu the usuul hund flashlight the circuit. of the battery case may include a spring`21 bearing against the casing cap 5, the casing 4 and a switch element electrically connecting the casing and the lamp socket 15. In this instance the circuit from casing t'osocket may he continuously closed by sliding engagement of the tube 16 with the wall of the casing or it maybe closed through the spring 18 by providing a conductor such as the screw 22 which -is engaged by the compressed spring (Fig. 3). In either event the'lamp is illuminatedras soon as the contacts 19 and'20 are closed, and is extinguished when these contacts are opened.

In the structure illustrated, the screw 22 also serves to secure the casino' 4 and its removable end tube 6 in axial alignment; and it is evident that the various elements may be assembled within the device before the casing is closed by applying the end portion 6. The tube 6 lits over a sleeve 23 suitably fixed in the casing part 4, and the screw 22 is threaded in registering apertures in the tube and sleeve respectively, and extends inwardly toward the spring 18. These and other structural details of the light pencil herein describedv may, however, be varied to suit particular purposes without departing from the essence of this invention as delined in thefollowing claims.

It is apparent that a marking device constructed in accordance with this invention is easy to manufacture and assemble, simple to operate and particularly compact and convenient to use. The desired markings are readily traced upon the photographic film or plate by pressing the marking tip upon the sheet and moving it thereover in the manner of a writing pen or pencil; the safe light .emitted through the filter tip enables the writer clearly to see and follow the area to be traced by exposure of light through the tip aperture; and the automatic switch arrange- A.f.' n1ent ensures that the light will be extin- It should ,be-understood that the present onl'v and v'that this" invention includes all I claim': -1. lA pencil v for marking a. sensitized within theA scope ofthe appended claims.

sheen-comprising a casing provided with a tip movable longitudinallythereof, a light source within the casing,`andmeans operative upon'inward movement ofthe tip for electrically energizing the light source, the

tip constituting a filter preventing the passage of actinic light rays while permitting the emission of 'fnon-actinic rays, and the tip having an opening therethrough communicating with the light source so thatv the sheet -is exposed by said light when the tip is pressed thereon.

2. A pencil for marking a sensitized sheet, comprising a casing, a light source within thev casing, and a marking ti at one end thereof, the tip constituting a ter preventing the passage of actinic light rays while' permitting the emission of non-actinic rays, and the tip having an opening therethrough communicating with the light source so that the sheet is exposed when the tip is moved over its sensitized surface. v

3. A pencil for marking a sensitized sheet, comprising a casing, a, light source Within the casing, and a marking tip atone lend thereof, the tip being made of material.

which prevents the passage of actinic light rays but permits the emission of non-actinic rays, and the tip having an opening therethrough communicating with the light source so that the sheet is exposed when the tip is moved over its sensitized surface.

4. A pencil for marking a sensitized sheet, comprising a casing, a light source GEORGE LEVENE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2421027 *Oct 25, 1943May 27, 1947Isaacson Herbert MDevice for removing the tarnish from silver and the like
US2504254 *May 15, 1948Apr 18, 1950Bausch & LombScale illuminating means for projection lenses
US2532181 *Oct 23, 1947Nov 28, 1950Moore Milton EIlluminated drinking glass
US2538475 *Aug 13, 1948Jan 16, 1951Skrastin Jr Frederick JSurveyor's illuminated backsight
US2567036 *Aug 26, 1948Sep 4, 1951Bailey Meter CoFluid-tight light transmitting apparatus
US2583491 *Feb 27, 1948Jan 22, 1952Francis Orlando JosephPlumb bob device
US2854659 *Dec 13, 1952Sep 30, 1958Du Mont Allen B Lab IncPlotting device
US3035118 *Oct 15, 1959May 15, 1962Victor Comptometer CorpRecording device
US3229976 *Mar 25, 1963Jan 18, 1966Allen Jr Walter LIlluminated beach balls
US3545838 *Mar 28, 1966Dec 8, 1970Admiral CorpTemperature compensated collimator holder assembly
US3795012 *May 31, 1972Feb 26, 1974Massachusetts Inst TechnologyFar side plotter
US4016414 *Apr 9, 1975Apr 5, 1977Browning Scott MWriting device incorporating illuminating means
US4176273 *Oct 18, 1977Nov 27, 1979Olympus Optical Company LimitedLight and heat writing pen for photosensitive material
U.S. Classification396/313, 362/203, 347/110, 347/224, 346/143
International ClassificationG03B17/24
Cooperative ClassificationG03B17/24
European ClassificationG03B17/24