US 1875488 A
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Sept. 6, 14932. F. B. PETERS BULLET RESISTING CABINET Filed June 6, v1931 3 Sheets-Sheet l lfgj Sept. 6, 1932. F. B.' PETERS BULLET RESISTING CABINET Filed June 6, 1931 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Sept. 6, 1932. F. B. PETERS BULLET RESISTING CABINET File'd June e, 1951 3 sheets-Sheet 5 llllllllllllllllllllllllllllll lll-.Ill llllllllllllllllll In-III.. llllllllll Ill i l IVUHVI Patented Sept. 6, 1932 Yli" FRANKTB. PETERS, OF MINNEAPOLIMINNESOTA Application le'd June 6,` 19317.i Serial No.f 542,569.`
fMy `present invention relates to means for The invention, as shown, forms a partV of a protectingbanks `and the like for the deposit oflvaluables against'a daylight hold-up by a bandit.
The present invention provides a lbullet- `resistingvertically extensible cabinet that is normallyA retracted and, in its preferred form, bformsa part of the oiiice fixtures. This cab'- inet when extended forms `a compartment in which a teller or other person may `stand and isprovided with'an entrance door, bullet-resisting transparent inserts and i normally closed gunports. Power means is provided for instantly extending the cabinet which is normally' held inactive by manually-controlled means that is within easy reach of a yteller or other person working at thekcabinet.
Incase of a hold-up the person workingvat the cabinet simply releases the power means which instantly, extends the cabinet and permitts the person to enter the cabinet and close the jdoor. The person inthebullet-resisting cabinethas a bandit at a decided disadvantage and may turnthe tables on him.
Tothe above end, generally stated, the invention consists of the novel devices and combinations of devices hereinafter described and 'delined in the claims.
"In theaccompanying drawings, which illustrate the invention,I likecharacters indicate .like parts throughout the several views. `Referring,to the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view showingfthe f invention embodied in the counterstructure of a tellers'cage fragmentarily illustrated; n
A.Ii"g.-2i`s:a view corresponding to Fig. 1 but showing the cabinet extended;
Figs. 3 Aand 4' are views principallyin vertical section taken on the lines 3-*3 and 4 4 Dirige; t
. Fig. 5 isa fragmentary perspective view o'f the'lock for one ofthe upper catches;
y n VIfgsJG, and 7 are-viewsprincipally in horizontal section taken on "the lines 6-6 and "'1 7`.-7 of Fig. 2'; y
`F'1 `g. `S'is a .fragmentary detail view with p some parts sectioned onvthe line 8 8 of Fig.
7,on'an enlarged scale; and
Eig, 9 a fragmentary detail view in verf tical sectron'taken on the line 9`-90f Fig. 6.
tellers cage 10 having a wicket o ening 11 anda counter structure-12 in whic is a gap below said Wicket opening. y
The bullet-resisting cabinet is fitted in the gap'in the counter structure 12 and` forms a part of said structure. This cabinet, as shown, is rectangular` in cross-section and comprises a xedfbase section 13, which rests ,A
on the floor, "and 'a vertically movable top section 14 having a cover 15 that is normally flush with the topof the counter structure 12 and forms a part thereof. Eachcabinet section 13-14 is made up of connected inner and.1 outer spaced I shells of bullet-resisting stee y The upper cabinet section 14 is guided duringits raisin and lowering movements and held inassem led relation with the base section 13 by-four internal vertical track rails 16 on the base section 13 at the corners thereof and external channeled Ways 1T on the front and back of the upper cabinet section 14 and into which ways the rails 16' loosely extend. The upper cabinet section 141-` is further. guided during its raising and "lowering movements by four uprightguide rods 18 which extend longitudinally in the ways 17 .and are anchored at theirupp'er ends to corner gussets `19 inthe upper cornersof the cabinet top sec- Spring'A latches22 are provided for holding the sections of .the door 21 closed.. These` latches 22 include spring-projected bolts that are automatioallyretra'cted by-the closing ,of the door `and snap into. operative positions when the door-sections are closed to lock the same and can only be released from the-inside of the cabinet. The sections-of the door 21 are constructed of the saine material and in the same manner as the walls of the cabinet.
In thefront and sidesof the upper cabinet section 14 and in the upper sections of the door 21 are transparent inserts 23 in the formi Formed on the upper end ofthe base 'section 13 are outturned horizontal flanges 26 which form relatively tight joints withthetopfsecition 14. Horizontal joint flanges 27 on the lower ends of the upper sections ofthe'door 21 form relatively tight joints with the sections of the door 21 hinged to the base section'13;
.As previously stated; the top section v14 is normally inlits lowered position and the top 15 thereof 'usedl as a counter at the wicket opening 11. Manuallycontrolled mechanism is--provided for instantly raisingy the'top section 14 in case ofa hold-up so'that vafperson working at the cabinet may enterl the same before a bandit has time to shoot. This raising mechanism must lift thetop section 14 at a very fast speed and includes, 'as sho'wn. four pairs of spiral springs 28 mounted in pairs of brackets 29.1 These pairs of brackets 29 are securedto thev base section 13 at the four cor ners thereof with lthe brackets of each pair on opposite sides of the shell' of said section.
The outer ends of each pair of springs28 are anchoredto the respective pair of brackets 29 an'd their inner ends areY attached to va short shaft .3Ofwhich extends axially through said pair of springs and is j ournaled insaid bracketsandthe shelly of the base section 14, see Fig. 8. y Fi-Xed on each shaft 30 between the two Vsections13-14 is an outer groovedY sh-eave31 and an inner grooved sheave 32. VCables .33 having` one of their ends attached tothe sheaves 31 are arranged to be Awound thereon or unwound therefrom. The other ends of the cables 33 are attached to brackets 34 lon the top section 14 vnear the bottom thereof. The arrangement of the cables 33is such that a downward movement of the upper section 14 on the base section 13 will unwindsaid Acables from the ysheaves 31 and place thepairs of springs 28 under tension. VVhen-the upper section 14v is released from its lower position thetensionedlsprings 28 will wind the cables 33 on the sheaves 31 and lift the top section 14 at a very fast speed.
4To hold the top section.v 14 inits'i lowered Vposition against the l'iftingfactionof the springs 28 a pair of lower spring latches 35 andfcooperating lock'vlugs 36 having cam surfacesare providedf` These latches 35 are hinged one to each side ofthe base section 13 and thelock lugs 36 aresecnred to theltop section,14. .Thecam surfaces on the lock lugs 3.6v are arranged to move the latches 35 out of the paths of movement of said lugs during the downward movement vof thetop section 14 and said latches are arranged to snap over said lugs when said Ylugs have passed the latches 35 and hold the top secthrough thejbase section 13 just below the door opening 2O and near the back, of saidA cabinetg. l'Iheiarms of the bail 38 are intermediately pivotedto the sides of the base section-13 'and have on their outer ends wedge blocks 39 which extend between the inner shell of the base section 13 and thefcain fingers 37, see Fig. 4. Normally` the bail 38 israised with the blocks 39 which are just entering b`etween the inner shellr of the base ,section 113 and thecam fingers' 37 so that' a downward movement ofsaid bail will lift the blocks 39 and retract the spring lat-ches 35 to fr elease the same from the loclrlugs 36. Obviously?, atelier standing back of the cabinet simply has to place his foot'through the door opening 2O and operate the bail 3 8 by a downward pressure thereon torelease the latches 3 5 and cause the springs`28 to liftthe top section 14'. r1`his' operation may be performed without any apparent movement of the person inthe cage 10 to a person in the front of thecabinet. Counter-weights 40 are provided to assist the "springs 28' vin lifting the top section 14. These counter-weights 40 are attached to the lower 'ends of cables 41, the upper' ends of which are attached to the sheaves 32 with said cables arranged to be wound on vsaidV sheaves or unwound therefrom. When thetop section 14 is lowered the cables 41 are wound on the sheaves 32 and holdY the counter-weights l40 raised.Y i l y Toprevent the raised Atop section 14 from beinglowered while there isa person therein, there is provided a pair of 'spring latches 42 and cooperating lock lugs 4 3 having cam sur faces. VThese latches 42 and lock lugs 43 are identical with the latches 35 and lock lugs 36 except they project in opposite directions and the cam fingers 44 on the latches 42 `project upward.` During the upward movement of the top section 14 thevlock` lugs 43 cam the latches 42out oftheir paths of movement and after said lugs have passed the latches 42 said latches snap thereunder and lock theupper section`14in its raised position.
` To release the latches 42 from the inside of the cabinet wedge blocksV 45 are slidably mounted in ways 4601i the shell-ofv the base section 13. .These'wedge blocks 45'y arefricl tionally heldv in inoperative positions in which they are j ustxentering between the shell of the base section 13 and cam fingers 44,*see
Fig. 2. Downward pressure on the blocks 45 battery49, a lead wire 54 connects the coni tact 51 with the other side of the battery,
and a lead `wire 55 connects. the contact 52.` with the bottom of the wicket 47 which is insulated from the top 15. i When the top sec-` V y tion 14 is lowered the wicket 47 is out of engagement with the contact 50 and the contact f 52 is out of engagement with the contact 51. 1
message lugs 43 and thereby release the top section 14 and permit the same to be lowered. While the latches and 42 are on the outside of the base section 13 they are covered by the counter 5 st rlpture 12 so that they cannot be tampered wit A wicket 47 for the wicket opening 11is secured to the top 15 for movement with the ing movements. The purpose of moving the wicket 47 with the top section 14 is to prevent Va person from poking a stick between the wicket, in case the same was fixed, and top of the ,cabinet toprevent the cabinetfrom being raised.`
Within the base section 13 is a shelf 48 on which may be kept firearms.
To prevent a bandit from scaling the wicket 47, when the upper section 14 in the cabinet is raised, lthe same is energized by means of a high tension circuit. This circuit, as shown, includes a battery 49, a fixed contact 50, which is engaged by the metallic wicket 47 vwhen the upper section 14 is raised, a pair i of cooperating contacts 51 and 52, the former of which is on the base section 13 and the latter of which is on the upper section 14 `and movable therewith into and out of engagement with the contact` 51. A lead wire 53 connects the contact 5() to one side of the From the above description it is evident that in case of a holdup it is only necessary forthe teller standing back of the cabinet to operate the bail 38 and cause the upper sec- Vtion 14 of the cabinet to be projected, the doors of which are always open. The teller locked by the catches 22.
The glass inserts 23 are so located'as to give the teller in the cabinet a clear view of the banking room completely around the cabinet and the slides 25 may be opened to permit the teller to fire through the ports 24.
`Interposed in the lead wire 53 is an electric bell 56 for sounding an alarm when the circuit is closed by the movement of the top sectionr14 to its uppermost position.
What I claim is:
`1. A bullet-resisting extensible cabinet comprising a base section and a vertically movable top section telescoped onto the base section, said cabinet having a door opening formed in part in each of the two sections thereof, a door section for the door `opening `in `each section of the cabinet and mounted on the respective section thereof,
upper section 14 during its raising or lower-V then enters the cabinet and closes the sec-- tions of the door 21 which are automatically zgpoiwervmeansiforraising:theatopisectienyand nfanuallyfcontrlled :means fori-rsettingfthe fpowerimeans'intoiactioir I i L2. .Afrbulletresistingiextensble'cabneathaty ilisz normaly collapsed and fcomprises a:ilo-assit'70 fsectionfand a iverticallyxfmovable#-top f section `telescopedontoQthefbasefsection;said topjsec- '.t'onfwhenflowered faflords'ai work table, power imeansiunderr strain I :to :fraise fthewtopvsetionh ;.nand fa .manualiyrcontrolled 'ttrip informally-Q5 holding thetop section in its lowermo'stziposisitionA 'zand against l.the factionf'offthejpower izmean's. j y' A 3. A bullet-resisting extensiblelcabinetthat ,V reis normally collapsed and-comprises adiasefmo a'. sectoniand 1 a' verticallyimovable stop 4section :telescoped onto the` base: section;` means'for liftingitheftop section comprisingra' plurality t .of sheavesQmounted on' .thelbasefsectiongcablesw 'wound r'on th'e'she'avesand .having` theirloutei" ends attached to the top sectioniandspiml Vwspringsf 35012' voperating "their sheaves and. ar- 'franged'to be'placedfnnder tensionfby afdnwn- -`-ward;movement ofthe `topffsection` from Vitsl y "iraised'ipostiontofunwind thenablesromtheffo sheaves, `a 'catch u"for holdin'gfthe topf-section Sin its lowered fpositioni and agansttheiaction i fofthe 'tension springsyand a' manually-fopen ated trip for releasing the catch. '421 The Vstructure'defined'in "claim-i3 .which-145 further includes: count'erwe'ight `lmeehanism' -arrangedi tofassistth'e lspring .in'aaisnigiie top':section.` f i i t y 5. bullet-resis`ting-extensiblecabinettliat fis. normally :collapsed Tand fcomprises .azibaseiloo section l vand a verticallyf movable topfsecti'on :telescoped onto 'the base section; top v section affords a work table whenf lowered, i power means under" strain to'raise Lthe stop" -section,` i a catch forholdingA the.` topzfsiec-:tionim5 in its .loweredposition'and` againstlthe action fof the powerfmeans', fand manuallysoperated -fmeans :forreleasing the catch.
(i.A iA ybullet;resistingtiextensible^cabinet thatA is: normally-collapsed fand f comprises fatbasf 3110 section and a .vertically lmovable top section telescoped font-o 'the basefisectionyA said ftop section affords .a= wrktablewhen :lowered rpower `means `under` strain to :raisewthe'V top*n section,xa catchffor holding the top sectionf in its lowered position and against the action of the power means, and a manually set trip arranged to be manually-operated to release the catch.
7. The structure defined in claim 6 iii-m20 which the catch is arranged to be automaticfallyoperated by the top sect-ion, during its lowering movement to hold said top section, without affecting the set trip.
8. A bullet-resisting extensible cabinet?m25 that is normallycollapsed and comprises a base section and a vertically movable top sec tion telescoped onto the base section, a door opening formed in partin each of the two sections of the cabinet, the height of the dooro .opening beingy progressively increased during i '-thegvertical" movement of Vthertop section,l a. r
door Vsection for the door opening in each sec- :gtion .of thecabinet and mounted onsaidsec` 575 5^.tio'jns forqopening and closingfmovements in i all positionsof they topsection,` and power means for-raising the top section. f; v29. jThestrncture deined in claim 8 'which urtherincludes an automa-tie means :that Y Y Y. .f .g 11310 prevents theitopsection from-being lowered f whenxaised.' f
10. The structure defined in claim- 8 inv Y Y whichthe top section aiords a workftable i l :when'lowered v .Y "351. 11'. .T hestructure deiined in Vclaim'S in v which the p0wer..means isfundergstrainto i liftj the. top section, andV which structure ,further incllides a catch for holding'the top y' section against the lifting-action of thelpower W29-fmeans, and a manuallyecontrolled trip. orre# Y-'leasin'g the catch. v 'fg 112. The structuredeiined- .inclaim ..8 in which the; power means for 'raising the top section ofthecabinet'issprings arrankgecl.toVV v g be placed undertension Vloy a. downward 'a Y .movement of the top section when raised,A and .which structureV furtherv includes a catch for holding the top section against the tension ofV Y '.the'springsry j .A .Y '30,? 13...A' bullet-resisting extensible. cabinet that-is.normally collapsed and comprises a l hase. section anda vertically movable topsection telescoped onto the base secti0n,. means rliting `the top section comprising'Y av e f. Y .,.plrality of'sheaves mounted onthe'base secl tion, cablesV arrangedto be wound on the "sheaves and/,having their outeriends attached toftheftop section ofthe cabinet, springs and Y Y. y 'coun-terweig'hts for operating the Vsheaves to` Y 1 @240- -win-d thefcable'sf thereon and-lift the top secn tion, Vsaid toplsection :being operative on the .cables'duiing its loweringV movement to nnwind said cables from the sheaves and therel'otate'fthe sheaves 'and place the springs v .under-tension and lift-,the counterweights, Y- anda catchV for holding thetop section when loweringfagainst the lifting action of the springs and counterweights. 1 Iii-testimony whereof I -aix my signature. G f." FRANK B. PETERS.