US 1875690 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 6, 1932. w. E. ADAMS SAFETY DEPOSITORY Filed May 18. 1929 M v. a \%R m m m Mm QQW i We 6 w 1! A Q E m W a w. nOu m Q a n. k w av 3k a Nu m u kg \5 NR. an
Patented Sept. 6, 1932 TE'S UNI- ED YS A PANY, OF CANTON, OHIO, A CORPORATION. OF OHIO:
- sArErY nnrosrron? .App lic ati on med-na 1a, 1929. Serial K01364 539,
The invention relates to safety depositories more particularly for use by cashiers and tellers inbanks and the like. ,V
The objects of the improvements include the provision of simplified means, which are reliable and certain in operation, for instantaneously placing the cashiers or teller s supply of money in an automatically locking safety deposit box upon the appearance of a bank robber, when the cashier or teller actu ates a trip mechanism controlling theoperation of the safetydepository.
Further objects-ofthe improvements include theprovision of a safety depository, which may be connected with other safety depositories, so that all j of the safety depositories may be actuated fromv a position adjacent any one of them by a single cashier or teller} i I The objects of the improvements alsoinclude the provision of adelayed time lock for the door of the safety deposit box, so that after the money has been placed into the box, the door of the box. may not be im mediately opened even though the bank otficer isforced to operate the lock by a key or combination. 4 V 7 These and ancillary objects are attained in the present invention, as will be set forth hereinafter in detail and claimed.
A preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated in .the accompanying drawing formingpart hereof, in which Figure l isafront elevational view of one of the improved safety depositories hereof with portions brokenaway; and
Fig. 2, a side elevationgthereof with portions broken away.
Similar numerals refer to similar parts throughout the several views.
.The improved. safety depository indicated generally at 1 includes side walls 2a and 2b, a back wall 20, a bottomwallQcZ. and a top wall 26, preferably made of any suitable burglarproof materiahsuch as hardened steel,
and forming a burglar proof compartment 3, having a. front opening provided'with a burglar proof door closurea hinge connected at one side to the compartment side wall 25, and provided with a lock 5 at the-other side,
and the lock 5 is preferably a combination 2 lock and a delayed time lock combined, of any well lmown construction. j i
A money receiving opening 6 is formed in the top wall-2e, and is provided with ahopper closure indicated generally at 9.
The hopper closure 9 includes laterally ex tending plates 10and 11 preferably at right angles 'with'eachother and joined to each other at the corner 12; i
The ends of the'plates 1O erably connected and 13b. v I
Both of the plates 10 and'll are of such size as to substantially close the opening 6 in the top wall 26 when either plate is placed in the, plane of the ,top'wall2a. I
Hinges 14, which. are connected adjacent the corner 12 to the hopper, andto the top wall at the rear edge 15' of the opening 6, mount the hopper that it may 'swing about a horizontalaxis. When the plate 10 is swung into the plane of'the top plate 2a as indicated in full lines in Fig. 2, the plate 10 forms a closurefor the opening 6; and when the plate 10 is swung downwardly to the position indicated in dot and dash lines in Fig. 2, the hopper plate 11 forms a closurefor the open ing6.r I "f The hopper 9 is normally maintained in the position illustrated in fulllines in Fig. 2, with, the plate 11 extending vertically upward, and money indicated at 16 is stacked.
is normally spring pressed beneath the forandll are prefby. sectoralfend plates 13a WILLIAM E. ADAMS, or CLEVELAND, 01110, ASSIGNOR To nIEBotnsArEaLooK mm;
ward edge of the plate 10, and meansfor'withdrawing the slide bolt may include a laterally extending horizontal shaft 19 journalled at opposite ends in the side wall 2a and extend ingthrough the side wall 2?);
A bolt withdrawing arm 20 is secured to and extends upwardly from the'shaft19 into a suitable aperture in the bolt 18. A shaft rotating arm 21 is secured on the outer end 22 of the shaft 19 and extends forwardly from the shaft; and its outer end is pivotally connected to the upper end of a link rod 23, the lower The shaft is ournalled in suitable hearing brackets 27 beneath the guard 26, and a laterally extending trip bar 28 extends along side of and in front of the shaft 25 beneath the guard 26 and is connected at its inner edge with the shaft, as bymeans of spokes29. Accordingly, when the trip bar 28 is rotated upwardly as by means ofa tellers toe inserted beneath the same, thetrip lever 24 will be rotated downwardly, and through the link 23 and the arm 21, will rotate the shaft 19 to rotate the bolt withdrawing arm '20 forwardly, thus withdrawing the bolt 17a from engagement beneath the forward edge of the money supporting plate 10. i Gravity will then immediately urge the hopper to fall downwardly about the axis of its hinges, thereby dropping the money 16 into the safety deposit compartment 3. i
For increasing the velocity of movement of the hopper, automatic door moving means indicated generally at 30, whichmay be any well known spring-urged fluid-check mechanism, are mounted within the compartment.
The automatic door moving means may include a cylinder housing 31 mounted upon and depending from the lower surface of the top wall 26, and the cylinder housing has operatively mounted therein a shaft 32 extending horizontally as illustrated, which shaftis normally urged by the spring-urged fluid-checkmechanism within the housing 31 to rotate inthe directionof the arrow 33.
An arm 34 is secured upon and extends forwardly fromthe shaft 32, and a preferably length adjustable link 35 is pivotally connected at one end with the outer end of the arm 34 and at the other end withthe bracket 36 depending from the lower surface of the plate 10, the position illustrated in lines in Fig. 2. Accordingly, when the latch bolt 17a is full withdrawn from engagement with the plate,
10, the door moving means 30 will operate to rapidly rotate the hopper 9 about the axis of its hinges, until close to thefend of its travel, when the velocity of the rotating hopper .will be checked, and the plate 11 will be silently and quietly rotated into the plane of the top wall 2e.
The sectoral end plates 13a and 13b of the hopper are each preferably provided with a notch 37 adjacent the plate 11. Each of the notches engages with a spring latch 38 mounted in alinement therewith on the lower surface of the compartment top wall 26 adjacent the front edge 18 of the opening 6.
Thus when the hopper 9 is rotated downwardly, the latches 38 engage with the notches 37 and securely lock the plate 11 in closing position for the opening 6.
'Each latch 38 may be provided with a knob 39, whereby the latch bolt may be withdrawn from engagement with the notch 37 by opening the door l. and reaching within the com-J By providing the delayed time lock 5, after the money has been dropped into the safety depository, even though the robber may force a bank officer to operate the combination of the lock, the door 4 of the safety depository may 'not beopened till after a predetermined period of time has elapsed, the length of which is longer than the robber will care to remain at the scene of the'hold-up.
The aforesaid safety depository'thus provides a simple and effective means for rendering a daylight hold-up or robbery very difficult if not impossible. p
I claim; V
1. A device of the kind described comprising a housing having a door opening and a door therefor, said housing having an aperture'd top wall, a pivoted closuremember for the aperture in said top wall, a shelf constrained to move with said closure member and adapted to closesaid aperture when said closure member is in its open position, springactuated fluid-check means for displacing said closure member into its closed position, and a spring-pressed latch-accessible solely through said door for locking said closure member in its closed position, said latch being held in a retracted position by said closure member while said closure member is moving into its closed position.
2. A safe comprising a housing having a I door opening and a door therefor, said hous ing havlng an apertured top wall, a closure member for the aperture in said top wall,
said closure member being disposed outside.
of said housing when it is in its open position, a shelf operatively connectedto said closure member to be lowered into the safe when said closure member is moved into its closed position, means having sufficient power to force said closure member into its closed position, and a spring-pressed latch accessible solely through said door for locking f said closure member in its closed position.
3. A safe comprising a housing having an apertured top wall, a closure member for said aperture, said closure member being disposed outside of said housing when it is in its open position, a shelf in said safe movable toward and aWay from said aperture, means operatively connecting said shelf to said closure member for moving said shelf away from said aperture when the closure member is brought into its closed position, means having suflicient power to force the closure member into its closed position, manually operable means for controlling said forcing means, and latch means which automatically locks said closure 1 member when it is forced into its closed position.
In testimony that I claim the above, I have hereunto subscribed my name.
' WILLIAM E. ADAMS.