US 1875821 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 6, 1932. F. NAZARE ATOMI ZER Filed Sept. 12. 1930 QRNEY,
Patented 6; 19'32l` IUNITED STATES PATENT lol-l-AlcE I' FRANCOIS Nazann, or NEW xonx, N. LnssIGNon rro Anouar. conrona'rIoN, or' Naw Your, N. Y., .a conromTroN or' NEW vom:`
.ATOHIZER 4 Application med Septemberlf, 1930, Serial No. 481,397.
My invention relates to anew and improved atomizer.
One of the objects of my invention 'is to `roduce a new and improved portable atom- (5 1zer which can be made in a relatively small size and which can be used for atomizing and dispensing perfume.
Another object of my invention isto provide a simple, compact, and ornamental boudoir device which can be used, instead ofthe well known bulb-type atomizers which have heretofore been utilized.
' Another object of my invention is to provide an atomizer which shall include a small container having compressed gas therein so that it is merely necessary :for` the user to loperate a valve in order to lcause the perfume or otherliquid to be atomized. v
A fourth object is to arrange the compressed gas container in such manner that' any danger resulting from excessive high pressure through high temperature limparted to it from the outside or from accidents of a mechanical nature is minimized.
Other objects of my invention will be set forth in the following description and drawing which illustrates a preferred embodiment thereof, it being understood that the above general statement of the ob] ects of my invention is intended merely to generally explain the same and not to limit it in any manner.
Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional view vwith the operating valve in the closedfposition. Fig. 2 is a sectional view on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view on the line 3- of Fig. 1'.
Fig. 4 is a detail sectional view showing the operating valve in the open position. The device comprises a container 1 which is madeof any suitable metal, and having a bottom 2 which has the shape shown in Fig. 1. The bottom 2 can be connected to the bottom of the container 1 by soldering or any other suitable means. The container 1 can be filled with perfume or any other suitable liquid,l
adjacent surface of the bottom 2.
.A bushing 5 is soldered or 'otherwise suitably secure in a liquid-tight manner, and the interior wall of this bushing 5 is suitably7 threaded. The top of the bushing 5 projects slightly above t e convex to of the ody portion 1. A plug 6 is provi ed with a downwardly projecting externally thread ed ortion so that it can be connected to the' ushing 5, as shown in Fig. 1. A sealing gasket G 1s provided in order to provide a gas-tight and liquid-tight t. The gasket is located in an under-cut groove, so that it is not visible when the parts of the device are assembled, as the gasket would detract from the ornamental appearance of the device. The plugl 6 is provided with a holding cylin'- der which can be connected thereto by means of soldering, a drive t or an other suitable means. The outlet tube 3 is a so connected to the interior of the plug 6 by means of soldering or any other suitable means. However, I refer to provide a recess in av suitable portion of the interior wall of the plug 6 in which the 'corresponding part of the tube 3 can be. located, so that its upright branch does not project beyond the corre` sponding art of the interior surface of the' plug 6. ence, when the cylinder 7 is secured in position, italso serves to retain the tube in osition.
The hol 'ng member 7 is made of'suitable resilient metal, and it is provided with a plurality of slots 8 so that it is suiiciently resilient in'order to retain the c linder 9, in l which the compressed gas, suc
as carbon dloxide or other sultable lnert gas,'1s contained. This carbon dioxide is contained under high pressure, as high as two hundred and fifty pounds per s uare inch.` While I do not'wish-to exclu e the-use of compressed air, I prefer to use an inert gas which is free from oxygen.
. Thus the fourthv object, as stated,-is accomplished. The high pressure cylinder is placed in a safe and protected position. Undue temperature influences, as Aheat from some nearby electric heater oralcohol lamp 'i or even sunrays, which might raise the pressure inside the cylinder through heat expansion of the gas to a dangerous degree, cannot whole apparatus thus becomes more com pact l A retained in a suitably t lug 6. p When rests against the point of the pin 1Q. When the plug 6 is screwed into the bushing 5, the
- bottom of the container 9 rests against the bottom 2 of the device, so that the container 9 cannot descend. Hence, the pm 10 ruptures the seal 11, so that the compressedgas can escape into the interior of the'member 1,
a slot 10a being provided in the pointed end` of the pin 10, in order to permit the escape ofthegas. Y v
Hence, the perfume or other l1qu1d wlthln the device tends to escape through the outlet tube 3, and through the outlet channel 12 of the plug. i The upper end of the outlet opening 12 1s closed by a valve 14 having a gasket 15. The
valve 14 is of cylindrical shape, and it fits over a correspondingly shaped projection 14a of the plug 6. The valve 14 1s kept in the lower or closing position which is illustrated in Fig. 1, by means of a compression spring 16. The bottom of the compression sprmg 16 bears against .a shoulder or flange F of the valve 14. The compression spring 16 1s held in position by means of acap 17 whose lower end is internally threaded so as to be retained upon a threaded extension 17a of the l plug 6. The projection 17a is provided with a slot 17 b. The operating handle 20 passes through the slot 17 b. The flange F against which the bottom of the compression spring 16 bears, is also provided with a tooth Fa which fits into the top of said slot 17 b, so that the valve 14 can move up and down, but it is prevented from turning.
The handle 20 is provided with a yoke 20a which fits .the interior surface of the prof jection 17a of' the'plug\6 thus providing a ivot-like connectlon. ence, iiandle 20 is depressed, its yoke 20a raisesthe valve 14 against the force of the spring 16.
The perfumeor other liquid is thereupon free to issue from the outlet opening 141) of the valve 14, this outlet'being upwardly i-nclined, as shown in Fig. 4, so that the perfume or other liquid is upwardly sprayed.
The plug is also provided with a relatively narrow channel 21 so that a small current of gas can escape from the receptacle and rea ed recess of the the container 9 is put into position, I yit is provided'with a closure member 11 whlch when the nel 12, in order to spray or atomize the liquid i move across thel upper end of the outlet 'chl-.n-- 'i l which would otherwise issue in the form of the perfume is maintalned free from contact with air, since the parts are hermetically sealed and the interior of the container 1 1s filled with an inert gas.
The partsof thedevice may be-made of any suitable metal, lwhlch will not be affected by the perfume extract, toilet water, or the like. Likewise, the device can be made in any desired ornamental shape and its exterior can be suitably decorated.
Perfume extracts consist essentially of concentrated alcohol in which the perfume ingre-` dients such as various essential oils and the" like, are dissolved. These perfumes are very delicate and they are easily affected by oxidation. Hence, perfumes are, always sold in tightly sealed bottles which are usually provided with ground lass sto ers in order to'produce an air-tig t seal. owever, when a perfume is put into an atomizer of the ordinary bulb type, it necessarily comes into free contact with air, so that the quality of the per fume is injured. 1 By providing an airftlght atomizer and by forcing the perfume out of the atomizer by means of an inert gas, the quality of the perfume is preserved.
For convenience,Ihavedescribed lthe device as being held in the upright position, but of course the device could be held in any desired position. Likewise, it would not be departing from the invention if the plugwere inserted through a side of the device instead of being inserted through the top of the def vice, in whichevent the vessel 9 would be forced against the side wall of the container 1 instead of being forced against the bottom o the container 1.
I have shown a preferred embodiment of my invention, but 1t is clear that numerous changes and omissions can be made without departing from its spirit.
1. An atomizer comprising a container porl tion having an opening therein, a plug removably inserted in sald opening, a retainer connected .with lthe inside portion of said plug and adapted to hold a sealed vessel which contains a gas under pressure, a pin connected to said plug and adapted torupture the seal of said vessel before the plugis fully said channels.
2. An atomizei' comprising a container portion having an opening therein, a plug removably inserted in said opening, a retainer connected with the inside portion of said plu and adapted to hold a sealed vessel whic contains a -gas under pressure in the interior of said container portion, a pin connected to said plug and adapted to rupture the seal of said vessel before the plug is fully inserted, an Aoutlet tube connected to'said plug, said outlet tube having its outlet end connected to a channel in said plug, and its inlet end at the bottom part of the container, another channel located in said plug and communicating with the interior of said container, and a valve adapted to control said channels, said channels extending to the top of the plug, and said valve comprising a capshaped member having a lateral outlet forming a common discharge orifice for both said channels.
3. An atomizer comprising a container portion having an opening, a plug located in said opening, an outlet tube vertically sup orted in a recess of said plug, said outlet tu extending towards the bottom part of the container portion and having a lateral bend which communicates with an outlet channel located in said plug, said outlet channel extending to the outer end of said plug, a second outlet channel in said plug which also extends to its outer end and communicates with the interior of the container, a hollow retainer connected to the inner end of said plug and adapted to retain a sealed vessel which contains a gas under pressure, a pin connected to the inner end of said adapted to rupture the seal of said vessel when the plug is being inserted, a cap-shaped valve slidably mounted upon the outer end of said plug and having a flange, an outer vcap member connected to the outer end of said plug, a spring located between said capvalve, and said outer cap member and adapted to press against said flange to hold said valve 1n closing position, said valve having a lateral outlet, said valve having means ada ted to prevent the same from turning, an an operating handle extending through said outer cap and adapted to move said valve outwardly against thev force of the spring.
4. An atomizer, comprising a container for the liquid to be atomized, a plug removably inserted into an opening of said container, a vessel containing gas under pressure and supported by the plug inside of said container, a mechanical means whereby the coinpressed gas contained in said vessel can c ommunicate with the interior of said container `so that the liquid is subjected to the pressure of said' gas, a channel traversing said plug, and an outlet tube for the liquid extending toward a bottom part of the container communicating with said channel, another channel traversing said plug and communicating with the gas under pressure in said container, a cap-shaped valve slidably mounted upon the outer end of said plug, said valve havin a lateral outlet, so located that it is close when the valve is seated upon the plug and lit is open when the valve is raised, and resilient leverage means, so that said valve can be temporarily raised, forming a chamber over the plug in which the issuing particles of compressed gas and liquid are mixed before they are driven through said lateral outlet.
In testimony whereof I aiiix in signature.