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Publication numberUS1876657 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 13, 1932
Filing dateAug 12, 1929
Priority dateAug 12, 1929
Publication numberUS 1876657 A, US 1876657A, US-A-1876657, US1876657 A, US1876657A
InventorsFrederick L Fox
Original AssigneeFrederick L Fox
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Impact indicating apparatus
US 1876657 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 13, 1932. F, Fox

IMPACT INDICATING APPARATUS Filed Aug. 12, 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR.

A TTORNEY.

Sept. F FQX IMPACT INDICATING APPARATUS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ATTORNEY.

Patented Sept, 13, 1932 islets? rnnnnaron n FOX, or WASII1NGT 'QN,. nisrnro'ror COL MBIA I. V

nurac'r Zimmerma APrARAaus".

A-Lpplication filed. August '12, 1929. Serial No. 385,440.

This invention: relates to apparatus for indicating: the power of a. blow or impact manually imparted toan impact element by means of a club, such as the power of a blow "e dealt; a golf ball by means of a golf club.

its disclosedin the pending applicationfor Ur S. Letters Patentof Frederick L. as; and Frank. C. Gibson, Serial No. 322,885, filedNovember'30,.l928, upon golf game, it is ID the usual practice to employ a. captive golf ball -ada ted to be struck b i means of a contime-controlled means. for' controlling; tne

ventional. golf club, and means operatively COIlIlGCtQCiWllill the captive golf ball for 111- dicating the power of: the blow dealt said 2 ball, the indicating; element being moved distance substantially proportional to the power of saidblow. It is a well known fact that thefollow through or the travel of a golf club with a golf ball immediately after initial? contact of said club with said ball is aimater-ial factor in gaining distance when driving a golf ball'toward aiputting green in playing the actual game of golf. How-- over, where the golf game embodies a cape tive'golf'ball', this factor has no effect on the indicating means because the ball travels in apc th entirely different from thatof the club and moves out of contact with the latter almost as soon as the ball is struck. As the aim is invariably to produce a golf game which follows as closely as possible the actual conditions met. with in playing the actual game of golf, this has been found to be a serious objection to golf games heretofore proposed or devised, the indication obtained being only approximate or substantially proportional to the power and accuracy of the blow.

power of the blow manually dealt an impact mentor ball;and securing the-effect of the follow through factor in theindication of the power and accuracy of said blow by said indicating means. Moreoventhis improvethe point where the ball is teed andstruck.

drawings, and claimed.

t'is accordingly the primaryobject of the.

" element or ball by means of said club, there byenabling use of a non-captive impact ele-.

ment adapts the game for being: playedoutof-doors as" well as indoors, therebyv en liancing the simulation of the actual; game of golf and increasing the interest which a game of thiskind may hold for golf. (en-" thusiasts'i. Obviously, when a non captive' ball'is used indoors, a: suitable back-stop or 1 catching net may be providedto safely stop the flight of the ball a suitable distance from A. further object is to provide a club with.

'- indicator, andwhereinthe construction is simple and durable, eificient'in-operation, and otherwise well adapted for the intended use and purpose Other objects'will appear as thenature of the'invention is better understood, and the same consists in the novel form, combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter more fully described, shown in the accompanying In the drawings Figure '1' is an elevational view, partly broken away, of a golf club-embodying the present invention and operatively associated with anindicating-means, a fragment of the indicating meansbeing shownin plan. 7

FigureQ is an enlarged fragmentary section through the head of the golfclub, taken substantially 011 line 2-2 of Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a vertical section of the golf club head taken substantially on the plane of line 33 of Figure 2; i

Figure 4 is an inner end view ofthe bellows-type suction pump einployedin the head 9 i of the golf club sho-wnrin Figures 1' to 3 inclusive. V v

Figure 5 is an enlarged longitudinal section of the hand-grip end of the shaft of the club shown in Figure 1, disclosing the motor 106 controlling switch and the suction motor for operating the same.

Figure 6 is a transverse section on line 66 of Figure and Figure 7 is a wiring diagram showing an indicator operating motor and the controlling switch of Figure 5 in the circuit of said motor. 1

Referring more in detail to the drawings, 5 indicates the head, and 6 the staff of a conventional golf club, the staff being hollow and terminating at its upper end in a handgrip 7. In accordance with this invention, the head 5 has a yieldable impact face in the form of a face plate 8 movable into a recess 9 formed in the front side of said head, and normally projected slightly outwardly of said recess by means of springs 10. Hollow studs 11 are rigid with and project rearwardly from the face plate 8 and slidably fit in bushings 12 fitted in sockets formed in the head 5, whereby the faceplate is. guided in its movements. The opposite ends of .the springs abut the bottoms of the socket-s in the hollow studs 11 and the bottoms of the sockets in the head 5, and said springs fit in the studs 11 so as to be substantially enclosed thereby, thus providing an efficient, durable and compact construction. To further aid in guiding the face plate, and to properly limit the projection of the face plate, bolts 13 are attached to the studs 11 and extend axially through the latter and the springs 10, as well as through the backof the head 5. The heads of thebolts 13 normally engage the back of the head 5, thus limiting the expansion of the springs 10 and the projection of face plate 8 thereby. -Moreover, the bolts 13 have threaded connection at 14 with the studs 11 so that by turning said bolts the normal tension of the springs may be adjusted to properly synchronize the inward movement of face plate 8 from a blow of given power with the time-controlled means and indicating means employed in conjunce which normally engages the inner side of the face plate 8 and carries a weighted disk 17. The collapsible body of the pump 15 is normally expanded by means of an internal spring 18, and the head 5 has a projection 19 centrally of the countersunk portion of recess 9 which is engaged by the central portion of the inner end wall 20 of said pump. The margin of the wall 20 is thus spaced from the bottom of the recess in the head 5, and such margin has ports 21 normally closed by the margin of a circular flap valve or flexible disk 22 centrally secured to the outer or rear face of the wall 20. It is thus apparent that when the body of pump 15 is collapsed, the air will be forced freely therefrom through the ports 21 and out past plate 8 to the atmosphere, but passage of air through ports 21 into the body of pump 15 will not be freely permitted as the margin of the disk 22 will be drawn by suction to close such ports when said-body tends to return to expanded condition under the influence of spring 18. The portions of disk 22 coincident with the ports 21 have restricted apertures 23, however, thus slowly admitting air into the body of pump 15 and permitting its slow timed return to expanded condition,

the time interval depending on the degree or extent to which said body has been collapsed, or partly collapsed. When the plate 8 strikes the golf ball,'it may be allowed limited inward movement by employing relatively strong springs at 10, but the momentum of weight 17 will cause its continued movement to materially collapse the body of pump 15 after inward movement of plate 8 has ceased.

Arranged in the hand-grip portion 7 of the staff 6 is a bellows-type suction motor 24 whose collapsible body is somewhat smaller than that of pump 15. One end of the body of the motor 24 is rigidly mounted at 25 in the portion 7 while the other end thereof is movable and has a stem 26 which carries a bridge piece 27 of electrical conducting material. The bridge piece 27 is adapted to engage and bridge a pair of spaced electrical contacts 28 when the body of motor 24 is collapsed, the piece 27 being normally disengaged from the contacts 28 when the said body is normally expanded by an internal spring, indicated by dotted lines at 29. The piece 27 and contacts 28 form a motor control switch as will later become apparent, and the contacts 28 are carried by a suitable support 30 of insulating material. The support 30 is fixed in the hand-grip portion 7 below the piece 27, and the stem 26 slidably extends therethrough. A suction tube 31 connects the interior of the body of motor 24 with the interior of the body of pump 15, said tube being extended from motor 24 through the staff 6 and into the head 5 where it enters the center of wall 20.

By way of example, the device above described has been shown for use'in cont-rolling the operation of the indicating means forming part of the invention disclosed in the pending application hereinbefore mentioned. Only such portion of said means is disclosed herein as is deemed necessary to an understanding of the general purpose and operation of the present invention. The game board indicated at 25 in said pending application is herein indicated at 32, while the indicators of said board are shown at 38, and the operating motor for said indicators is shown at 53 in Figures 1 and 7. The reversing switch for motor 53 is shown at 74, while the motor shaft 55 is shown as provided with a worm 66 forming part of the operative connection between the indicators 38, and, the motor 53 as clearly shown and described in the pending application.hereinbefore mentioned. A plurality of endless flexible mem-. bers or cables 90 pass around idler pulleys 91 beneath thetop of the game board32 as shown in Figure 1. Slots 92 areprovided in the top of the board in registry with dif-. ferent portions of, the respective cables to correspond with the arrangement of fairways between successive holes in the regular game ofigolf. The indicators .38 are movable along and guided in the slots. 92, being provided with depending members proj ectingthrough said slots and detachably engaging the cables 90, to be. moved by thelatter. The worm 66 'meshes-with a worm-gear 93. secured on a driven shaft 94 which carries a plurality of pulleys 95, means b-eingprovided as era'lly indicated at 96 to manually selectively clutch said pulleys :95 to said driven shaft 94, so that the desired cable 90' its associated indicator 38 may be moved by the motor '53 when the circuit of the latter is closed. The cables 90, of course, pass around the pulleys 95 to be driven by the latter. Generally stated, the apparatus shown herein is the same as in said pending application, that the present switch 27, 28, which corresponds to switch 151, 152 of the said pending application, is operatively associated with the face plate 8 of the golf club, instead of with a ca Jtive golf ball. As shown in Figure 7, the switch 27 28 controls the operation of motor 53rwhich actuates the indicators 38. This is preferably done by including the contacts 28 in a normally open circuit with a relay 80 and a source of lowvoltage current 81, such as a dry-cell battery. The wires 82 and 83 are preferably embodied in an attachment cord adapted to be detachably plugged into the game board 32 at 84 for connection by proper wiring in the game board from an attachment plug receptacle of the board to one terminal of relay 80 and one terminal of battery 81. The relay 80 controls the high voltage circuit of motor 53 by closing'contacts 85 and 86' of the latter circuit when the coils of relay 80 are energized by causing piece 27 to bridge contacts 28, the spring 87 opening contacts and 86 when said coils are ole-energized by disengagement of piece 27 from contacts 28. In this way, the high voltage current is safely kept distant from the golf club, an obvious advantage. the motorcircuit are indicated at 88 and 89.

In use, a conventional free golf ball is,

suitably teed and then struck a blow by means of the club disclosed herein, an attempt being made by power of the blow according to the character of shot being made or the distance at which it is desired to send the ball or to correspondingly move the operative indicaexcept The high voltage line wires of the player to gauge the tor .38. When the face plate 8 strikes the ball,said plate will yield in accordance with the power and accuracy with which the blow is struck, and correspondingly collapsed or partly collapsed. When the said body collapses, the air is driven therefrom through ports 21, and then the body tends to return to expanded condition under the action of spring 18. HQwever, as the air can only return slowly into said body through the apertures 23,said body expands slowly, the time 1 6-. quired. for complete expansion depending upon the power of the blow and the extent to which the body was collapsed. While the body of pump 15 slowly expands, a suction is maintained in tube 31, thereby collapsing the body of motor 24: and maintainingit collapsed until the body of pump 15 fully expands and further air enters through apertures 23 to relieve the suction in tube 31.

the body of pump 15 will be While the. body of motor 24 is held collapsed, the contacts 28 will be bridged by the piece 27, and motor 53 will be placed into and maintained in operation to move th Operative I indicator 38 for a distance corresponding .tothe power and accuracy of the blow dealt the ball by the club, the motor 53 being thrown out of operation as soon as the-suction is rel eved in tube 31 and the body of motor expanded by spring 29 to disengage the bridge piece 27 from the contacts 28.

, It is thus apparent that T have provided a device which is simple, durable, and efficient in operation, and which enables the use of a free ball so that the followthrough? is utiaccuracy of blows dealt the ball by the club. it is tobe noted, however, that the specific nature and construction of the indicating ii plized as-a fact-Orin: indicating the power and "-llO tionwithout departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed.

What I claim as new is:

V 1.. In an impact indicating aparatus, a club provided with a movable impact element, means for indicating the power of a blow dealtsaid element, and time-controlled means I forcont'rolling the operation of said indicating means.

2. In an impact indicating apparatus, an

indicatonfa club provided with a yieldable I impact face; and tiineecontrolled means operatively associated with said face'for con; trolling the operation; of saidindicator.

3; The combination with an indicator, and aotnating means therefor,.,of aclubpr'oiiided with a yieldable impact face, and time-controlled means ,eperatively associated with such face for controlling the operation of said actuating means.

4. The combination with means for indicating the power of a blow dealt an impact element, of a club for striking said element having a yieldable impact face, and means including a fluid-pressure device operatively connecting said impact face with said inclicating means.

5. The combination with an indicator, operating means for said indicator, and a motor for driving said operating means, of a club having a yieldable impact face, and time controlled means associated with said impact face for controlling the operation of said motor.

6. The combination with an indicator, operating means for said indicator, and a motor for driving said operating means, of a club having a yieldable impact face, and time-controlled means associated with said impact face for controlling the operation of said motor, said time-controlled means embodying a spring-expanded bellows-type suction pump arranged to be collapsed by movement of said impact face when striking an impact ele ment, said pump having valve means for permitting free discharge of air therefrom when collapsed and for restricting the passage of air into the same to cause slow timed expansion of the same, a bellows-type spring-expanded suction motor carried by the club and communicating withsaid pump to be collapsed while said pump slowly expands, and a switch for controlling the indicator driving motor arranged to be opened by the suction motor when expanded and closed thereby when collapsed.

7 In an impact indicating apparatus, a club having a yieldable impact face, a motor control element, time-controlled means carried by said club and operatively associated with said impact face, and means operatively connecting said time-controlled means with said motor control element.

8. In an impact indicating apparatus, a club having a yieldable impact face, a motor control element, and time-controlled means carried by said club operatively connecting said impact face with said motor control element, said time-controlled means embodying a suction motor for actuating said control element and a suction pump for operating said suction motor operatively associated with said impact face.

, 9. In an impact indicating apparatus, a club having a yieldable impact face, a motor control element, and time-controlled means carried by said club operatively connecting said impact face with said motor control element, said time-controlled means embodying a suction motor for actuating said control element and a suction pump-for operating said suction motor operatively associated with said impact face, said club embodying a head and a staff, said suction motor and control element being mounted in said staff, said suction pump being mounted in said head behind said impact face, and a suction tube connecting said suction motor with said suction pump.

10. In an impact indicating apparatus, a club having a movable impact face, spring means yieldin-gly resisting movement of said impact face, a motor control element, and time-controlled means carried by said club operatively connecting said impact face with said motor control element, and means for adjusting the normal tension of said spring means.

11. The combination with means including an actuated member for indicating the power of a blow dealt an impact element, of a club for striking said element having a yieldable impact face, and fiuidpressure means operatively connecting said impact face with said actuated member. V

In testimony whereof I affiX my signature.

FREDERICK L. FOX.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3088321 *May 12, 1960May 7, 1963Douglas Lathrop JohnHead speed indicator for golf clubs
US3182508 *May 22, 1962May 11, 1965Nat Castings CoGolf drive metering apparatus
US3229980 *Nov 14, 1962Jan 18, 1966Silberman Jay LPractice golf club
US3270564 *May 18, 1964Sep 6, 1966James W EvansAthletic swing measurement system
US3436076 *Oct 18, 1965Apr 1, 1969Barthol Richard PPsychological training device for a sport
US4017083 *Sep 19, 1975Apr 12, 1977Johnson James APutter
US5259617 *Jan 17, 1992Nov 9, 1993Soong Tsai CGolf club having swivel facilitating means
US5707298 *Nov 18, 1994Jan 13, 1998Chovanes; Joseph E.Implement swing training device
US6224493May 12, 1999May 1, 2001Callaway Golf CompanyInstrumented golf club system and method of use
US6402634Dec 29, 2000Jun 11, 2002Callaway Golf CompanyInstrumented golf club system and method of use
US6638175Jun 25, 2001Oct 28, 2003Callaway Golf CompanyDiagnostic golf club system
US6648769Apr 30, 2001Nov 18, 2003Callaway Golf CompanyInstrumented golf club system & method of use
US7837572Jun 7, 2004Nov 23, 2010Acushnet CompanyLaunch monitor
US7959517Aug 31, 2004Jun 14, 2011Acushnet CompanyInfrared sensing launch monitor
US8137210Dec 1, 2004Mar 20, 2012Acushnet CompanyPerformance measurement system with quantum dots for object identification
US8475289Jun 7, 2004Jul 2, 2013Acushnet CompanyLaunch monitor
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US8556267Jul 26, 2004Oct 15, 2013Acushnet CompanyLaunch monitor
US8622845Jun 7, 2004Jan 7, 2014Acushnet CompanyLaunch monitor
Classifications
U.S. Classification473/223
International ClassificationA63B69/36, A63B24/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63B2220/53, A63B69/3617, A63B2069/362
European ClassificationA63B69/36C4