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Publication numberUS1878465 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 20, 1932
Filing dateNov 17, 1928
Priority dateNov 17, 1928
Publication numberUS 1878465 A, US 1878465A, US-A-1878465, US1878465 A, US1878465A
InventorsCanfield Robert W
Original AssigneeHartford Empire Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Glassware forming apparatus
US 1878465 A
Abstract  available in
Images(12)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

P 1932- R. w. cAN IELD 1,878,465

' GLASSWARE FORMING APPARATUS I FiledNov. 17, 1928 12, Sheets-Sheet l In v e n zqr M'Znew." I 25% fi f A ttorne y.

Sept. 20, 1932.

R. w. CANFIELD GLASSWARE FORMING APPARATUS 12 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed NOV. 17, 1928 3 av n N @EQ j ll E== In ven for $20501 )l/flan 429/61 Wiinesa.

A torn leg.-

Sept..20, 1932. w, CANFlELD 1,878,465

GLASSWARE FORMING APPARATUS Filecl bfv. 17, 1 928 I 12 Sheets-Sheet 4 64 Inventor warziield Witness Sept. 20, 1932. RAW. CANFIELD I 1,878,465 A GLASSWARE Foamme APPARATUS I Filed Nov. 17, 1928 13 Sheets-Sheet 9- 335 33a 33a 3 6 s32 33/ 0 I a 33+ 7 34 328 330 I 325 Inventor s27 329 Q0562! W472 zefa,

Attorhgy.

Sept. 20, 1932.

R. w. CANFIELD GLASSWARE FORMING APPARATUS Filed Nov. 17. 1928 12 Sheets-Sheet 10 ifg "2/0 208 I Inven for Jiaflerjwfaryleld ymwzmm A ltorn gy.

Sept. 20, 1932. R. w. CANFIELD v I ,465

GLASSWARE. FORMING APPARATUS Filed Nov. '17, 1928 12 Sheets-Sheet 12 In den t or Wary Z? Wilness Attorney..

Patented Sept. 20, 1 932- UNITED-STATES PATENT OFFICE I WEBB-T W. GARFIELD, 03 WEST HARTFdRl), CONNECTICUT, ASSIGNOR T0 HARTFORD- EEPIRE CQMPANY, 0F HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT, A CORPQRATION Q21 'DELA'WARE GLASSWARE FORMING APPARATU$ application filcil November 17, 1938. Serial No. 320,199.

My invention relates to a machine for making hollow glassware, and more particularly to a continuously operating and entirely automatic machine for making, glassware of the so-called paste 'mold type. As such, my

, ferred to combined with completely auto'- matic operation. i v

A further object of the invention is to pro vide a glassware forming machine in which R a neck ring is alternatively rotatable or oscillatable and in which an oscillation'of the neck ring may be effected by smoothly reversin g means, such as a means having a sub- :gd'stanti ally harmonic motion.

A further object is to provides-glassware forming mechanism including a neck ring and ahead cooperating therewith for working the glass therein, where n provision is 3 0 made :Eor positively opening the neck ring at the termination of an article forming o eration and for positively ejecting the comp eted article and preventing its sticking to the head.

Further objects of the invention are to pro- 35 vide in a continuously operating machine, an

arrangement whereby a press and blow head a is movable in a-substantially vertical direction toward and away from a neck ring and in ,which a blank mold is also movable in a substantially vertical direction toward and away from the neck ring; to provide a device in, which the neck ring may be positively closed and locked against. opening movement a by the blank mold: to m-ovide a device whereof each of these parts may be efiected indeby the blank mold. may be adjusted vertically with respect to its moving means.

A further object of the invention is to provide interlocking devices between. the press and blow,head on the one hand, and the blank mold on the other, whereby the desired order of operations of the article forming cycle is'insured. A further object of the invention is to provide an automatic glassware forming machine in which the pressing plunger may be retracted independently of other operations such as the lowering of theblank mold,

and preferably the timing of the operation pendently of the other.

A further object of the invention is to provide; in a machine for forming hollow glass articles, a peculiar and novel arrangement of air supply means, wherein there is a puli blowing means and a separate final blowing means, and in which means are provided for venting the interior of a blown article at the termination of the desired final blowing period, the vent not being opened at the termination of the pufisblow.

A further object of the invention is to rovide a machine of the above described character in which-there is a burner for reheating the parison and fpr controlling its shape during the; elongation under "gravit or in response to the pufi' blowing 'thereo in which the burner is'mount'ed on a universal support, so that it may direct a flame or, a jet of compressed air against the parison at any desired angle.

' A further object of the invention is to provide a final blow mold having aseparate and independently movable bottom plate which is adapted to be moved in a substantially vertical-direction ,.with respect to the lateral mold parts for the purpose of push ing up the bottom'of an overlongparison. or for the purpose of permitting the use of a convex bottom plate for-making 1, articles 00 of the type of tumblers with concave bottoms. It is another object of this invention to provide a novel means for effecting the upward movement of the bottom plate and the closing of the lateral mold parts, wherein a common closing means is employed for both of these purposes.

. automatic and preferably also depending upon the rotation of the turret.

A further object of the invention is to provide in connection with a machine of the above described character, a blow mold mounted on the outer end of a horizontally swinging arm.

g A further object of the invention is to provide an improved type of take-out mecha nism specifically adapted to use with this type of continuously rotating turret glass formin machine.

Furt er objects and. advantages of the present invention will be apparent from a reading of the subjoined specification and claims when .n in connection with the accompanying drawings, in wh'ch Figure 1 is an elevation of the entire nr chine showing its relation to a glass feeding device, certiiin parts being omitted for the sake of clearness; v I

Fig. 2 is a plan view of the machine with certain parts omitted and others broken away and section;

Fig. 8 is a vertical section substantially through the center of the machine, but with certain parts broken away and others omitted for clearness;

Fig. 4 is an elevation partly in vertical section showing a single unit which is lined to the main turret and showing in particular the press and blow head. in pressing pos1- tion; and one form of the'mechanism associated therewith;

Fig. 5 is a view generally similarto Fig. 4, but showing certain parts in modified form,

the form of? the mechanism shown in Fig. 5,

being in general preferred to that shown differently Fig. l;

Figs. 6, 7 and 8 are views in elevation with parts broken away'and other parts in section to show the interlocking devices between the press and blowhecd on the one hand and the lank mold on the other;

Fig. 9 is a. plan view of a unit such as is shown in eievationin Fig. 5 with certain parts brolr 1i away;

Fig. 1G is a view partly in vertical section and partly in elevation showing the means arriving again at the feeding point. 1

for rotating or oscillating a neck ring and the clutch for shifting from one of such movements to the other;

Fig. 11 is a section partly on the line 11-11 in Fig. 10, showing the drive means for oscillating'the neck. ring;

Fig. 12 is a plan view partly in section showing the neck ring support and necking tool and the burner mounting, with parts omitted for clearness of illustration;

Fig. 13 is an elevation of the parts shown in Fig. '12, certain parts being broken away and in section;

Fig. l is a omitted for clearness and the others in section, showing the means for operating the valves for the press and blow head and blank mold cylinders respectively;

Fig. 15 is an elevation, partly in vertical section showing the construction of the parts shown in Fig. 14;

Fig. 16 isa plan view with parts omitted and others broken away and in section show ing one. form ofaii suplying means for blowing the articles;

Fig. 17 is an elevational view with parts broken away and in section showing the parts illustrated in Fig. 16;

Fig. 18 is a fragmentary combined elevation and sectional View similar to 17, but showing a modified construction, that shown in Fig. 18 being the preferred form;

Fig. i9 is a plan View with parts broken away andin section, showin the means for mounting and operatin' the final. blow mold;

Fig. 20 is an elevation of the parts shown in Fig. 19; 'and Fig. 21 is a detail showing of the friction drive for the neck rin shown in F 5.

In general, my device comprises a continuously rotating turret having a plurality of similar article forming units arranged around its periphery, in this case eight, and a series of stationary but adjustable cams arranged inwardly oi the said units with which the moving parts of each of the units cooperate to effect the desired cycle of operation in each unit, the cycle of each unit being the same as that of any other but cfi'set therefrom as to phase. Charges of glass of the desired weight and shape are supplied each unit at aparticular point in the rotation thereof and are worked upon during the continuous rotationof the turret, so that the completed article formed from the charge in question willbe discharged prior to the unit also contemplate the possible arrangement of a machine in which two or more complete article forming cycles take place during single revolution of the machine or in which a single cycle'is extended over than one revolution of the turret, but the present ma- Chine, shown for purposes of illustration, is

plan view with certain parts' designed so that one revolution of the turret lowing elements;

equals one complete cycle for each unit.

. Each unit comprises essentially the fola neck ring, a blank mold, a combined pressing and blowing head, a burner, a necking tool, and a final blow mold.

The cycle is in general as follows. Starting with the blank mold raised to close the neck ring and the press and blow head raised and swung to one side, a charge of glass is supplied to the blank mold; second, the press and blow head is swung laterally and moved downwardly, so that it pressesthe charge of glass to form a pressed blank; third, the pressing plunger within the head isthen tripped and moves upwardly a predetermined amount away from the glass, and in so doing, opensup the blowing passages to the inside of the neck ring; fourth, the blank mold-is then swung downwardly and laterally, thus permitting access to the blank of the subsequently used mechanisms; fifth, the blank is then heated by the burner and preferably simultaneously rotated or oscillated as desired, and is also blown to some extent by the pufi blowing mechanism, thus elongatingunder the combined action of gravity 7 and the puii blowing air, controlled to a desired extent by the burner; sixth, during or after this elongation, the necking tool is swung in to constrict a neck portion of the parison as desired, the parison being meanwhile rotated or oscillated as desired; sev-' enth, the parison is now ready to be finally blown and the necking tool and burner are moved out of the way and the final blow mold is swung in from its inoperative posihead and thus causin its e'ection.

tion and surrounds the parison, whereupon it is closed and final blowing air is admitted to the inside of the parisonfor final blowing, duringv which time the parison is also rotated or oscillated as desired and as is usual in paste mold operation; eighth, the final blow mold is then opened and swung to its inoperative position and the head is moved upwardly, substantially simultaneously with which the neck ring is positively opened permitting the discharge of the finally blown article; and an ejecting means is operated to prevent the article from sticking to the Suitable means are preferably provided for receiving the ejected article and moving it to a desired position, from which it may be taken by mechanical or manual means to an annealing lehr or some other subsequent operation followed by annealing.

STRUCTURE or THE MACHINE AS A WHOLE Base and stationary structure The device, as a whole, is mounted on a base 1 (Figs. 1-, 2 and {3) which is provided with suitable leveling pick screws 2 having jam nuts 3 thereon, for the purpose of holding them in predeterminedadiusted position,

the screws serving to retain the base level upon the floor of the plant in which it is installed. A second casting 4 (Fig. 3) is mounted upon the baseand constitutes an auxiliary base memberwhich is made se a-- rate for. convenience 1n construction, t 's member being suitably secured to the base 1.

A hollow column 5 is secured to the member 4 as by bolts 6 and extends vertically centrally ot' the base. This column is smaller in diameter at stepped intervals from the bottom toward the top thereof.

A lower cam holding drum 7 is rigidly mounted on the base member 4: as by bolts 8 and is provided with suitable annular slots 9 for the reception of cam members indicated generally at 10 which are provided with inner flanges as shown in detail in Figs; 19

and 13. The cam members it) are retained in the slots 9by set screws 11 extending into the drum 7 and thus each cam is angularlyadjustable-around its slot 9 for the purpose of varying the timing of the particular mechanism operated thereby. A. similar upper cam holding drum 12 (Fig. 3) is provided for the reception of further cams 10 in the same manner as the drum 7 above described, the drum 12 being stationary and secured to an upper portion ofthe stationary column 5 as by a set screw 13 and a key 14:.

The column 5 is provided at its top with a stationary extension 15 which has three longitudinally extending passages therein, such as the one shown at 16 and each having av laterally extending passage such as 17 communicating therewith in alignment with suitable distributing members, such as the collars 18, 19 and 20 (Fig. 1) tor air, water and gas respectively. These distributing members resceive the several fluids from the lat: eral passages, such as 17 (Fig. 3), and distribute them to annular pipes 21, 22 and 23, which are mounted to rotate with the turret and serve .as distributing pipes for the fluids from the center column 15, the annular pipes serving to distribute the several fluids to the several units through branch pipes as indicated in Fig. 3. The details of this distributing system form no part of my present invention, and therefore have not been illustrated or described with great particularity.

The main turret'which is adaptedto rotate about the axis of the center column 5 comprises a lower turret ring 24; (Fig. 3) to which the lower ends of the several units are secured. The ring 24 is provided with an annular bearing member .25 suitably-secured thereto, as by dowels 26 the bearing ring 25 being adapted to slide upon asimilar but stationary bearing ring 27 secured as by dowels 28 to the base member 4 and being separated therefrom by a thin firm of oil or suitable cured to or integral with a center collar 31 rotatable upon the upper reduced portion of the column i The lower turrent ring 24 and the plates 29 are tied together by the several forming units, generally indicated, at 32, the units being positioned on the lower turret ring in this case by a key held by dowels 33 at the -\bottom and also bolted thereto in a manner not shown in detail, and being secured to the plates 29 by bolts 34. The annular pipes 21, 22 and 23are preferably secured to the spider in any desired manner as by hook members The machineis preferably, driven in common with a glass feeding device indicated in dotted lines at 36 (Figs. 1 and 2) through a drive shaft 37 (Fig. 2) which may be provided with a suitable universal joint 38 and a clutch mechanism generally indicated at 39 through which the drive shaft 37 may be connected or disconnected at will to the main drive shaft 40 of the machine. In Fig. 2, I have indicated a worm and. gear 41 for transmitting the driving motion from the shaft 37 to the shaft 40. I

If desired,- a suitable type of phase changing device may be inserted between the drive to the feeder and shaft 37 for insuring the proper phase relation betweenthe feeder and machine and also some suitable overload cutofi or a simple shearing pin may be used in. the drive of the machine to prevent breakage in'the event of an overload.

Referring now to Fig. 3,-the shaft- 40 is provided with a bevel pinion 42 keyed thereto as indicated and adapted to mesh with a bevel gear 43 secured to the lower end of a vertical shaft 44 journaled in a suitable bearing member 45 secured to the base 1. 1A. pinion 46 fixed to the upper end of shaft 44 meshes with an internal annular gear or rack 47 suitably secured as by a key 47' to the lower turret ring 24, this constituting the driving meansfor the turret.

A second bevel gear 48 (Fig. 3) is secured to the main drive shaft 40 and meshes with a bevel gear 4'9 secured to the lower end of a vertical shaft 50 pivoted in'suita-ble bearing members 51 and 52 mounted on the base 1 and the vertical column 5 respectively. At its upper end, the shaft 50 is provided with a pinion 53 which is adapted to mesh with a gear 54 keyed to the lower end of a sleeve 55 journaled on an intermediate portion of the stepped column 5. A suitable bevel gear member 56 is secured to the upper end of the sleeve 55 as by a key 57 and is adapted to T transmit motion to the several units for the purpose of rotating or oscillating the neck rings in a manner hereinafter to bedescribeu. Due to the arrangement of the gearing above and may be considered only true.

individual emits, construction of frame, eta. (Figs. 1, 2, 3, 6, 7', 1.9 and 20) Referring particularly to Fig. 3, the unit 32-comprises a main casting including a V61: tical rear portion 58 and a horizontal lower or base portion 59 secured to the lower turret ring'24 as above described. A lateral web or flange 60 is secured to or integral with the portion 58 and the bottom portion '59 and is adapted to support certain parts of the operating mechanism. Substantially midway of the frame 58,21 member 61, hereinafter termed a neck ring shelf, is provided and is preferably secured to the main frame by bolts 62. Extending between the neck ring shelf and a suitable'bracket on the base portion 59 is a column or shaft 63 for a purpose hereinafter to be described and extending between the neck ring shelf 61 and an upper bracket 64 is a similar column 65 separate and aligned with the shaft 63, also for a purpose later to be described. In Fig. 7, these shafts 63 and 65 are shown as separate and received in a common collar in the neck ring shelf 61.

Supporting and rotating or ,osoillating the neck ring Referring particularly to Fig, 4, it is seen that an aperture 66 is formed in the outer end of the neck ring shelf 61 and. receives therein a neck ring supporting member 67 which is supported by ball bearings 68 on a suitable raceway formed in a shoulder or rabbet 69. To the member 67 is secured as by bolts 70, a helical gear 71 bywhich the neck ring may be rotated or oscillated in to be-described.

' The construction illustrated in Fig. 5 differs slightlyfrom that shown in Fig. 4 in that the supporting member 67 is made lighter a raceway and the helical gear 71 is thus positioned closer to the ball bearings 68, the parts being secured together in any desired manner, but no securing means, such as the bolts 7 0, being specifically shown.

Referring particularly to Figs. 2, 3,10, and 11, I provide means for each unit for rotating -or oscillating the neck ring comprising a radially disposed shaft 72 (Fig. 3) provided on its inner end with a bevel gear 73 which may be secured thereto in, any suitable manner as by a set screw 74 (Fig. 10). Th'e gear 73 ofeach meshes with and is driven by the bevel gear 5.6, which is driven as above described. The shaft 72 is suitably journaled amanner presently i suitably secured, as by a key,

' journaled in a (Fig. 2) and parallel with the shaft 72 but offis loosely mounted adjacent to of the shaft 82 and is provided in a bracket member 75 suitably fixed tothe portion 58 of the unit frame. A gear 76 18 to the shaft 72 and meshes with and drives a second gear 77 (Figs. 1 and 2) mounted upon a shaft 78 portion 79 of the bracket 75 set laterally therefrom. The shaft 78 is secured as by a suitable key at its outerend to a sleeve member 80 (Fig. 10), the latter being provided with an annular peripheral groove which is received within the bearing member 81. Thus it will be seen that the shaft 78 is continuously driven during the continuous rotation of the'turret through the gears 56, 73, 76 and 77.

p A shaft 82 (Fig. 10) is positioned in prolongation of, but unconnected with, the shaft 78, and having its right hand or inner end (Fig. 10) journaled for rotation in the sleeve member 80 and alsojournaled in a suitable bearing 83. This shaft is arranged to drive the gear 71 or 71' of the neck ring support. I have shown two forms of such drive, one in Fig. 9 and the other in Fig. 10, the former being the preferredform. Referring first to Fig. 10, a helical gear 84: the outer end tension 85 having a plurality of segments extending radially outwardly therefrom.

outer end of the shaft 82 as by a pin 87 and is provided with segments extending between the segments on the extension 85 and separated therefrom by suitable compression springs 87'. Thus it will be seen that the drive between the member 86 and the gear 8 1 is resilient in its nature due to the interposition of the compression springs 87. A suitable sleeve 88 may be positioned about the inter engaging segments for the purpose of keeping dust and other foreign material out of the springs 87'. y p p Referring to Fig. 9,1 have shown a preferred form of drive between the shaft 82 and the helical gear 84 corresponding generally to gear 84 shown in Fig. 10, this preferred form comprising a suitable crank member 89 (see also Fig. 21) secured to the outer end of the shaft 82 and provided with a friction band 89' surrounding a cured to the gear 8 1'v the drum 90 and the gear 84 being loosely received upon the shaft 82. The friction band 89 is retained tight about the drum 90 by (Fig. 21).- rangement, if' sufiicient resistance is present= ed to rotating movement of'the neck ring, no damage can come to the other parts'of the machine, as the band will merelyslip around the drum 90. The gear 8 1' and its driving means are preferably enclosed in the preferred embodiment of my invention in a protective casing 91. i

drum 90, which is se-' a compression spring 89" Itrwill be seen that .by this ar-l Referring to Figs. 1 and 10, I provide means for either rotating or oscillating the neck ring by rotating or This means comprises a double faced clutch component 92splined to the shaft 82 and havas seen in Fig. 10, pro

the left hand end of the collar member 80, so

that when the clutch member 92' is moved to the right, as seen in Fig. 10, the shaft 82 will oscillating the shaft 82, or for causing a cessation of both movements.

be positively rotated in a single direction as if fixed to the shaft 78.

For the purpose of oscillating the shaft I provide on the shaft 7 8 an eccentric 93 (Fig. 1, 10 and 11) which receives an eccentricband 9% on a link 95. The'link 95 is pivoted at 96 to a crank 97 secured to one end of a shaft 98 jcurnaled the neck ring opposite end the shaft 98 is provided with a segment gear 101 secured thereto as by a set screw 162 and adapted to vided. with suitable clutching members for 'ing members of the left hand side of the clutch member 92.

driving connection therewith except through the clutch member 92 when in its left hand position.

it will be obvious from the above descripin bearings 99 suitably secured to shelf 61, as by bolts 100. At its engage a pinion 103 formed on a sleeve member 104, the right hand end of. which, as seen in Fig. 10, is pro- The sleeve 10% is loosely received A on the shaft 82 and has no collar member 86 is suitably secured to the inter-engagement with complementary clutchwith an ex-- ltion that when the clutch member 92 is at its.

-left hand or out-er position in engagement with the sleeve member 104:, the shaft 82 will be oscillated and the neck ring will be oscil lated thereby through the above described gearing and that this'oscilla-tion will be substantially harmonic due to its being derived from the eccentric 93 on the shaft 78.

I provide means for shifting from a rota tion to an oscillation of the neck ring or vice versa, or for causing a cessation of both movements as desired, this means comprising a lever 105 (FigsLlO and 11) pivoted at 106 to the neck ring shelf and provided at its upper end with a bifurcated portion 107 having inwardly directed pins or rolls 108 (Figs. 2 and 11) which are received in an annular slot or groove 109 of the clutch member 92. i

For moving the lever 105, Iprovide a rocker member 110 having a pai of cam rolls 111 and 112 disposed at the outer ends of substan- Y tially oppositely directdd arms and cooperable with suitable cams on the lower cam drum 7 to control positively the position of the member 110. The member-110 is journaled upon a rocker shaft 113 rigidly mounted in suitable supports 114 and 115 as seen in Figs. 3 and 10, the suppo ts being secured to the frame portion 5 8' of the unit. A link 116 is pivoted at 117 to a part of the member 110. at a point lit.

impart motion therefrom to the .of the lever 105. For this purpose, I provlde a resilient connection comprising a sleeve 118 pivoted to the lower end of the lever 105 and disposed about the link 116. Suitable collar members 119 are secured to the link '116 and compression springs 120 extend betweenthese collar members and the sleeve 118, so that motion of the link is resiliently transmitted to the lever 105. Th mit the proper engagement of the clutch, inasmuch as the member 110. may be turned by its controlling cams at a time when the interengaging clutch members are not opposite one another.

It will be seen that the sleeve members 80 and 104 are spaced 3. suflicient distance apart so that the clutch member 92 may be disposed between them and out of engagement with either one, permitting the neck ring to remain stationary during thecontinuo usoperation of the machine.

The use of the oscillating neck ring becomes important in making ware such as optic tumblers, wherein it would be undesirable to rotate them continuously in one direction during their formation and especially with respect to the final blow mold due to the twisting tendency which might produce a product having its facets twisted instead of straight, as desired, or otherwise distort them.

Neck ring opening, closing and Zbclong 'rheaas (Figs. 4 and 5) The gear 71 or 71 as the case ma be is previded with two diametrically disposed pairs of inwardly extending ears 119 which plvotally support neck ring carriers 120', to each of which one-half or sectlon 121 of a neck ring is detachably secured. The gears 71 or 71 and the neck ring carried thereby are rotated or oscillated to spin the blank during and necking-in operations as ed. The pivots between the ears neck ring supporting members are parallel to each other and disposed above descrl 119 and the 120 in. a horizontal plane.

The neck ring halves are adapted to be moved into closed position by contact with an generally indicated at 122 which moves in a substantially vertical dire'ctionwhen adjacent blank mold-122 is provided with an undercut or recess 123 (Fig. 4) beveled at its edges as shown for the purpose of locking the neck ring halves together during the blank forming or pressing operation. The neck ring supporting members have rigidly but adjustably secured to their upper portions shoes 124 which are adapted to be engaged by lower 1 beveled portion 125 of the press and blow head, also later to be desgribedin detail.

"e purpose of this is to perupstanding arm to the neck ring in a manner later to be described. The

sequent tothe removal of the blan mold 122' and during the blowing operations. The ad-- ustment of the shoes is for the purpose of permitting the proper initial set up of the machine and compensating for wear of the parts a'fterthe machine has been in operation a considerable time. Referring to the form of the machine shown in Fig. 5, I provide a means for positively opening the neck ring sections when it is desired to discharge a completely formed article therefrom. For this purpose, the shoes 124 are formed with upwardl projecting points 126, which are adapte to be pushed downwardly when it is desired to open the neck ring by an annular cover late 127 pivoted at 128 to the neck ring she]? 61. The cover plate 127 is normally held at its upper position by a compression spring 129 extending between the shelf and a foot portion 130 on the cover plate. For depressin the cover plate 127, I provide a bell era lever 131 pivoted to the neck ring shelf 61 at 132 and provided with 9. lug 133 contacting with the upper portion of the foot por tion 130. For oscillating the lever 131 to depress the cover plate 127, and hence rotating the neck ring supporting members 120' about their pivots to open the neck rings, I provide a latch member 134 pivoted tothe press and blow head operating cylinder 135 at 136. A spring 137 extends between one arm of the lever 134 and a suitable anchorage 138 on the cylinder 135 and tends to rotate the arm 134 in a counterclockwise direction about its ivot 136. This motion is stopped, however, y a suitable pin 139 secured in the cylinder 135. The other arm of the lever 134 is adapted to engage a cam portion of an oi thebell crank 13-1 to move it to'd'epressthe cover plate 127 upon the upward movement of the cylinder 1352' The upwardly extending arm of the lever 131 is provided with a flat which the actuating arm of the latch 134 bears in the position of the part as shown in Fig. 5. It will be seen,

portion 140 against however, that aftera predetermined upward movement of the cylinder 135, the actuating arm of the lever 134 will engage an inclined camface 141 of the lever 131 and rotate it in a counterclockwise direction to open the neck ring through the linkage, above described. Upon downward movement of the cylinder 135, the latch 134 will have no action uponthe lever 131 due to the latching action thereof extending the spring 137. V

If desired, however, it is obvious that the lever 131 could be rotated to depress the cover plate and open the neck ring by means of a suitable cam mechanism subject to a cam on one or the other of the cam drums 7 or 12.

Neck ring cooling'mezms (F 2'98. 3 and 5) For the purpose of cooling the operating parts, particularly the neck rings which are almost continuously in contact with hot glass, 1 provide a distributing system for cooling wind, in which the wind is conducted to the machine through a suitable conduit indicated at 142 (Fig. 3). to the bottom of the dicated generally at 143.

tering apertures in plates 29 and brackets 64 and thence downwardly through the flexible tubes or pipes 146, only the upper and lower sections of which are shown in this figure, the wind passing to a hollow chamber within the neck ring shelf 61 or to a channel formed by this shelf and a lower covering plate 147. From this channel, the wind is conducted to an annular passage or chamber 148 formed by the neck ring shelf 61 and an annular asfleeting member 149 which directs the wind onto the neck ring and the parts where cooling is desired. The cover plate 127 cooperates with the parts of the neck ring shelf above described to constrict the flow of cooling wind to the portions of the machine where it is most needed. In the form of the invention shown in Fig. 4, 1 may provide a cover 150 which prevents the ingress to the moving parts of dirtand other foreign material. The cover plate 127 also serves the purpose of'preventing the ingress of foreign materials or dirt into the neck ring and its operating parts.

J Elcmk mold and its associated operating mechanism 7 Referring to Figs. 4 and 5, the blank mold 122 is shown as of the general type illustrated and described in my prior Patent 1,625,590, issued April 19, 1927, and comprises a metallic shell 151 in which is received a suitably shaped mold member 152 ofbrush carbon or some other suitable composition, this composition forming no part of the present inven- -tion. This mold is mounted in the-outer end of an arm 153 which is secured to a blank I mold operating cylinder 154 as by bolts 155.

I preferably provide means for effecting a vertical adjustment of the arm 153 with respect to the cylinder 154, which may comprise a hug 156 formed on'the cylinder 154. and

rovided with a suitable set screw 157 bearmg against a portion of the arm 153, there i being a suitable jam nut on the set screw for retaining it in the desired adjusted position.

It is to be understood that the bolts 155 pass through enlarged apertures in the arm 153 to permit of the adjustment above described.

The vertical shaft 63 is provided with a fixed piston 158 disposed substantially midway of its length and received in the cylinder 154, so that upon the admission of pneumatic pressure above or below the piston,-the cylinder will be moved upwardly or downwardly respectively. The shaft 63 is provided, as

shown in Fig. 19, with longitudinally ex-.

tending bores 159 which terminate in lateral passages 160 and 161 (Fig; 4) respectively above and below the piston 158 for the admissionof fluid pressure as above described. The lower end of the bores 159 are connected by laterally extending ducts, one of which is shown in Fig. .4 at 162, with a controlling valve shown in detail in Fig. 15 at 163, the ,valve being of the double piston type and having five ports in the same way as the valve shown directly above it which is provided for controlling the pressure to the press and blow head operating cylinder 135 in a manner later to be described. Pneumatic pressure supplied from the annular 3, to the center opening of the valve. The second and fourth openings are connected 'respectively to the two bores 159 in the vertical rod 63 and the outer openings of the valve are for exhaust. In one terminal position of the double piston valve member 164, one

of theports 160 or 161 will be connected'toexhaust and the other to pressure and in the other terminal position, the reverse will take place, cylinder 154. For controlling the valve member 164, I provide rocker member 165 pivoted upon the vertical fixed shaft 166 which is secured to the portion 58 of the unit frame by brackets 167 and 168. The member 165 is provided with ,a pair of arms at the ends of-which are mounted rollers 169 and 170 which cooperate with suitable cams on the upper drum 12. The member 16 5 is con-. nected through a link 171 with the outer end of the stem of valve 164. Thus it will be seen that the admission and exhaust of pressure on both sides of the piston 158 in cylinder 154 is directly controlled by the rotation of the turret.

For the purpose of moving the blank mold to one side after it has had apredetermined =vertical downward movement away from the neck ring 121, I provide a cam member 172 (Figs. 3, 4 and6) having a cam groove therein in which is received a suitable roller or pin 173 mounted in a support 174 secured to the portion 58 of the unit frame.

Press and blow plunger and. associated mecham'sm Construction of plunger mechanism (Fig. 4)

pipe 21, seen in Fig.

thus controlling the movements of the ward thrust of the head 175 on the arm 177.

pending application, Serial No. 31,315, above referred to, but which includes certain features of difference. This head is indicated generally at 175 and comprises a sleeve member 176 swivelly' mounted in an annular ring portion of an arm 177, which is secured to the cylinder 135 as by bolts 178, the member 176 having anupwardly facing shoulder 179 (Fig. '4) spaced a short distance from the lower portion of the annular ring portion of the arm 177. The sleeve member 176 is also provided with another shoulder 180' on which 1s received. an annular bearing. member or raceway 181 for ball or roller bearings 182 above which is a raceway 183 received'ina cup shaped member 184 secured to the annular ring portion of the arm 177. The upper end of the sleeve member 176 is threaded as at 185 to receive an adjustable annular knurled ring 186 which takes up the down- This knurled ring 186 is split and the ends are secured together to lock it in adjusted posteam, the duct being somewhat smaller than sition/by a suitable tightening bolt 187.

Thus it will be seen that the sleeve member 176 and the head built up therein is rotatable with respect to the arm 17 7 about a vertical axis, the thrust in both directions is taken up, and the vertical upward thrust due to the pressing is specifically provided for by the use of roller or ball bearings, thus permitting the rotation or oscillation of the head as a whole with the neck ring whenever the latter is rotated.

The lower portion of the sleeve member 176 is beveled, as at 125, for the reason above set forth of locking the neck ring when the .head is lowered.

Inside the sleeve 176 is a composite member made up of an upper sleeve portion 188 internally threaded at its lower end to receive the upper externally threaded end of a lower sleeve portion 189, these m'embers'being positively positioned by a shoulder 190 formed on the upper sleeve portion and con tacting with the upper end of the sleeve member 176, and by a bushing 191 threaded onto the lower sleeve portion 189 and having an upwardly directed shoulder bearing against H a downwardly directed shoulder inside the sleeve portion 176. Extending inside and axially of the upper and lower sleeve portions 188 and 189, is the stem 192 of a pressing plunger 193, the lower or plunger portion of'which is received or slides in a barrel or extension 194 formed on the lower sleeve portion 189. Referring to Fig. 5, I may if desired make the plunger 193 hollow and provide axially of the stem 192 an inlet duct 195 for some cooling fluidsuch as air or the bore through the stem 192, so that the cooling fluid may pass in one direction through the duct to the hollow portion inside the plunger 193' and in the other direction throughthe annular space between the duct and the stem 192. Surrounding the barrelportion 194, 1 preferably mounta stripper ring 196, whichis provided with aninwardlyturned shoulder 197 above the barrel por-' I Vertical and lateral movements of the press vamllilow head I provide a and blow head 175 vertically and laterally which, in this instance, comprises means similar to that used for moving the blank mold 122 vertically and laterally. As previously stated, I the press and blow head 175- is mounted on the arm 177, which is in turn secured to the cylinder 135. shaft 65 is provided with afixed-piston 199 disposed substantially midway between the bracket 64 and the neck ring shelf 61, the

means for moving the press The verticalpiston 199 being received in the cylinder 135'.

Means similar to that used with the lower cylinder 154are here employed for supplying pneumatic pressure above and below the piston 199 within thecylinder, such means comprising longitudinal bores 200 and 201 (Fig, 9) communicating above and below the,

piston 199 respectively through lateral bores 202 and 203 (Fig. i) and communicating through pipes 204 and 205 206 and 207 respectively. (Fig. 15). Pneumatic to the central port 209 (Fig.9) with ports pressure is supplied of this valve, the end ports 210 and 211 being open to exhaust in the manner described above in connection with the valve 163. The valve 208 is'con-' troLed by a rocker member 212 (Figs. 1 1 and 15) pivotally mounted upon the rocker shaft 166 and provided with suitable rollers 213 i and 214 for cooperation with a pair of cams to the valve 208 v onthe upper cam drum 12. This rocker 212 is connected with the-valve stem 215 through a link 216 in a manner similar to that d e scribed above in connection with the other valve. Thus it will be seen that the vertical movements of the press and blow head are controlled entirely by the rotation of the turret. For moving the press and blow head laterally, I provide on the cylinder 135. a

suitable cam member 217 provided with. a suitably; in which is received a mounted on a. support 219,.which is in turn se- (Figs. 3, 4 and 5) cured to the portion 58 o f-the unit frame;-

shaped cam track pin or roller 218'

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4276075 *Nov 7, 1979Jun 30, 1981Olivotto Vetromeccanica S.A.S.Machine for the manufacture of glass articles by blow moulding glass
US5110339 *Apr 23, 1991May 5, 1992Emhart Glass Machinery Inc.H-28 machine having an adjustable neck ring lever
Classifications
U.S. Classification65/238, 65/171, 65/159, 65/168, 65/355, 65/230, 65/264
International ClassificationC03B9/195, C03B9/00
Cooperative ClassificationC03B9/195
European ClassificationC03B9/195