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Publication numberUS1881268 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 4, 1932
Filing dateApr 8, 1930
Priority dateApr 8, 1930
Publication numberUS 1881268 A, US 1881268A, US-A-1881268, US1881268 A, US1881268A
InventorsOliver M Edwards, John F Levan
Original AssigneeOm Edwards Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Window guide and sash construction
US 1881268 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1932- o. M. EDWARDS ET AL 1,881,263

WINDOW GUIDE AND SASH CONSTRUCTION Filed April 8, 1930 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 5 WT A5 i 1 3-wz Z m v4 7 7% 6 lI Pr -37 6+ I ZZMM 5 ATTORNEYS.

1932' o. M. EDWARDS ET AL- 1,881,263

WINDOW GUIDE AND SASH CONSTRUCTION Filed April 8, 1950 2*Sheets-Sheet 2 VENTORS TTORN EYS Patented Oct. 4, 1932 NITED STATES OLIVER M. EDWARDS, OF SYRACUSE, NEW YORK, AND JOHN F. LEVAN, F ELKI-IART, INDIANA, ASSIGNORS TO THE 0. M. EDWARDS COMPANY INC., OF SYRACUSE, NEW

YORK, A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK WINDOW GUIDE AND SASH CONSTRUCTION Application filed. April 8,

This invention relates to window guide and sash construction particularly applicable for railway cars, busses and other vehicles where the window guides and sashes are furnished by a manufacturer and applied by the car builder to the window openings in the car body.

It has for its object, a particularly simple and efi'icient window guide construction by which the sash is held at all times snugly against rattling and air drafts in the guide.

The invention consists in the novel features and in the combinations and constructions hereinafter set forth and claimed. In describing this invention, reference is had to the accompanying drawings in which like characters designate corresponding parts in all the view-s. v

Figure 1 is a fragmentary elevation of a window guide and sash embodying our invention.

Figure 2 is an enlarged sectional view on line 22, Figure 1.

Figure 3 is an inner face view on a reduced scale of the detachable member of the guide.

Figure 4 is a face view of the body of the guide.

Figure 5 is an elevation, partly in section,

.of a corner portion of the sash showing the sash holder arrangement.

' Figure 6 is an edge view of the sash looking to the right Figure 5, the sash guide being omitted.

Figure 7 is an enlarged fragmentary view of the lower end of the guide showing the means for holding the removable side of the guide from vertical movement with the sash.

Figure 8 is a sectional view on line 8-8, Figure 7. V a r This window guide and sash construction comprises generally, a guide or post structure or member formed with a channel for receiving the sash, the bottom of the channel being located intermediate the mner and outer edges of the gulde, and the guide consisting of two main members, one a body formed with one s1de wall and the bottom of the channel,

and the other, a detachable member having a.

portion forming the other side wall, of the channel and a portion lapping or covering the 1930. Serial No. 442,645.

contiguous side of the body between thejbottom of the channel and the wall of the window opening, the detachable member being fulcrumed between its inner and outer edges on the body, and means for moving the detachable member on its fulcrum-to press it-against the sash, this means being a spring preferably interposed between the lapping portions of the body and the detachable member.

1 designate-s the frame of the sash which-is usually formed up of sheet metal, the sash frame being provided with any suitable means for holding a glass pane 2.

3 designates the body of the guide or post structure or member, this being preferably formed up of sheet metal to provide one of the walls 4 of the channel 5 which receives the sash, and with the bottom 6 of the channel, which bottom is spaced apart from the wall 7 of the windowopening in the car body or other structure. The body 3 is secured in the window opening in any suitable manner.

As here illustrated, the body is struck up y from a single piece of sheet metal and folded upon itself at 8 to form one wall of the reentrant channel 5, the bottom 6 being integral with the reentrant portion and also the wall 9 of the body being integral with the bottom 6 of the channel, this wall 9 behig interposed between the bottom 6 of the chan nel and the wall 7 .of the window opening. Thus, the body is formed hollow with the bottom 6 of the channel between its inner and outer edges.

1O designates the detachable member which forms the other side of the channel 5, this bein also formed up of sheet metal and bein bent upon itself at 11 providing a double wall portion, the inner wall of which is formed with prongs 12 for entering slots 13 in the bottom of the channel, these slots being located near the junction of the bottom 6 and the wall 9, or at the edge of the bottom re mote from the wall 4 of the channel. The prongs 12 are preferably located in line with the'portion of the'member-lO which presses 7 against the same, and are shown as hook shaped so as to interlock with the slots 18 upon successive inward movement ofthe member 10 to carry the prongs through the slots and endwise to interlock the hooks in the slots. The detachable member 1s also formed with an offset flange or wall 14 covering and opposed to the outer face of the wall 9 and spaced apart therefrom. A spring 15 is interposed between the spaced apart walls 9 and 1 1 and tends to impart a'movement to the detachable member 10 to cause it to tend to rock or to roclror fulcrum toa slight extent about the points of engagement of the prongs-12 with the walls of the slot 13, and thus press the detachable member against the sash and thrust it toward the wall i of the channel thus holding the sash against rattling and also holding it snugly in the channel so as to prevent the passage of air drafts. The fact that the sash is flat and also the face of the sash against which the member 10 presses is flat causes the member 10 to have, within limits, a rectilinear movement under the force of the spring 15 or the rocking or 'in the form of a leaf or strip running length.-

wise of the walls 9 and 14, the strip having a base portion 16 in the form of a U which embraces the wall 9, the intermediate portion of the U formation extending around the outer edge of the wall 9 and interposed between such edge and the wall '4' of the opening in which the guide is mounted, so that the securing of the guide 3 in the window opening also secures or anchors the spring in'position. There are two 'uides one alon each the hollow bottom rail.

side edge of the sash.

A sash is provided with sash holders one at each lower corner. The sash holder comprises a base 18 mounted on the outer face of the bottom rail of the sash, an operating lever 19 pivoted at 20 to the base plate and having an arm arranged in pinch handle relation to a lift shoulder 20 on the base plate, an angular arm 21 extending in a hollow box portion 22 of the casing, a bolt 23 slidable in the bottom rail and having a nose 24L projecting through the edge wall of the sash, the bolt being connected at 25 to the lever arm 21 by a pin 26 extending through. a slot 27 in the wall of The bolt is pressed outwardly by a spring 28. The bolt is suitably guided in the bottom rail. The nose 2 L enters holes or depressions 29 formed in the bottom 6 of the channel at suitable intervals. When the sash is closed, the nose enters a hole 29 in the bottom of the channel.

The locking member or bolt is located within the sash in position to coact with openings or indentations or rack means in or on the bottom of the channel and does not interfere with the removable strip or detachable member 10 and further does not have to be widened to support a rack or other means to coact with the belt of the sash holder.

As the detachable member 10 is moved into its final position. by a downward ondwise movement, which interlocks the projections or prongs 12 in the slots-13, means is provided for looking it from possible upward displacement when the sash is raised. i

As here illustrated and preferably, this means consists of onefor more slots as the stop 31 in the lapping portion 1 1 of the member 10 and a tongue 32 struck from the spring for entering the slot only when the detachable member is properly located. To remove the member 10, the tongue must be first pushed out of the slot with any suitable tool.

In order to locate the spring 15 relatively to the body 3 of the guide so that it will in turn locate the detachable member, the spring and the wall 9 ofthe guide which the spring embraces are provided with interlocking parts which coact snap catch fashion. This consists of a tongue or projection 33 on the spring and a mating depression or hole 34: in the wall 9. Preferably, the tongue 33 for interlockin with the wall 9 and the ton ne b b for interlockingwith the detachable member are located near one end and usually the lower end of the sp *ing 15'. V

In operation, the bodies of-the guides are secured in the window opening with the springs 15 in position, then the sash is mounted in the bodies and then the detachable memand endwise movement to interlock the prongs in the slot. The applying of the detachable. members 10 tensions the springs 15 so that the spring acts to rock the members 10 about the points of engagement of the prongs 12 of the wallsof the slot 13, and thus,

the sash snugly inthe thannel.

This guide and window construction is par-. ticularly advanta eous in that it is simple and economical in construction, consists of but few parts which are'readily assembled in a window opening. Also, owing to the dc tachable member, the sash can be readily re moved and replaced when necessary.

What we claim is:

1. In a window guide and sash construc tion, the combination of a guide in the form of a channel, the sash extending into the channel, the guide consisting of a body formed with one side and the bottom of the channel and a detachable member forming the other side of the channel, the detachable member being fulcrumed on the body between the inner and outer edges of said member press the member 10 a ainst the sash and hold forming a lever of'the first class, and means for moving it :onitsfulcrmnagainst thesash :theadetacliable member :having a .portion'extend-ingbeyond the, plane ofnthe bottomroi 1 the i channel. andvoverlapping: theua'dj aeent 5 :side of :the body,: saidnnieanswbeingrlocated between the overlapping portion and". the.

body, whereby vs'aid meansis housed within- .the detachable member.

2. In a window gu1cle:..and:sasl1construc- .tion,:.the combination-oi a guide in theform dthexdetachable member; about said fulcrum points and-press thesame-agai-nst the sash.

- 3. In a Window, guide. and sash construe tion, the combinationof a guide in-the form otachannel, the sash extending into the 5 channel, the.;guide-consisting of: a body formed-with one sideand'the bottom of the channel, said bottom being located: intermediate of-theinnerand outer-edges ofthe guide, and a}detachable-member formin the iothcr side of thechannel,the-bottom of the channel being formed with openings andthe detachable member having projections ex tendinginto the openings and vfulcrumed on the walls thereof, the detachable member hav- 5 a portion extending-beyond.the'plane of the bottom of the .channel and-overlapping the-adjacent side of thsabody,-and spring .means interposed vbetween-the overlapping portions of the bodyandthedetachable mem- 40 her.

i fIn a window guide .and sash construction, the combination of: aaguide mountable in a window,openingandbeing-formed with ,a i channel/for receiving the .sa-sh,.the bottom of the channel being locatedwintermediate the inner and outer edges of. the. guidegthe guide consisting of a body and a'idetachable member, the. body-being formed with one of the sides and .the :bottom of the channel and said bottom.beingkformed .wvithagop'enings therethrough anda. the detachable.- member forming'the other side of the channel and provided .withprongs. fulcrumingbnzj the walls of theope nings andathepdetachable member haiving. aifiangelappingthe contiguous side of the bodybelowthe bottom of the channel, and a spring.interposed between the overlapping portions ofthebody and theidetachable member.

5. In awindow guidevandrsash construction, the combination of a guide mountable in a window openi-ngandformed with a channel for receiving the. sash, thegguide comprising ahollow bodyformed with one. ofthe sides and the bottom bf thezchannel,,.tl1e,.bottom -thereof,a11d a spring interposed between;- the detachable member against the sash.

being located intermediate of the inner and 'outer edges-of the body, the detachablememher having aportion forming-the other wall :and channel and with a flange covering and spaced apart from the contlguous side of the bodybetween the bottom of the channelzand the wall of the window opening, the detachable member also having. prongs located .to extend through the openings in the bottom "ofzthe channel and fulcrum on the walls saidflan e and the portion of thebody'spaced therefrom and tending to move the detachablememberabout said fulcrum to press the ,6, In a WlIlClOWV guide and sash construction, the combination of a guide mountable in a window opening andformed with; a

-- channel for receiving the sash, theguide comprising a hollow body formed with one'of. the

sidewalls and the bottom of the channel; the

bottom being located'intermediate of the inner and outer edges of the bodyand formed uvithan'openingnear: the edge thereof remote =from'the side wall of the channel whichis provided onthe body, a detachable member :the' detachable member also havin -nron s b L to extending from and 'in line with the portions engaging the sash and parallel to theofiset V flange and: located-to extend 'through the :openings in the bottom of the'channel and fulcrum on the walls'thcreof, ands-spring terposed-between the spaced apart-portions of the bodyandthe detachable member and tending to move thedetach able member about said fulcrumxto press the detachable member :against the sash, said prongs also interlookingin :said'openings' upon an inward: movement and lengthwise shifting of the detach .able. member. Q

T7." Ina window guide and sash-construction, the combination of a guide in the-'form of a channel, the sashextending'into'the channe the guide consisting. of a body formed -Wl l3l1 OI18 SlCl6 and. the bottom of the channel, and axdetachablc member forming the other side of the channel, the bottombeing of greater-width than the sash whereby the margin thereof projects beyond. the side of thetsash acent saiddetachable member, the margin being-formed With openings said detachable member having prongs extending intov the openingsand means for pressing the detachable member. against-the sash.

.8.. In a window, guide and sash construction,- the'combination of ayguide in the form of a channel, the sash extending into'the channel,ithe:guideconsisting oii-a body formed with one side and the bottom of the channel, and a detachable member forming the ot'her I side of the channel, the bottom being of greater widththan the sash-whereby the margin thereof projects beyond the side of the sash adjacent said detachable member, the margin being formed with openings, said detachable member having a portion overhanging said inargin and formed with prongs for entering said openings.

9. In a window guide and sash construction, the combination of a guide in the form of a'channel, the sash extending into the chan- "nel, the guide consisting of a body formed with one side and the bottom of the channel and a'detachable member forming the other side of the channel, the bottom beingof greater width than the sash whereby the margin thereof projects beyond the side of the sash adjacent said detachable member, said detachable member having a portion overhanging and resting on said margin.

10. In a window guide and sash construction, the combination of a guide in the form of a channel, the sash extending into the channel, the guide consisting of a body formed with one side and the bottom of the channel and a detachable member forming the other side of the channel, the-bottom being of greater width than the sash whereby the margin thereof projects beyond the side of the sash adjacent said detachable member, said detachable member having a portion overhanging and resting on said margin, and means for pressing the detachable member against the sash. I V

11. In a window guide and sash construction, the combination of a guide in the form of a channel, the sash extending into. the channel, the guide consisting of a body formed with one side and the bottom of the channel, said bottom being located intermediate of the inner and Outer edges of the guide, and a detachable member forming the other side of the channel, the bottom of the channelbeing of greater width than the sash whereby the margin of the bottom projects beyond the side of the sash adjacent the detachable member, the detachable member having a portion extending outwardly beyond the plane of the bottom of the channel and overlapping the adjacent side of the body and a portion overhanging said margin and means for holding the detachable member in position on the body and against the sash.

12. In a window guide and sash construction,'th'e combination of a guide in the. form of a channel, the sash extending into the channel, the guide consisting of a body formed with one side and the bottom of the channel, said bottom being located intermediate of the inner and outer edges of the guide, and a detachable member forming the other side of the channel, the bottom of the channel being of greater width than the sash whereby the margin of the bottom projects beyond the side of the sash adj acent the detachable member, the detachable member having a portion extending outwardly beyond the plane of the bottom of the channel and overlapping the adjacent side of the body and a portion overhanging said margin, said margin being formed with openings and the detachable member, with prongs for ente'ring the openings. 7

13. In a window guide and sash construction, the combination of a guide in the form of a channel, the sash extending into the channel, the guide consisting of a body formed with one side and the bottom of the channehsaid bottom being located intermediate of the inner and outer edges of the guide, and a detachable member forming the other side of the channel, the bottom of the channel being ofgreater width than the sash whereby the margin of the bottom projects 7 beyond the side of the sash adj acentithe detachable member, the detachable member having a portion extending outwardly beyond the plane of the bottom of the channel and overlapping the adjacent side of the body and a portion overhanging said margin, said margin being formed'with openings and the detachable member with prongs for entering the openings, and means interposed between the lapping portions of the body andfi thedetachable' member for ter againstthe sash.

14. In a window guide and sash construction, the combination of a guide in the form of a channel, the sash extending into the channel, the guide consisting of a body formed with one side and the bottom of the channel, and a detachable member forming the other side of the channel, the bottom being of greater width than the sash whereby pressing the latthe margin thereof projects beyond the side of the sash adjacent said detachable member, said detachable member having a portion overhanging said margin, means for holding the detachable member in position on the body and against the sash and a sash holder on the sash and including a movable look ing member located within the sash and pro jecting through the edge of the sash, the botv tom of the channel having means for receiv- I ing the projecting end of the locking mem- 15. In a window guide and sash construction, the combination of a guide in the form of a channel, the sash extending into the channel, the guide consisting of a body formedi with one side and the bottom of the channel, said bottom being located intermediate of the inner and outer edges of the guide, and a detachable member forming the other side of the channel, the bottom of the channel being of greater width than the sash whereby the margin of the bottom projects beyond the side of the sash adjacent the detachable member, the detachable member having a portion extending outwardly beyond the plane of the bottom of the channel and overlapping the adjacent side of the body and a portion overhanging said margin, means for holding the detachable member in position on the body and against the sash, and a sash holder mounted on the sash and including a movable locking member located Within the sash and projecting through the edge thereof, the bottom of the channel having means for receiving the portion of the locking member which projects through the edge of the sash.

16. In a window guide and sash construction, the combination of a guide in the form of a channel, the sash extending into the channel, the guide consisting of a body formed with one side and the bottom of the channel, and a detachable member forming the other side of the channel, the detachable member being interlocked by endwise movement of said member and means operable by such endwise movement for locking the detachable member from retrograde endwise movement during raising and lowering of the sash due to its frictional engagement with the sash.

17. In a window guide and sash construction, the combination of a guide in the form of a channel, the sash extending into the channel, the guide consisting of a body formed with one side and the bottom of the channel, and a detachable member forming the other side of the channel, the detachable member being interlocked by endwise movement of said member and a spring secured to the body and acting on the detachable member to press it against the sash, the spring and said memler having means for interlocking when said member is in its final position to prevent retrograde endwise movement of said member during raising and lowering of the sash;

18. In a window guide and sash construction, the combination of a guide in the form oi? a channel, the sash extending into the channel, the guide consisting of a body formed with one side and the bottom of the channel, and a detachable member forming the other side of the channel, the detachable member being interlocked by endwise movement of said member and a spring secured to the body and acting on the detachable member to press it against the sash, the spring and said member having means for interlocking when said member is in its final position to prevent retrograde endwise movement of said memher during raising and lowering of the sash, the body and the spring having interlocking means coacting snap catch fashion to locate the spring relatively to the body whereby the interlocking means of the spring and said 7 member in turn are located to coact when the detachable member is in final position.

19. In a window guide and sash construction, the combination of a guide in the form of a channel, the sash extending into the channel, the guide consisting of a body formed with one side and the bottom of the channel, said bottom being located intermediate ot' the outer and inner edges of the guide, a detachable member forming the other side of the channel, the bottom of the channel being of greater width than the sash whereby the bottom of the sash projects beyond the side of said sash adjacent the detachable member, the detachable member having a flange portion extending outwardly beyond the plane of the bottom of the channel and overlapping the adjacent side of the body and a portion overhanging said margin of the bottom, said detachable member having means for interlocking with the bottom by an endwise movement of the detachable memher, a leaf spring interposed between the body and the flange portion of the detachable member and acting to press the detachable member against the sash, said spring having a part embracing the body, said part and the body having interlocking means for 10- cating the spring relatively to the body and the spring and flange portion of the detachable member having means for interlocking when the detachable member is moving endwisely into its interlocking engagement with the bottom of the channel for preventing retrograde endwise movement of the detachable member during raising and lowering of the sash.

In testimony whereof, we have hereunto signed our names at Syracuse, in the State of New York, this 19th day of March, 1930 and at Elkhart in the State of Indiana, this 29th day of March, 1930.

OLIVER M. EDWARDS. JOHN F. LEVAN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2762474 *Oct 9, 1953Sep 11, 1956Joseph SylvanMullion assembly
US3514903 *Dec 10, 1968Jun 2, 1970Federico Garcia RocheManufacture of regulated window openings
US5033273 *May 14, 1990Jul 23, 1991Whirlpool CorporationIce dispenser control apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification49/416, 49/457
International ClassificationB61D25/00
Cooperative ClassificationB61D25/00
European ClassificationB61D25/00