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Publication numberUS1881713 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 11, 1932
Filing dateDec 3, 1928
Priority dateDec 3, 1928
Publication numberUS 1881713 A, US 1881713A, US-A-1881713, US1881713 A, US1881713A
InventorsArthur K Laukel
Original AssigneeArthur K Laukel
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Flexible and adjustable anode
US 1881713 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 11, 1932. A. K. LAUKEL FLEXIBLE AND ADJUSTABLE ANODE Filed Dec. 3. 1928 ATTORNEY Patented Oct. 11, 1932 PATENT OFFICE K. LAUKEL, DETROIT, MICHIGAN FLEmLE AND ADJUSTABLE ANODE Application filed December 3, 1928. Serial No. 323,390.

In my co-pending application Serial No. 101,070, filed April 10, 1926, I have disclosed a method of electroplating into comparatively deep recesses or cavities of a mold or matrix by means of an anode having ends or fingers which are extended into such recesses. This anode structure constitutes the sub ect matter of this patent.

The importantcharacteristic of this anode, in addition to its function of promoting local electrolytic action in the cavlties, is that it is made of flexible wire which may bebent to bring the points wherever such local action is desired. Accordingly, these anodes 1 are adapted for application to cathodes of various configurations and may be used repeatedly in successive plating operations.

A given anode is applicable to cathodes or matrices of various sizes within a glven range, and several of these anodes may be coupled together for use in connection with a cathode of considerably larger size, when a single anode for that particular purpose is not available. Thus a set of anodes of a few different sizes may be made to meet all requirements.

The invention is fully disclosedby way of example in the following descript on and m the accompanying drawing, in which Figure l is a cross section of a plating taul;

containing a cathode equipped with an anode according to the invention;

Figure 2 is a front elevation of the cathode with the anode applied thereto; and

Figure 3 is a perspective view of the anode.

Reference to these views will now be made by use of like characters which are employed to designate corresponding parts throughout.

In Figure 1 is illustrated a lating tank 1 of conventional construction aving a pair of spaced bars 2 and 3 laid longitudinally upon the same and connected respectively to the positive and negative sides 4 and 5 of a line which supplies the current for plating purposes. A double clamp 6 is secured to the bar 2 and supports a suspended primary anode 7 of the plating material, such as copper for example, by means of a rod 8 secured in the clamp.

A similar double clamp 9 is secured to the negative bar 3 for the purpose of supporting the cathode. This cathode consists of a mold or matrix 10 of plastic material in the faceof which are formed recesses or cavities 11' which are in the nature of impressions of the bodies to be reproduced. are formed by pouring plastic material over the object to be reproduced and treating the impressed surface of the material after set ting to conduct a current of electricity in any manner well known in the art or as disclosed, for example, in my co-pending application Serial No. 101,070 filed April 10, 1926.

Conducting wires 12 are molded in the body of the matrix to make contact with the conduct-ive impressed surface thereof and are brought out through an edge of the matrix for connection to the negative side of the line. A screw 13 is driven into the upper edge of the matrix, and the wires 12 are wound around the screw and the matrix is then suspended from the clamp 9.

The matrix is then ready for plating in the ordinary manner, but in order to assure deposition in the deeper or more difiicultly accessible cavities, I provide a skeleton anode of the type shown more clearly in F igure'3. This member consists of a main strand of wire 14 across which are laid branches 15 of similar wire secured preferably at their mid points in any suitable manner such as soldering. The wires consist of a material which is insoluble in the bath, flexible, and yet of suflicient rigidity to retain the shape into which they may be bent. A suitable material for this purpose is a lead wire containing sufiicient antimony to impart the desired rigidity.

The anode is supported by having the ends of the main member 14 bent at right angles as at 16 and inserted into holes drilled in the face of the cathode. The branches 15 are then bent to bring the ends thereof into the cavity, particularly the deeper cavities.

These ends may be either pointed directly into the cavities, as at 17, or laid somewhat flatly therein as at 18, according to requirements. I used as shown in Figure 2. In all cases the anode must be spaced from the conductive The matrices I Certain of the branches need not be surface of the cathode to avoid short circuiting.

In Figure 1 the branched anode is shown connected by a conductor 19 entirely outside the solution to the clamp 2 in which case it functions as a secondary anode. It causes deposition by local decomposition in the cavities, and the metal deposited out of the solution may be replenished by the addition of copper salts to the solution in any manner well known in the art. The branched anode may however be used without a suspended copper anode in which case deposition occurs entirely at the expense of the solution. It is to be noted that the branched anode is insoluble in the bath, so that it may retain the position into which it is adjusted and does not wear away, although the tips may be withdrawn from the conducting surface of the cathode from time to time as the thickness of the plated metal increases.

Due to the flexible nature of the branched anode, it may be bent and adjusted for adaptation to a variety of cathodes within a given range. For cathodes beyond this range, several anodes may be joined together either lengthwise by their main members 14 or transversely by the branches 15 or in both directions.

In practice a few different sizes of anodes may be kept in stock for use in conjunction with the more common sizes of cathodes, and may be coupled together in the manner described for intermediate and unusually large 1 sizes.

Although a. specific embodiment of the invention has been illustrated and described, it will be understood that various alterations in the'details of construction may be made without departing from the scope of the invention as indicated by the appended claims.

Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is 1. An anode consisting of a plurality of interconnected conductive flexible wires presenting free ends or points adapted for insertion in cavities to be plated.

2. An anode consisting of a plurality of interconnected conductive flexible wires presenting free ends or points, said wires being composed of a material insoluble by electrolytic action in the bath in which they are to be immersed. 3. An anode consisting of a plurality of interconnected conductive wires presenting free ends or points, said wires being composed of a flexible material having suificient rigidity to retain the shape into which they may be bent.

4. An anode consisting of a plurality of interconnected conductive flexible wires presenting free ends or points, said wires conmony to retain the'shape into which they may be bent.

5. An anode consisting of a plurality of interconnected conductive wires presenting free ends or points, said wires being composed of a flexible material insoluble by electrolytic action in the bath in which they are to be immersed andhaving suflicient rigiditv to retam the shape into which they may be bent.

6. An anode consisting of a main member and a plurality of wires secured across the same and presenting free ends or points, both ends of each wire being spaced from the main member and free for insertion in cavities to be plated.

7. An anode consisting of a main member and a plurality of wires secured across the same, both ends of each wire being spaced from the main member and free for insertion in cavities to be plated and said member and wires bein having su cient rigidit to retain the shap into which they may be ent.

8. An anode consisting of a main member and a plurality of wires secured across the same and presenting free ends or points, said member and wires being composed of a material insoluble by electrolytic action in the bath in which the anode is to be immersed and composed of a flexible material having sufficient rigidity to retain the shape into which they may be bent. I

9. An anode consisting of a main member and a plurality of wires secured across the same and presenting free ends or points, said member and flexible wires being composed of a lead alloyed with sufficient antimony to retain the shape into which they may be bent.'

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand.

ARTHUR K. LAUKEL.

sisting of lead alloyed with suflicient anticomposed of a flexible material

Referenced by
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Classifications
U.S. Classification204/288, 204/293, 204/DIG.700
International ClassificationC25D17/12
Cooperative ClassificationY10S204/07, C25D17/12
European ClassificationC25D17/12