US 1881755 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
M. C. LOGAN ET AL COLLAPSIBLE HORSE Filed May 24, 1928 IIIIIII/IIIIII; I
Oct. 11, 1932.
E .5 U M w m dfifl- M a I w 0 Q Patented Oct. 11, 1932 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE m'rmc. LOGAN AND some a. narrow, or mm, rumors; sam Loom mama so sun rmroi'r GOIoLAPSIBLE HORSE Application filed lay M, 1828. Serial ll'o. 880,151.
This invention relates to a collapsible horse.
The horse of the invention is a workmans horse made with the legs so hmged and associated that the le may be collapsed against the underside of e body of the orse wherebe readil carried from b the same ma 7 lime to place an convement y stored. The
lbgs are so arranged as to be mg1dly secured against collapse when in open positlon.
An object of the invention 1s to prov1de a collapsible horse which may be readily collapsed or opened for conven ent use.
Another object is to provide a callaps ble horse which 1s economical to manufacture, which is stron sturdy and efliclent m use.
A further ob]ect is to provide a collapsible horse with means for preventing collapse while in use.
According to the inventlon the two palrs of legs are each hinged to a plate WlllCh plate is in turn hinged to the body oi the horse. Means are provided for lockmg'the legs 1n extended position.
Other and further objects will be apparent from the following description, drawing and ap nded. claims.
no form of the invention is shown in the accompanying drawing and the views thereof are as follows:
Figure 1 is aside elevation showmg 1n dotted lines the position of the legs when collapsed.
- Figure 2 is an end elevation of the horse of Figure 1.-
Figure 3 is a bottom plan view of the horse with the legs in colla sed osition.
Fi re 4 is an en arge section on line IV. V of Figure 1.
Figure 5 is a section on line V-V of F 1gure 4.
Figure 6 is a section on line VIVI of Figure 4.
Figure 7 is an enlarged section on lme VIP-VII of Figure 2.
The horse comprises a bod 1 which may be made of wood and which is substantially rectangular in cross-section.
Adjacent each end of the body 1 and secured to the under part thereof as by screws 2, is a hinge plate 3 having a pintle 4 which I is transverse to the body 1 of the horse. A. plate 5 is hinged to the plate 3 by the intle 4 and the plate 5 is shown as somewhat arger than the plate 3.1 Theplates 3 and 5 and the pintle 4 constitute a hin e.
The side margins of the tions 8 and 9 thereof formed into cylindrical shape and hollow from end to end constituting portions of lateral hinges.
Plates 7 L have cylindrical portions 6 which are secured by means of intles 10 to each of the members 8 and 9 o the plate 5. This construction constitutes a double hinge comprising a plate 5 and the two side members 7 The legs 11 and 12 of each pair are fastened to the hinge members 7 by means of straps 13 formed into substantially U-shape in end elevation having projecting ears 14 at the ends. The straps 13 are fastened to the legs and the members 7 ofthe hinges by rivets 15 or like attaching members.
The ears 14 are substantiall triangular in end elevation and are provi ed with apertures through which the pintles 10 pass and over which the pintles areheaded to securely fasten the legs to the hinge.
The plates 7 of the hinge extend upwardly at obtuse angles, forming walls 16, which, when the legs are spread to su port the holes as shown in Figures 1, 2, 3 an 6, lie between the chamfered faces 17 of the upper end of the legs. The inner surfaces of the walls 16 are provided with prongs or detents 18 along the upper edges of the wall 16 and intermediate projections 19 for enterin the body 1 to prevent collapse of the sprea legs lengthwise of the body member while in servlce. The prongs 18 and 19 are embedded in the wood of the member 1 and these look the plate 5 against the underside of the body 1 so that the hinge comprising the 'parts 3, 5 and 4 will not pivot about the pintle 4.
The legs 11 and 12 are connected by links 20 and 21, the outer end of each link being pivoted at 22 and 23 to the legs 12 and 11 re tively and pivoted to each other at 24. llie link 20 is longer than the link 21 and has an overlapping portion 25 carrying a tongue or projection 26 at its end, which, when the legs late 5 have porread position.
are embedded in the side of the body 1, thus preventing collapse of the structure.
The arrangement of arts just described provides a rigid serviceale structure and one which is not collapsed by accident.
Figure 3 shows the underside of the horse with the legs collapsed.
When the device is to be collapsed, the pivot 24 of the links and 21 is moved upwardly, drawing the outer ends of the legs 11 and 12 together, thus freeing the detents 18 and 19 from engagement with the sides of the body 1. The legs may then be moved about the pintles 4 into th position shown in Figure 3 with the side ed es of the legs against the underside of the ody 1.
The horse being collapsed, as just described, may be carried readily from place to place or stored if desired. When the same is to be used at another time, the legs are swung about the pintles 4 until the plate 5 contacts the under surface of the body 1, whereupon the legs are spread, moving the lmks 20 and 21 from the position shown in Figure 3 to the fully extended position shown in Fi re 2 whereupon the structure is securely loc ed in service position.
It is within the scope of our invention to make the horse of material other than wood, in which event th prongs 18 and 19 would enter properly, arran ed and shaped apertures at the sides of t e body 1.
While we have described more or less precisely the details of construction of our invention, yet we do not wish to be understood as limiting. ourselves thereto, as we are aware that changes may be-made in the arrangement and proportion of parts and that etjluiv'alents may be substituted, all without eparting from the spirit and scope of-our invention.
We claim as our invention: Y
1. A collapsible horse including a body, a pair of legs near each end of said body each air of legs being connected to said body for in 'ng action transversely and longitudinalfy of said body hinges connecting the legs to the body, each hinge including a plate fastened to the underside of the body with a pintle transversely of said body, and a second hin plate connected to said pintle, said second inge plate having wings hinged to the side edgzs thereof by pmtle's lon 'tudinally of-said dy, the legs of a pair ing con nected to the wings of a hinge, and said win having portions thereof extending above t 0 position for maintaining.
pintles thereof, said portions having prongs thereon for engagement with said body when said legs are spread, the engagement of said prongs with said body preventing hinging action of the legs about the transverse pintles when the legs are spread.
2. A collapsible horse including a. wooden body, a pair of legs near each end of said eac body air of legs being connected to said body h portions for attachment to the legs and other portions provided with project1ons for eng'agin sa1d wooden body when the legs are sprea' about the longitudinal pintles, said projections being moved into engagement with said body b movement of said legs to spread position, t e engagement of said projections with said body preventing hinging action of the legs about the transverse pintles when the legs are s read.
'3. A collapsible orse comprising a body, a pair of .apreadable legs arranged near each end of sai bod hinges connecting each pair of legs to said y, said hinges including a plurality of hinge plates, certaln of said plates being connected to said body with the pintles thereof arran d transversely of the body and others 0 said plates being secured to said legs and longitudinally hinged to certain of the plates connected to the transverse pintles, said leg plates having projections thereon to enter sa1d body when said egs are s read to prevent hinging action of the legs a ut said transverse pintles.
4. A collapsible horse comprisin a body, plates adjacent each end of said ody and inged thereto with the pintles extending transversely of the body, a air of leg car ing members hin ed to eac plate with t e pintle axes thereo? perpendicular to the first named pintles respectivel a leg in every one of said members, sprea ers connecting the two legs of each pair, said leg carrying members having plates extendingjadjacent said body when the pair of 1e are spread, and a prong on every one of sa1d last named plates for entering said body when each pair of legs is spread to prevent collapse of the legs about said transverse pintles respectively.
5. A collapsible horse comprising a body, a pair of s readable legs arranged near each end thereo said legs being connected to said body in a manner to allow hinging action lengthwise and transversely of the body, the connection between said legs and said body including plates hinged near each end of the body with the pintles thereof arran ed transversely of the body, side members inged to said plates by pintles perpendicular to said first named pintles, said legs being secured to said side members, said legs having spreaders therebetween to lock the legs in open spread position, the side members having prongs thereon for entering said bod when said legs are spread to prevent collapsing action of said legs about the transverse pintles of said plates While said horse is in use.
In testimony whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names at Chicago, Cook County, Illinois.
MARTIN C. LOGAN. JOHN E. PHILPOTT.