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Publication numberUS1884305 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 25, 1932
Filing dateJun 26, 1931
Priority dateJun 26, 1931
Publication numberUS 1884305 A, US 1884305A, US-A-1884305, US1884305 A, US1884305A
InventorsGentry Shelton William
Original AssigneeGentry Shelton William
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hair curling apparatus and method
US 1884305 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 25, 1932. I w, SHELTQN 1,884,305

HAIR CURLING APPARATUS AND METHOD Filed June 26, 1931 Patented Oct. 25, 1932 PATENT OFFICE.

WILLIAM GENTR-Y SHELTON, OF STQ LOUIS, MISSOURI HAIRCURLING APPARATUS AND METHOD Application filed June 126,

This invention relates to hair curling and consists in novel hair holding and enclosing I devices and the method of using the same.

One object of the invention is to provide a device for curling or straightening the hair which combines a hair clamp and curling rod in a single member and which maybe more conveniently handled than devices heretofore in use.

Another object is to provide a novel supply element which will closely envelope the hair and which will remain in position on the hair strand when tightly wound about the curling rod without the application of any outer clamping member such as is generally used and may be eliminated by the use of thepresent invention.

These and otherobjects are attained in the structure illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which {Figure 1 is a perspective view of the supply member.

hair.

' other.

1 Figures 2 and 3 are detail views showing the method of applying the supply to a hair Figure 4 is aside view of the device with a supply encased hair strand applied thereto. Figure 5 is a side View of a modified form of the device.

Figure 6 is asimilar view of another form.

Figure7' shows a device similar tot-hat in Figure 5, but being used in straightening the Figure 8 is a plan View of the protector clamp and showing the curling rod in section.

The hair mounting device comprises an elongated rod 1 which has oppositely disposed prongs 2 projecting therefrom at regular intervals in staggered relation to each A heating element 15 extends interiorly of rod 1 and merges at the'outer end with a socket 16 having prongs 17 for engagement with a current connection 18.

Secured to the other end of the rod is a rod mounting and a scalp protector in the form of a clamp including jaws 3 and 4 which are composed of body portions 5 and 6 having felt pads 7 and 8 on the undersides and metal strips 9 and 10 on top. The jaws are 193;; Serial No. 547,103.

pivoted together at one end bymeans of a link 11 riveted to strips 9 and 11,respectively, and at the other end are provided with locking means including a double link 12 pivoted on strip 9, and a cam lever 13. Double link 12 is adapted to fit over the end of strip 10, the strip having a recessed corner 14 for receiving the locking cam 130:. I

Figure 1 illustrates the novel tubular supply covering 19 made of absorbent material and which is particularly adapted for use in connection with the novel curling device,

shown in Figure 4, as well as the modified forms to be described hereafter.

In operation of the device shown in Figure 4, a segregated strand of hair S is first gripped between the clamping aws 5 and 6. The moistened supply 19 is then applied to the strand by means of a hook 20 which is inserted through the tube and engaged with the strand. as shown in Figure 2, and then both are withdrawnyas illustrated in Figure 3, causing the hairto be drawn through the tube. The encased strand is wound upon the rod and projecting prongs 2 in the manner illustratedin' Figure 4 and secured at its end to the rod by a cord21; The device may then be connected with a source of current causing heat to be generated within the rod for setting the curl.

Figure 5 shows a straight rod 22 mounted on a scalp protector clamp indicated generally at 23 and similar to the clampshownin Figure 4. This form is adapted for making cork screw or standard curls. In operation of this modification, the hair strand is gripped between the jaws of the clamp and encased in the tubular supply member 24 in the manner previously described, and then helically wound about the rod and secured thereto by a cord 25. Heat is applied by means of a suitable c'ylindrical heater 37 of well known ,may be inserted.

Figure 6 illustrates another modification in which a plate-like body member 28 has a boss :36 at one end which is rigidly secured to the upper surface of one of the jaws of protector clamp 27. Pegs 29project outwardly from member 28 at intervals for receiving the convolutions of the hair strand. A heating element 26 extends longitudinally of member 28 and has a socket 30 at its outer end for attachment with a source of electricity. In this form of the invention, the supply encased strand is wound back and forth around alternate pegs forming a series of Us which are disposed substantially in a common plane forming the croquignole type wave.

The device shownv in Figure 5 may also be used as a haid straightener, as illustrated in Figure 7. In the straightening operation the hair strand is gripped between the jaws of clamping member 32, tubular supply member 33 is applied, and the encased strand is stretched along the rod 84 in a position paralleling the same and its end is secured to the rod by a cord 35. Heat may be applied by means of a hollow cylindrical heater similar to that indicated at 37 in Figure 5.

In all of the forms described the rigid attachment of the protector clamp with the elongated curling member is particularly advantageous in relieving the customer oi annoyance of hair pulling. In the straightening operation, particularly, t iis arrangement causes the pull on the hair to be received and counteracted within the curling memberalone with the result that no forces are applied to the portion of the hair strand beneath the clamp. The cylindrical sup ply member is preferably made of continuous pliable material, such as cotton or linen fabric, which permits the strand to be more closely and permanently enveloped than is the case with similar articles previously used for the same purpose. Moreover, the uniform thickness of the material and the cylindrical shape or the member enable the operator to more readily form the strands into smooth curls than has heretofore been possible and eliminates the possibility of portions of the hair being exposed due to twisting of the supply covering. This feature of the tubular supply covering is of particular advantage where the hair is wound in helical form as distinguished from plane spiral form and also where the hair is dis torted in different planes as illustrated Figure 4. i

No outer nember other than the tubular supply covering is used with the devices in Figures 4 and 6. This form may also be used in marcel waving in which case the supply member is eliminated and heat is applied for a shorter time than is necessary in permanent waving.

The curling rod preferably is permanently secured to one of the clamping aws, as by i soldering, although other securing means may be used, if desired, which would permit disassembling of the parts. The exact spacing of the prongs in Figure 4, and of the pegs in Figure 6, is not essential although it is desirable that they positioned uniformly.

Any suitable form of protector clamp and curling rod might be used in the broadest phase of the invention.

Obviously these and other modifications might be made without departing from the spirit of the invention and I contemplate the exclusive use of all such variations as come within the scope of my claims.

What is claimed is 1. A supply member for applying moisture to a strand of hair in a waving or straight ening operation and consisting of a cylindri cal tube of pliable absorbent material adapted to receive and closely encase the strand of hair Without opening irrespective of distortion thereof.

2. In permanent waving apparatus, a substantially cylindrical supply member for application to a pencil strand of hair, and a curling member for winding said strand and supply member and comprising an elongated element and prongs projecting sidewardly therefrom at intervals, said supply member being adapted to closely encase said strand when distorted around said prongs.

3. In hair straightening apparatus, a clamp member for gripping a strand of hair, an elon ated member projecting therefrom, a sleeve-like supply covering for encasing the strand, and means for attaching said strand and supply to said elongated member in a position substantially paralleling the same.

4. The method of waving hair which consists in applying near the base of the strand a protector clamp having a curling member 51v extending therefrom and provided with prongs projecting sidewardly therefrom, encasing the strandin a cylindrical supply member, winding the strand successively around said prongs to form a series of U- shapes, stretching the strand by securing the outer end near the outer end of said memb r, and applying heat to the interior of the wound strand.

5. The method of waving a strand of hair

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2654372 *Mar 22, 1952Oct 6, 1953Berta StoyanoffHair curler
US2677379 *Dec 22, 1950May 4, 1954Humberto GarciaPermanent hair waving apparatus
US2791225 *Dec 1, 1952May 7, 1957Stanley SimmonsVacuum hair curler
US3255765 *Oct 16, 1962Jun 14, 1966Jules H HeimsAutomatic coiling hair curler
US6647989 *Mar 21, 2000Nov 18, 2003Alfredo De BenedictisHair treatment device and method
US7198049 *Nov 14, 2003Apr 3, 2007The Procter & Gamble CompanyImplement for treating hair and method of treating hair using the same
US9138039 *May 8, 2012Sep 22, 2015Sf3 LimitedHair styling device
US9615643Jun 11, 2013Apr 11, 2017Tf3 LimitedHair styling device
US9615644Mar 30, 2015Apr 11, 2017Tf3 LimitedHair styling device
US9629434Aug 3, 2016Apr 25, 2017Tf3 LimitedHair styling device
US9788625Mar 30, 2015Oct 17, 2017Tf3 LimitedHair styling device
US20040216759 *Nov 14, 2003Nov 4, 2004Elmer Simon JamesImplement for treating hair and method of treating hair using the same
US20140076351 *May 8, 2012Mar 20, 2014Sf3 LimitedHair styling device
Classifications
U.S. Classification132/206, 132/227, 132/207
International ClassificationA45D2/00, A45D2/14
Cooperative ClassificationA45D2/145
European ClassificationA45D2/14P