|Publication number||US1885165 A|
|Publication date||Nov 1, 1932|
|Filing date||May 7, 1931|
|Priority date||May 7, 1931|
|Publication number||US 1885165 A, US 1885165A, US-A-1885165, US1885165 A, US1885165A|
|Inventors||Willems George L|
|Original Assignee||Fifth Avenue Coach Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 1, 1932.
e. 1.. WILLEMS 1,885,165
ARMORED CASHIERS WICKET STRUCTURE Filed May 7, 1951 $Shets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR W %fm,
Nov. 1, 1932. G w 1,885,165
ARMORED CASHIERS WICKET STRUCTURE Filed May 7, 1951 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 mum/v" R Fgflg, 1:1 I
Nov. 1, 1932 (a. 1.. WiLLEMS ARMORED CASHIERS WICKET STRUCTURE a Sheefs-Sheec a //v Vii/V7016 I %z7/ f y Filed May '7, 1951 Patented Nov. 1 1932 UNITED TATES GEORGE- L. wILLEMs, onivnw roan, IN. -Y.-, ASSIGNOB' 'rorrr'rrr AVENUE COACH- COMPANX, A CORPORATION OF NEWYORK ARMORED cAsH IERs WICKET STRUCTURE This invention relates to the construction of cashiers booths-or windows, andthe like,
to enable transactions, such as the payment or the cashing of checks, to'be conducted'without exposing the cashier to successful attack byrobbers, and the invention is characterized may deliver the funds to the payee, the former.
will at all times be protectedfrom "a ttack or injury by fire arms or other weapons in the hand'sof-robbers; k V In the specification to follow, the-invention will be described in detaihandthenovel features thereof will be pointed out infthe appended claims.
' In the accompany ng drawings Fig. 1 is a perspective viewofa portion of awall of a cashiers booth'o'r cage and-a wicket structure therein, the same being con- "structed inaccordance with-my invention; 1 Fig.2 isa front elevation of the same on an enlarged scale, with parts in section;
. Fig. 3 is a vertical section through thesame withthe parts in one position; v Fig. 4 is a similar View with the parts in a 'v different position; and
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional view on the line 5-5 of Fig. 2; Referring to the drawings v 1. designates thefront wall'of a 'cashiers '35 booth or cage, containing a rectangular open-' ing therethrough in' which my improved wicket structure is mounted, thesaid structure comprising an oscillating wicketjmember ii, a casing 4 set in-the lower'part of the open- 549 ingin the wall and in which the oscillating "member is mounted, and a-p'anel-5 set'in-the opening at the sides'of and above the casing, thesaid parts being constructed of a material which will act as an-armor in resisting or preventingthe passage ofthe bpllets or'weapons therethrough.
The casing 4 is formed with a lower rectangularportion 6 and an upper curved portion 7, and is firmly fa'stenedin the lower part 'ofzthewa-ll opening, as-best shownfin Fig; 3,
which 'be described more fully later on.. ffjfT-hecasingis formed at the inn'er'side of Flxed within the casing between thetwdw A ncatibn m anayv, 1931. serial" No. 535,633.
f'where itlwill be seen that the lower rectangu-' V lar portion of the 'casingextendsbelow inner.
"andouter counters 7 and 8 projectinghorizontally from the wall, while the upper curved 7 portion of the casing projects above said counters. t .l
The panel5 before alluded-to, extends at the side'of the casing and vertically above the same in the upper portion of the wall opening 'andisof a detail-ed constructional form the-mu whereflthecashier stands, with an opening 9 whose. lower edge is flush'with thev lnner counter 7 and it is similarly formedat the outer side of'the'wall, with an'ope'ning 10 diametricallyj opposite 'the opening 9, and whose lower"edgeisfiush with the/outer openings9 and 10, is a-horizontal supporting shelf'l-l extending 'fiush with the inner and ,outer counters, to which shelf access may' be had alternately through the respective cas ingofpenings; This shelf is sup-portedonthe J5 uppergends of two standards '12, whose lower ends are-fastened to the bottoms of the easing, and is for the purp'oseof receiving the funds which the cashieris to to the'check holder, as will bemore fully describedlater. on
V ounted within the casingfandassociated with the shelf, is'the oscillating member 13' underjth e control. of the cashier and; adapted to control the openings inthe casing't, to the.
that access may. be had to the shelfby the cashier and payee respectively. This oscillating member is, in the present instance,
in the form of a;holloW.- drum-which is mountie'd tooscillate on a. horizontal axis ,bynieans in bearings 15 onthe ends of the casing,the
drum being formed with slots-15Fin which the standards 12 extend. V i 'The shelf llis situated wholly within the Y of studs; 14011 the iendsfof the drum journa lled" are bent up, as shown at 16, to fit within the ends of the drum.
The drum is provided with two openings 17 and 18 which are adapted, in the different positions, of the drum in the oscillations of the same, to register respectively with the openings 9 and 10 in the casing, and the distance between the drum openings is such that these openings will be caused to register with respective openings of the casing, by a movement of the drum through 90.
The relation of the drum openings to the casing openings is such that, when the drum is at the limit of its movement in one direction, as shown in Fig. 3, the opening 17 in the drum will register with the inner opening 9 in the casing, while the outer opening in the casing will he closed by the intact portion 19 of the drum; and when the drum is adj usted to the other limit of its movement, as shown in Fig. 4:, the opening 18 inthe drum .will be in register with the outer opening 10 of the casing, and the intact portion 20 of the drum will close over the inner opening 9 of the casing. In the position of the parts shown in Fig. 3, access is afforded to the shelf from the inner side of the booth wall, where the cashier stands, while access to the shelf from the opposite side of the wall is cut off; and in the position of the parts shown'ln Fig. 4, access to the shelf from the outer side of the wall, where the payee stands, is permitted, while access to the shelf by the cashier is shut off. The relation of the two sets of openings in the casing and drum is such that, at no point in the adjustment of the drum, can access be 'had to the shelf through both openings. in the casing, slnce the parts are so arranged that neither casing opening is uncovered before the other is completely covered. As a result, it is not posslble for a robber to reach into the cashiers booth, .nor to insert a fire arm or other weapon through the wall or wicket, norto shoot through the same.
For the purpose of oscillating the drum to adjust it to its different positions, it is provided at the inner side of the wall, with a handle 21 projecting into the cashiers booth, which handle extends'through a slot 22 in the casing and is limited in its movement respectively by the upper and lower ends of the slot. 7
In the operation of the parts so far described, in the payment of money by the cashier inside the booth to a payee on the outside of the same, the cashier moves the handle 21 down to horizontal position, as shown in Fig. 3, thereby oscillating the drum and adjusting the opening 17 therein in register with the inner opening 9 of the casing and causing the intact portion 19 of the drum to close over the outer opening 10 in the vcasin thereb closin all communication between the two sides of the wall. Access being now established to the shelf from the cashiers side of the wall through said registering openings, the cashier reaches through said openings and places the money on the shelf. He then swings the handle 21 upwardly to the position shown in Fig. i, thereof a main lower metallic portion 5 and an upper transparent section 5", the metallic portion being formed-to permit the passage of sound through the panel to admit of conversation being carried on between the cashier and payee, while the glass or transparent section affords a view from one side-of the wall to the other.
of bullets, while the metallic portion 5 of the panel will be constructed of metal of a' character to resist the penetration of bullets, and is provided with openings of such form and relation that, whileconversation may be carried o l-between thecashier and payee, the direct passage of objects, such as bullets, will be prevented. To ei'i ectthis object, the portion 5 of the panel may be variously constructed, but I prefer'to adopt the construction shown in Fig. 5,where it will be seen that it is made up of a series of vertical bars 5, angular or Vshaped in cross section' and interlapped with each other, with the apex of one. bar extending into the angle of the next bar, thereby presenting spaces or. openings between the bars, offering an indirect communication between the two sides of I i the panel.
To afford a view by the cashier to the outer counter 8, a bullet-proof or thick glass panel 28 is set in the metal panel 5 just over the casing 4; and a horizontal slot 24 is provided 1 in the metal panel between the glass panel 23 and top of the casing 4,.through which checks to he cashed may be passed by the payee to the cashier.
From the construction andarrangement of the parts described, it will be realized that the cashier is at all times and under all conditions, protected from successful attack by robbers and the like, and while being: able to see the party presenting the check to he 31 cashed, and while being able toconverse with him, and to receive the checks to be cashed from him and to deliver the funds repre sented by the check to the payee, at no time is there isa direct communication established 5 The transparent section 6* W111 be formed of bulletproof glass or glass of sufiiclent thickness to prevent the passage which a weapon may be passed or bullets shelf from the other side of the wall will be fired.
While in the foregoing description and accompanying drawings the invention has been set forth in the particular detailed. form and construction of parts which have been found to answer in practice the objects and aims sought, it will be understood that these details may be variously changed and modified without departing from the limits of the invention; and further, it will be understood that the invention is not limited to any particular form or construction of the parts, except in so far as such limitations are specified in the claims.
Having thus I claim is 1. In combination with a wall or partition,
a casing in said wall having openings through it respectively at opposite sides of the wall, a shelf to which access may be had from the opposite sides of the wall through the respective openings in the casing, a member oscillatable in the casing between the said openings and having portions adapted in the different positions of the member to cover and uncover the respective casing openings alternately;
whereby in the different positions of said member, access may be had from one side of the wall to the shelf, while access to said cut oil, and vice versa. 7 s o 2. The combination of elements specified in claim 1, characterized by the fact that the parts therein enumerated are formed of bul-' let-proof material.
3. The combination of elements specified I in claim 1, characterized by the fact that the shelf therein mentioned is fixed relatively to the casing. i
4. The combination of elements specified in claim 1, characterized by the fact that the openings in the casing are arranged diametrically opposite each other in a horizontal plane. 7
5. The combination of elements specified in claim 1, characterized by the fact that the member therein mentioned is oscillatable about a horizontal axis. i
6. The combination of" elements specified in claim 1, characterized by the fact that the oscillatable member is provided with a handle for operating it, which handle projects therefrom on one side of the wall.
7. The combination of elements specified in claim 1, characterized by the fact that the oscillatable member'therein mentioned is in the form of a drum, provided at intervals 3 with openings andintermediate intact portions, and adapted in its different positlons to cover and uncover the respective casing openings.
described my invention, what a drum oscillatable in said casing between said openings, said drum having two openings therethrough adapted in the different positions of the drum to register alternately with said openings in the casing; whereby in one posit-ion of the drum access may be had from one side of the Wall to the shelf through the opening in the casing at that side and through one of the registering openings in the drum, while access to the shelf from the other side of the wall will be cut ofi by the drum, and in another position of the drum access maybe had'to the shelf from the other side of the wall through the opening in the casing at that side and through the other registering opening in the drum, while access .to the shelf from the other side of the partition will be cut off by the drum.
9. The combination of elements specified in claim 8, characterized by the fact that the openings in the casing are arranged at diametrically opposite points in a horizontal plane above and adjacent the shelf, and that V in claim l, characterized by the fact that thewall therein mentioned is provided above the casing with a slot for the passage of pay checks or the like from oneside'of the wall to the other. 7 I
12. The combination of elements specified in'claim 1, characterized by the'fact that'the wall therein mentioned is provided above the caslng with a transparent bullet-proof partition.
13. The combination of elements specified in claiml, characterized by the fact thatthe wall therein mentioned isprovided adjacentv the casing with openings of a form which will prevent the direct passage of an object therethrough; whereby while a person on one side of the wall may converse with a person on the other side, the introduction of fire arms or the passage of bullets therethrough will be prevented- In testimony whereof, this specific ation' has been duly signed by: V
GEORGE L. WILLEMS.
a casing in said wall having openings through
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|US4149474 *||Oct 5, 1977||Apr 17, 1979||Ruane Richard M||Pass-box system for transferring items|
|US4251009 *||Apr 3, 1978||Feb 17, 1981||Mclaughlin Richard S||Security door assembly for an automatic document dispensing device|
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