US 1885492 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
NOV. 1, 1932. J, w, w 1,885,492
BASKET LINER Filed Aug. 31, 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet l J. w. TREW BASKET LINER Nov. 1, 1932.
Filed Aug. 31, 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Nov. '1, 1932 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE JAMES W. TREW, OE BALTIMORE, MARYLAND, -A SSIGNOR T JOHNS. RICE, 0F BIGLERVILLE, PENNSYLVANIA BASKET LINER Application filed August 31, 1929. Serial No. 389,807.
This invention relates to basket liners, and has for its object to provide a liner especially intended to'be used with baskets adapted to be filled with fruit or the like and which liner, in addition to providing an effective means to protect the contents of the basket from injury by coming in contact with the wall proper of the basket, also provides an effective medium in the packing of the fruit.
The invention cons sts in the details of con Struction and in the combination and arrangement of the several parts of my improved basket liner whereby certain important advantages are attained and the device s rendered simpler, less expensive and otherwise more convenient and advantageous for pse, as will be hereinafter more fully set orth.
The novel features of my invention will no hereinafter be definitely claimed.
in order that my invention may be the better understood, ll will now proceed to de scribe the same with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein :V
Figure 1 is a view in plan of a liner constructed in accordance with an embodiment oil my invention;
Figure 2 is a view in perspective of the liner as illustrated in Figure 1 1n assembled term;
Figure 3 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 3-3 of Figure 2;
Figure 4 is a fragmentary plan view illustrating a liner constructed in accordance with a further embodiment of my invention;
Figure 5 is an elevational view showing connected the end portions of the liner as illustrated in Figure 4;
Figure 6 is a sectional view taken substan- W tially on the line 6--6ot Figure 5;
F igure 7 is a view in plan of a still further embodiment of my invention;
Figure 8 is an elevational view showing in connection the end portions of the liner as 415 illustrated in Figure 7 and Figure 9 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 99 of Figure 8;
As illustrated in Figures .1 to 3, my improved liner L comprises a sheet of matefi rial, such as cardboard or the like, which dill possesses suflicient strength when applied within a basket to substantially eliminate breakage of the liner as a result of the ressure imposed thereon by the weight 0 the basket content, such as apples and the like. The liner L is preferably formed from a paper stock wherein the grain a is disposed in the general direction lengthwise of the liner, thus assuring the liner affording a strong wall not liable to breakage.
This disposition of the grain also causes the liner to have a natural tendency to readily open or spread out, thus facilitating the application of the liner in working position. The liner L is of a split type and in its initial or blank form has its curvature arranged on a radius determined by the size of the basket in which it is to be applied, so that when the end portions of the liner are in overlapping relation, said liner, as illustrated in Figure 2, 7 will substantiate a truncated cone to approach the internal contour of thesside wall of the basket in which the liner is applied and with which said liner is adapted to have close contact.
The liner L at one end portion but a ma terial distance inwardly of the adjacent end is provided with the transversely spaced, elongated openings or slots 1 having their longitudinal axes disposed lengthwise of the 30 blank, as particularly illustrated in Figured. The opposite end portion of the liner L is also provided with the transversely disposed openings 2, and in communication with the outer or forward portion of said openings'are the slits 3 leading from the outer marginal portions of the liner L and which result in the production of the oppositely and laterally disposed arms 4 integral with the liner L. With the end portion of the liner L in overon lapping relation, the arms 4 will be threaded through the openings or slots 1 and preferably with the arms 4 arranged inwardly of said assembled liner.
When the end portions of the liner L are so connected, the liner will simulate a continuone wall, but one which, due to the fact that the openings or slots 1 are each of a length materially in excess of the width of the arm 4 disposed therethrough, will permit a'degree In the embodiment of my invention as illustrated in Figures 4, and 6, one end portion of the liner L has associated there-with the arms 4: which are integrally connected with the liner L by the intermediate and centrally arranged neck 5 of desired length. These arms 4 are arranged for coaction with the -openings or slots 1' in the opposite end portion of the liner L in the same manner as hereinbefore set forth with respect to the embodiment of my invention as illustrated in Figures 1 to 3.
In the embodiment of my invention as illustrated in Figures 7 to 9, the liner L is provided in one end portion with th'" clongated openings or slots 1, through which is adapted to be directed the transversely disposed arm 4 extending a material distance across the liner L and integral therewith at its inner extremity.
The arm 4 in this embodiment of my 1nvention is produced through the medium of the transversely disposed slit '3' extending from one longitudinal marginal edge of the liner L to a desired point inwardly of the liner L. In assembly, as illustrated in Figures 8 and 9, this arm 4" is directed through the elongated openings or slots 1" and which openings or slots 1" are of a length materially in excess of the width of the arm 4". The arms 4, 4' and 4" purposes are substantially rigid.
From the foregoing description it is thought to be obvious that a basket liner constructed in accordance with my invention is particularly well adapted for use by reason of the convenience and facility with which it may be assembled and operated, and it will also be obvious that my invention is susceptible of some change and modification without departing from the principles and spirit thereof and for this reason I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to the precise arrangement and formation of the several parts herein shown in carrying out my invention in practice except as hereinafter claimed.
I claim 1. As a new article of manufacture, a split packing liner for use in packing fruit or the like having the ends adjustably connected together by a plurality of means located substantial distances from the longitudinal cenfor all practical ter line of the liner and on opposite sides of said center line, each means being integral with an end portion of the liner and interlocking with the opposite end portion whereby a degree of adjustment of the liner is secured in the application of a basket around a filled liner and expansion of said liner is allowed to accommodate it to the size of the basket, said means serving to maintain the filled liner in shape before the basket is applied.
2. As a new article of manufacture, a split packing liner for use in packing fruit and the like having a plurality of slots in one end portion, the slots being located substantial distances from the longitudinal center line of the liner and on opposite sides of said center line, and a plurality of tongues carried by the opposite end portion of the liner and inserted through said slots with end portions of the liner in overlapping relation, said slots and tongues being so shaped and proportioned as to permit slippage of the tongues in the slots to provide a degree of adjustability in assembling the basket over the filled liner and permit the liner to accommodate itself to the basket, said tongue and slot connection serving to maintain the filled liner in shape until the basket has been applied.
In testimony whereof I hereunto aflix my signature.
JAMES vW. TREW.