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Publication numberUS1885820 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 1, 1932
Filing dateJul 16, 1929
Priority dateJul 16, 1929
Publication numberUS 1885820 A, US 1885820A, US-A-1885820, US1885820 A, US1885820A
InventorsThomas J Gothard, Wunn Richard
Original AssigneeThomas J Gothard, Wunn Richard
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pumping apparatus
US 1885820 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. l, 1932. T. J. @ofi-@ARD E1 AL 385820 PUMPING APPARATUS Filed July 16, 1929 Patented Nev. Vl, 1932 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE THOMAS J. GOTHARD, F LOS ANGELES, AND RICHARD WUNN, 0F H'YNES, CALIFORNIA PUMPING APPARATUS Application led July 16, 1929. Serial No. 378,763.

Our invention relates to fluid operated pumps and particularly to a iiuid operated pump especially adapted for use in oil wells.

One of the objects of this invention is to .5 provide an apparatus designed so that the pressure line is and can be used for the production line.

Another object is to provide a balanced pumping apparatus operative near the bottom of a well or at least near the point from which matter is drawn so that the volume of matter produced in anyone stroke or certain distinctive opera-tion must be nearly equal to the pressure applied to the pumplng apparatus.

Another object is to provide an apparatus in which the operating volume represents a corresponding value to the operating force or y pressure applied to the apparatus.

Anothpr object is to provide a pumping apparatus made of a certain number of stages to operate with equally eliicient results inwells of different depths. v Another object is to provide a. pumping ap-paratus to operate at and with the same pressure o r force in wells .of different depths to result in practically the same production. Another object is to provide a pumping apparatus to operate under two practically Y equal volumes on the opposite operative sides of the apparatus so that the discharged volume or production alone comprises materially the value of lift of the apparatus 1n weight and difference in elevation.

Other objects will appear from the following description and appended claims as well as from the accompanying drawing, in which- Fig. 1 is a fragmentary longitudinal midsectional view of a simple pumping apparatus embodying our invention.

2 is a fragmentary side elevation of an operating mechanism connected to the upper ends of the pumping apparatus illustrated in Fig. 1.

The simple form of our invention, as shown in Fig. 1 of the drawing, includes an outer shell 8 which extends downwardly from a pipeor casing 4 within a well, the outer shell 8 being connected to the pipe4 by means of an upper partition 9. By means of a lower partition 10, an inlet valve casing 11 is secured to the lower end of the shell 8, this casing having an inlet opening 11a adapted to be closed by a check valve having the form of a ball 21.. Within the outer shell 8 an inner tubular member 12 extends between the upper and lower partitions 9 and 10. Surrounding the inner tubular member is an intermediate tubular member 13, and at4 proper intervals interconnecting nipples 14 are extended radially from the inner member 12 to the intermediate tubular member 13. and 13 form an axial structure within the pump casing or shell 8 in which are provided a central axial assage 12a and an annular passage 13a. upported on this central structure are stationary pistons 15 consisting of annular bodies secured to the intermediate tubular member 13; Cooperating with the stationary pistons 15 is a plunger 16 whichd is of tubular type and consists of a cylindrical shell 16a and radially inwardly projecting annular walls so placed as to formheads 17 a and 17 b. .The outer surface of the shell 16a engages the inner surface of the outer .shell 8 with such closeness that a practical seal is formed between the plunger 16 and the outer shell 8.

The upper end of the passages 23 and the upper end of the axial passage 12a constitute, respectively, primary and secondary fluid ports through which the pump mechanism communicates with the interior of the casing 4 and the interior of the oil tube 5. As previously herein explained, it is desirable to provide a means for draining the casing'4 before the casing is withdrawn from the well, and for this purpose we have provided a valve sleeve 51 adapted to be moved by the lower end of the oil tube 5 which re- .movably engages one of the ports of the pump, preferably thesecondary port formed by the upper end of the axial passage 12a.

All the several parts of the main housing of the pumping apparatus as well as of the plunger between the broken lines 18 and 19, forming a complete independent stage of the whole pumping apparatus, can either be left The inner and intermediate members 12v .lift by out or duplicated or mult lied to any exi tent depending entirely ont e requirements, as when to be used in more or less deep wells, to produce any desired'or required power or or while eventually not materially changin the pressure in the outside operating mecanism, as will be understood from further explanation given hereafter.

The lower partition wall 10 has a central opening therein containing a downwardly closin check valve 2O which communicates with t e lower end of the axial passage 12a. The u per and lower partition members are provi ed with vertical passages 23 and 27 for providin communication with the end ortions of t e interior of the outer shell 8. xtending downwardly within the casing 4 by 'which the outer shell 8 is suspended in a well, is an inner column pipe 5 having a head on its lower end provided with a conical engagement portion 46 adapted to engage a seat 47 in the upper face of the upper partition 9. The inner pipe 5 ma be lowered into the casing 4 after the casing has been assembled in the well, and the head 45 at the lower end thereof provides a means for connecting the interior of the inner pipe 5 with the axial passage 12a. Lugs 48 projectlng from the head 45 engage lugs 50 carried by loo a ring 51 forming a rotary valve for closing drainage openings 52 in the lower end of the casing 4. By rotating the sleeve or ring 51, it is possible to bring openings 53 therein into engagement with the openings 52 of the casing 4 and to thereby drain from the interlor of the casing 4 the column of oil which resides therein. Liftin the central pipe 5 so as to remove the hea 45 from engagement with the seat 47 will result in drainage of the inner ipe 5. This eliminates possibility of a wet Job in pulling the pump.

The pressure of fluid in the annular space 54 Within the casing 4 and surrounding the inner member 5 is transmitted in the direc- 1- tion ofthe arrows 22 through the passa es 23 linto the upper pumping pressure cham er 556 above the head 17 6 within the outer shell 8. Between the respective heads 17a and 17 and the stationary pistons 15 thereabove, pumping pressure chambers 55aand 55 are formed. All of the pressure chambers 55, 55a and 556 communicate through radial openings 56 with the annular space 13a within the central stationary struct-ure of the pump. The nipples 14 provide radial passages 57 connecting between the axial passage 12a and retracting pressure chambers 58 and 58a formed below the plunger heads 17a and 17 6. Between the lower plunger head 17 and the lower partition 10 a pumping cylinder 60 is formed which communicates through the axial passages 27 with the oil inlet passage 61 formed between the inlet valve casing 11 and the lower partition'- wall 10.

The upper end of the inner pi e 5 communicates through piping 62 with t e seconda port 63 of a slide valve mechanism 7 in whic valve pistons 33 and 34 are moved by means of a rod 64 having a quick throw mechanism 42 attached toits outer end. The upper end of the casing 4 is connected through fittings 65 with a cylinder 6 having a piston 32 therein from which a piston rod66 extends outwardlyv through the wall of the cylinder. The rightward end of the cylinder 6 is connected by means of a pipe 67 with the primary port 68 of the slide valve mechanism 7. A pump 37 driven by a motor 38 forces fluid under pressure through piping v70 into the slide valve mechanism 7. The operation of the pumpingl mechanism shown is substantially as follows:

Assuming that the plunger 16 is in raised position and that the complete interior structure of the pumping mechanism is filled with oil, iiuid under pressure from-the pump 37 is directed through the slide valve mechanism into the rightward end of the cylinder 32, where it forces the piston 32 in leftward direction. This movement of the piston 32 exerts pressure through the fitting 65 on the column of oil in the space 54, which pressure is in turn exerted through the passages 23, 13a, and 56, against the upper faces of the plunger heads 17, 17a, and 176, causing the plunger to move downwardly and to force the oil in the pumping cylinder 60 downwardly through the passages 27 into the inletl chamber 61 and to force the oil from the inlet chamber 61 up through the check valve 20 into the axial passage 12a. At the same time the downward movement of the heads 17a and 176 collapses the retracting pressure chambers 55 and 55a so as to force oil therefrom into the axial passage 12a, causing an upward movement of oil through the central pipe 5 and an overiow of the excess oil therefrom through the pipe 62, the port 63 of the slide valve mechanism, and the outlet 72 thereof. As the piston 32 approaches the leftward end of the cylinder 6, a collar 40 on the rod 66 engages the upper end of a lever 39, causing its lower end to exert rightward pressure against a pin 4l carried on the piston rod 64 so as to move the istons 33 and 34 in rightward direction. hen the rightward movement of the piston rod 64 has been carried through a predetermined distance, the quick throw mechanism 42 operates to quickly move the rod 64 in rightward direction so as to throw the pistons 33 and 34 into the positions indicated by dotted lines 71, thereby bringing the pressure pipe 70 of the pump 37 into communication with the pipe 62 and bringing the rightward end of the cylinder 6 into communication with the outlet port 73 of the valve mechanism 7. -The pressure of the pum 37 is in this manner transferred to thel co umn of oil within the inner pipe 5 so that an excessive pressure is exerted throu h the passages 57 against the lower faces cfg the pistons 17 a and 17?), causing the lifting of the plunger 16 to the raised position in which it is shown in Fig. 1.

The check valve 20 being closed, the foot valve 21 opens, and oil from the well is drawn into the inlet chamber 61 and the pumping cylinder 60. The raising of the plunger 16 also results in oil being forced from the pumping pressure chambers 55, a, and 556 so as to produce an upward movement of oil in the space 54, with the result that the piston 32 is moved rightwardly, the oil in the rightward portion thereof is discharged through the pipe 67 and the ports 68 and 73, and the lever 39 is actuated in conjunction with the quick throw mechanism 42 to return the pistons 33V and 34 to their initial positions, in which they are shown in full lines in Fig. 2, thereby again placing the piston 32 and the column of oil in the space 54 under pumping pressure. This cycle of operation automatically continues as long as no gas pockets are formed and the pump 37 is kept in operation.

The pump mechanism hereinbefore disclosed is operated by hydrostatically balanced columns of oil, and reciprocation of the plunger 16 is accomplished by alternately placing an excess of pressure on these columns of oil. The multiple piston construction enables the plunger 16 to be made of any desired length and with any number of heads thereon in accordance with the depth of the well and the pumping conditions e11- countered. The actual pumping of oil is accomplishcd by change of size of the pumping cylinder which is situated at the lower end of the pump structure adjacent to the inlet opening and the inlet chamber through which oil is drawn i-n from the well.

A feature of the invention also exists in the use of a central or axial passage 12a'l through which oil is conducted from the pumping cylinder 60 through the zone of the remaining parts of the pumping mechanism into a pipe which conducts the pumped oil to the surface of the ground. When it is desired to remove the pump from the well, rotation of the inner pipe 5 will accomplish opening of the drain ports 52 in the manner hereinabove described.

Having thus described our invention, we claim:

1. A Huid operated pump of the character described, including: an outer shell adapted to be secured to the lower end of a casing; an inner tubular member within said outer shell, there being an annular pumping cylinder formed between the lower parts of said outer shell and said inner tubular member; a check valve at the lower end of said inner tubular member; an inlet valve; walls providing paswith said check valve and said inlet valve; an annular pumping piston in said pumping cylinder; and hydraulic means above said piston and between said outer shell and said inner tubular member for reciprocating said annular pumping piston.

2. A Huid operated pump of the character described, including: an outer shell adapted to be secured to the lower end of a casing ;an inner tubular member Within said outer shell, there being an annular pumping cylinder' formed between the lower parts of said outer shell and said inner tubular member; a check valve for preventing reverse How from said inner tubular member; an inlet valve; walls providing .passage means connecting said pumping cylinder with said inlet valve and the lower end of said tubular member; an annular pumping piston in said pumping cylinder, said pumping piston sliding on said inner tubular member; and hydraulic means above said piston and between said outer shell and said inner tubular member for reciprocating said annular pumping piston.

3. A iuidoperated pump of the character described, including: an outer shell adapted to be secured to the lower end of acasing; an inner tubular member within said outer shell,

there being an annular pumping cylinder formed between said outer shell and said inner tubular member; a check valve for preventing reverse flow from said inner tubular member; an inlet valve; walls providing passage means connecting said pumping cylinder with said inlet valve and the lower end of said tubular member; an annular pumping plunger in the annular space between said shell and said inner tubular member consisting of a cylindrical wall having 'an annular pumping head projecting radially inwardly from the lower end thereof in said pumping cylinder; an annular pressure head projecting radially inwardly at the upper end of the annular pumping plunger; a stationary annular piston extending outwardly from said inner tubular member in position between said upper and lower heads of said pumping plunger, forming within said pumping plunger a pumping pressure chamber and a retracting pressure chamber, there being also a pumping pressure chamber above said upper head of said annular plunger; and wall means in said pump providing passages for delivery of fluid under pressure to said pumping pressure chambers and said retracting pressure chamber.

4. A fluid operated pump of the character described, including: an outer shell adapted to be secured to the lower end of a casing; an inner tubular member within said outer shell, there being an annular pumping cylinder formed between said outer shell and said inner tubular member ;a check valve for pre- Ventingreverse flow from said inner tubular member; an inlet Valve; walls providing passage means connecting said pum ing cylinder with said inlet valve and the ower end of said tubular member; an annular pumping pumping ead projecting radially inwardly from the lower end thereof in said pumping cylinder; an annular pressure head projecting radially inwardlyat the upper end of the annular pumping plunger; a stationary annular piston exten ing outwardly from said inner tubular member in position between said upper and lower heads of said pumping plunger, forming within said A pumping plunger a pumping pressure chamber and a retracting pressure chamber, therebeing also a pumping pressure chamber above said upper head of said annular plunger; wall means in said pump providing passages for delivery of fluid under pressure to said pumping pressure chambers and said retracting pressure chamber; and a iuid pipe extending upwardly from said pump and from the upper end of said inner tubulammember.

5. A fluid operated pump of the character described, including: an outer shell' adapted to be secured to the lower end of a casing; an inner tubular member within said outer shell, there being an annular pumping cylinder formed between said outer shell and said inner tubular member; a check valve for preventing reverse flow from said inner tubular member; an inlet valve; walls providing passage means connecting said pumping cylinder with said inlet valve and the lower end of said tubular member; an annular pumping plunger in the annular space between said shell and said inner tubular member consisting of a cylindrical wall having an annular pumping head projecting radially inwardly from the lower end thereof in said pumping cylinder and a plurality of annular pressure heads extending inwardly above said annular pumping head, there being spaces between said annular heads; stationary annularpistons projecting outwardly from said inner tubular member into said spaces between said heads so as to form in said pumping plunger pumping pressure chambers and retractiug pressure chambers, there being a pumplng pressure chamber above the uppermost of sa] d annular pressure heads; and wall means in said ump providing passages for delivery of iuld under pressure to said pumping pressure chambers and said retracting pressure chambers. l

6. Ailuid operated pump of the character described, including: an outer shell adapted to be secured to the lower end of a casing; an inner tubular member vwithin said outer shell, there being an annular pumping cylinder formed between said outer shell and said inner tubular member; a check valve for preventing reverse flow from said inner tubular member; an inlet valve; walls providing passage means connectingsaid pumping cylinder with` said inlet valve and the lower end of said tubular member; an annular pumping plunger in the annular space between said shell and said inner tubular mem- Y ber Aconsisting of a cylindrical wall havingv an annular pumping ead projecting radially inwardly from the lower end thereof in said pumping cylinderand a plurality of annular pressure heads extendin inwardly above said annular pumping hea there being spaces between said annular heads; stationary annular pistons projecting outwardly from said inner tubular member into said spaces between said heads so as to form in said .pumping plunger pumping pressure chambers and retractingv pressure chambers, there being a pumping .pressurel chamber above the uppermost of said annular pressure heads; wall means in said pump providing passages for delivery of uid under pressure to said pumping pressure chambers and said retracting pressure chambers; and a iuid pipe extending upwardly from said pump and from the upper end of said inner tubular member.V

7 A fluid operated pump of the character descrbed, including: an outer shell adapted to be secured to a casing; an annular plunger in said shell consisting of a cylindrical wall having an annular, inwardly projecting pumping head at its lower end and an annular, inwardly projecting head above said pumping head; a stationary annular piston in the space between said heads of said plunger; an innerl tubular member extending through said plunger and supporting said stationary piston, said tubular member having a primary passage communicating with the space above said stationary piston and a secondary passage communicating with the space between said stationary piston and said annular pumping head and with the space above said ressure head; and wall means for delivery o Huid under pressure to said primary and secondary passages of said inner tubular member.

8. A iuid operated pump of the character described, including: an outer shell adapted to be secured to the lower end of a casmg; an'annular pumping plunger in said shell having a plurality of annular heads projecting inwardly therefrom, there being annular spaces between said heads; an inner tubular member extending through said plunger, said inner tubular member having stationary annular pistons projecting into the spaces between saidheads of said plunger so as to form pumping pressure chambers andretracting pressure chambers, there being a pumping cylinder formed below the lowermost of said heads of said plunger, said inner tubular member having a primary passage communicating with said retracting pressure chambers and a secondary passage comunicating with said pumping pressure chambers; means for delivering Huid under pressure to said primary and secondary passages of said inner tubular member; a check valve at the lower end of said primary passage of said inner tubular member; an inlet valve; and walls forming passage means connecting said pumping cylinder with said inlet valve and said check valve.

9. A fluid operated pump of the character described, including: an outer shell adapted to be secured to the lower end of a casing; an annular pumping plungerin said shell having a plurality of annular heads projecting inwardly therefrom, there being annular spaces between said heads; an inner tubular member extending through said plunger, said inner tubular member having stationary annular pistons projecting into the spaces between said heads of said plunger so as to form pumping pressure chambers and retracting pressure chambers, there being a pumping cylinder formed below the lowermost of said heads of said plunger, said inner tubular member having a primary passage communicating with said retracting pressure chambers and a secondary passage communicating with said pumping pressure chambers an inner Huid pipe extending down through said casing and connecting to said primary passage; walls connecting said secondary passage to the interior space of said casing around said inner Huid pipe; a check valve at the lower end of said primary passage of said inner tubular member; an inlet valve; and walls forming passage means connecting said pumping cylinder with said inlet valve and said check valve.

10. A fluid operated pump of the character described, including: an outer shell adapted to be secured to the lower end of a casing; an annular pumping plunger in said shell having a plurality of annular heads projecting inwardly therefrom, there being annular spaces between said heads; an inner tubular member extending through said plunger, said inner tubular member having stationary annular pistons projecting into the spaces between said heads of said plunger so as to form pumping pressure chambers and retracting pressure chambers, there being a pumping cylinder formed below the lowermost of said heads of said plunger, said inner tubular member baving'a primary passage communieatin g with said retracting pressure chambers and a secondary passage communicating with said pumping pressure chambers; upper and lower partition walls supporting said inner tubular member within said shell, there being passages in said upper partition wall connecting theinterior of said casing with said secondary passage, and there being passages ing down within said casing and connecting to the upper end .of said prlmary passage of said inner tubular member; a check valve for controlling the flow through the lower end of said primary passage; an inlet valve;

and walls forming passage means connecting said passages of said lower partition wall with said inlet valve and said check valve..

In testimony that we claim the foregolng as our invention we 4have signed our names. 5

THOMAS J GOTHARD. RICHARD WUN N.

in said lower partition wall leading from said pumping cylinder; an inner Huid pipe extend-

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2726605 *Nov 1, 1952Dec 13, 1955William F TebbettsGas lift for wells
US3734648 *Nov 12, 1971May 22, 1973Nielson JMechanical heart system
US4373873 *May 4, 1981Feb 15, 1983Kofahl William MHydrostatic and oil well pump
US4861239 *Jun 13, 1988Aug 29, 1989Rent, Ltd.High efficiency pump method and apparatus with hydraulic actuation
US7242103Feb 3, 2006Jul 10, 2007Welldynamics, Inc.Downhole electrical power generator
US7484566Aug 3, 2006Feb 3, 2009Welldynamics, Inc.Pulse width modulated downhole flow control
US7785080May 30, 2006Aug 31, 2010Welldynamics, Inc.Downhole ram pump
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US20060175052 *Feb 3, 2006Aug 10, 2006Tips Timothy RFlow regulator for use in a subterranean well
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US20060266513 *May 30, 2006Nov 30, 2006Welldynamics, Inc.Downhole ram pump
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WO2006130140A1 *May 31, 2005Dec 7, 2006Welldynamics, Inc.Downhole ram pump
Classifications
U.S. Classification417/400, 417/383
International ClassificationF04B47/04
Cooperative ClassificationF04B47/04
European ClassificationF04B47/04