|Publication number||US1887113 A|
|Publication date||Nov 8, 1932|
|Filing date||Nov 9, 1931|
|Priority date||Nov 9, 1931|
|Publication number||US 1887113 A, US 1887113A, US-A-1887113, US1887113 A, US1887113A|
|Original Assignee||Henry Bartels|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 8, 1932. H. BARTELs MEANS FOR ATTACHING TILE FACINGS TO WLLS 4 ligt? im Flled Nov 9 1931 Patented Nov. 8, 1932 PATENT OFFICE HENRY BAR'IELS, oFYCHIoAGo, ILLINOIS MEANS Fon ATIAOIIING TILE FAcINGs To wALLs Application filed November 9, 1931. Serial No. 573,842.
This invention relates in general to wall facings, but particularly toV an limproved means whereby a tile facing can'be secured to a wall which has already been plastered or finished.
Heretofore when it has been desired to set tile in a wall that 'has previously been finished, it has beennecessary totear out or remove the' old plaster and` laths, with its attendant dust and dirt, and then nail or secure metal laths or sheets of expanded material to the wall supporting structure, after which the various coats of plaster are built up and the tile applied or set. ThisV method also requires considerable time and is somewhat expensive. l
It is one of the objects of the present invention to apply tile to a wall which has already been constructed, without necessitating chopping away or removing any portion of the wall or surface.l y
To the attainment of these ends and the accomplishment of other new and useful objects as will appear, the invention consists in the features of novelty in substantially the construction, combination 'Y and arrang'e ment of the severalv parts hereinafter more fully described and claimed and shown in the accompanying drawing illustrating this invention, and in which Y f Figure 1 is a perspectiveview of aportion of a wall structure showing ythe manner e of securing tiles thereto according to the principles' of this invention, and with portions in elevation, portions in section and portions.
v Figure 1, to form angles 16-17 to fity into broken away.
Figure 2 is a vertical, sectional, View of one portionof the wall, taken on line 2-2,
, floor, or to form angles 20 to be bent around Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a vertical, sectional view of anf other' portion of the Wall, taken on line 3 3,
f Figure f1 1s an elevation of a portion ofthe reinforcing' andl supporting net work.V
Referring more particularly to the drawing thenumeral 10 designates generally the usual studding, and 11 the laths of a wall construction to which the usual coatingof i plaster' 12 is applied, andl whichcoating formsthe finished wall structure of a buildmesh 15.
ing. This coating 12 is applied. in the usual manner and in instances Where the'wall has been provided with a finish coating so as to render the same non-porous or waterproof, the tile may be secured thereto 'without the 55 application of any Yfurther coating on' the wall. In instances where the wall surface is finished in the rough and is 'quite porous, a coating of shellao or other material maybe applied theretoto fill up the pores and render the same moisture-proof. If desired, however, a sheet of suitable paper or other material may be applied to the wall over' the survface adjacent which the tile is to besecured so as to render the wall impervious to mois- 5 However, in many buildings where it is desired to make use of the present invention, the walls have generallybeen finished either by a coating of paint, calcimine, or other ma-l terial,l and in suchY instances the presentA invention may be applied Withoutv applying any further coating to they wall.
In carrying this invention into' operation there is provided a grille work, preferably in the form of wire constructed of vertical wires 13 and horizontal wirespl/i intersecting each other and spaced from each other for any desired distance to form any desired size of These Wires 13 and 14 may be of S0 any desired diameter, but are preferably of a small diameter and the wires are of suiiicient stoutness vso that they will maintain their shape, but are pliable toan eXtentto permit the wires to be bent as shown in corners 18 in the wall structure'and 19 at the base of the wall,'where the wall abuts the corners 21 formed in the wall structure. 4 90 The upright wires 13 are of a sufficient length preferably to terminate ,adjacent the top of the tile to be applied and adj acentthe floor QQas shown at 23 in Figure 1,for they may be of a length that the lower end 24:v thereof may be deflected laterally to project over the floor. y
The horizontal Wires 14 are preferably arranged on the front face of the uprights 13, that is on the face of the upright Wires opposite to the face Which stands adjacent the wall 12 and secured to the rear face of the grille Work are horizontal wires 25 arranged intermediate the horizontal Wires 14.
The wires 25 are of a diameter considerably greater than the diameter of the horizontal Wires 14 so that when the grille work is placed against the face of the wall 12, the wires 25 will rest against the surface of the wall as shown in Figures 2 and 3, to hold the grille work spaced from the face of the wall 12, and the whole structure is secured in position by means of suitable fastening devices 26 in the form of staples which pass over the horizontal wires 25 and enter the studs 10 or the laths 11.
Any number of these fastening devices 26 may be employed and the wires 25 are preferably of a length to extend across the space between adjacent studs 10.
The wires 25 are preferably constructed in predetermined lengths and the proximate ends of the adjacent wires 25 are spaced from each other as at 27, so as not to interfere with the bending of the Wires 14 or, if desired, the wires 25 may be continuous and if continuous may be bent to forni angles 28 adapted to enter the corners of adjacent walls.
The grille work thus formed is secured in position against the wall by simply placing the grille Work against the wall and inserting the fastening devices 26. The Wires 25 being of a predetermined diameter, will hold the grille work spaced from the face of the wall to provide a suitable space for the plaster 29 behind the grille work. The plasterv or plastic material 29 is applied to the wall 12 in the ordinary and usual manner preferably by means of a trowel or other suitable device and is of a sufficient thickness to entirely cover the grille Work including the rods 25 of the larger diameter, and any suitable thickness of plastic material may be applied. The tiles 30 are then applied to the face of this plastic material 29 and set or pounded down in a manner Well known in this art.
The rods 25 also serve the purpose of preventing the plasticV material from settling down or sliding behind the grille work.
It will be manifest that with this invention a. tile facing may be readily applied to a wall which has previously been completed, expeditiously and without necessitating chopping out or removing any of the previously completed wall and by reason of the fact that the plastic material 29 will be held from settling down or sliding behind the tile, the wall surface 12 even though it may settle and form cracks behind the tile facing, will be concealed from vi ew and the tile will not be affected thereby.
While the preferred form of the invention has been herein shown and described, it is to be understood that various changes may be made in the details of construction and in the combination and arrangement of the several parts, within the scope of the claims, without departing from the spirit of this invention.
What is claimed as new is:
l. A tile facing for plaster walls compris- J ing a section of grille Work disposed directly adjacent the surface of a wall and in spaced relation thereto, fastening means for securing the grille Work in position, plastic material contacting the surface of the wall and #-5 embedding saidrgrille work, and tiles secured in position by said plastic material and covering said grille work, said grille Work embodying spaced horizontal and upright rods arranged in intersecting planes, some of said 3 horizontal rods being of a greater diameter than others of the horizontal rods and abutting the wall surface to hold the remaining portion of the grille Work spaced from the M wall and operating to maintain the plastic Y) material against sagging.
2. A tile facing for plastic Walls comprising a section of grille work disposed directly adjacent the surface of a wall and in spaced relation thereto, fastening means for securing the grill work in position, plastic material contacting the surface of the Wall and embedding said grille Work, and tiles secured in position by said plastic material and covering said grille work, said grille work embody- 3') ing spaced horizontal and upright rods arranged in intersecting planes, some of said horizontal rods being of a greater diameter than others of the horizontal rods and abutp ting the wall surface to hold the remaining 1G portion of the grille work spaced from the wall, and also serving to prevent the said plastic material from settling down behind the grill work and tile. I
3. A tile facing for plaster walls comprising an apertured supporting and reinforcing structure, disposed adjacent the surface of the wall, means carried by said reinforcing structure for holding said structure spaced from the Wall, said means embodying an element secured to, projecting from and extending along the rear face of said structure for a substantial distance, means for securing the structure in position, a plastic material cover. ing said supporting structure and embedding the same, the said element also operating to prevent sagging of the plastic material, and tile secured in position over said structure, by the said plastic material. Y g 4. A tile facing for plaster walls comprislng an apertured supporting and reinforcing structure disposed adjacent the surface of a Wall and in spaced relation thereto, means for securing the structure in position, a plastic material ap lied to the wall over said struc- 12 ture and ein edding the latter, means carried by the reinforcing structure, projecting from, extending for a substantial distance along the rear face thereof and substantially filling the space between said reinforcing structure and the proximate face of the wall and operating to maintain the plastic material from settling down behind the said supporting and reinforcing structure, and tile secured in position by said plastic material and over the said supporting and reinforcing structure.
5. A tile facing for plaster Walls comprising a section of grille work disposed directly adjacent the face of said Wall and in spaced relation thereto, fastening means for securing the grille Work in position, plastic material contacting the surface of the Wall and em bedding said grill Work, and tiles secured in position by said plastic material and covering said grille Work, said grille work embodying rods extending across the rear face of the grill Work and arranged in intersecting planes, some of said rods being of reater diameter than others of the rods and a utting the Wall surface to hold the remaining portion of the grille Work spaced from the wall the said rods of larger diameter extending across the space between adjacent studs of the structure to which the tile is to be secured, for reinforcing and preventing bulging of the grille Work adjacent said space and for supporting the plastic structure.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification, on this 6th day of November, A. D. 1931.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3142938 *||Oct 11, 1963||Aug 4, 1964||Elwood L Eberhardt||Wall structure|
|US5546708 *||Sep 23, 1993||Aug 20, 1996||Efstratis; Eleftherios T.||Self-leveling countertop underlayment|
|US6105335 *||Nov 23, 1998||Aug 22, 2000||The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of Energy||Sustainable wall construction and exterior insulation retrofit technology process and structure|
|U.S. Classification||52/385, 52/275, 52/454|