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Publication numberUS1889129 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 29, 1932
Filing dateNov 28, 1930
Priority dateMay 15, 1930
Publication numberUS 1889129 A, US 1889129A, US-A-1889129, US1889129 A, US1889129A
InventorsChristian Nielsen
Original AssigneeSmidth & Co As F L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hammer mill
US 1889129 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 29, 1932. NlELsEN 1,889,129

HAMMER MILL Filed Nov. 28, 1950 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 NOV. 29, 1932. N L N' 1,889,129

I HAMMER MILL Filed NOV. 28, 1950 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Nov. 29, 1932 UNITED STATES PATENT- ,OFFICE T CHRISTIAN NIELSEN, 0F COPENHAGEN, DENMARK, ASSIGNOR TO F. L. SMIDTH. 8::

NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPQBATION OF NEW JERSEY V HAMMER MILL Application filed November 28, 1930, Serial No. 498,617, and in Great Britain May 15, 1930.

This invention relates to mills adapted for the crushing or pulverizing of ores, cement raw materials and the like and especially to mills of the type known as hammer mills.

In the usual type of hammer mills as used for crushing limestone shale, ore and other materials, the hammers, as is well known, are arranged about a rapidly rotating shaft and revolve with it with their working faces in operative relation with an anvil or grate and the hammer action of the mill and also its capability of operating upon large pieces of rock or the like increase with the weight of the hammers. In order to provide for the use of hammers of sufficient weight it has been necessary, in the case of hammer mills of large output and which have to operate upon large pieces of material, to increase the volume of the hammers to such an extent that it has been difficult to produce such large hammers by forging, it being impossible to forge the material of the hammer throughout and difficult to harden the hammers satisfactorily. Difiiculties also occur when the hammers are cast, as segregation and the formation of blow holes are liable to occur in the interior of heavy castings. A further serious drawback is the loss in material which is caused by the frequent replacement of the hammers which have been worn to such an extent as to be no longer suitable for efiicient operation and have to be discarded.

It is the object of the present invention to obviate the difiiculties above referred to.

In accordance with the invention the hammers are formed as hollow castings, and by casting the hammers with sufficiently large cavities the formation of blowholes in the material is avoided and the mass can be thoroughly hardened. The cavity of the casting is of greatest volume adjacent the point of suspension of the hammers so as to reduce the waste of material when worn hammers have to be replaced. A further economy in material is obtained in that the hammers are so supported as to be capable of being moved towards their grinding surface when they have been worn and for this purpose they are mounted on eccentric bushings. By this arrangement the hammering action is increased while the solid material of the hammers can be utilized to a greater extent before it is necessary to change them.

The invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein Figure 1 shows a cross section of a portion of a hammer mill.

Figure 2 is a side view of one of the hammers.

gigure 3 is a sectional view of a hammer, an

Figure 4 is a detail view, partly in section, showing the formation and support of one of the hammers of a mill, a portion of the supporting and actuating shaft being shown in elevation.

As will be seen from the drawings, and more particularly from Figures 1 and 4, the hammers 1 are pivotally hung in arms 2 keyed to the rotary shaft 3 of the mill. During the rotation of the shaft 3 and the revolution of the hammers 1 the material is crushed partly against an anvil 4 and partly against grate bars 5. Each hammer, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, consists of a substantially large hammer head 1 and a shaft 6. The

shaft 6 is provided with studs 7 so that the hammer may be mounted pivotally in the arms 2 and preferably in eccentric bushes 9 in the arms 2.

In accordance with the invention, the hammers are made hollow, as indicated at 8, such hollowing of the hammer making it possible to produce a hammer which will have the greatest possible hammering action with the smallest possible amount of material. As will be seen in Figure 3, the cavity 8 is axially longitudinal with respect to the hammer and is larger in the shaft 6 than in the head of the hammer and is open at each end through suitable passages. As will be seen in Figure 4, the pivots 7 of the hammer 1 are mounted in eccentric bushings 9 supported in the arms 2. These eccentric bushings are capable of adjustment so that as the hammers are Worn they may be approached towards the anvil 4- and the grate bars 5 and consequently may have a longer useful life.

I claim as my invention:

A hammer mill having a pivotally mounted and axially elongated hammer supported about a rotary shaft, the hammer having a shank portion and a head larger than the shank portion, each hammer having an axially longitudinal cavity with its volume larger in the shank of the hammer than in the head of the hammer and adjacent the point of suspension of the hammer, the cavity being open at each end. i

This specification signed this 12th day of November, A. D. 1930.

CHRISTIAN NIELSEN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3044718 *Aug 21, 1958Jul 17, 1962Sackett & Sons Co A JChain hammer mill
US3129929 *Jun 12, 1961Apr 21, 1964George Calvert A IRotary impact curb breaker
US3278126 *Sep 17, 1963Oct 11, 1966Abex CorpHammers
US5497950 *Jul 11, 1994Mar 12, 1996Schroedl; HermannRotor for a disintegrating machine
US5842653 *Jan 24, 1997Dec 1, 1998Global Processing Systems, Inc.Slow speed hammermill for size reduction of wood chips
US5863003 *Apr 24, 1996Jan 26, 1999Smith; Leward M.Waste processing machine
US5904306 *Oct 2, 1997May 18, 1999Global Processing Systems, Inc.Slow speed hammermill for size reduction of wood chips
US6016855 *Mar 4, 1999Jan 25, 2000Tramor, Inc.Hood assembly for a wood chipper
US6032707 *Dec 22, 1998Mar 7, 2000Tramor, Inc.Drum assembly for a wood chipper
US6036125 *Dec 22, 1998Mar 14, 2000Tramor, Inc.Wood chipper
US6047912 *May 1, 1998Apr 11, 2000Smith; Leward N.Break-away processing tool for a waste processing machine
US6059210 *Jan 20, 1999May 9, 2000Smith; Leward N.Rotor assembly for a waste processing machine
US6299082May 1, 1998Oct 9, 2001Leward N. SmithWaste processing machine
US6357684Oct 31, 2000Mar 19, 2002Tramor, Inc.Adjustable tension feed wheel assembly for a wood chipper
US6517020Sep 8, 2000Feb 11, 2003Leward N. SmithReplaceable raker assembly for processing tool of waste processing machine
US6591973Jun 4, 2001Jul 15, 2003Leward N. SmithSideboard assembly for waste processing machine
US6729567May 21, 2002May 4, 2004Tramor, Inc.Side feed wheel assembly for wood chipper
US6804871Apr 30, 2003Oct 19, 2004Leward Nile SmithMethod for aligning clutch assembly
US6814320May 24, 2002Nov 9, 2004Tramor, Inc.Reversing automatic feed wheel assembly for wood chipper
US6845931Oct 3, 2001Jan 25, 2005Leward Nile SmithMulti-functional tool assembly for processing tool of waste processing machine
US6955310Oct 15, 2002Oct 18, 2005Tramor, Inc.Remote control assembly for wood chipper
US7007874Feb 18, 2002Mar 7, 2006Leward Nile SmithShroud assembly for waste processing machine
US7121485Jan 25, 2005Oct 17, 2006Leward Nile SmithMulti-functional tool assembly for processing tool of waste processing machine
US7163166Jan 27, 2005Jan 16, 2007Leward Nile SmithRotatable assembly for machines
US7384011May 3, 2006Jun 10, 2008Leward Nile SmithMulti-functional tool assembly for processing tool of waste processing machine
US7726594Feb 5, 2007Jun 1, 2010Leward Nile SmithMulti-functional tool assembly for processing tool of material processing machine
US8033490Sep 15, 2010Oct 11, 2011Genesis Iii, Inc.Hammer
US8109303Apr 26, 2007Feb 7, 2012Tramor, Inc.Stump grinder having an automatic depth control system
US8141804May 24, 2010Mar 27, 2012Genesis Iii, Inc.Curved hammer
US8708263Nov 4, 2010Apr 29, 2014Roger T. YoungHammer
DE102007000835A1 *Oct 9, 2007Apr 16, 2009Hazemag & Epr GmbhBrechwerkzeug für eine Brechvorrichtung
Classifications
U.S. Classification241/195
International ClassificationB02C13/00, B02C13/28
Cooperative ClassificationB02C13/28
European ClassificationB02C13/28