US 1889829 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
3 c. w. GOVIER ET AL 1,889,829
PRINTERS' COLLATING STAND Filed Oct. 1. 1931 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 JII Killlllllllllllfllin.lunummmmuw Lnni i.
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PRINTER S COLLATING STAND Filed Oct, 1. 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet z 11v VENTORS H v 7 C77- 1 BY .W. I ,l EQIATITORNEK Patented Dec. 6, 1932 CHARLES w. GOVIER, or BROOKLYN, ANID J'OHN w. REID, or reun ans VILLAGE, NEW "roan, ASSIGNORS T0 nnsenn'rnensa LINorYrn COMPANY, A CORPORATION or NEW YORK PBINTERS COLLATIHG STAND Application filed ()ctoberl l, 1931. Serial No. 566,206.
size in the difl'erent lines of printing, and
sometimes a diversity of type face.
A brief description of the present stystem employed in setting up type matter for an advertisement will help to give a clearer understanding of the advantages derived from the present invention. A copy of an adveis tisement is divided into takes, each take comprising the successive lines of printing of a certain letter size and ofa certain face. It is not unlikely that in different offices there may be found a slight variation in the system of distribution of takes among the linotype machine'operators or composers, butas a rule one general system is employed.
When a copy is'received in the composing room, it is properly marked oft into takes and placed on one of a number of'large sharphookslocated on a hook-board or secured to a conveniently located post or column in the room. Each composer has a hook from which he takes his work, and a copy is usually put on the hook of the composer operating a linotype machine adapted to cast the type slugs for the first take of the copy. Havingcast the necessary slugs, the composer notes thetype size and'face of'the next ftake and after wrapping in the copy the slugswhich he has just cast, they are taken to the operator of a machine adapted tocast the slugs for whereby the copy and slugs progress from one composer to another so that when thethat next take.
t is from this point on in the operation of' making up the copy that the present system" is at fault. The slugs wrapped in copies are placed on a table beside the linotype machine operator, and on an ordinarily busy day the work comes to the operator faster than he can set it up, in which case the bundles of slugs and copies'become piled up on the table.
The machine at which he is. Working is equipped with several magazines each hav inga'font of matrices bearing characters'of a certain size and face, but the magazine ca-* pacity of the machine is limited, so that in U the course of the'days work'the diversity of type faces and size requires many magazine changes, which not only consume a large amountof time but also a great deal of energy. because of the weight of the magazines. This is the part of the work which is time-wasting and which becomes irksometo the operator when the continual interchange of magazineshappens to be back and forth, aswhen upon finishing one copy and turning to a different one the operator finds that the magazine which he removed before starting work on the previous copy is'now needed for the Work on the new copy.
One way of lessening the number of magazine changes would be for the composer or" linotype machine operator to sort out the copies on his table, check the work which could be done with the magazines already in place, and set up that amount of type'matter before making a change. This, however, would be even moretime-wasting, and to such an extent as to be impractical.
One object of the present inventiomtherefore, is the elimination of unnecessary magazine changing, in order to conserve bothtime and labor. I
A further object of the invention is the provision of'asubstitute for the sharp hooks already alluded to, which are not only dangerous to the employees of the printing oflice, but-which also take up a great deal of office space.
A still further object of the invention resides in the provision'of a system of collating,
a rotatable collating stand, comprising a' series of superposedtype cases-or trays, each being identified by markings indicating the. point size and face'of the type in which a copy placed therein is to be set. Thus, the copy need only be marked as before to 2nd1- cate the size and style of the type in which each portion or take thereof is to be set, and then placed in the tray bearing markings corresponding to the first take of the copy. An operator setting the type for this first taketremoves the copy from the tray and casts whatever slugs of that size are necessary. 7
and the copy in the tray which bears mark-' mgs corresponding to those of the next take of the copy. This procedure continues until the entire copy has been completed, when the slugs may be removed from thetray and carried to the set-up man for arrangement in a printing chase.
The collating stand best adapted for this I work is small, so that it may be easily carried from one place to another, and comprises a series of superposed typecases arranged in staggered relation so as to be more readily accessible. The type cases are positioned on and supported by an upright shaft, the end of which is provided with a stud so that a cover may be screwed thereon to secure the type cases in place, this construction permitting the removal of the cover and the addition of and extension to the upright shaft, whereby more type cases may be added to increase the sizeand capacity of the stand and thus satisfy the. demands of different kinds ofwork.
In the accompanying drawings, the invention has been illustrated merely by w of example and in preferred form, and obviously many variations and modifications may bemade therein which will still be comprised within its spirit. It is to be understood, therefore, that the invention islnot limited to any specific form or embodiment except in so far 7 as such limitations are specified in the appended claims.
Referring to the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a perspective -view of the new printers collating stand, which is the subject of the present invention; j
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of one of the type cases used in connection with the stand, showing the construction of the underside thereof; 1 c
Fig. 3 is a perspective view ofone of the type cases showing the construction of the top thereof;
Fig. 4 is an enlarged vertical section of the new collating stand, showing by the heavy lines the elements comprising the stand, and showing by the lightlines the manner in which the elements may be duplicated to increase the size and capacity of the stand; and
Fig. 5 is a plan view taken on. the line 5 of Fig. 4.
' As already stated, the new collating stand ment, is small in size so that it may be 'con veniently carried from one place to another, stood on a table or bench, or set on thefloor beside a. compositor or among a group of compositors. It comprises a stationary base 11, (Fig. 4) to which there is secured a bearing 12 in which. an upright shaft 13 is journalled. The shaft is secured against vertical movement in the bearing 12 by a steel ball 14, which fits into an annular groove 15 formed near the lower end of the shaft, the ball being held in the groove by a screw 16 located in the bearing 12. A second base 17 has secured to its underside a bearing 18 and, by means of a set screw 19 passing throughthe bearing, the base 17 is fastened to the shaft13. In order that it may rotate with the shaft 13, the base 17 is constructed so as tobespaced slightly from the floor or table upon which it rests, and to facilitate its rotation there is provided between the two bearings'12 and 18 of the stationary and rotatable bases, respectively, a roller bearing 20. A number of spacing partitions 21' are located above the rotatable base 17, being.
positioned in grooves 22formcd on the top of the base and in grooves 23 formed in theupright shaft 13, and the upper endsof these partitions are similarly fitted into grooves formed in a block 24 securedto the shaft 13 by a set screw 24 I Located on top of the spacing partitions and fastened to the block 24 is the lowermost of a series of superposed type cases, the construction of which will be presently described. 7
Referring particularly to Figs. 2 and 3. the type cases A are formed with a bottom wall 25 and side walls 26 and. 27. the opposite ends of the side walls being'tapered, as illustrated, to remove any sharp corners and to permit ready access to the interior. In order that the type cases may be placed on the shaft 13 or removed therefrom, each has formed in itsbottom wall an aperture 28: and the interiorqof each type case is divided into two substantially equal and s milar compartments by transverse partitions 29 and 30, spaced apartsufliciently to. permit the passage of the shaft 13 between them. A number of alining pins 31 nro-iect from the top of the side walls 26 and 27 of each type case, and a corresponding number of recesses 32 are formed in the bottom of each type case. so that when the tyne cases are: placed on the shaft 13 in making unthe stand. the p ns 31 on a lower case will proiect 3 be lifted and carried about.
above, thereby properly alining the type cases in staggered relation, as illustrated, this staggered relation beingdesirable in order to provide a greater space between the ends of the type cases and thus promote accessibility. Of course, it is to be understood that the staggered relation of the type cases need not be right-angular, as illustrated; and, furthe-r, if the accessibility provided in the preferred embodiment can be done withoutsatisfactorily, the type cases maybe made up of more than two compartments.
Since it is desirable to prevent individual rotation of the type cases, each case is provided on its underside with a pair of ribs 33 and 3% arranged to depend below the top edges of the side walls 26 and 27 of the type case immediately below, thus serving as a further connection between the type cases and relieving the alining pins .31 of the strain which otherwise would be placed on them if they alone serve also as connections between the type cases for the purpose just stated. At each end of the type cases, there is provicled an inwardly declining retainer which serves to prevent the contents of the type cases from accidentally falling therefrom when the stand is being rotated or moved from one place to another, the retainers being formed as they are so as satisfactorily to fulfill their office and yet render the compartments of the type cases as accessible as possible.
To clamp the type cases securely in place, there is provided a cover 35 adapted to be alined in position on the uppermost type case by the alining pins projecting upwardly therefrom, and this'cover is provided with a central opening 36 through which the upper end of the shaft 13 protrudes sutfioiently so that a ring nut 37 may be screwed on the studded end of the shaft to clamp down the cover 35, a ring nut being employed to serve as a handle by means of which the stand may A spacing collar 38, 'of slightlv less height than the height of the cover 35, positioned on the shaft 13 and resting on the transverse partitions 29 and 30 of the uppermosttype case,serves to support 5 the central portion of the cover and to limit the amount to which the ring nut 37 may be screwed down, the spacing collar being of slightly less height than the cover .35 in order to let the center of the cover be T sprung down by the nut 37 and thus insure a tight clamp.
Referring to Fig. l, there is shown by the heavy lines and the dotand-dash lines a stand made up of four type cases, and the light lines nut, cover and collar, depicted by the dot and-dash lines, extension 13 of the shaft 13 may be screwed on the stud 13 of the shaft 13. and a number of type cases (which in this case happens to be four) may be positioned on the shaft, thereby to increase the capacity of the stand, this feature being highly desirable to satisfy the demands of difi erent kinds of work requiring stands of different sizes.
Referring to Fig. 1, let it be assiuned, in describing the utilization of the stand, that a copy is to be made up requiring 36 pt., 30 pt., 2 l pt., and 18 pt. size letters of metromedium face. The copy is placed in the lower type case marked 36 pt. and an operator setting up 36 pt. metromediuni takes the copy and casts the necessary slugs. He then notes that the next take of the copy is in 30 pt. metromedium, and so places the copy and the slugs which he has just cast in the typecase bearing that marking. An operator setting this size and face of type gets the copy and casts whatever slugs are called for, notes that the next size required is 24 pt. metromedium,
and so, after adding the slugs which 'he'has just cast to the 36 pt. slugs already in the .30 pt. type case, places them all with the copy in the 24 pt. case. From this type case, the copy is taken by a 24 pt. metromedium operator, the necessary slugs cast and added to the other slugs previously cast, and all the slugs and the copy are then placed by him in the 18 pt. metromedium type case, from which the copy is taken by an operator setting up this size and face of type and who casts the slugs to complete the copy. If the number of slugs is too great for all to be held by any one type case, they may be temporarily stored on the rotatable base 17 between the spacing partitions 22. 7
Of course, in usin the stand the procedure just described is not always followed in full, i. e, a copy may be made up of just two dif-. ferent sizes of type, if, for example, it is comprised only of one or two lines of heading, say 36 pt. metromedium, and a body of uniform type size, in which instance the copy is first placed in a 36 ptunetromedium type case, the 36 pt. slugs cast for the head letters of the copy and those slugs and the copy then put in the proper tray dependent upon the size and face in which the body ofthe copy is to be set. Further, the copy need not necessarily progress through the type cases of the same face, as described by way of ex ample, but may pass through the cases for difierent type faces when required the makeup of the advertisement.
Having thus described our invention, what we claim is:
1. A printers collating stand comprising a plurality of superposed type cases sup ported by and attach-ed to an upright shaft rotatably mounted in a suitable base, said cases being connected together for rotation as a unit. I I
2. A printers collating stand comprising, in combination, a base, an upright shaft'rotatably mounted in said base, a second base secured to and rotatable with the upright shaft, and a plurality of superposed type cases secured to the rotatable base, whereby the type cases may be rotated as a unit.
3. A printers collating stand comprising, in combination, a stationary base, an upright supporting shaft rotatably mounted in said base, a. second base secured to and rotatable with the upright shaft, 21 type case secured to the rotatable base, and a plurality of superposed type cases arranged in staggered relation to one another and rotatable as a unit with the upright shaft.
4-. A combination as in claim 3, wherein alining pins are arranged to project upward- 1y above the side walls of the type cases, and wherein the type cases have recesses formed in their undersides which are adapted to receive the projecting pins of the type case immediately below, whereby the type cases are properly alined in staggered relation to each other.
5. A combination as in claim 3, including a spacing collar positioned on the shaft above theuppermost type case, a cover of greater height than the height of the spacer arranged on top of the uppermost. case and properly located by projecting alining pins, and a nut screwed onto the end of the shaft to clamp the cover down onto the spacer and prevent vertical separation of the type cases.
6. A printers collating stand comprising, in combination, a base, a shaft rotatably mounted in the base, a second base secured to v the shaft and rotatable therewith, a type case positioned on the shaft and secured to the rotatable base,-a plurality of superposed type cases arranged in staggered relation and alined in predetermined position by pins projecting from the top of the side walls of each type case into recesses formed in the bottom wall of the type case immediately above, and a cover alined by the pins pro ecting from he uppermost type case into recesses formed in the cover, said cover being spaced at its center by a collar placed on the shaft'and resting on the upper type case and being 7 clamped down by a nut screwed on the end of the shaft.
7. A combination as in claim 6, characterized by the fact that the rotatable base is mounted on a roller bearing between it and the base in .which the shaft is mounted.
8. A combination as in claim 6, wherein the shaft is adapted to be extended, thereby the type case andthrough which aperture the shaft passes. I
11. A combination as in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the individual 12. A combination as in any one of'the preceding claims, wherein each of the type cases is provided with a pair of ribs arranged when the type cases are properly alined to depend below the top edges of the type case'immediately below, the ribs serving to connect the type cases to prevent individual rotation. V
13. A printers collating stand comprising, in combination, a stationary base, an upright shaft rotatably mounted therein and locked against vertical movement, a second base se-' cured to and rotatable with the shaft and mounted on a roller bearing located between it and the stationary base, a. plurality of superposed type cases arranged in staggered relation and located by alining pins projecting from the top of, their side walls and adapted to be received in recesses formed in the bottom of the type case above, each type case having a pair of transverse ribs secured to its underside in position to depend below the top edges of the type case on which it rests, an aperture formed inthe bottom of cover to clamp the type cases between it and the rotatable base to prevent separation of the type cases and individual rotation thereserves as a handle for lifting and carrying the stand.
14. A combination as in claim 13, characterized by the fact that the construction of the stand permits the addition of shaft extensions and the application and removal of additional type cases.
In testimony whereof, this I specification has been duly signed by:
- CHARLES W. GOVIER.
JOHN W. REID.
of, the nut being formed with a ring which 7