US 1890486 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 13, E, H, ANGlE-R BUILDING CONSTRUCTION original Filed April 27, V1951 Patented Dec. 13, 1932 f UNITED STATES EDWARD H. ANGIER, or FRAMINGHAM, vMAssAoiiUsDTi'rs,
original application mea April 27, 1931, seriai No. 5333156. Divided and this' apliiieatioa med rebruaryfia,
1932. Serial No. 594,031,
This invention relates to building structures and the object is to provide through the use of a novel material in the nature of building paper advantagesboth during and after e erection of the building as will hereinafter more fully appear. This application is a division of my application Serial No. 533,156, filed April 27,1931, wherein the novel material utilized as a part of the structure 1s claimed as such. y
My invention will be well understood by reference to the following description taken in connection `with the accompanying drawing showing an illustrative embodiment of the invention and in which* Fig. 1 is a fragmentary elevation of a wall with parts successively broken away;
Fig. 2 is a section on the line 2-2 of Fig. l; and
Fig. 3 is an enlarged section through one of the elements used in the wall.
It will be understood that all the figures are more or less diagrammatic and do not show accurate proportions.
Referring to Fig. 1, I have there shown a portion of a wall embodying studs 5 arising from a sill 7. To the studs is secured as by means of the nails 9 a novel form of building paper 11, later to be described in detail. Over the paper is placed the lathing 13, herein shown as a metal lathing, to which is applied a coating of autosolidifying plastic such as plast-eroi' stucco. Fig. 1 may econsidered to represent an interior wall as constructed in the colder parts of this coun try, or an exterior Wall as constructed in some milder climates, as, for instance, southern California, where siding is dispensed with.
The paper 11 comprises an impermeable body Which is resiliently expansible and 1' have herein (see particularly Fig. 3) shown it as constructed of two craped sheets 17 and 19 of suitable paper such, for example, as thirty-pound kraft paper, connected by an intervening film 21 of black asphalt or simi lar bituminous material. The sheets 17 and 19 are preferably also impregnated with this material, as indicated by the stippling in Fig. 3. Such material is substantially impermeable to moisture and has a Wide range of elastic expansibilitygdue'fto the crapings. Means are provided -for vrestraining the ex-` pansion ofv this body under moderate strains while permitting such expansion after greater strains occur. Herein I have shown a sheet 23 of plain, substantially inextensible paper, say thirty-pound kraft, secured to one face of the craped duplex body layer as by means of asphalt 25 serving as an adhesive. p lVhile the complete sheet l1, as illustrated in Fig. 3, may beV used onV the building struc- Y ture shown in Fig. 1 either side out, I prefer to place Vthe craped side next to the plaster to present a rough surface 'to aidv in ysustaining the wet plaster as it projects through the openings in the lathing 13 when applied.
The material 11 may be handled during erection as Van ordinary inextensible sheet. It will lie fiat against the back of the lathing-v l and back-support theiplaster as it is applied and will prevent the plaster from being forced through the interstices of the lathing in such manner that an excessive amount would be used. After erection of the building, however, and under the strains of use," as, for example, if the building sinks, the
Vplain sheet 23 may break, the bond by which it is attached to the craped body being ruptured, and the craped body will then be re. leased to stretch to meet the strain Without breaking or ripping where the Vnails 9 Vare driven through, a defect of inexpansible building paper. Due to its elastic ynature the craped body will meet without rupture a'V strain several timesthe breaking strain of `85l the 'plain sheet 23 and which woulddisrupt ordinary building paper as now commonly used and not having a substantial degree of resiliency. 1
I am aware that the invention may be em-f bodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit oressential attributes thereof, and I therefore desire the present embodiment to be considered in all respectsA as illustrative and not restrictive; reference being had to theannended claims rather than to the foregoing description to indicate the scope of the invention.
1. A building structure Acomprising a: lieu i lframe, a resiliently expansible paper baseA sheet secured over the frame, a relatively frangible, substantially inextensible sheetr likewise secured to the frame, a lathing over i 5 the sheets and autosolidied plastic on the frangi le sheet. Y ,p
2. A building structure comprisin a frame, a resiliently expansible paper ase 10sheet secured over the frame, relatively frangible means restraining the expansion thereof, a lathing over the sheet and autosolidilied plastic on thelathing,back-supported lathin back-suppolttedv by said `relatively rby said relatively frangble means.' y 15` 1x1-testimony whereof, I have signed my .name to this specification. l
Y v v EDWARD H. ANGIER.