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Publication numberUS1892141 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 27, 1932
Filing dateApr 21, 1930
Priority dateApr 21, 1930
Publication numberUS 1892141 A, US 1892141A, US-A-1892141, US1892141 A, US1892141A
InventorsGarand John C
Original AssigneeGarand John C
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Semiautomatic rifle
US 1892141 A
Images(9)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 27, 1932. J. c. GARAND SEMIAUTOMATIC RIFLE Filed April 21. -1930 9 Sl'leebS-Shel l Dec. 27, 1932. J. c, GARAND 1,892,141

SEMIAUTOMATIC RIFLE Filed April 2l, 1950 9 Sheets-Sheet 2 v ATTORNEY Dec. 27, 1932. J. c. GARAND SEMIAUTOMATIC RIFLE Filed April 2l. 1930 9 Sheets-.Sheet 3 INVENTOIL L Inhn E- Gewand ATTORNEY v1 17.1.1.5 bllum@ Dec. 27, 1932. J. c. GARAND SEMIAUTOMATIC RIFLE Filed April 21, 1930 9 sheets-smeet 4 DSC. 27, 1932. C, GARAND 1,892,141

SEMIAUTOMATIC RIFLE l Filed April 2l, 1930 9 SheetS-Sheeb 5 INVENTOR. dnl-m E {Saran-Ld A TTORNEY Dec. 27, 1932. 1 Q GARAND l,892,l41

SEMIAUTOMATIG RIFLE Filed April 2l. 1930 9 Sheets-Sheet 6 INVENTOR.

Jah-r1 E4. Gara-FL@ BY ATTORNEY Dec. 27, 1932.

J. C. GARAND SEMIAUTOMATIC RIFLE Filed April 2l. 1930 su. [-f, f/a aa EJE- 9 Sheets-.SheetI l EJE..

sie. f-f, m. aa

INVENTOR. Jahn E- Carami TORNEY 9 Sheets-Sheet 8 INVENTOR.

Jahn E Earand BY WMZ ATTORNEY J. C. GARAND SEMIAUTOMATIC RIFLE Flled Aprll 2l 1930 DBC. 27,-1932. 1 Q GARAND 1,892,141

SEMIAUTOMATIC RIFLE Filed April 2l. 1930 v 9 Sheets-Sheet 9 INVENTOIL Jahn C- Earand BY MKM A TTORNE Y Patented 91u12?, i932 a saar itdi ' FFME SEMIAUTOMATIC RIFLE Application led April 21, 1930. Serial No. 446,079.v

(GRANTEDv UNDER THE ACT F MARCH 3, 1883, AS AHENDED APRIL 30, 1928; 370 0. G. 757) The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government for governmental purposes, without the payment to me of any royalty thereon.

5 The, subject of this invention is a firearm and more specifically a firearm of the gas'actuated type. v

Vith the average firearm, especially a shoulder arm, there is always danger of the 1o stock being deflected through warping or through the strain placed thereon by the user particularly in the prone position when using the sling. This distortion of the stock is detrimental to accurate shooting by reason of the factthat the barrel is so connected to the stock as to be thrown out of line. overcome in the present instance by allowing the barrel to be free from the stock, being supported therein only by the receiver. Another S3 advantage of this construction resides in the fact that the gun may be disassembled without disturbing the sling'or having the sling connecting different elements of the disassembled structure.

In the construction of the present firearm there has been provided-a novel guard and trigger assembly which maybe secured to or removed from the receiver as a unit and in which there is provided a latch for firmly securing the unit to the receiver, a safety which also serves to hold the latch in latching position and simple resilient means for holding the trigger, actuating the striker and safety, and performing other functions.

" The invention also contemplates providing novel means for actuating the breech bolt automatically together with means for adjusting or regulating the action of such means or o cutting ofi' such 'action entirely. There is also provided mechanism for moving ammunition into position to be fed into the ca'rtridge chamber so constructed that the follower is always in the proper angular posi- 3 tion to contact the ammunition at its lower surface and such means also serve to operate means whereby the bolt operating mechanism is locked in bolt retracted position when the last cartridge has beenejected from the arm 3 and further serve to move an indicator to po- This defect is A position when the bolt is unlocked.

The invention also contemplates the provision of a novel striker and trigger construction which allows the striker to be engaged and held by the trigger eventhough a5 the trigger is still retained in retracted position when the striker is thrown back, and to still hold the striker when the trigger is then released. A novel upper band is provided mounting the front sight by which it is locked in position on the barrel.

With these and such other objects in view as may hereinafter more fully appear the invention resides in the novel arrangement and combination of parts and in the details of F5 of construction' hereinafter described and claimed, it being understood, however, that changes in the precise embodiment of the invention herein disclosed may be made within the scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of the invention.

One practical embodiment of the invention is disclosed by way of illustration in the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Fig. 1 is a View in side elevation showing the right side of a firearm constructed in accordance with the invention;

dFig 2 is a similar view showing the left s1 e;

Figs. 3 and 3a are respectively fragmentaryA Vertical longitudinal sections of the breechv and muzzle portions of the firearm, the parts shown in normal fully loaded posi- 4tion with the breech closed;

Figs. 4 and 4a are similar views with the o parts shown in position assumed when the clip has been emptied and the firearmis ready for reloading;

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary longitudinal sec- 100 tion showing the position of the parts at the instant of firing;

Fig. 6 is a sectional View taken on the line Fig. 7 is a transverse section taken on the line A-A of Fig. 5;

Fi 8 is a transverse section taken on the line B of Fig. 5;

Fig. 9 is a section taken on the line I--H of Fig. 5, showing the clip in place;

Fig. 1() is a sectional view taken on the line D-D of Fig. 3;

Figs. 11 and l2 are similar views taken respectively on the lines E-E and F--F of Fig. 3a;

Fig. 13 is a plan view of the bolt;

Fig. 14 is a front elevation of same;

- Fig. 15 is a section taken on the line J-J of Fig. 14;

Fig. 16 is a fragmentary view in side elevation of the left side of the firearm;

Fig. 17 is a similar View of the right side;

Fig. 18 is a longitudinal section of the resilient element interposed between the trigger and striker, fragments of which are shown;

Fig. 19 is a plan view thereof, the striker shown in section;

Fig. 20 is a disassembled View in side elevation of the receiver and guard, the assembled position of the receiver shown in dotted lines;

Fig. 21 isa View in elevation of the muzzle of the firearm;

Fig. 22 shows views in side elevation partly in section and front elevation, respectively of .the muzzle piece;

.Fig. 23 is a view in elevation of the front end of the stock with the ferrule in place thereon;

Fig. 24 is a plan view of the connecting rod catch;

Fig. same;

Fig. 26 shows views in side and front elevation of the ejector;

Fig. 27 is a fragmentary view in side elevation, partly in section, of the butt of the stock;

Fig. 28 shows the cartridge guide in plan 25 is a view in side elevation of the view, side and front elevations respectively;

Fig. 29 is a fragment-ary plan view of the front end of the receiver;

Fig. 30 is a section taken on the line G-G of Fig. 20;

Fig. 31 is a view in rear elevation of the 'connecting rod; and

Fig. 32 is'a fragmentary view in elevation of the inner face of the rear portion of the connecting rod.

Referring to the drawings by numerals of reference:

There is provided a stock 10 of suitable formation having, as usual, an aperture for the reception of the receiver and the guard in from the butt of the stock.

trigger. group which clamps to the receiver and secures the parts operatively to the stock. The stock toward its forward end is engaged by the lower band 11 which carries the usual sling swivel 12.

The butt of the stock (see Fig. 27) may bc provided with the usual plate 13 and adjacent the butt is secured the rear sling swivel which is preferably formed and secured in place as follows to provide a permanent and secure fastening. An aperture is formed in the stock to receive the plate or bar 14 on an end of which the swivel 15 is formed. The plate or bar 14 is drilled and tapped to receive the threaded end of a screw 16 which is threaded rl`he forward end of the stock is preferably protected by a ferrule 13a, as seen most clearly in Fig. 23.

rl`he guard trigger group (see Figs. 20, 3, 4 and 5) comprises the frame 17 angled at each end to enable it to be firmly wedged in the stock and formed with a stud 18 adapted to be seated in a recess 19 of the receiver to take end and lateral thrusts, and with a cross wall 20 which strengthens the structure, takes lateral thrusts and retains the working parts in gear when the guard group is disassembled from the firearm. The guard may be formed with a forwardly projecting portion 21 which forms a bottom for the magazine or chamber in which the cartridge clip is housed and on this portion are formed (see Fig. 9) lugs 22 and stud 23 to secure the clip ejecting spring 24 which spring has at its rearv end lateral arms 25 and 26, the arm 25 being lower than the arm 26 to accommodate the spring to the unevenness in the sides of the clip.

Suitable supporting means are provided conveniently through an apertured lug 27 on the cross Wall 20 and the side wall of the frame 17 for the support of various parts hereinafter to be Set forth.

Mounted within the guard is a safety 28 carrying a stud 29 adapted to be received in an aperture in a wall of the guard, throu h which means the safety is pivoted. At lts lower end the safety projects through an opening in the guard and adjacent to such projecting end it is provided with a slot 30 adapted to receive a latch bar 31 in such mannerA that when the safety is in the.on or safe position the latch bar may move from the slot to permit the, latch to swing to unlatched position, while, when the safety is in the off position, the bar may not move from the slot and the latch is locked.

The latch consists of a plate 32 (see Fig. 7) in which the bar 31 is secured, or with which it may be integral, bifurcated at its upper end to provide the arms 33 which are apertured -to receive the ends of the latch pivot 34 which passes through the apertures of the lug 27 and the side wall, and these arms are offset adjacent to their upper ends, the olset portions bearing rollers 35 adapted to lis engage shoulders 36 formed on the receiver. The guard is so formed that the upper surface adjacent to the rear and .front ends will normally bear against the receiver leaving a clearance at the surface indicated at 37, so that when the latch is thrown to locking position, the clearance is taken up and the guard sprung firmly into place.

Also mounted ou the latch pivot is 'a receiver shutter 38 which is adapted to cover an opening in the receiver uncovered by the bolt when in normal or breech closing position. The shutter is formed with an eccentric hub 39 on which is pivotally mounted a striker 40 formed with an angularly disposed bifurcated end having shoulders 4l to be engaged by the seal' as will behereinafter explained. The striker is cut away on that face adjacent to the safety to permit the pass sage of the striker past the lateral projection 42 on the safety when the safety is'in off position and the projection in register with the path of travel of the cut away por? tion; when, however, the safety is thrown vto the on position, the rear end of the projection 42 rides oli the surface of the striker, retracting the striker slightly andholding it against firing movement.

A trigger 43 is pivotally mounted in the guard as at 44 and is preferably formed with an upwardly extending portion from the faces of which project the sear 45, and guides Y 46 so spaced from each other as to permit passage of the angled end of the striker when the trigger is swung to striker releasing position. The guide 46 also-serves the purpose of holding the striker when'the striker moves to cocked position before the trigger, is released and guiding the striker into engagement with the sear.

. Since it is highly desirable to have as few parts as possible in a firearm. a resilient element (see Figs. 18 and 19) ismade'use of as a trigger spring, striker spring, shutter actuating member and safety detent. This element preferably consists of a sleeve 47 having at its headed end apcrtured ears 48 which fit loosely .on the trigger pivot pin 44 and which are in communication with a groove 49 to receive a lip t50 formed on the trigger. Housed in the sleeve is a compression spring 5l, one end of which bears against the head of the plunger 52 on which head is formed a knob 53 seated in a depression of the striker 40.

' As will appear from a consideration of Figs.

2 and 3, the resilient element is constantly exerting a pressure on the trigger tending to hold it in normal position and likewise constantly pressing on the striker tending to swing it forwardly or into firing position. Since the striker is pivotally mounted on the eccentric hub of the receiver shutter, it follows that the pressure on the striker is conveyed through the striker to the eccentric' hub of the shutter in a manner tending to turn the shutt r to the closed position.

The receiver 54 (see Fig. 20) is of any suitable fornito properly house the parts operating therein or to receive the parts operatively connected therewith. In the present instance shoulders 36 are formed on the receiver in position to be engaged by the rollers 35 of the guard latch as heretofore`explained. A guideway 55 is provided in one side of the receiver for the connecting rod as is shortly to be explained. Grooves 56 are formed in the inner side walls of the receiver to properly' guide and position the cartridge clip,`and a retaining member for the cli) is provided in the form of a. latch (see Flgs. 9 and 16) pivotally secured to the receiver along its longitudinal axis as at 57 and having a recess adjacent to one end to receive a spring 58 which tends to rock the latch about its pivot *to bring the laterally extending linger 59 into engagement with the clip and hold thefclip in position. At this end the latch is `preferably formed with a thumb piece 6() through which the latch may be manually rocked to release the clip. At its other end the latch is formed with a laterally projecting stud 61 which, as will he hereinafter explained, engages with an'operative part of the mechanism so that the latch may be automatically rocked to clip latched and unlatched positions.

The bolt 62 (see Figs. 13, 14 and 15) isof irregular fformation and has wings extending laterally therefrom, one of which slides on the guideway 63 of the receiver during reciprocation of the bolt. This wing is-'provided with lugs 64 adapted to take into notches 65 formed in the receiver for the purpose of aiding in locking the bolt in breech closing position. The wing on the other side has pro jecting therefrom a cam member 66 and this wing is formed to engage in a slot 67 in the receiver to likewise lock the bolt. The cam member 66 projects into a cam groove in the connecting rod for a purpose soon to be .ex-

`with a laterally extending head 72 adapted to contact a projection 73 formed in the receiver when the bolt is in unlocked position so that the firing point is retracted into the bolt, but the head is cut away at 74 to pass such projection when the bolt is locked to permit the pin to be mov-ed to its extreme forward or ringposition. A recess 72a is formed in the rear wall of thereceiver to receive the head of the firing pin upon recoil of the bolt.

A barrel 75 is threaded or otherwise secured in the receiver and Ihas preferably threaded to its muzzle end the forward portion 76 of the upper band 77, which is slotted to receive the front sight 78, the lower end of which sight preferably extends into a groove 79 cut longitudinally of the barrel so as to lock the upper band firmly in place on the barrel. This forward portion, when in position on the barrel, extends beyond the muzzle thereof, and into the extending portion is threaded a muzzle piece 80, the threads of which are interrupted by thc grooves 81 which permits the piece to be locked in position by a screw head 82, cut away at one side to allow the muzzle piece to be rotated when such side is turned to face the muzzle piece. t

rlhe inner end of the muzzle'piece is of slightly conical formation as indicated at 83 and terminates at the bore in a slight radius to form the annular projection 84, this formation being for the purpose of properly deflecting gases. The muzzle of the gun is countersunk at 85 for the same purpose and to form a seat for the end ofthe muzzle piece when 'it is desired to convert the arm from a y semi-automatic to a h-and operated arm.

The forward portion of the band is formed with a slot 86 opening into its interior and slot is closed more or less by the adjustment of the muzzle piece to regulate the flow of gases to the working part-s. The slot 86 opens into a cylinder 87 which forms a part of the upper band and extends longitudinally of the barrel, terminating at its rear end in the preferably integral rear element 88 of the upper band to which element is secured inthe usual manner the stacking swivel 89. Projecting from the cylinder 87 is a stud 90 which is of suitable form to take a standard bayonet as is well understood.

Working in the cylinder 87, and forced rearwardly by the expanding gases admitted thereto, is a piston 91 secured to the forward end ofa connecting rod 92, which rod is formed at its rear end with a laterally extending stud 93 adapted to ride in the guide groove 55 of the receiver. Adjacent to the rear end of the rod and projecting laterally from the outer face is an operating handle 94 through which the rod and bolt may be manually operated. A cam groove 95 is pro-l vided in the inner face of the rod adjacent to the rear end in position to receive the cam member 67 of the bolt. The forward wall of the cam groove is inclined t'o cam the bolt to unlocked position as the rod moves rearwardly while the rear wall of the groove cooperates with the rear face of the cam to rock the bolt toward locked position as the rod moves forwardly toward normal position.

As will be seen most clearly in Figs. 3 and Y 4, the rear portion of the connecting rod is offset from the main portion which latter portion is of tubular formation to house a spring 96, the forward end of which rests against the piston 97 suitably secured in the forward end of the rod and the rear end of which contacts the forward end of a follower '99 projecting laterally from the lower end of the follower upper lever, which lever may be conveniently formed with a laterally ex? tending pin 100 through which the lever may be pivotally mounted in apertures formed in spaced ears 101 depending from the forward end of the receiver. An arm 102 extends rearwardly from the' lever and has a laterally extending-stud 103 at its rear end adapted to enter an aperture 104 formed in the follower 105. -Extending upwardly from the lever may be a pointer 106 for the purpose of indicating the number of rounds in the magazine by registering with a scale 107 provided at the side of the receiver.

The follower lower lever has a stud 108 projecting laterally froln one end thereof to enter an aperture 109 in the follower. The other end of this lever is bifurcated to provide spaced arms having adjacent their free ends the trunnions 110 which are adapted to be sprung into apertures 111, provided in.

the spaced ears depending from the forward end of the receiver. At these same ends the arms are cut away on a reduced radius to provide the teeth 112 which cooperate with teeth 113-113, formed on a connecting rod catch for the purpose of operating the same to engaged and disengaged positions:

The connecting rod catch is plvotally mounted on the pin 100 and is provided at its rear end with an aperture 114-to receive the stud 61, extending from the forward end of the clip latch. It will be apparent that, as the follower is forced upwardly by the spring, the rear teeth 112 will approach the teeth 113 and, when the follower has reached its uppermost position these teeth will contact, throwing the catch to engage the 11p 115 on the connecting rod. When the catch has been thrownto this position the upper wall of the aperture 114 willl Contact the top of the stud 61 depressing the same and rocking the clip latch on its pivot to release the clip which will then be immediately ejected by the clip ejecting spring 24.

Also mounted on the pin 100 is a cartrldge guide 116 which may be formed with a Stud -receiver and its front edge engaged under 117 to enter an aperture 118 formed in the receiver and with a foot portion 119 adapted to rest on the forward edge of the guard.

A perforated protector 119 may be provided to protect the hand from the hot barrel, conveniently held in place by having its rear edge seated in a groove in the front of te t e upper band.

The receiver may rear sight 120.

. `The operation of the firearm is as follows:

To operate as a hand-operated arm, the muzzle piece is screwed in to seat against the muzzle of the barrel, thus cutting ofi' entry be formed to receive the of gas to the cylinder and piston. The bolt may then be retracted manually through the bolt handle.

To operate semi-automatically, the muzzle piece is screwed out away from the muzzle of the barrel to allow a desired amount of gas to enter the cylinder and act on the piston.

A clip containing cartridges is inserted in the magazine, being held in place therein by the clip latch. This action Vdepresses the follower, rocks the connecting rod catch to free the clip latch and connecting rod, and also moves the indicator to register full magazine. Insertion of the clip releases the bolt which moves forward, inserting a cartridge in the chamber and leaving the arm in a position to be fired.

Upon firing the bolt remains locked until the bullet has passed from the barrel, allowing the gases of explosion to enter the cylinder and force the piston and connecting rod rearwardly. Rearward movement of the connecting rod cams the bolt to unlocked position and at the same time cams the firing pin to safe position, then carries the bolt rearwardly allowing the extractor to extract the empty shell which is then ejected by the ejector.

Movement of the piston, connecting rod and bolt rearwardly, compresses the spring housed in the connecting rod, thereby assuring suicient pressure on the follower rod to act-nate the follower to force a cartridge from the clip into the path of the bolt on its forward movement which movement is caused by the expansion of the aforesaid spring.

I claim: v

1. The combination with a gun stock, `of a guard, a receiver, a latch carried by one of said elements and means on the other of said elements adapted to be engaged by said latch to secure the stock, guard and receiver in assembled relation.

2. The combination with a gun stock, of a guard, a receiver, a latch carried by one of said elements, rollers on the latch, and shoulders on the other of said elements contacted by the rollers to secure the parts in assembled relation.

3. The combination with a\ gun stock, of a guard, a receiver, a latch carried by one of said elements, means on the other of said elements to be engaged by the latch to secure the parts in assembled relation, a safety, and

means on the safety engageable withthe latch l to retain the latch in latched position while the safety is in the olf position.

Il. The combination with a gun stock, of a A guard, a receiver, a latch carried by one of said elements, means on the other of said elements to be engaged by the latch to secure the parts in assembled relation, a safety provided with a slot, and means on the latch engageable in the slot to retain the latch in latched position'while the safety is in the off position.

5.. The combination with a gun provided with a receiver, of a bolt reciprocable in the receiver', a firing pin reciprocable in the bolt, a laterally extending head for the pin, and means in the receiver to engage the head on rocking of the bolt to unlocked position to retract the pin.

6. The combination with a gun provided with a receiver, of a bolt reciprocable in the receiver, a liring pin in the bolt, an extractor carried by the bolt, and means on the extractor to prevent rotation of the pin \with respect to the bolt.

7. The combination with a g'un provided y with a receiver, of a bolt reciprocable in the receiver, a firing pin in the bolt, an extractor carried by the bolt and means on the extractor cooperating with the pin to limit movement thereof.

8. The combination with a gun provided with a receiver, of a bolt reciprocable in the receiver, a firing pin in the bolt, an extractor carried by the bolt and means on the extractor to limit reciprocatory movement of the pin with respect to the bolt and 'prevent rotary movement thereof with respect thereto.

9. The combination in a gun, embodying a cartridge magazine, of a follower for forcing cartridges from the magazine, a resiliently heldbolt operating reciprocable element on the gun, and a connection between the follower and the'resilient portion of said element.

10. The combination in a gun having automatic feed, of a follower, links connecting the follower to the gun, a resiliently held reciprocable element onf the gun, and a connection between the links and the resilient member of said element.

11. The combination in a gun having automatic feed, of a follower, links connecting the follower to the gun, a reciprocable element carried by the gun, a resilient member normally holding said element, a connection between the resilient member and the links, a catch carried by the gun for latching the reciprocable member against movement when the follower is in its uppermostposition, and

CTI

cooperating means on the catch and links for actuating said catch.

l2. The combination cartridge clip, means for latching the clip in place in the gun, a follower, means for actuating the follower to force cartridges from the clip, and means actuated by the follower actuating means when the clip is empty to unlatch the clip.

3. The combination with a gun, including a magazine, of a clip for insertion in the magazine, means for latching the clip in place, a follower, means for actuating the follower to force cartridges from the clip, means actuated by actuation of the follower'when thc clip is empty to unlatch the clip, and a resilientelcment secured to the bottom of the magazine for automatically expelling the clip when unlatched.

11. The combination in a gun, of a trigger, a hammer controlled by said trigger, a 1e with a gun, of a ceiver shutter and a resilient element to actuate the hammer and receiver shutter, and hold the trigger in normal position.

15. The combination in a gun, of a trig ger, a. hammer controlled by said trigger, a receiver shutter, a safety, and a resilient element to actuate the hammer and receiver shutter, to hold the trigger in normal posisafety when in on position.

16. The combination in a gun, of a trigger, a receiver shutter pivotally mounted in the gun, an eccentric lug on the shutter, a hammer controlled by the trigger pivotally mounted on the lug, and a resilient element interposed between the trigger and hammer, for actuating the hammer-and receiver shutter, and retaining the trigger in normal position.-

17. The combination with a lirearm provided ceiving a. cartridge clip of a latch pivoted along its longitudinal axis to the receiver, a thumb piece on the latch for manual operation thereof, a projection on the latch extending into the receiver to engage the clip, and a stud on the latch to be engaged by a movable element of the firearm to automatically operate the latch.

18. The combination with a gun of the gas operated type provided with a gas cylinder, of a piston Working in the cylinder, an operatingrod engaged by the piston, an operating spring guided by the rod, a connection between the rod and operative parts of the gun, and a follower rod engaged byv the spring, and through pressure imparted tothe spring operating other parts of the gun.

19. The combination with a gas operated gunv provided vWith a gas cylinder, a breech bolt, a follower, an operating rod catch, an

of a piston workan operating rod engaged connected to the, breech indicator and a clip latch, ing in the cylinder, by thepiston and with a receiver and a-magazine for rebolt, a sprin uided by the operating rod, a follower rodgegaged by the spring and having operative connection With the follower, operating rod catch, indicator, and clip` latch.

20. The combination With a gun of the gas operated type; of an upper band embodying a gas cylinder, a sight base and a muzzle gland receiving opening; and a muzzle gland secured in said opening to regulate the flow of gas to the cylinder.

21. The combination with a gun of the gas operated type; of an upper band embodying a gas cylinder, a sight base and a muzzle gland receiving opening; and a muzzle gland adjustably secured in said opening to regu late the flow of gas to the cylinder.-

22. The combination with a gun of the gas operated type; of an upper band embodying a cylinder, a sight base and a muzzle gland receiving opening; a muzzle gland adjustably secured in said opening to regulate the iow of gas to the cylinder, and means for locking the gland in adjusted positions.

23. In a rifle, in combinatlon, a. receiver, atrigger guard, abutting l surfaces on the guard and receiver establishing a' clearance between other surfaces of the guard and receiver, and a latch carried by one of said elements and cooperating with means on the other to take up said clearance and spring the receiver and guard together.

24. In a rifie, in combination, a receiver, a trigger guard frame, means for detachably securing said guard frame to said receiver comprising pin and socket engagement between the receiver and the rear end of said guard frame, between the receiver and the forward -end of said guard frame, and a latch connection between said receiver and an intermediate portion of said guard frame.

JOHN C. GARAND.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2425434 *Dec 14, 1943Aug 12, 1947Remington Arms Co IncFiring pin supporting means for firearms
US2451527 *Aug 22, 1944Oct 19, 1948Norman Albree GeorgeRearwardly striking firing mechanism
US2479419 *Aug 25, 1944Aug 16, 1949Olin Ind IncSemiautomatic firearm convertible to full automatic
US2480135 *Jul 7, 1945Aug 30, 1949Us Sec WarHand guard
US2590862 *Jul 27, 1948Apr 1, 1952Hoppert Filser DAdjustable trigger mechanism
US2594237 *Jan 22, 1949Apr 22, 1952Wallenhorst Richard GClip retaining means for garand rifles
US2679707 *Jul 9, 1952Jun 1, 1954Vincent MerlinoDetachable gun sling swivel
US2918847 *Feb 16, 1955Dec 29, 1959Aircraft Armaments IncMachine gun
US3013355 *Feb 11, 1959Dec 19, 1961Weatherby Roy EFirearm breech bolt mechanism with a bolt stop
US3382766 *Sep 30, 1966May 14, 1968Universal Firearms CorpCombination manual and automatic bolt action for firearms
US3988964 *Apr 25, 1974Nov 2, 1976Moore Wildey JGas operated firearm with metering adjustment
US5123194 *Dec 24, 1990Jun 23, 1992Mason James DRifle barrel truss mounting
US5274939 *Dec 31, 1991Jan 4, 1994Benelli Armi S.P.A.Firing mechanism for firearms
US5799432 *Feb 12, 1997Sep 1, 1998Barry M. Wright, Sr.Self-contained magazine and weapon system incorporating same
US7523583 *Jul 10, 2006Apr 28, 2009Quarton Inc.Gun system and accessory thereof
US7886470Mar 28, 2008Feb 15, 2011Doiron Gerald JBolt assembly for a firearm
Classifications
U.S. Classification89/138, 89/14.5, 89/193, 89/14.1, 89/185, 42/70.8, 89/148, 42/75.1, 42/69.3, 42/1.2
International ClassificationF41A5/00, F41A3/00, F41A35/00, F41A15/00, F41A5/18, F41A17/00, F41A17/38, F41A3/26, F41A11/00, F41A15/14, F41A35/02
Cooperative ClassificationF41A15/14, F41A35/02, F41A3/26, F41A11/00, F41A5/18, F41A17/38
European ClassificationF41A17/38, F41A15/14, F41A35/02, F41A3/26, F41A5/18, F41A11/00