US 1892594 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
\ Dec. 27, 1932. A, S E 1,892,594
CONTAINER Filed June 17. 1952 B-Sheets-Sheet l TOR.
' QhMM ML BY www A TTORNEY! Dec. 27, 1932. A. STONE 1,892,594
I CONTAINER Filed June 1 1932 a Sheets-Sheet 2 lfj INVENTOR.
mmwm ATTORNEYJ Dec. 27, 1932. STONE 1,892,594
CONTAINER Filed June 17, 1932 s Shets-Sheet s INVENTOR.
mom tr 6 A TTORNEYJ' Patented Dec. 27, 1932 STONE, OF BROOKLYN NEW YORK CONTAINER Application filed June 17,
My invention relates to a new and improved container.
One of the objects of my invention is to provide a. container which can'be made in various sizes, said container being especially adapted for manufacture in large sizes, so as to take the place of atrunk or the like.
Another object of my invention is to provide a container of simple and'strong construction having smooth inner end walls which are suitably interlocked.
Another object of my invention is toprovide a device which can be readily assembled and which can be readily knocked down or collapsed into compact form.
Another object of my invention is to provide a container of this type in which all the parts of the body fit within the cover, when the device is knocked down, so that the device can be readil shipped and the parts thereof are protecte from injury during shipment. Other objects of my invention will be set forth in the following description and drawings which illustrate a preferred embodiment thereof, it being understood that the above general statement of the objects of my invention is intended merely to generally explain the same and not to limit it in any manner. Fig. 1 is a perspective view.
Fig. 2 is an end view. Fig. 3 is a sectional view on the line of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a development of the improved container. v
Fig. 5 is a detail view showing the connection of the clamp to the outer end wall member. Fig. 6 is a sectional view on the line 66 of Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is a plan view showing the container in the collapsed condition. 1
Fig. 8 is an end view of Fig. 7.
4.5 Fig. 9 is a sectional view on the line 99 of Fig. 8.
Referring to Fig. 4, the container has a cover 4 (provided with a suitable flange Whose corner may be reinforced), a bottom 1,
a front wall 2, a rear Wall 3, inner end-wall 1932. Serial No. 617,803.
members 12 and 12a, and outer end-wall members 9.
The various parts of the blank shown in i Fig. 4 may be made of any suitable material such as cardboard, corrugated board, or any material which is used for making boxes. Said material is scored,.so that the various parts of the blank can be bent in order to assemble the parts into the position shown in Fig. 1. If the blank is made of metal .or the like, suitable hinge connections are provided between the various. parts thereof in order to enable-the parts of the blank to be assembled or knocked down.
In order to set upthe container, the front wall 2 and the rear wall 3 are bent or turned until they are perpendicular to the bottom 1. The inner end-wall members 12 and 1211 are then bent or turned until they are perpendicular to the rear wall 3 and the front wall 2.
Said inner end-wall members 12 and 12a are provided with recesses 14 and with projections 15, these being suitably arranged, so that the projections i5 of the members 12a interlock with the recesses 14 of the members 12. Likewise, the projections 15 of the members 12 interlock with the recesses 14 of the members 12a. Y
As shown in Fig. 4, the recesses 14 and the projections 15 are of corresponding wedgeshape, so that a very firm interlocking is secured. v
Referring to Fig.1, it can be seen that the interlocked inner end-wall members present smooth inner and outer surfaces, so that the inlizeriorofv the box is free from flaps or the li e.
I do not wish to be limited to any specific shape or to any specific number of interlocking recesses and projections, or to any specific means for interlocking the inner endwall members 12 and 12a: The width of the body of each of said inner end-wall members is equal to one-half the width of the box, so that the inner edges of the bodies of said members '12 and 12a abut each other when the container is set up. That is, the locking projections v15 can be considered as projecting beyond the free or inner edges of the bodies of the members 12 and 12a. When" the end-wall members 12 and 12a havebeen thus interlocked, the outer end-wall members 9 can be bent or turned upwardly, as shown in Fig. 1.
The inner end-wall members 12 and 12a are provided with slidable hook-shaped members H which serve as clamps, in order to firmly grip each pair of inner end-wall members to its corresponding outer end-wall member 9. Each outer end-wall member is therefore firmly clamped and pressed against the corresponding pair of inner end-wall members.
Referring to Fig. 5, it can be seen that each member H is provided witha longitudinal slot 16.
Referring to Fig. 6, a retaining member 17 has legs 18 which pass through the slot 16 and through a disk 19. Theends of the legs 18 are bent against the disk 19, so that the retaining member '17 is firmly held in position. I
This retaining member 17 permits the sliding movement of the member H, there being sufiicient friction so as to hold the member H in any position to which it is moved.
The width of each retaining member 17 is greater than the width of the slot 16, in order to hold the members H on the members 12 and 12a. 0
The disks 19 may be made of paper or cardboard or other similar material, which can be readily perforated by the legs 18.
When the device is set up, the disks 19 are located between theouter end-wall members and the inner end-wall members. The outer end-wall members 9 are provided with handles 10 of any suitable construction.
The front wall 2 is provided with a latch 6 having an opening 7, said latch 6 being made of any suitable resilient metal.
The cover 4 is provided with a latch mem her 5 having a projection 8 which enters the openin 7 when the box is closed, this position being shown in'Fig. 2.
Referring to Fi 7-9, the parts are dimensioned and designed so that all the parts of the body fit within the cover 4, when the container is knocked down.
Referring to Fig. 9, the rear, wall 3 is turned until its. inner face abuts the inner face of the cover 4-.. The members 12 are then turned laterally until they abut the out- 1 er face of the rear wall 3. The bottom 1 is then turneduntil its outer face abuts the inwardlyturned members 12. The outer endwall members 9 are then turned laterally until they abut the inner face of the bottom 1. The front wall 2 is then turned until its inner face abuts the inwardly turned members 9. .The members 12a are then turned inwardly so that the parts are then in the positions shown in Fig. 9.
If desired, and as shown in Fig. 7, the
til the other parts of the ,see
members 9 need not be turned inwardly unbon have been located within the cover, so that the members 9 will then overlie the other parts of the body, as shown in Fig.7.
It wi 1 be noted that the members 1, 2, 3 and have the same length and the same width in order to permit the parts to be located as shown in Figs. L9 inclusive.
lt has heretofore been proposed to provide the outer end-wall members with flaps which were bent over the inner end-wall members. However, such flaps made it difficult to insert or remove large articles. According to the improved construction herein, the inner surfaces of the inner end-wall members are free from any overlapping parts.
lt is not necessary to provide slits in the end wall members, and tongues which are bent transversely through said slits. When the improved device is assembled, the projections 15 remain wholly parallel to the end-wall members, because it is not necessary to bend said heads through transverse slits, so as to overlap the parts. The invention is not limited to the inclusion of a recess 14 and a projection 15 in each end-wall member. The joints between members 1% and 15 are butt joints.
l have shown a preferred embodiment of my invention, but it is clear that numerous changes and omissions can departingfrom its spirit.
For example, while I have shown a com plete container comprising a complete combination of parts, it is obvious that the de vice presents numerous valuable subcombina tions which could be used independently of the entire combination illustrated herein. This applies particularly to the interlocking of the members12 and 12a.
1. A. container having a bottom wall and a front wall and a rear wall, said front wall and said rear wall having end-wall members turnably connected to their lateral edges,
be made without llt the aligned end-wall members having interlocking projections and recesses, said projections being wholly parallel to said end wall members when the device is assembled, said projections and recesses then forming butt 'oints.
.2. A container having a bottom wall and a front wall and a rear wall, said front wall and said rear wall having end-wall members turnably connected thereto, the aligned endwall members being provided with interfitting recesses and projections, so that each pair of aligned end-wall members can be interlocked, said projections and recesses being wedge-shaped, said projections being wholly parallel to said end-wall members when the device is assembled.
e 3. A container having a bottom wall and a front wall and a rear wall, said front wall and said rear wall having end-wallmembers turnably connected thereto, said end-wall members having projections and recesses, said projections having wedge-shapedheads and stems of less width than said heads, said recesses having shapes and locations corre-- sponding to said projections, ,so that the aligned end-wall members can be interlocked by interfitting said recesses and said projections.
4. A container comprising a bottom wall and a front wall and a rear wall, said front wall and said rear .wall 'having end wall members turnably-connected to their lateral edges, said end wall members contacting with each other and being non-overlapping when the container is set up, and means adapted to connect the end wall members when the container is set up. I
5. A contalner having a bottom wall and a front wall and a rear wall, said front wall and said rear wall having inner end-wall members turnably connected to their lateral edges, said bottom wall having outer ends wall members turnably connected to its lateral edges, and clamping devices connecting a pair of inner end-wall members to the respective outer end-wall member, said clamping devices being mounted at the ends of the container and engaging the edges of the members connected thereby.
6. A container having a bottom wall and a front wall and a rear wall, said front wall and said rear wall having inner end-wall members turnably connected to their lateral edges, said bottomwall having outer endwall membersturnably connected to its lateral edges, and clamping devices connecting a pair of inner end-wall members to the respective outer end-wall member, said clamping devices comprising hook-shaped members: which are slidably connected to said inner;
In testimony whereof'I afiix my signature.