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Publication numberUS1892964 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 3, 1933
Filing dateNov 16, 1931
Priority dateNov 16, 1931
Publication numberUS 1892964 A, US 1892964A, US-A-1892964, US1892964 A, US1892964A
InventorsRainey David M
Original AssigneeRainey David M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Padlock
US 1892964 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

D. M. RAINEY Jan. 3, 1933.

PADLOGK Filed No'v. 16, 1951 INVENTOR DAWD M. RAINEY. 55 BY ATTORNEY Patented Jan. 3, 1933 I .DAVIDYIILA-BAINEY, OF STEATFQRD, CONNECTICUT PADLOCK I Appliczttton'filed November '16; 1931. Seriel No." 575244.

This inve-zition reletestonew'and" useful o Plate 11 is arranged opposite the plate improvementsin perlnutation locl-zsa and has when the lock is closed and the-plate ilkhas "particular relationte a permntntion or lCOlll-m w-recess l eto receive the free SBDCl'DOItIOH l5 bingiti -piidloek. of the-bolt 12"Wl161l the look-1s :closed. TO" 5 "An obiectof the invention: is to provide a "\vard its end 'oppositethathavingtherecess --co1nbine.tion padlock which isextreinely simlei the plate 11 carries ether 16 which maybe ple-in-eonstri1tion and involves'but zrrela i cast with theplate or rotherwisemade rigid I tively-tewparts eztch-of which may be pr0- therewith as by being headed over is-indid-ucd at-low cost and easily and quickly as- (rated at 17. 'Aboutthe bar 16, platev 11 is senile-l ed into wco-Inpl'ete':lockwvherebyv:thei recessed-as at. 18 for the purpose tO-beQde-E ilock may bes'old nt 21- moderate price. scribed.

Qther objectsandedvantnges will become The bar 16 carries a'plurality of tumbler apparent from a consideration' of the foltowp ns 119, four sueh pins appearing on the'ber fingdetziiled deseripti on takeridn"connect-oned sclosed. (,-*l)v ous1y,-;th enumber of these with th yi gd i herein a fplDS may be varied {1S d szrerh the, feWerp1ns" i satisfactory enibodiment oi the invention is employed theilessztheexpense-of.manutncshown. "However-gitWilbbe understoodlthat ture. and i-theiinore pins employed the more "theinvention isn ot iiniited-tothedetails disi diflicult the combination. Ifdesired,.the pi ns closed but includes =2ili--sueh- :vari-ationsrand l 19 may beformedseperate :trom'the bar. and '-inodi-iic'ationsns-fzill-Within"th iritofther theirinserted'in openings-0r recessesin the "inventionv'and the -=seope of: the appended -.-ber so .asitotextendradially therefrom orgth claims to-ivhich cl zii=1nsreferenceshouldvbe pins may be .ceSt-With-ithe bar inzthetform of had'for adefinitiorrof the'invention. peced'pro eetions. p I In s i A series ottuniblers 20 are disposedon the 12-) I f m z i of mh -impmved .bar and the .tulnblersnre arranged. over lock 'inlocked positi ony oneot theutunrblers the plus 19 and one-tumbler isprovidedcfor 1 b i h i ti "reaclrpin employed. 1Thetuniblers-nreiden- 2 is a sectional View telren substnntinlticel nip-construction andeach comprises a I 1y .d f he fine ;2 f Fi 1; cylindricnl:body. 21- haying; an annular re- :5 -Fig. 3 is a v'iew siniilar to'Fig. 1 ,"butlshoW- cess 22 arranged between an end of the body :ing the'loclr'open; 7 ii and aninternally vthickened portion 23 hav- Fin; 4 is an end View ofone ot' th'etuinblers, 41in g; aslot 24 therein thesaid slot extending the 't ievf'bei-n gtnked looking tromwt-hezleft froln' one end of the bodythroughthe thickin 5; mGHS-d-{JIOI'tlOII-iJO the recess 22. On its outer =5 5 is errdgeviewofione of thetum- 'isurtecethe body ofeach tumbler is provided blers, a-tourth'of the-tumbler being cut away =With aseriesofiniarkingshere shownras nuzns'ind-icated'by thedine-5i5=i)fEig5 4;:and lneralsi endone of; these inerkingsds ar- Fig. S r-is a --perspeotive 'view showing a ranged opposite'the slot 24 in eachtunibler.

:slight jnOdifiCati'On or "alternative con'struc- A Thetuniblersare airra-ngeduon-the bar 16 in ti'on. such: aununnen that-Whenthe lock is closed illeiierringin -deteil-tothe draiving the 'im-i-midkioclred the-pins 19 occupy the annular proved pedloekherein disclosedineludes a recesses; 22 of the tul'nblers and the tumblers -p'nir of side or end-pletesor members 10 and anayj be :notatedon the-bar. On their-outer 111 e side plate lflha'ving el bolt 12 rigid.- surfaces each lZLIlTllDlBI'u-hflS a portion 25 of L a. th eivithendpretereblvintegral therewith. increased diameterwhich portion is grooved ()bvieusly, theb'oit 12; p vl QG ES fromuoneside.orbtontlierh ns-shown-whereby zit maybe enm the plate 10 -edjaeent enend thereof and g'e-ged as by the thumb or fingerto rotate the (adjncent its other end the plate l0v hasv an tumbler. It will l e-understood that the npening i3 therethrou'gh the said opening beowner or other proper person knowsuthe I ingarrangedparallelwvith=the bo1t'12. combination of the. lock-and that on the 7 slots 24 with the pins 19 the bar 16 may be slid toward-the right in Fig. 1 whereby the plate 11 is moved to carry the recess 14: away,

from the end portion 15 of the bolt 12.

The 1001: Will then, of course, be opened and the pins 19 will be disposed in the outer portions of the slots 24 of the tumblers as clearly shown in Fig. 3. This being the case on relative turning movement of the plates 10' and 11 with the bar 19 as an axis the tumblers will retain their positions relatively and relative to the bar 16 and pins 19. It will, of course, be understood that the free end portion of the bar 16 is capable of sliding and rotary movement in the opening 13 of plate 10.

Secured to the plate 10 as for example by rivets or pins 26 is a member 27 which extends in the direction of plate 11 across the top of the tumblers and has a downwardly extending flange 28 provided with an opening 29 through which the bar 16 snugly fits.

Since the member 27 is rigid with the plate 10 it is obvious that this member does not move with the plate 11 and bar 16 as the lock is opened and closed. The location of the flange 28 of member 27 is such that the distance between the inner surface of the flange and the plate 10 is suiiicient only to accommodate the tumblers 20.

This member'serves to prevent movement of the tumblers along the bar 16 and when the lock is to be opened the member prevents movement of the tumblers in a direction away from the plate 10. Further, when the lock is opened the pin 19 closest to the plate 11 will engage the flange 28 of member 27 and limit the outward movement of the bar 16 in a manner to prevent the bar being entirely removed from the recess or opening 13 in the plate 10 and from the tumblers 20. This last action it will be understood pre vents the look from being accidentally disassembled.

Means may be provided to prevent casual turning of the tumblers 20 whereby in the opening of the lock each tumbler after adjustmentwill remain in its adjusted position while the other tumblers are being adjusted to position permitting the lock to open. This means as here disclosed comprises a series of fingers or dogs 30 which may be struck from the member 27 and which are carried by this member as clearly shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3. These fingers 3O engage the enlarged toothedportions 25 of the tumblers and enter between the grooves or teeth therein in such a manner as to prevent casual movement of the tumblers. However there is but a spring or frictional engagement between the fingers 1 and the portions 25 of the tumblers and the tumblers may be rotated against the action of fingers.

Means may also be provided for shifting the plate 11 outwardly or to open position on the tumblers being adjusted to align their slots 2 1 with the respective pins 19. This means as here disclosed comprises a coil spring 31 arranged on thebar 16 in sueha' manner as to engage the flange 28 of the member 27 and to have a portion extending into the recess 18 in the plate 11 whereby to engage the closed end of. this recess. It is open'position as shown in Fig. 3 the plates 10- and 11 may be rotated relatively whereby to leave the end portion 15 of the bolt 12 entirely unencumbered. That is, the plate 11 may be rotated forwardly from the position shown in Fig. 3 while the plate 10 and bolt 12may be rotated rearwardly from the position shown in that figure. This particular action is possible since movement of the plate 11 will result in rotary movement of the tumblers forwardly below the fingers or dogs 30 while movement of thefplate 10 will result in a movement of the said fingers relative to the tumblers. I

In addition to serving to shift the lock f from the position shown in Fig. 1 to that shown in Fig. 2 immediately on the tumblers being adjusted to align their slots 24 with the pins 19 the spring 31 serves to prevent casual closing of the lock. Itwill be understood that the lock must not be closed or that the bar 16 must not be moved through the tumbler toward locking position except when the plates 10 and 11 are in such relative position that the bolt 12 enters the recess 1 1. Otherwise, the combination might be lost with the parts locked in a useless position.

As disclosed the combination of the lock is 2581 ano it will be noted that the plate 10 carries a mark 32 with which the proper numbers are aligned in order to bring the slots 24: of the various tumblers into alignment with the respective pins 19 with which the tumblers are associated.

In assembling the-lock thus far described the bar 16 may have its end disposed in the recess 13 of the plate 10 after which the tumblers are slipped onto the bar. Next, the member 27 is assembled'with its flange 28 about the bar and this member may then be secured to the plate 10 as by the rivets or pins 26. The spring 31 now disposed over the bar and the plate 11 applied and secured as by heading the end of the bar at 17.

Fig. 6 shows a slight modified construction wherein a member 33 corresponding with the member 27 of the embodiment first described is inte ral with the plate 10. This member 33 also has a flange 34 provided with an opening 35*to receive the bar 16. Through its flange 34c and entering into its opening 35 the member 33 is provided with a notch 36 of the dimensions required to permit of the passing of the pins 19 therethrough- V In assembling the lock on a frame such as is shown in Fig. 6 the bar 16 has its passed through the opening 35 in the flange 3st, the notch 36 'permitting'the pins 19 to pass. As the bar is fed through or threaded through the opening 35 the tumblers are applied and the inserted end of the bar finally enters the opening13in the plate 10. Of course, with the use of a frame as shown in Fig. 6, the bar 16 may be integral with the plate 11 and in that event the spring 31 would be applied before the bar was started through the opening 35 of the flange 34 of the member 33.

It is apparent that the notch 36 is shown as 180 degrees from the location of the pins 90 when the lock is closed. Therefore, when the lock is opened by the spring 31 as shown in Fig. 3 the bar 16 will not pass out through the opening 35 butwill have its movement limited by engagement of the innermost pin 19 with the flange 84: as described in connection with the form of invention previously considered. However, this look may be easily disassembled when opened and the tumblers rearranged to give a different combination.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed is:

1. In a combination padlock, a pair of opposed side plates, a bar rigid with the first of said plates and extending toward the second thereof, a bolt rigid with the second of said side plates and extending toward the first thereof, said first plate having a recess to receive the end portion of the bolt when the padlock is locked, a series of pins extending radially of and carried by the bar, a series of tumblers on the bar, a member having a flange encircling the bar at one end of the series of tumblers and said member rigidly secured to the second plate to limit movement of the tumblers away from said second plate, a coil spring surrounding the bar and arranged between the flange and the first plate, said bar having its free end slidably received in the second plate, one of said tumblers being arranged over each of said pins, and each of said tumblers containing an annular recess and a slot leading into the recess whereby the tumblers may be rotated and the slots aligned with the pins and the bar drawn outwardly through the tumblers to release the bolt from the recess in the first plate.

' 2. In a combination padlock, a pair of opposed side plates, a bar rigid with the first of said plates and extending toward the second thereof, a bolt rigid with the second of said side plates and extending toward the first thereof, said first plate having a recess to receive the end portion of the bolt when the padlock is locked, a series of pins extending radially of and carried by the bar, a series of tumblers on the bar, a member having a flange encircling the bar at one end of the series of tumblers and said member rigidly secured to the second plate to limit movement of the tumblers away from said second plate, said bar having its free end slidably received in the second plate, one of said tumblers being arranged over each of said pins, each of said tun'iblcrs containing an annular recess and a slot leading into the recess whereby the tumblers may be rotated and the slots aligned with the pins and the bar drawn outwardly through the tumblers to release the bolt from the recess in the first plate, and said. flange fitting about the bar in a manner to be engaged by one of the pins as the bar drawn outwardly through the tumblers whereby to limit outward movement of the bar relative to the tumblers.

In a combination padlock, a pair of opposed side plates, a bar rigid with the first of plates and extending toward the second thereof, a bolt rigid with the second of said side plates and extending toward the first thereof, said first plate having a recess to receive the end. portion of the bolt when the padlock is locked, a series of pins extending radially of and carried by the bar, a series of tumblers on the bar, a member having a flange encircling the bar at one end of the series of tumblers and said member rigidly secures to the second plate to limit movement of the tumblers away from said second plate, said bar having its free end slidably received in the second plate, one of said tumblers being arranged over each of said pins, each of said tumblers containing an annular recess and a slotleading into the recess whereby the tumblers may be rotated and the slots aligned with the pins and the bar drawn outwardly throu h the tumblers to release the bolt from he recess in the first plate, said tumblers on their outer surfaces huvin toothed portions, and said member carrying fingers engaging said toothed portions of the tumblers to retain them against casual movement.

4.. In a combination padlock, a pair of opposed side plates, a bar rigid with the first of said plates and extending toward the second thereof, a bolt rigid with the second side plate and extending toward the first thereof, said first plate having a recess to receive the end portion of the bolt when the padlock is closed, a series of pins extending radially of and carried by the bar, series of tumblers on the bar. a member having a flange encircling the bar one end of the series of tumblers and said member rigidly secured to the second plate to limit movement of the tumbl s away from said second plate, said bar l'iaving its free end slidabl received in the second plate, one of said tumblers arranged over each of said pins, and each of said tumblers containing an annular recess and a slot leading into the recess whereby the tumblers may be rotated and the slotsaligned with the pins and the bar drawn outwardly through the tumblers to release the bolt from the recessin the first plate.

i 5. In a combination padlock, a pair of opposed side plates, a bar rigid with'the first or" said plates and extending toward the second thereof, a bolt integral with the second side plate and extending toward the nrst thereof, said first plate having a recess to receive the end portion of the bolt when the lock is closed, a series of pins extending radially of and carried by the bar, a serlesot tumblers on the bar, a member integral with the second plate and extending across said tumblers and having a flange encircle the bar at one end ofthe series of tumblers to limit with the pins and the bar drawn outwardly through the tumblers for a predetermined distance to release the bolt from the recess in the first plate. a

6. In a combination padlock, a pair of opposed side plates, a bar rigid with the first of said plates and extending toward the second thereof, a bolt rigid with the second of said side plates and extending toward the first thereof, said first plate having a recess to receive the end portion of the bolt when the lock is looked, a series of pins extending radially of and carried by the bar, a series of tumblers on the bar, a number having a flange snugly encircling the bar at one end of a series of tumblers and said member rigidly secured to the second plate to limit movement of the tumblers away from said second plate, a coil spring surrounding the bar and arranged between the flange and the first plate to move the first plate outwardly and release the bolt from the recess in the first plate on the tumblers being moved to unlocked position, said bar having its free end slidably received in the second plate, one of said tumblers being arranged over each of said pins, each of said tumblers containing an annular recess and a slot leading into the recess whereby the tumblers may be rotated to unlocked position with the slots of the tumblers aligned with the pins, said slots of ing in the first plate to permit the plates to be moved toward and from each other, radially extending pins on the bar, tumblers on the bar, one of said tumblers being arranged over each of said pins, a member rigid with the first plate and extending beyond the tumblers and having a flange at one endof the series of tumblers to limit movement of the tumblers away from the first plate, and each of'said tumblers containing an annular recess and a slot leading into the recess whereby the tumblers maybe rotated and the slots aligned with the pins and the bar drawn outwardly through the tumblers to release the bolt from the recess in the first plate.

8. A combination padlock consisting of a plate having a bolt, a plate having a recess to receive the end portion of the bolt when the lock is locked, abar rigid with the second plate and having an end slidable inan opening in the first plate to permit the plates to be movedtoward and from each other, radially extending pins on the bar, tumblers 0n the bar, one of said tumblers being arranged over each of said pins, a member rigid with the first plate and extending beyond the tumblers and having a flange encircling the bar atone end of the series of tumblersto limit movement of the tumblers away from the first plate, each of said tumblers containing an annular recess and a slot leading into the recess whereby the tumblers may berotated' and the slots aligned with the pins and the bar drawn outwardly through the tumblers to release the bolt from the recess in the first plate, and said flange adapted to be engaged by the outermost of said pins on outward movement of the bar a V to release the bolt whereby to prevent disas-,

sembly of the lock. 7

9. In a combination padlock, a pair of plates, a bolt carried by one of said plates, the other of said plates having a recess to receive the end portion of the bolt when the lock is locked, a bar rigid with one of said plates and having an endslidable in an opening in the other plate to permit the plates to be moved toward and from each other, radially extending pins on the bar, tumblers on the bar, one of said tumblers arranged over each of said pins, a member rigid withthe plate having the opening slidably receiving the of the series of tumblers to limit movement of the tumblers away from the plate with which said member is rigid and each of said tumblers containing an annular recess and a slot leading into the recess whereby the tumblers may be rotated and the slots aligned with the pins and the bar drawn outwardly through the tumblers to release the bolt from the recess.

Signed at Bridgeport, county of Fairfield, State of Connecticut, this 14th day of November, A. 1)., 1931.

DAVID M. RAINEY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2839914 *Nov 21, 1955Jun 24, 1958Syler Harrison BDisc-dialing keyless lock
US7021092Oct 19, 2004Apr 4, 2006Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple function lock
US7424812Jun 18, 2004Sep 16, 2008Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple function lock
US7434426May 13, 2004Oct 14, 2008Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple function lock
US7694542Jul 21, 2005Apr 13, 2010Stanton Concepts Inc.Tool operated combination lock
US7712342Oct 21, 2005May 11, 2010Stanton Concepts Inc.Tool operated combination lock
US7913526Aug 27, 2008Mar 29, 2011Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple function lock
US7934406Feb 12, 2008May 3, 2011Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple function lock
US8047027Aug 5, 2010Nov 1, 2011Stanton Concepts, L.L.C.Multiple function lock
US20040226324 *May 13, 2004Nov 18, 2004Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple function lock
US20040255624 *Jun 18, 2004Dec 23, 2004Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple function lock
US20050132764 *Oct 19, 2004Jun 23, 2005Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple function lock
US20060016230 *Jul 21, 2005Jan 26, 2006Stanton Concepts Inc.Tool operated combination lock
US20060096343 *Oct 21, 2005May 11, 2006Stanton Concepts Inc.Tool operated combination lock
US20080314095 *Aug 27, 2008Dec 25, 2008Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple Function Lock
US20090188282 *Aug 27, 2008Jul 30, 2009Stanton Concepts Inc.Multiple Function Lock
US20100064738 *Mar 18, 2010Chen Mao YiLock body with integral components
Classifications
U.S. Classification70/25, 70/328
International ClassificationE05B37/02, E05B37/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05B37/025
European ClassificationE05B37/02B