US 1893743 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 10, 1933. J HlRSHMAN 1,893,743
COVERED CONTAINER Filed Jan. 22. 1931 INVENTOR.
Jo: eph H/I'J'h man LZM/GJJM.
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Patented Jan. 10, 1933 PATENT @FFHQE JOSEPH HIRSHMAN, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK COVERED CON TAINEB Application filed January 22, 1931.
The invention relates to containers or cans and more particularly to ash or garbage cans. It has for its main object to provide a container with a cover which can not be misplaced or accidentally dislodged and which will not interfere with the filling and emptying of the container, but rather aid in these operations. A further object is to construct a part of the container of a shape most suitable for such cover and to still retain the advantages of the shape most commonly used in the rest of the container. A still further object is to provide a container of simple, strong and comparatively inexpensive construction.
These and various other objects and advantages will be readily understood from the following description and from the accompanying drawing of a preferred embodiment of the invention in which, however, modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the appended claims. In the drawing Fig. 1 is a side elevation of the preferred embodiment of my invention,
Fig. 2 is a top view, and
Figs. 3 and 4 fragmental side views showing covers of different designs.
Referring first to Figs. 1 and 2, the container consists of a lower cylindrical part 10 and an upper square or rectangular part 11. I prefer to make the container of corrugated metal and to form the upper part without corrugations. This may either be accomplished 5 by using a corrugated sheet and flattening the corrugations at the upper edge of the sheet, or by using a flat sheet and forming corrugations of the required length. In either case the excess metal obtained on the flat part of the sheet is sufficient to form the square top. In either of these methods a single, straight-edged sheet may be employed; any other construction would require a formed blank or several, separate pieces.
The square part of the container is preferably reenforced both horizontally and vertically, as shown at 12 and 13, and I preferably use two half-covers 14 and 15 which are hinged at 16 and 17. These covers may be swung clear back as indicated in dottedlines Serial at 510,444.
at 18. In Fig. 2 cover 14 is shown closed and cover 15 partly open. A single cover 19 may be employed, as shown in Fig. 3, in which case it is hinged at 21. As shown in Fig. t, two half-covers 22 and 23, hinged at 24-, might also be employed. I
From the foregoing it will be seen that T have succeeded in providing a sanitary and eiiicient container inwhich the covers not only can not be displaced or lost, but in which they aid in filling and emptying the container. When the container is tilted, as for ex ample when its contents are being emptiedinto an ash cart, the cover adjacent to the edge of the car forms a chute while the other cover forms a shield which to a great extent prevents the dust from escaping. When ashes are shovelled into the container only one of the half-covers need be opened; in which case the other cover will prevent an 7 excessive raising of dust.
lVhile half-cover, such as shown in Fig. 1, may be applied to a container of cylindrical shape, there would alway be the disadvantage that in emptying the container there would be no way of making sure that the axis of the hinge would be parallel with the edge of the cart and the contents might therefore not be guided as in the present case. While the whole body of the container might be made 130 square, this would require a much heavier container or a great deal of reenforcement; furthermore, the convenience found in the ease with which a cylindrical container may be rolled on its bottom edge would be lost. .85
In describing and illustrating a container particularly suited for ashes or garbage, I do not wish to limit the invention to any particular uses. In like manner, while I prefer to employ corrugated metal in the construction of the container, 1 do not wish to limit the construction to that particular material. Moreover, the lower part of the container need not necessarily be cylindrical, but might be made in the shape of a many-sided polygon.
Having described my invention and its advantages, what I claim as new and wish to protect by Letters Patent is:
1. In a container; the body consisting of a corrugated, cylindrical part terminating in an upper, square and non-corrugated part, and formed from a rectangular sheet; covers secured on the upper part; and a bottom secured in the cylindrical part.
2. In a container; the body consisting of a corrugated, cylindrical partterminating in an upper, square and non-corrugated part, and formed from a rectangular sheet; covers hinged on opposite edges of said upper part, and a bottom secured in the cylindrical part.
3. A container consisting of; a body part formed of a rectangular sheet of corrugated metal, said sheet formed into a cylinder, the corrugations adjacent to the upper end of the sheet straightened out, and said upper end formed into rectangular shape; a bottom secured in the cylindrical part; and means secured to the upper part for covering the container.
4. A container consisting of a body part formed from a rectangular sheet corrugated on approximately half its Width and uncorrugated on its other half, said sheet bent to form a body part cylindrical at its lower portion and rectangular at its upper portion, a bottom secured in the lower part, and means secured to the upper part for covering the container.