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Publication numberUS1894209 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 10, 1933
Filing dateJul 27, 1929
Priority dateJul 27, 1929
Publication numberUS 1894209 A, US 1894209A, US-A-1894209, US1894209 A, US1894209A
InventorsOskar W Wikstrom
Original AssigneeEverett W Ginn
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Box-folding machine
US 1894209 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

0. W. WIKSTROM BOX FOLDING MACHINE Filed July 27, 1929 Jan. 10, 1933.

3 Sheets-Sheet l \nvenTor.

' Jan. 10, 1933. O w, WIKSTROM 1,894,209

BOX FOLDING MACHINE Filed July 27. 1929 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 invenTor.

' OsKurW.WiKsTrom Patented Jan. 10, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE osm w.w1xsrnou, on NEWTON, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOB TO PERCY n. GINN, on

NEWTON, MASSACHUSETTS; EVERETT W. GINN ADMINISTRATOR OF SAID PERCY E.

emu, nncnasnn V Application filed July 27,

angle of other than 90 to each other but both will be at an angle of 90 to the third wall.

The ordinary box-folding machine which 7 is adapted to form a four-sided box comprises a so-called four-sided throat or well of a size corresponding to the box to be formed and the four sides of which are constituted by upright folding elements. 7

The box blank which has been previously cutand scored is folded into proper shape by being placed over the throat and then being depressed into the throat by a plunger, during which operation the bottom of the box is forced down into the throat while the four upright folding elements forming the four I sidesvof the throat cause the four sides of the box to be folded up into their upright position.

After the plunger has completed its descent the four sides of the throat aremoved inwardly slightly to bring the overlapping glued portions of the box side into contact to cause them to adhere. In such a'box each of the three sides or walls which enclose an angle ,is arranged at right angles to the other two sides. A machine having this general construction is illustrated in United States Patent No. 681,652, dated August 27, 19.01.

As stated above my present invention involves novel means by which a box having a difi'erent number of sides than four canbe formed and this is accomplished by employing -a, throat having as many sides as there are sides to the box td be formed, these sides being constituted by foldin elements which operate successively on the sides of the box.

The invention also involves novel box-fold-- ing means which can be employed in connection'with the mechanism for folding a. foursided box and by which a box having a differ.-

' BOX-FOLDING MACHINE 1929. Serial No. 381,491.

ent number of sides than four can be formed.

Furthermore, the box-folding arrangement involving my invention is so constructed that of the three sides or walls bounding or enclosing a corner of the box two of the walls are at an angle of other than 90 to each other but both are at an angle of 90 to the third wall.

The invention further includes various improvements in box-forming machines all as will be more fully hereinafter set forth.

In order to give an understanding ofthe invention 1 have illustrated in the drawings a selected embodiment thereof adapted to form an eight-sided box but it is to be understood that the invention is equally applicable for forming a box having a different number of sides other than four.

In the drawings, Fig. 1 is a plan View of the throat portion of a box-folding machine adapted to form an eight-sided box;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged section on the line 22,-Fig. 1;

Fig; 3. is a View of the blank adapted to be folded into an eight-sided box by the mechanism herein shown;

sides of the box;

This invention is herein shown as .embo'd ied in a machine adapted to fold an eightsided box such as shown in Fig. 7. This scored'in the manner illustrated in Fig. 3,

said blank comprising the eight-sided body portion 2 forming the bottom of the box and the eight flaps 33, 4-4, 5-5, 6-6. The blank is scored along the lines 9 which form the division between the flaps and the body 2 all as usual in box blanks.

portion of the primary, secondary and final folder operating successively on the adjacent box is made from a blank 1 which is cut and 1 The two flaps 3 which are situated opposite from each other and form opposite sides of the box are each provided ateach end with a win 7, the blank being scored along the lines 8 arming the junction of the wings with the box side 3. Each of the flaps 4 and 6 arealso provided on that side adjacent the flap 5 with a wing 10 which is adapted to e follded relative to the flap along the score The box can be formed either by folding the various flaps so as to bring the wings 7, 10 either on the inside of the box or on the outside of the box. In the drawings the folding operation is illustrated so as to place the wings on the inside of the box and in doing this the two opposite flaps 3 are first bentupwardly into. a partially folded position, this operation carrying the wings 7 .upwardly and partially over the corners 12 the fiaps 4 and 6. When the flaps 3 -3 are partially folded the folding of the flaps 4'4, 66 is begun and as these flaps fold upwardly the outer corners 12 thereof pass in under and engage the wings 7 as shown in Fig. 6. As the flaps 4'4, 6-6 are folded the wings 10 thereof will be lifted over the. corners 13 of the flaps 5 and after saidv flaps 44 and 66 have been partially folded then the folding of the flaps 5 begins, during which operation the corners 13 thereof engage the wings 10 of the flaps 4-4, 66.

This partially folded stage of the box is shown in Fig. 6 wherein the opposite flaps 3 have been brought nearly to their vertical position while the flaps 44 and 6-6 are about half folded andthe folding of the flaps 5 is just beginning. As the folding operation is completed the engagement of the corners 12 of the flaps 44, 66 with the wings 7 bend said wings inwardly so that and box sides will. adhere together and thus retain the box in its permanent shape.

While the adjacent side walls of the box are at angles other than 90 to each other yet each is at an angle of 90 to the bottom of the box. In other words, of the three walls which bound any corner of the box (for instance two adjacent side walls and the bottom of the box) two of the walls, to wit, the two side walls are at an angle of other than 90 to each other but each of these walls is at an angle of 90 to the third wall, which is the bottom of the box.

The folding of the first pair of flaps, which is the pair 3 in the drawings, is accomplished .by a pair of primary folders and the folding of the flaps 4-4., 6-6 is accomplished by two pairs of secondary folders while the foldin of the last flaps, which are the flaps 5 in t e drawings, is accomplished byend followers or folders. v

In Fig. 1, which is a plan view of the throat or well adapted to fold a box with the wings 7, 10-0n the inside, the two primary folders are indicated at 14, one pair of secondary folders are indicated at 15' and the other pair at 16 while the end folders or followers are indicated at 17. These primary and secondary folders and end followers form the side walls of an eight-sided well or throat 18 into which the box blank is folded by means of a. plunger l9'as usual in box folding machines.

One feature of the present invention relates to a construction by which this arrangement of folders for folding a box having a different number of sides than four can be applied to the slides and carriers of the ordinary box machine that is constructed to fold a four-'sidedbox. In such ordinary box machine two opposed folders are usuall carried by two slides movable towardan from each other while the end folders or followers are carried by two other slides or carriers movable toward and from each other in a direction'at right angles to that of the firstnamed slides. In the present embodiment of my invention, which is adapted to fold an eight-sided box, I have provided a construction wherein the primary and secondary folders are carried by two of the slides while the end folders or followers are carried by the other two slides or carriers.

In Fig. 1 for instance, 20 and "21 are two slides supported on the frame 22 and movable toward and from each other. The slide 20 carries one of the primary folders 14 and the two seconda folders 15 while the slide 21carries the ot er primar folder 14 and the other two secondary olders 16. The frame is also provided'with the usual two carriers 23, 24 that are movable toward and from each other on the frame 22 in a direction at right angles to the movement of the slides 20 and 21. The end folders or followers 17 are carried by these carriers 23, 24.

Each of the primary folders 14 is shown as in the form of a plate vwhich is pivoted at its lower end to the head portion 25 of a supporting member26 as shown at 27. The supporting member is adjustably secured to one of the slides in any usual way. Each ofextending through. an opening 29 in the head head as shown in Fig. 4.

7 Each of the secondary folders 15-15, 16-16 isin the form of a plate pivotally mounted at its lower end as shown at 33 to a supporting member 34 which is also adjustably secured to .oneof the slides 20,21. The secondary folders, however, are of less vertical dimension than the primary folders and above the well or throat 18 as shown Fig.

.4 it. will rest and be sustained on the upperhe edges 44 of the two rimary folders 14. nuts 31 will be so a justed that normally the upper edges of these folders will engage the box blank just outside of the score l1nes 9.

The folding of the box is done as usual by the movement of the plunger 19 downwardly from the position shown in Fig. 4 to that shown in ig. 5. If the box is to be folded with the wings 7 and 10 on the inside of the box then the primary and secondar'y folders may have the arrangement shown in the drawings and the box blankwill be so placed in the machine that, the'flaps 3, or the flaps which are to be first folded, will rest on the primary folders 44.

terminate at their lower end considerably a With theparts thus arranged then during above the lower ends of the p'rimaryfolders. Each supporting member 34 which carries a secondary folder rests on a block 35which is secured to one ofthe carriers 23, 24. Each block is so shaped that the active face 36 cthere of stands at an angle of 45 degrees to the faces of the primary folder and end follower. These secondary folders 15,16 are also acted on by springs which normally hold them in their forward position such as shown in Fig. 2 and for this purpose each folder has a screw-threaded stem 37 extending rearwardly therefrom which passes through a slot 38 formed in the head 39 of the supporting member 34, each projection 37 having a nut screw threaded thereto which limits the forward swinging movementof the folder.

The spring 41 surrounding the stem and con fined between the folder and the head 39 ylieldingly holds the folder in its forward p0 sltion.

The final or endfollowers 17 are erigid with the carriers 23,. 24 and are merely constituted by walls upstanding from said carriers. g

With this arrangement of folders there will be a secondary folder situated each side of each primary folder and also each side of each end folder. These folders are all situated in planes substantiall perpendicular to the plane of movement 0 the slides and the folders form between them a well or throat, v, the adjacent sides of which form angles other than a right angle. In the illustratedembodiment of the invention the well has eight sides so that any two adjacent sides makes an angle greater than a right angle. The design of the folders is such that the upper edge 44 of each primary folder 14 is at a higher level than the upper edges 42 of the secondary folders while the upper edges 43 of the final or end folders are at a lower level than the upper ed es of the secondary folders. This relation etween the folding edges of the folders is clearly shown in and 5'."

' When,a box blank 1 placed in position ig s. 4.

' the body of the blank to a position in which the flaps 4-4, 6-6 engage the upper edges 42 of the secondary folders 15-15, 16-16 then upon further downward movement of.

the plunger the bending upward of the-flaps 4-4, 6-6 will begin, the flaps 5, however,

still remainingunbent. As the plunger in its continued descent brings the body of the blank into position where the flaps 5-5 engage the upper edges 43 of the end folders 17 then upon further downward movement of the plunger the flaps 5-5 will begin to fold as shown in Fig. 10. Bythis time, however, thefiaps 3-3 have received a, considerable portion of their folding movement as f shown in Fi 8 and the flaps 4-4, 6-6 are partiall fol ed as shown in Fig. 9. v

The olding ,of the flaps, therefore, is a sequential operation, the flaps 3 first being given a foldin movement,, then the flaps 44, 6-6 and nally the flaps 5, but by t e time the flaps 5 begin'to fold the flaps 3-3 are nearly folded while the flaps 4-4 and 6-6 are about half folded, the relative stages of the flaps at this timebeing shown in Figs.

8, 9 and 10.

Because the flaps 3-3 are folded ahead of the flaps 4-4, 6-6 the wings 7 of the flap 3 will be carried above and always in advance of the corners 12 of the flaps 44,-6-6 and similai'ly the wings 10 of the flaps 4-4, 6-6 will be carried above and always be in advance of the corners 13 of the flaps 3. As

the folding proceeds the cornersl2 of the flaps 44,- 6-6 engage the wings 7 and serve as means for folding said wings inwardly along the score lines 8 and similarly the corners 13 of the flaps 5 engage the wings 10 and constitute the means for folding said wings inwardly along the score line 11. This -sequential folding of the flaps is secured b having the upper edges of 'the folders wi 5 a stepped relation, the upper edges 44 of the primary folders being at a higher level than the edges 42 of the secondary folders and said edges 42 in turn being higher than the edges 43 of the end followers. As the folding roceeds and is completed the wings 7 are olded against the inside of the 'fiaps 44,

66 and the wings-10 against the inside of the flaps 5 as shown in Fig. 7.

After the plunger 19 has been fully depressed as shown in Fig. 5 then the corners 12 of the flaps 44, 66 are firmly pressed against the outside facesof the wings 7 and the corners 13 of the flaps 5 are also pressed against the outside faces of the wings 10.

It will be understood that either these wings 7 or the sides of the box with which they contact are provided with suitable adhesive so that when the box sides and wings are pressed together as above described the contacting faces will adhere. The pressing together of the-contacting faces of the flaps en aging the faces of the final folders 17.

W en the plunger 19 is in its lowered position shown in Fig. 5 the slides 23, 24 are iven a slight movement toward each other urin which movement the faces 36 of the extensions 35 bring pressure to bear against the flaps 4-4, 66 and thus press the corners 12 of these flaps against the wings 7. At the same time the lower faces 46 of the end folders 17 apply pressure to the end flaps 5-thereby pressing the corners 13 thereof firmly against the wings 10. After this pressure has been applied the carriers recede slightly as usual in box-forming machines and the plunger is then raised. j

The faces '36 and the face of the folder 17 are provided with stripping plates 45, the lower edges 47 of which lie above the upper edges of the walls of the box when the box is in its completed condition. These stripper lates prevent the box from being ifted up by the' upward movement of the plunger. After the plunger has been elevated to its raised position shown in Fig. 4 the completed box is discharged from the well in any usual way. e

' It will be noted that the folders for folding the corner flaps 4-4, 66 are in the slides 20-21 while the faces which press these flaps against the wings 7-7 are on the slides 23, 24. The folding of these flaps 44, 6-6 is thus done by one set of slides and .the application of pressure to the folded flaps for completing the box is accomplished through the other slides 23, 24.

The advantage of having the folders 14, 15, 16 pivoted and spring pressed is that when they are in their forward. position the upper edges thereof will engage the blank immediately outside'of the score lines 9 so as to make certain that the flaps will fold on the score lines. As the folding proceeds these yieldable folding members can swing backwardly to allow the plunger to enter between them and when in their rearward position they are solidly backed by the supporting.

members and are in a true vertical position which is necessary for properly forming the box sides.

I have described above the operation of folding the box blank so as to bring the wings 7, 10 on the inside of the box. If it is desired to fold the box with the win s 7, 10 on the outside then the position 0 the primary folders and end folders will be reversed, the primary folders occupying the osition of the end folders 17 in Fig. 1 and t e end folders occupying the position, of the primary folders 14 in said figure.

The primary folders, whether located in one position or the other, have their folding edges at a higher elevation than the secondar folders, and the end folders have their fol ing edges at a lower elevation than the secondary folders. With the suggested reversal in position of the primary and end folders there will be a reversal in the sequential operation because when the plunger 1s de ressed the sides 5 of the box will first be fol ed and then the sides 4, 6 and finally the sides 3, this operation resulting in placingthe wings 7, 10 on the outside of the box.

While I have described above a construction adapted to make an eight-sided box yet I wish to state that the invention is not limited to the making of an eight-sided box but may be used in the making of boxes having a different number of sides than four by arranging the r uisite number of folders one for each side 0 .the box on the four slides 20, 21, 23, 24. Where the machine is arranged to fold a box havin a different number of sides than four the olders will be so arranged that eachvertical face of the folder makes an angle other than 90 degrees with the ad'acent folders, a'nd the pressing faces by which the wings 7, 10 are pressed against the flaps will be so arranged that each pressing face will have an angle other than 90 degrees with the adjacent pressingfaees.

I claim:

1. In a box-folding machine, the combination with two pairs of opposed slides arranged at right angles to each other, of a primary folder and secondar folders carried by each slide of one pair an an end folder carried by each slide of the other pair, said folders being in planes substantially at right angles to the plane of the slides and forming between them a well or throat, the adjacent I sides'of which form angles other than 90 and a plunger movable into and out of the well and co-operating with the folders to fold a box blank, the upper edge of the primary folders standing at a higher level than carried by each slide of the other pair, said folders being in planes substantially at right angles to the plane of the slides and forming between them a well or throat, the adjacent sides of which form-angles other than 90 and a plunger movable into and out of the well and co-operating with the folders to fold a box blank, the upper edges of the secondary folders being at a lower level than those of the primary folders but at a higher level than those of the end folders. I

3. In a box-folding machine, the combination with two pairs of opposed slides arranged at right an les to each other, of a plurality of folders carried by each slide of one pair and a single folder carried by each slide of the other pair, said folders being in planes substantially at right angles to the plane of the slides and forming between them a well or throat, the sides of which form angles other 1 planes substantially at right angles to the plane of the slides and forming between them a well or throat any two adjacent sides of which form between them an angle greater than 90 and a plunger movable into and out of the well and co-operating with the folders tofold a box blank, the upper edge-of adjacent folders having a stepped relation whereby, when the plunger is operated, the

' sides of the box will be folded successively.

5. In a box-folding machine, the combination with two pairs of opposed slides arranged at right angles to each other, each slide'of one pair having a primary folder and two secondary folders and each slide of the other pair having an end folder, said folders being in planes at substantially right angles to the planeof the slides and forming between them a well or throat, any two adjacent sides of. which forth between them an angle greater than 90 of a plunger movable into and out of said well and co-operating with the folders to fold a box blank, each of the slides carrying an end folder having pressing surfaces in substantially the planes of the secondary folders to press against the plunger a plurality of the box sides which are folded by folders carried by the first-namedpair of slides.

6. In a box-folding machine, the combina-' tion of two pairs of opposed slides arranged at right angles to each other, each slide of one pair having a primary folder and two secondary folders, and each slide of the other pair having an end folder, said folders being in planes at. substantially right angles to the plane of the slides and forming between,

them a well or throat, any two adjacent sides of which form between them an'angle greater than a right angle of a plunger movable into and out of said well and. cooperating with the folders to fold a box blank intobox shape, the slides carrying the end folders having pressing surfaces to cooperate with the plunger in applying pressure to the sides of the box which are folded by the secondary folders. 7. The method of making a boxhaving more than four sides which consists in pro viding a box blank with a body portion and separate flaps, one for each side of the box, certain of the flaps having two wings, one at each end, other adjacent flaps having a single wing at one endand other fiaps being without wings,folding the flaps to form the sides of the box and in so doing folding the two-wing flaps in advance of the one-wing flaps, and the latter flaps in advance of the flaps without wings.

8. The method of forming an octagonal box which consists in providing a box blank having an octagonal'body portion and a foldable flap for each side of the box, two opposed flaps each having two wings, one at each end, the

flaps adjacent the two-wing flaps each having a single wing and then folding the flaps to form the sides of the box and in so doing initiating the folding movement of theonewing flaps subsequent to that of the two-wing flaps-but prior to that of the remaining flaps.

9. In a box-folding machine, the combination with two pairs of opposed slides arranged at right angles to each other, of a plurality of folders carried b said -slides,

said folders forming between t em a well or d r co-oper'ate with the plunger in applying presnation with two pairs of opposed slides ar- 10. InLa box-folding machine, the combivranged at right angles to eachother, of a pluralit of folders carried b said slides, said fol ers forming between t em a well or throat, each side of which has an angle other than 90 degrees with the adjacent sides, a

plunger movable into and out'of said Welland c'o-operatin with said folders to fold a box blank into ox shape, and means associated with said slides and having a plurality of vertical pressure faces disposed at an angle other than 90 degrees to the direction .of movement of said slides, said pressure faces serving to press the box sides against the plunger.

11. In a box-foldin g'machine, the combination with two pairs of opposed slides with the slides of one pair arranged at ri htlangles to the slides of the other pair, 0 a plu rality of folders carried by said slides and v "forming between thema well or throat, there being a diflerent number of folders than four,- and a plunger movable into and out of said well and co-operating with said folders Zto fold a box blank thereby to form a box in which of the three walls bounding any corner of the box two of the walls are at an angle .of other than 90to each other while the third wall is at an angle of 90 from each:

. of the other two."

7 12. In a box-folding machine, the combination with two pairs of opposed slides 'ar 35 and two secondary folders, and each slide of folders formin ranged at right angles to each other, each slide of one pair having a primary folder the other pair having an end folder, said between them a well or throat having eight sides,,of a plunger movable into and out of said well, and co-operatingwith the primary and secondary folders to fold from a box blank six sides of an ei htsided box and with the end folders to old the remaining we sides, the slides carrying the end folders having pressing surfaces 'to sure to six sides of the box.

In;testimony whereof, I have signed my name to thisspecification.

' W, WIKSTROM.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2483063 *Dec 21, 1942Sep 27, 1949Arden Farms CoCarton forming device
US2653524 *May 2, 1951Sep 29, 1953Ohio Boxboard CoCarton erecting mechanism
US4054241 *Jun 1, 1976Oct 18, 1977American Can CompanyTapered octagonal tray
US4247038 *Aug 15, 1979Jan 27, 1981Westvaco CorporationBake-in-tray
US6106450 *Jun 1, 1998Aug 22, 2000Georgia-Pacific CorporationApparatus and method for set-up of a non-rectangular container from a knocked-down-flat (KDF) precursor
US8534536 *Oct 20, 2011Sep 17, 2013Graphic Packaging International, Inc.Substantially round tray
US8647247May 13, 2011Feb 11, 2014Douglas Machine Inc.Continuous motion case former
US20120097573 *Oct 20, 2011Apr 26, 2012Graphic Packaging International, Inc.Substantially round tray
Classifications
U.S. Classification493/167, 229/192, 229/109
International ClassificationB65D5/20, B31B1/46
Cooperative ClassificationB31B2201/2666, B65D5/2033, B31B1/46
European ClassificationB65D5/20C3, B31B1/46