US 1895278 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W. F. CRAWFORD Jan. 24,v 1933.
SHIPPING CONTAINER Filed Feb. 26
I4. E CRA WFORD j" Briefly stated,
Patented Jan. 24, 1933 UNITi-:DVA'STATES 'PTEN-ff OFF-Ice,
' WILBUR FRANCIS cRAWronn, or Waco, anexas smrrING CONTAINER Appncanon mea February 26, 1981. serial No. 518,541. j,
Isuggested in which the closure arrangementV `thereof is simpliiiedas compared with other jackets intended for the same purpose, firstto i provide improved insulation, second to facilitate the introduction of a can of icecream or the like into the jacket and third to reducethe cost of manufacture.
j Another object is to i 4provide a Vshipping jacket of the type alluded to which, by reason of the simplified closure arrangement, hasan improved appearance enhancing the marketability of the jacket.
Other objects and advantageswillibe api *720i* parent during the course ofthe following description.
In the accompanying drawing forming a part of this'application and in which like v numerals are employed to designate like partsl throughout the same,
Figure lis a side elevation of the, improved shipping jacket, parts being shown in section,
Figure 2 is a top plan view of the improved jacket,
Figure 3 is a bottom plan view of thev improved jacket,
Figure 4 is a fragmentary perspectivegof theijacket, the view illustrating the sealingv flaps thereof in open position.
illustrating the upper portion of theja'cket, the view'being partly in section'an'd at'right angles to the showing in Figure 1. A In the drawing wherein for the purpose of "o illustration is shown a'- preferred embodiment of the invention, the numeral 5` designates a tubular body embodying inner and outer layers of canvas or other suitable material between which there is confined an insu- 5 'lating layer 6 of horse hair, feltor other material having the insulating qualities necessary in a acket of thekind disclosed.; The inner and outer layers of fabric and the intervening layer of insulating material 6 may be stitched together as indicated at'8 or other- 'wise joined. l The stitching 8 may extend both circumferentially "and vlongitudinally" of the jacket orbe arranged in any l'other manner found expedient. Y i In manufacture, the bottomlO of the jacket '55' may bestrengthened and `reinforced by a boot l2 ofra material having the wear resisting and insulating qualities desirable in a shipping acket forperishables such as ice cream .1.
and milk. I 60 Referring now to the closure arrangement for the jacket,attention is invited to -Figure 4 illustrating thatthere is a single outerflap Y' 1'6 of rectangular formation secured for the `full width thereof to the upper end-of onef` i Vside wall ofthe body 5 or'nconstituting an eX- Vtension of fsuch side wall.` The area ofthe iap l'is slightly greater than the areaV of the upper end of the body, 5 and the dimensions of the 'flap are such that when the flap '70 is in the closed positionA shown in Figure 1, 'it'will entirely close the mouth of the jacket with the otherwise free end of the fiapresting upon the otherwise free upper end of the opposite side wallof the body.
j The construction ofi the outer sealing Hap maycorrespond substantially to theconstruction of the body portionofthe jacket and-is Vprovided on the under-'surface thereof and at a point spaced in fromthe sides and ends' 50 thereof with a pad like member `2O having Va length and width to snugly fit withinthe upper end of the jacket. Withthe depending Y Yportion QOofthefiap 1G-'thus snugly received y Figure 5 is a fragmentary side-elevation within `the upperportion ofthe jacket, the 85 endandedge portions ofthe flap willhave j engagement with the adjacent portions of the o j noted'that the material forming both the body and the flap 1,64 arelnecesjsarily 'pliable so' that whenbrought together, especially under force, the contacting surfaces offthesepartsvv "will come together and-provide anapproX-i-` mately fluid tight sealpreventing the inc'ur.- sion of outsideair intothe jacket. j
v fAvs might otherwise be expressed,`the flap .i
L16 has the under side thereof rabbeted to'de-vr 100 fine a central plug-like portion adapted to fit vsnugly within the jacket and a marginal or ,flange portion by which the flap is engaged with the upper end of the jacket.` The flap 16 maybe provided at suitably spaced points with straps 24 adapted to be connected with buckles or other fastening .devices26 secured to the sides of the jacket. It is asimple matter to draw the end andedge portions of Vthe flap y16 into firm pressurercontact with the Vup- U per end of the jacket to provide a substan tially fluid tight contact between these parts. As shown in Figures 1, 2 and 4, the body 5 is provided with a pair of oppositely located outer flaps 28 secured at their innerends ,thereof to opposite sidewalls of the body-or formed integral with such'sidelwalls. Y Ther outer flapsf28 are of a length equal to or slightly greater than the distance half way across kthe inner flap 16 so vthat the flaps 28 overlap when brought into closed position by` fthe straps y30 and the co-acting buckles 32.
`The straps may be Vsecured by rivetingor otherwise tothe outer surfacevofoneof the flaps 28 while the buckles 32 may be secured vto the other -ap 28. f
Y In practice, a can of `ice cream or a containf er for any other perishable commodity may i Ybe placedwwithin the jacket and, as will beAV recognized, it is intended that the jacket shall be constructed for special use'in connection placed.V
with variouskinds of commodities, due regard-.being had for the nature ofthe corn- Amodity to be shippedV and the dimensions Iof the container in which thecommodity `is With the container thus-placed "snugly vwithin the jacket, the inner Hap 16 is brought vinto closed positionwith the plug or pad portion 20 thereof closely fitted-within the mouth of the jacket. The 'outer iaps`28 may now be brought into overlapping relation with each -other and overlying relation withthe inner flap'16 and whenrthe straps 24 and'30 are secured in place, as shown in Figure1,the upper end of the jacket will be sealed effectively againstthe entrance of outside air into the jacket so that itis possible by the-use of the improved jacket toship such perishable commodities as milk andice cream for rather Vlong distances without the possibilitygof spoilage. Y
- As previously suggested, lthe arrangement v ofthe flaps is such that the entrance of anv icecream cany or the like intoV the jacket is facilitated andA in this-.connection attention isinvitedto Figure 4 in which it is illustrated f that'one side of the mouth of the acket is entirely free and it is over this side that the can Vmaybe introducedinto the jacket. The arrangement of theflaps and the mannerl of Vconnecting the same to the upper ends of the jacket `is such that theflaps will remain in Lopen position until intentionally closed and thus the flaps will not interfere With'the entrance` of a commodity container into'rthe AAlso,the three flap arrangement provides for the more expeditious and` economical manufacture and has superior wear resisting qualitiesv commending its use in connection with the shipment of a variety of commodities.
, Figure V5 illustrates that one side'of the*v jacketinay be provided with a handle 34 of any iiexibl'e material found adaptable for Vthe purpose, the ends of the handle being vsecured in any suitable manner to the j acket.
Itis to be understood that the form of invention here-Withyshown and describedis to es be taken merely as preferred,exampleofthe same and' that zsuch minor changes in'arf rangement and construction'of parts maybe Vmade as will remain'W-ithin rthe spirit of the invention and the scope of what is claimed.
Having thus describedthe invention, what isclaimed is: f
1. In a shipping jacket,`a tubular body of insulating material and having sidel walls,
an inner liap secured to the upper end of one r,of said side walls, theA entire upper vend of .the opposite sidewall off'said body beingfree for. engagement by thejouterfend portion of said inner flap and to facilitate vthe introducbular body, the under side of the flap being provided lwith adepending portion spaced inward from the edges ofthe flap and snugly received within the upper portion yof.v the tubular body, means to secure said inner iap iny closed position with thede'pending lower portion thereof. within the tubular body, and Va pair ofV outerrflaps secured to the'upper ends of the otherxside walls of theV tubular body and having means by whichV the'same may be secured in overlying relation to said inner flap.
2. In a shipping tion ofeva commodity containerjinto said tui jacket, Va tubular body of` i insulating materialfor the reception/of` a commodity container and having side walls,VV
a singler inner Hap securedto the upper end of oneofysaidsidewalls, the entire upper end of theopposite sidewall ofsaidjacketbeing Y free forengagement by theouter end portion of said single flap and unobstructed to'faciflitate the introduction of a commodity container into said tubular body, theunder Vside of said single flap being provided at" pointsl `spaced in, from thesides and endsvthereof with aVplug-like pad adapted to be snuglyV receivedA Withinthe tubular body, 'and a pair ofouter flaps secured to the other side walls of; the tubular'container and adapted to overlie the single inner vflap, said outer' aps beingV provided with cooperating fastening,
means holdin the outer aps firmly over said single inner ap. Y j
3. In a shipping jacket, a tubular body of insulating material for the reception of a commodity container and having side Walls,
a single inner Hap secured tothe entire upper end of one of said sidewalls, the upper end of the opposite side wall of said jacket being free for engagement by the'outer end portion of said single fiap and to facilitate the introduction of a, commodity container into said tubular body, the under side of said single flap being provided at points spaced in from the sides and ends thereof with a plug-like pad adapted to be snugly received Within the tubular body, cooperating means carried by said inner flap and body to secure said flap in closed position, and a pair of outer flaps secured tothe other side walls of the tubular container and adapted to overlie the single inner flap, said outer flaps being provided with cooperating fastening means holding the outer flaps firmly over said single inner flap.
4. In a shipping jacket, a tubular body of insulating material for the reception of a commodity container and having side Walls, a flap carried by the upper end portion of one of said side Walls, the entire upper end portion of the opposite side Wall of said body being free for engagement by the outer end portion of said flap andto facilitate the introduction of a commodity container into said tubular body, additional flaps carried by the upper end portions of the other side walls of said body approximately at right angles to said first named flap, said first and second V named fiaps being arranged for Yoverlapping relation, and releasable fastening means :for
VV securing said first and second-named flaps in overlapping relation. Y
' 5. In a shipping jacket, a tubular body of insulating material for the reception of a commodity container and having side Walls,
a single inner Hap secured to the upper end of one of said side Walls, the entire upper end of the opposite side Wall of said body being free for engagement by the outer end of said inner fiap and to facilitate the in- Vtroduction of a commodity container into said tubular body, a pair of outer flaps secured to the upper ends ofV the other side Walls of the tubular body and lpositionedto overlie said inner flap, and releasable fas-v tening means for, securing said outer fiaps in overlying relation to said inner Hap.
In testimony'whereof I afiix my signature. WILBUR FRANCIS CRAWFORD. v