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Publication numberUS1895689 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 31, 1933
Filing dateOct 18, 1932
Priority dateOct 18, 1932
Publication numberUS 1895689 A, US 1895689A, US-A-1895689, US1895689 A, US1895689A
InventorsSchlegel Charles P
Original AssigneeSchlegel Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Molding
US 1895689 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 31, 1933. p SCHLEGEL 1,895,689 l MOLDING Filed 0G11. 18, 1932 zu TTORN Y Patented Jan. 3l, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CHARLES P. SCHLEGEL, OF ROCHESTER, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOB T0 THE SCHLIEGEL MANUFACTURING COMPANY, 0F ROCHESTER, NEW YORK, A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK IOLDIN G Application aled October 18, 1932. Serial No. 888,348.

This invention relates to molding strips for trimming and finishing upholstery such, for example, as in automoblle bodies, and pertains more particularly to the blind nail variety of molding comprising an attaching base portion for receiving the fastening means, a cover piece extending over and concealing the fastening means, anda locking portion for releasably engaging and securlng the cover piece in closed posltion over the fastening means.

Mountings of this variety have been formed from a more or less flexible fabric folded along spaced lines to provide the attaching base or nail receiving portion, the cover piece and locking piece, but in order to impart the necessary stiffness to the molding, the cover piece and locking portion, and'in some instances the base portion, have been provided with separately formed stiifening liners or fillers secured to or wra ped in portions of the fabric forming ditllirent parts of the molding. Such a construction involves the extra expense attendant upon making, assembling and securing together a plurality of separate elements, which are subject to becoming separated and disarranged in use, besides being bulky and unsightly, so that the resulting molding does not have the desired durability, economy and pleasing appearance.

One object of the present invention is the provision of a self-contained, one-piece molding capable of being fully formed by weaving all of the parts together, in the loom.

Another object is to provide a molding of the character described and of the thin flat type desired by the automobile industry.

Another object is to provide a molding of this kind made from a single strip of fabric having an improved woven vconstruction which not only imparts the desired stiffness to the molding without the use of attached stiifeners and liners but also provides means facilitating folding the strip .to form its varous parts.

A further object is the provision in a molding of this type of a simple and effective means for retaining the molding parts inv proper assembled position to securely and permanently conceal the fastening means used to secure the molding to the upholstery.

A further object is the provision of such a molding which is pleasing and ornamental in appearance simple and durable in construction and inexpensive to manufacture and apply in use.

To these and other ends the invention residesin certain improvements and combinations of parts, all as will be hereinafter more fully described, the novel features being pointed out in the claims at the end of this specification. Y v

In the drawing: Fig. 1 is a plan or face View of a molding constructed in accordance with one embodimentl of the invention;

Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional view across the molding illustrated in Fig. 1, being. en-

larged to show the relation of the various parts;

Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary transverse sectional view of the Woven stripfrom which the molding of Figs. 1 and 2 is formed, showing the method of imparting the desired stiffness to the molding and means for forming the fold line between the different portions onthe strip;

Fig. 4 is a face view of portions ofthe strip viewed from above in Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 is a sectional view taken longitudinally of the strip substantially on the line 5-5 of Fig. 4, showing the method of weaving the strip along the fold lines, to provide weakened sections or breaks which facilitatev the folding of the strip;

Fig. 6 i's a view similar to Fig. 1 but showing a narrowertype of molding, and

Fig. 7 is a View similar to Fig. 2 but showing the modification of Fig. 6.

The same reference numerals throughout the several views indicate the same parts.

The present application is a continuation ip part of my copending application, Serial l\o. 595,684, filed February 29, 1932, relating to the same general type of molding but dis- .vlosnfy several improvements Which are emrelatively `stiff fabric folded to provid-evan attaching base portion for receiving the nails or other fastening means, marginal portions' of the fabric strip beingarranged to overlie the base, portion from opposite sides -to provide a cover lpiece forthe vfastening means and a locking portion for holding the cover piece in closed or nail concealing position.

The strip is foi'med with a new and improved woven construction by which the desired stiffness is inherent in the woven fabric vitself, without the necessity for attached stiffening liners, fillers or cores and which also facilitates the folding ofthe strip to forml the cover piece and locking portion, as will be hereinafter more fully described.

Referring to the drawing, Fig. 2 shows one embodiment ofthe invention in a molding of the blind vnail type formed from ag.

.of vstitching may be uged with a suitably single strip of yclosely `woven-,lsingle ply, textile;fabric;fhavingan-,intermediate or attachingbasejpoition 11 adaptedto vreceive the ply cover piece nailsor other suitable fastening means (not shown) for securing the .molding to a strip 12 such, for example, as the body o'f an automobile, as well understood in the art. One side of the strip is folded along the side edge 13 of the base portion, to provide a fiat, single 14 y hingedlyA secured, along' the edge 13, vto 'the base portion 11,' 'and adapted to be folded to overlie 'the latter, as clearly shown in Fig.2,`.to cover or conceal the fastening `means whichextend through the base portion 11 and into the support 12.

This cover piece may be woven sufficiently stiff, as hereafter described, so that when folded, in the maiiner illustrated in Fig. 1, it will remain in position on the-base portion. vIn a Wide molding, however, where the cover piece is wide, as shown in Fig. 2, and, therefore,tends to be somewhat flexible, it may be desirable to provide auxiliary stiffening means for the cover piece. rThis auxiliary stiffening means comprises, in the present embodiment, a row of stitching 15 extending -through the coverl piece 14 and the base portion 11 adjacent the fold line 13,`as clearly illustrated in l* `ig.l Q, to further stiffen the coverpiece'14. The cover piece is also provided With a reduced marginal edge 17 which is adapted to be tucked undera- 'locking member, hereafter described, to releasably hold the cover /picce 14 on the base portion 11.

' The cover piece is retained in position on the base portion 11 by means of a thin,'flat cover holding member which preferably comprises a single ply locking member 20 vformed by folding,'along the side edge 21 of the base' portion 11,"the redge,of.the strip opposite to that'from which the cover piece is formed.--

This locking member is of less width thanv the cover piece 14` and the free` edge 22 thereof provides a stiff:l locking lip'beneath which the reduced marginal edge 17 of thc cover vsi'ifticiently stiff to retain the cover piece in position, it is preferred to provide auxiliary supporting and stiffeningiiieans, such for example, as a row of stitching 25`extending throughthe base 'portion and the locking member adjacent the fold line 21 to support vand stiffen the locking lip QQ. This stitching 25 is of sufficiently bulky forni or made with a sufficiently heavy thread to appreciably project below thebase portion 11 and forni a longitudinallyextending rib 30 which tends to hold the portion 1l, adjacent the fold 21,

in elevatedpositi'on above the support 12,4A as clearly "illustrated in Fig. 2, the purpose f f ofjv-hich construction will be hereafter pointedf/out.4 A'chain or any other suitable form `Award movement of the edge 21 tilts the locking member 20 inwardly and into tight en` gagement with the marginalvedge 17 to firmly but releasably hold the cover piece 14 on the base portion 11. This novel arrangement not only supports and stiffens the locking niember, but also provides a simple and effective means for retaining the molding parts in proper assembled relation.

" The present invention also provides a new and improved woven construction which im. parts the desired stiffness tov the molding parts, and facilitates the foldingvand arrangl ilng of the cover piece 14 and the locking memei' 20. shown an enlarged section of the stripfrom which the above described molding is formed.

Thisstrip is made up of a plurality of weft strands 40, and a plurality of warp strands 41 interlocked with the weft strands 40 in a manner clearly shown'l in Fig. 4. AV large lnumber of these warp strands 41, particularly those in thebase portion 11, are formed of relatively st iff orcoarse twisted textile material, as indicated in- Figs. 3 and 4,to afford Referring to Figs. 3 and 4, there is a .relatively stifffabriewhich is capable of A maintaining the shape and arrangement of the molding parts, without'the ilse of auX- iliary cores or liners. 1While these heavy. or'

coarse warp strands have -been'shown in connection with the base' portion only, it is 'conteinplated that1 they may also. be used in the cover piece 14 and/or the locking member 2() to give additional stiffnessto thesel parts. -If

these' heavy warp strands 41,th'e,row. of f stitching 15 may be eliminated'if desired.

By means of sucha Woven construction,

thestifl'ening means for the entire molding is woven in and forms an integral part uof the strip and thus obviates the use of auxiliary attached stiffening liners or fillers of the type found in the usual form of moldings of this class. Such an arrangementnot only affords a. self contained one-piecemolding which is capable of being manufactured at a minimum of cost, but also provides a molding strip which may be woven sufliciently stiff in the loom so' that when stitched down, as shown at 15 and 25, it is complete in form.

To facilitate the folding of the cover piece 14 and the locking member 20, the strip .is woven so as to providebreaks or weakenedA sections, generally indicated by the numeral 45, which extend along the fold lines 13 and 21. These breaks provide flexible hinge like members which connect the base portion l1 to the cover 'piece 14 and the locking member 20, and facilitate the folding of vthestrip to form the molding parts as above described. Each of these breaks is formed, in the present instance, by substituting for the heavy warp strands 41 a number of finer or less bulky, straight, untwisted flexible warp strands arranged in the forni of-a bundle 50 which extends along the fold line 13 or 21, as clearly illustrated in Figs. 3 and 4. Each of these bundles of warp 'strands is especially woven in, for example, by a method which may be described a's three u and one down, as viewed from the faceside of, the strip, or the side of the base portion 11 laigd against the support 12. As viewed from this side of the strip, the strands forming each of the bundlesO are caught, as a unit, at spaced points under the weft strands 40, as shown at 55, Fig. 5. Intermediate these points, eachbundle of strands extends over two or more, in the tively long flat loops 56 positioned on the face side of the strip, as clearly shown in Figs. 3 and 4. By means of this arrangement, the finer flexible warp strands which form the breaks 45 are mostly on the face side of the strip, or in other words` on' the outside of the folds 13 and 21, as shown in Fig. 3, so as to facilitate the folding of they molding illustrated in Figs. 1 an'clp-.2,'aiid having an attaching base portion I1, a cover.

l present instance three,- adjacent weft strands 40, and forms relapiece 14P- overlying the base portion and se-v cured thereto along the 'fold linev 13,", and a.

cover piece 20 secured along the line 21Y to the base portion 11 and h'aving'the inner free edge or locking lip 22a thereof arranged to overlie the reduced marginal edge 17 of the cover piece 14, whichA construction is clearly illustrated in Fig. 7 of the dna-wing. In this narrow molding, it is unnecessary to stiffen f K the cover 'pice 14by stitching it to the base,- as shown in Fig. 2, assuming, ofcouse, that the cover piece is woven reasonably' stiff.

The locking member is, however, further i stiffen'ed and supported by 'means ofarow of stitching 25a which extends through the base," portion 11Il and the locking memberv 20 to support and stiifen the latter. This rowbf stitching may be of the plaint 'e shown -in Fig. 7, orof the type shown in Fgg. 2.v

, It is apparent from the above description that the present invention yprovides a self contained one-piece molding which is woven` in the loom to provide an sufficiently sti inherently stiff fabric, which, when folded and stitched as above describe-d, iscomplete' inform and capablev of maintaining-the closed arrangement of Ithe' molding parts and the generaljshape of the whole Without the useofattached stilfening liners .or fillers;

The present invention affords lalso an improved Woven construction which facilitates the foldingv of Athe strip andgalso provides a simple and effective means for concomitantly supporting and stiil'ening the locking lip and for tilting itinwardly into engage-A ment with the cover` piece to firmly but releasably hold the latter on the basejportion. The invention thus providesfa molding construction which is inexpensiveto manufacture and adapted to be quickly and easily applied in place. The thin flat construction which it affords offers theleastlikeliliood of Contact with objects which might,tend to detach it or derange its parts, while at the same time presenting a pleasing and attractive appearance.

While certain embodiments of the invention have been disclosed, it is to be under'- stood'that the inventive idea may be carried out in a number of Ways... This application is, therefore, not to belimited to the precise details described, but is lintended to Vcover all variationsy and modifications thereof falling v Withinthe 'spirit' of ,the vinvention or the scope of-theappended claims".v

I. claim.:

1.- A'self-contained, one-piece upholstery lmo molding formed from a single strip of fabric inherent stiffness and pernianencyk of vfoi-rn,

a locking member hinged. to the opposite side edge pf: said bascjp'ortion and folded inwardj vWoven'With relatively stiff strands ton-,afford'' i., f2s

piece and the locking member. 2. A self-contained,` one-piece upholstery molding formed from a single strip of fabric woven with relatively stifl:I strands to afford inherent stiffness and permanency of form, said strip comprisingan attaching base portion, a single ply cover piece hinged to one side edge of said base portion and folding thereover, and a singleply locking member hinged to the opposite side edge lvof said base portion and folded inwardly over and stitched to said base portion to overlap and releasably hold said ycover .piece in folded position, said fabric strip being woven to provide breaks adjacent said said edges to facilitate said folding ofthe cover piece and lthe locking member.

Y 3.*A self-contained, one-piece upholstery molding `formed from a single strip of fabric Woven with relatively stiff strands to afford inherent stiffness and permanency of form,

'said stripcomprising an attaching baseportion, a cover piece hinged to one side edge of said base portion and Vfolding thereover, and a locking member hinged to the opposite side edge of said base portion and folded inwardly over and stitched to said base portion to overv'lap and releasably hold said cover piece in folded position, said strip being woven with relatively loose warp strands adjacent said side edges to form breaks' between the base portion and the locking member and cover piece to facilitate the folding of the strip.

4.' A self-contained, one-piece lupholstery molding formed from a single piece of relatively stiff woven fabric and comprising, in combination, an attaching vbase portion adapted to receive fastening means, a single ply cover piece hinged to one side edgeof said base portion Vand folding thereover, a flat narrow locking member hinged to the opposite side edge of said base portion and folded inwardly over said'base portion to overlap andv releasably hold said cover piece in folded position, and a row of stitching extending through said base portion Vand said locking member to support and stiffen thexlatter, said stitching havinga part projecting below said base portion and serving to tilt said locking member inwardly over said cover piece when said fastening means are secured to a support.

5. A self-contained, one-piece upholstery molding formed from a single strip of fabricv rwoven with relatively stiff strands to afford ,tion adapted to receive fastening means, a

inherent stiffness and permanency of form, said strip comprising an attachingbase porcover piece hinged to one side edge of said base portion and folding thereover, a locking member hinged to the opposite edge of said said coverpiece in folded position, and a row of stitchingjextending through said base portion and said locking member adjacent said opposite edge to'support and stiften said locking member, said stitching having .a part thereof projecting below said base portion A and serving to tilt the locking melnber inwardly and into engagement with said cover piece when said fastening means are secured to a support. Y f y V6. A self-contained, one-piece upholstery molding formed from a single strip of fabric Woven with relatively stiff strands to'afford inherent stiffness and permanency of form, said strip comprising an attaching base portion, 'a cover piece hinged to one side edge of said base portion and folding thereover, a locking member hinged to the opposite side edge of said base portion and folded inwardly over said base portion to overlap and releasably hold said cover piece in folded position, and a row of stitching extending through said base portion and ,said locking member for concomitantly supporting and stiffening the locking member and for tilting it inwardly to engage said cover piece, said fabric strip being woven to provide breaks adjacent said side edges to facilitate said folding of the cover piece and the'locking member.

'Z'.` A self-contained, one-piece upholstery lorsl edge to stiffen the cover piece, a. flat narrow locking member hinged to the opposite side edge of said base portion and folded inwardly over said base portion to overlap and re- -le'asably hold said cover piece, and a row of l stitching extending through said base portion and said locking memberv adjacent said opposite edge Vand serving to support and stiffen the locking member.

8. A self-contained, one-piece upholstery molding formed from a single strip of fabric wovenwith relatively stiff strands-to Vafford inherent stiffness and permanency of form, said strip comprising an attaching base portion, a coverv piece hinged to one side edge of. said base portion and folding thereover, a row of stitching extending through said base portion and said'cover piece adjacent said edge to stiffen the cover piece, a flat narrow locking member hinged to the opposite side edge of said base portionv and folded inwardly over said base portion to overlap and releasablyhold said cover piece, and a row of stitching extending through lsaid base portion and said locking member adjacent said opposite edge and serving to support and stii'en the locking member, said strip being woven to provide breaks adjacent said edges to facilitate said folding of the cover piece and the locking member.

9. A self-contained, one-piece upholstery molding formed from a single strip of fabric woven with relatively stiff strands to afford inherent stiffness and permanency of form, said strip comprising an attaching base portion adapted to receive fastening means, a.

cover -piece hinged to one side edge of said.

base portion and folding thereover, a locking member hinged to the opposite edge. of said base portion and folded inwardly over said base portion to overlap and releasably hold said cover piece in folded position, said strip being woven to provide breaks along said side edges to facilitate the folding of said cover piece and said locking member, and a row of stitching extending through said base portion and said locking member to stiifen the latter, said stitching having a part thereof projecting below said basel portion and serving to tilt the locking member inwardly and into engagement with said cover piece when said fastening means are secured to a support.

l0. A self-contained, one-piece upholstery molding formed from a single strip of fabric woven with relatively stifl:` warp strands to afford inherent stiffness and permanenc of form, said strip comprising an attaching ase portion adapted to receive fastening means, a

single ply cover piece hinged to one side edge of said base portion and folding thereover, a row of stitching extending through said base portion and said cover piece adjacent said edge to stii'en the cover piece, a single ply locking member hinged to the opposite side edge of said base portion and folded inwardly over said base portion to overlap and releasably hold said cover piece in folded position, said fabric being woven to provide breaks adjacent said side edges to facilitate said folding of the cover piece and the locking member, and a row of stitching extending v through said base portion and said locking member to support and stifen the latter, said last mentioned stitching having a part thereof projecting below said base portion and serving to tilt said locking member into engagement with said cover piece when vsaid fastening means are secured to a support.

CHARLES P. SCHLEGEL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2672168 *Apr 25, 1951Mar 16, 1954Walters GustavWoven endless belt
US3247869 *Apr 23, 1963Apr 26, 1966Reynolds Metals CoHelically wound tubular member
US3991246 *Dec 27, 1972Nov 9, 1976Kufner Textilwerke KgWeb of woven fabric for the production of reinforcing inlays for items of clothing
Classifications
U.S. Classification112/423, 139/384.00R, 28/143
International ClassificationB60R13/04
Cooperative ClassificationB60R13/04
European ClassificationB60R13/04