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Publication numberUS1895972 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 31, 1933
Filing dateJun 14, 1932
Priority dateJun 14, 1932
Publication numberUS 1895972 A, US 1895972A, US-A-1895972, US1895972 A, US1895972A
InventorsChilds Wesley M
Original AssigneeLorene W Childs
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Binder
US 1895972 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

W. M. CHILDS Jan. 31, 1933.

BINDER Filed June 14, 1932 Patented Jan. 31, 1933.

, UNITED STATES PATENT orrica waster M. onrLnsor ELDORADO, KANSAs; assrenon TO LORENE w. onxnnsior I ELDORADO, KANSAS BINDER Application filed June 14,

This invention relates to a binder designed primarily for loosely and detachably filing or binding of physicians prescriptions, but it is to be understood that a binder, in accordance with this invention may be employed for any purpose for which it is found applicable, and the invention has for its object to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, abinder including means for .extension through and for coupling thereto, in a loose-like manner, a prescription sheet or other leaf and with such means so constructed and arranged toprevent the tearing of sheet or leaf when'coupling it to the hinder,'or.whenreference is had thereto after being filed. I A further object of the invention is to provide, ina manner as hereinafter set forth, a binder ofthe class referred to including sheet or leaf fastener orf coupling elements, soconstructed and arranged, to prevent the uncoupling of a coupled sheet or leaf under normal conditions. I

A further object of the invention is to provide, in a. manner as hereinafter set forth, a. binder of the loose-leaf type with sheet or leaf fastening orcoupling elements, each including a coupler of -inverted U-shape form, having the body thereof of concave-cross section to provide a 1 rounded surface to ride against the edge of the aperture of a sheet or leaf to prevent the tearing of suchedge when filing or binding the sheet or leaf and when reference filed To the aboveends essentially, and to others which-may hereinafter appear, the invention 0 invention as claimed.

consists of such parts, and such combination of parts which fall within the scope of the In the drawing Figure 1 is a perspective view of a binder, in accordance with this invention, the binder being illustrated. as in open position.

Figure 2 isa cross sectional view of the binder when extended and further showing a plurality of sheets or leaves coupled thereto.

Figure3 is a fragmentary view in vertical section of the binder closed and having coupled thereto a series of sheets or leaves.

is had to the latter after being.

1932. Serial No. 617,192.

of coupling or fastener element employed.

Figure 6 is a cross sectional view of the coupler forming a part of the coupling or fastener element. I

The binder comprises a body part 1 formed from a rectangular web of any suitablematerial scored at two spaced parallel points to provide a pair of hinges 2, 3,.an outer or front; cover portion 4, an inner or rear cover portion 5 and a back edge portion 6. The cover portion 4 is of less width than cover portion 5.- Secured to the outerface of edge portion 6 and extended upon the inner marginal portion of the outer face of each cover portion is a reinforcing member 7 of any suitablelnaterial. The portions 4 and 5 are joined by the hinges 2, 3'respectively to the portion 6.

The binder maybe formed with one or more coupling or fastener elements for connecting thesheets or leaves to be filed to the body part 1, and by wayof example, two of such elements are. shown as coupled to the portion 6 in opposed spaced relation. The

coupling or fastener elements, hereinafter termed coupling elements are of like form, and the description of one will apply to the other. Each. coupling element comprises a rectangular plate 8 positioned against the inner face of portion 6 and provided at the 7 end of each end edge thereof with a bendable securing barb 9- therefor which is passed through portion 6 and bent against that face thereof concealed by member 7. The barbs 9 are interposed between portion 6 and member 7 when the coupling element is anchored in position to the body part1. The side edge 10 of plate 8, intermediate its ends, is formed tion,

tour. The arm 14 is of greater length than arm 15 and is integral with plate 8. The arm 15 when in normal position has its lower end arranged in spaced relation with respect to the plate 8. The lower end of arm 15 terminates in a flat triangular shaped supporting lug 17 which extends inwardly at right angles to arm 15 and acts as a means to prevent under normal conditions the disconnecting of a filed sheet or leaf 18 and in this connection see Figure 2. The lug 17 is spaced above plate 8 to provide a passage 19 for the insertion of a sheet or leaf to be filed. The sheets or leaves are formed with openings 20 corresponding in number to the number of coupling elements employed.

The strap-like part of coupler 13 is of con cave-cross section at any point substantially throughout to form a rounded inner surface 21 which rides against the edges of the openings 20 and spaces the side edges of such part from the edges of the openings. This arrangement prevents the side edges of said strap-like part from coming in contact with and prevents the tearing of the edges of the openings in the sheets or leaves when the latter are shifted upon the coupling element or elements.

l/Vhen the binder has been filled to the extent desired, the coupler is depiessed'to have the lug 17 arran ed in the in'cut portion 11. See Figure 3. lfihen the lug 17 is arranged in incut portion 11,'the space 19 is eliminated and the sheets or leaves are locked in so that none can possibly slip off. The coupler is constructed of such material that if it is absolutely necessary to remove any sheets or leaves it can be so shaped to permit suehremoval by opening the binder and by remaking space 19. The incu't portion 11, although shown of semi-circular 'contour,ean beof any desirable contour suitable to receive lug 17. Although the plate 8 of the coupling element is shown anchored to back edge portion 6 by the barbs 9, it is to be understood that plate 8 can be anchored in any suitable manner and that the means shown is but one embodiment of anchoring the pl'ate8 stationary.

What I claim is g 1. A binder comprising, a body part formed of a hinged front cover portion, a hinged rear cover portion and a back edge portion, a plate anchored against the inner face of said back edge poran upstanding coupler for connecting sheets or leaves with said body part and including an upstanding inverted U-shaped strap-like part formed with an arcuate'topextending across the plate and a pair of sides, one of said sides being integral at its lower end with one side edge of the plate and the other of said sides having its lower end spaced from the plate, and a flat lug spaced above the plate and integral with and extending inwardly at right angles to the lower end of the said other side of said straplike part.

2. A binder comprising, a body part formed of a hinged front cover portion, a hinged rear cover portion and a back edge portion, a plate anchored against the inner face of said back edge portion, an upstanding coupler for connecting sheets or leaves with said body part and including an upstanding inverted U-shaped strap-like part formed with an arcuate top extending across the late and a pair of sides, one of said sides eing integral at its lower end with one side edge of the plate and the other of said sides having its lower end spaced from the plate, a flat lug spaced above the plate and integral with and extending inwardly at right angles to the lower end of the said other side of said strap-like part, said plate having its other side edge formed with a cutout, and said strap-like part being depressible to position said lug in the cutout.

'3. A binder comprising, a body part formed of a hinged front cover portion, a hinged rear cover portion and a back edge portion, a plate anchored against the inner face'of said back edge portion, an upstanding coupler for connecting sheets or leaves with said body part and including an upstanding inverted U-shaped strap-like part formed with an arcuate top extending across the plate anda pair of sides, one of said sides being integral at its lower end with one side edge of the plate and the other of said sides having its lower end spaced from the'plate, a flat lug spaced above the -plat'eand integral with and extending inwardly at right anglesto the lower end of the said other side of said strap-like part, and said strap-like part being of concave contour in transverse cross section at any point substantially throughout its length to provide the inner face thereof rounded.

4. A binder comprising, a body part formed of a hinged front cover portion, a hinged rear cover portion and a. back edge portion, a plate anchored against the inner face of said back ed ge portion. an upstanding coupler for connecting sheets or leaves with said body part and including an upstanding inverted U-shaped strap-like part formed with an areuate top extending across the plate and. a pair of sides, one of said sides being integral at its lower end with one side edge of the plate and the other of said sides hav ing i s lower end spaced from the plate, a fiat lug spaced above the plate and integral with and. extending inwardly at right angles to the lower end of the said other side of said strap-like part, said plate having its other side edge formed with a cutout, said strap-like part being depressible to position said lug in the cutout, andsaid strap-like part being of concave contour in transverse cross section at any point substantially throughout its length to provide the inner face thereof rounded.

5. A binder comprising, a body part formed of a hinged front cover ortion, a hinged rear cover portion and a hack edge portion, a plate anchored against the inner face of said back edge portion, an upstanding coupler for connecting sheets or leaves with said body part and includingan upstanding inverted U-shaped strap-like part formed with an arcuate top extending across the plate and a pair of sides, one of said sides being integral at its lower end with one side edge of the plate, and the other of said sides having its lower end spaced from the plate, a flat lug spaced above the plate and integral with and extending inwardly atright angles to the lower end of the said other side of said strap-like part, said plate having integral bendable spaced means for extension through and for bearing against the outer face of said back edge portion for anchoring the plate to the latter, reinforcing means secured to the outer faces of the said portions, and said front cover portion being of less width than said rear cover portion.

6. A binder comprising, a body part,

formed of a hinged front cover portion, a hinged rear cover portion and a back edge portion, a plateanchored against the inner face of said back edge portion, an'upstanding coupler for connecting sheets or leaves with said body part and including an upstanding inverted U-shaped strap-like part formed with an arcuate top extending across the plate and a pair of sides, one of said sides being integral at its lower end with one side edge of the plate and the other of said sides having its lowerend spaced from the plate, a flat lug spaced above the plate and integral with and extending inwardly at right angles to the lower end of the said other side of said straplike part, said plate having its other side edge formed with a cutout, said strap-like part being depressible to position said lug in the cutout, said plate having integral bendable spaced means for extension through and for bearing against the outer face of said back edge portion for anchoring the plate to the latter, reinforcing means secured to the outer faces of the said portions, and said front cover portion being of, less width than said rear cover portion,

7. A binder comprising, a body part formed of a hinged front cover ortion, a hinged rear cover portion and a ack edge portion, a plate anchored against the inner face of said back edge portion, an upstanding coupler for connecting sheets or leaves with said body part and including an upstanding inverted U-shaped strap-like part formed with an arcuate top extending across the plate and a pair of sides, one of said sides being integral at its lower end with one side edge of the plate and the other of said sides having its lower end spaced from the plate, a flat lu spaced above the plate and integral with extending inwardly at right angles to the lower end of the said other sideof 'saidstraplike part, said strap-like part being of concave'contour in transverse cross section at anypoint substantially throughout its len thto provide the inner face thereof roun ed, said plate havingintegral bendable spaced means for extension through and for hearing againstthe outer face of said backedge por tion for anchoring the plate to the latter, reinforcing means secured to the-outer faces of the said portions, and said front cover portionbeing of less width than said rear cover portion. I V

8. A binder comprising, a body .part formed of a hinged front cover portion, a hinged rear cover portion and a back-edge portion, aplate anchored against: the inner face of said back edge portion,"an upstanding coupler for connecting'sheets'or leaves with said body part and including an upstanding inverted U-shaped strap-like part formed with an arcuate top extending across the plate and a pair of sides, one of said sides being integral at its lower end with one side edge of the plate and the other/of said sides having its lowerend spaced from the'plate, a flat lug spaced above the plate and integral with and extending inwardly at right angles to the lower end of the-said other side of said strap-like-part, said plate having its other edge formed witha cutout, said strap-like part being depressible to position said lug in the cutout, said strap-like partbeing of concave contour in transverse cross section at any point I substantiallythroughout its length to provide the inner face there/of rounded, said plate having integral bendable spaced means for extension through and for hearing against the outer face of said back edge portion forv anchoring the plate to the latter, reinforcing means secured tothe outer faces'of the said portions, and said front-cover portion being of less width than said rear cover portion. I

A binder, comprising, a body part formed of a'hinged rfront 'cover'portioma hinged rear cover portion and aback edge portion, one or more plates anchored against the inner face of said back edgeportion and each cutout at one edge thereof, an upstanding coupler of strap-like form for-extending through sheetsor leaves to connect the latter with said body part, said coupler having one end integral with an edge of a plate opposite th at edge formed with a cutout and its outer end arranged over the cutout and free of connection to the plate, a flat lug integral with and extending inwardly from the free end of the coupler, said lug being normally arranged in spaced relation to the plate to provide an entrance passage for the sheets or leaves to be positioned on said coupler, and

said coupler being depressible to eliminate said passage and to position said lug in said cutout thereby locking the sheets or leaves to: said body part.

10. :A binder comprising, a body part formed of a hinged front cover portion, a hinged rear cover portion and a back edge portion, one or more plates anchored against the inner face of said back edge portion and each cutout at one edge thereof, an upstanding coupler of strap-like form for extending through sheets or leaves to connect the latter with said body part, said coupler having one end integral with an edge of a plate opposite that edge formed with a cutout and its outer end arranged over the cutout and free of connection to the plate, a flat lug integral with and extending inwardly from the free end of the coupler, said lug being normally arranged in spaced relation to the plate to provide an entrance passage for the sheets or leaves to be positioned on said coupler, said coupler being depressible to eliminate said passage and to position said lug in said outout thereby locking the sheets or leaves to said body part, and said coupler being of concave contour in cross section to provide the inner face thereof rounded.

11. In a binder, a fixed coupling element for sheets or leaves, said element including a plate having a cutout, an upstanding coupler of strap-like form for connecting the sheets or leaves tothe plate and having one end integral with the plate and its other end normally arranged in opposed spaced relation to said cutout, and a flat lug integral with and extending inwardly at right angles to the free end of the coupler, said lug normally spaced from said plate to form a'normally opened entrance passage for the sheets or leaves, and said coupler being depressible for positioning said lug in said cutout to eliminate said passage and to lock the sheets or leaves to said element. v a

12. In a binder, a fixed coupling element for sheets or leaves, said element comprising a plate having bendable means for anchoring it stationary, an upstanding coupler for loosely connecting sheets or leaves to said plate, said coupler includinga strap-like part formed of a pair of sides and a top, said top disposed transversely with respect to said plate, one of said sides having its lower end integral with said plate, the other of said sides having its lower end normally spaced from said plate and a flat lug normally spaced above the plate and integral with and extending inwardly at right angles to the. lower end of the said other side, and said strap-like part being of concave curvature in transverse cross section.

In testimony whereof, I aflix my signature hereto.

WESLEY M. OHILDS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2847998 *Nov 7, 1955Aug 19, 1958Pisano Albert JLoose leaf metal ring construction
US3108823 *May 18, 1962Oct 29, 1963Thaw Norman LPaper securement device
US3262454 *Jun 23, 1964Jul 26, 1966Shillinger George PBinder assembly
US3262455 *Jun 24, 1964Jul 26, 1966George P ShillingerRing
US5622386 *Mar 14, 1995Apr 22, 1997Rock-Tenn CompanyBinder apparatus with removable outer cover
US5924811 *Jul 30, 1997Jul 20, 1999World Wide Stationery Mfg. Co., Ltd.Assembling and disassembling device for ring binders
US6007266 *Jun 22, 1998Dec 28, 1999World Wide Stationery Manufacturing Co., Ltd.Fastener for a ring binder and method of producing a binder assembly
US7513708Aug 31, 2005Apr 7, 2009World Wide Stationery Mfg. Co., Ltd.Ring binder mechanism having slide connector
US7654765Jun 8, 2006Feb 2, 2010World Wide Stationary Mfg. Co., Ltd.Ring binder having a clip
Classifications
U.S. Classification402/70, 402/75, 402/77, 402/76
International ClassificationB42F13/00, B42F13/16
Cooperative ClassificationB42F13/16
European ClassificationB42F13/16