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Publication numberUS1896455 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 7, 1933
Filing dateOct 13, 1930
Priority dateOct 13, 1930
Publication numberUS 1896455 A, US 1896455A, US-A-1896455, US1896455 A, US1896455A
InventorsMcculloh John W
Original AssigneeIrba E Mcculloh
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Folding chair
US 1896455 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 7, 1933. Q J wfmccu o 1,896,455

FOLDING CHAIR Filed Oct. 13, 1930 2 Sheets-Sheet 1- Y INV NTOR.-

, /0 W "Cum/l 33 MAM I 6 5 /7 ATTORNEYS.

Feb. 7, i933. w MCcULLoH 1,896,455

FOLDING CHAIR Filed dot. 15, 1930 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ATTORNEYS.

transportation and storage.

- nated, respectively, 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14;, and

Patented Feb. 7, 19133 UNITED sr'axnezs- JoHiv w. MCGULLOH, or IBELLFLOWER, cnurormm, AssIeN'oia' or n. mcoULLoH, or LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA ONE-HALF 'ro ma IQLDING CHAIR Application filed October 13; 1980. Serial 1120. 488,434.

My invention relates to and has for its purpose the provision of a chair of simple, substantial and inexpensive construction, par-' although not necessaril ticularly adapted, for beach and campuse, and structural y characterized in such manner as to be rendered adjustable with the utmost ease and dispatch to comfortably support a person in various seated and reclining positions and at widely difl'erent elevations from the ground, all while enabling the chair to be readily folded into a compact flat parcel for I will describe only one form of chair embodying'my invention. the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a view showing in plan one form of folding chair embodying my invention, adjusted to supporta person substantially at the ground level Figure 2 is a view showing in side elevation partly broken away, the chair in the same position of adjustment illustrated in Figure 1;

Figures 3, 4 and .5- are views similar to Figure 2 and illustrating various positions of ad ustment of the chair;

I Figure 6 is a view of the chair in side elevation, and illustrating the manner in which the several sections of'the chair are associated in a partially folded position of the chair; and

Figure 7 is a view in side elevation illustrating' the chair in completely folded position.

Referring specifically to the drawings,

' wherein similar reference characters indicate similar parts throughout the several figures,

my invention comprises several sections, in.

the present instance five in number, desigconstructed of wood or other suitable material.

The section '10 constitutes a main frame and comprisesva pair of longitudinal members 15, 15, connected in spaced parallel relation by series of transverse slats '16 and 17, the series of slats 16 being secured to one side edge of the members and extending along the latter from one end thereof, and the se ries ofslats 17 being secured to the opposite the latter fromthe opposite end thereof.

PATENT "omen side edge of the members and extending along In the position of the chair shownin Fig ures 2, 3 and 4, the series of slats 16 are adapted to forma seat S, whereas in the position of the chair shown in Figure of slats 17 are adapted to form a backrest B, so that it may be broadly stated that the main] frame or section 10 is provided with.

5", the series a seat po'rtionand a back rest portion dis-- posed in the present instance on reverse sides and at opposite ends of the'frame,

Intermediate its ends and adjacent the innermost one of the slats 16, the section 10 has a back rest B which in the positions of the chair shown in Figures2, 3 and 4 is adapted to co-act with-the seat S. The section 11" is composed'ofa pair of longitudinal members '18, 18, connected in parallelism by a series of slats 19 to form a rigid frame) which is pivoted on the section 10 by means of a rod 20 extending through the longitudinal members 15, l 5,'and 18, 18, of the sections 10 and 11, respectively.

The section 11 is thus rendered angularlg adjustable on the section 10 to occupy variou open positions in which it co-acts with the seat S to form the back rest for" the latter,

and to occupy a folded position wherein it is disposed parallelto the section 10 with the longitudinal members 18 positioned within the longitudinal members 15. I

v The section 11 carries the section 12-vvhich constitutes a propping element P also in the form of a frame having a pair of longitudinal members 21 2l connected in parallelism by an intermediate transverse member 22 and an end transverse member 23. The section" 12 is pivotally mounted on the section 11 intermediate the ends of the latter, by means of a rod 2 1' which extends through the members "05 mounted thereon the section llconstituting extended beyond the members 21-21, so as to project across the longitudinal members 15-15 of the section to provide lugs 25-25 which are adapted to engage with notches 26 formed at corresponding intervals along the longitudinal members -15 for co-action with the notches in enabling the section 12 j to function as the propping element in supporting the section 11 in various positions of angular adjustment relative to the seat S.

The section 13 constitutes a support on the section 10 for elevating the forward end of the latter and hence the seat S, and comprises legs 27-27 connected in parallelism by slats 28 to form a rigid frame pivotally mounted on the forward end of the section 10 by means of a rod 29 extending through the legs 27-27 and through the longitudinal members 15-15 on the section 10 intermediate the ends of the latter and adjacent the innermost one;of the-series of slats 17, by means of alined p1ns '32 extending through the members 15-15- and 30-30 of the sections 10 and 14, respectively. The'section 14 is thus rendered adjustable to occupy a folded position parallel to the section 10 and an open positionfor use as the seat S in the position of the chair shown in Figure 5, or for use as supporting legs similar to the section 13 when the chair most for use with the back rest B at the desired angle for co-action with the is adjusted to theposition shown in Figure 3. The members or legs 30-30 ofthe section 14 are constructed to provide hooks 33-33 at one extremity, for hooked engagement with the lugs 25-25 of the section 12, so as to coact with the lu s when engaged with the innermost ones 0 the notches 26, in supporting the section 14 in seat forming osition under the weight of an occupant w en the chair occupies the position of adjustment shown in Figure 5. r

With the sections of the chair adjusted to the position shown in Figures 1 and 2, the section 10 is'adapted to rest flatwise on the ground so that the seat S is disposed upperdisposed seat S in supportinga person in any one of several reclinlng positions dependent on the adjustment of the propping element P or section 12 relative to the notches 26-26. It

will be clear that in this position of the chair, the sections 13 and 14 are folded underneath the section 10 so as not to interfere with the resting of the latter flatwise upon the ground.

In the position of the chair shown in Figure 3, the section 13 has been moved to its open position to form a support or legs to elevate the forward end of the seat S, whereas in the position of the chair shown in Figure 4, both the sections 13 and 14 have been moved to open position to act as supports for elevating both the forward and rear ends of the seat S so that the latter is substantiallyhorizontal.

It will be clear that in any of the above described positions of the chair the back rest B can be readily adjusted to the inclined position most suitable for the comfort of the occupant of the seat S.

In the event that a chair of greater height than that provided by the aforementioned adjustments is desired, the section 10 is inverted from its former position and the section 13 folded, after which the hooks 33-33 of the section 14 constituting the seat S are engaged with the lugs 26-26 of the section 12 constituting the propping element P, as shown in Figure 5, so that the seat S will be supported for use in co-action with the back rest B in supporting a person in a comfortable'seated position.

When the chair is to be stored or .transported, the several sections 11, 12, 13 and 14 are folded with respect to the section 10 in the order shown in Figure 6; and when the sections are completely folded as shown in Figure 7, the chair will form a compact and flat parcel of rectangular outline so as to occupy a minimum space.

Although I have shown and described only one embodiment of my invention, it is to be understood that various changes and modifications may be made within the spirit of the" invention.

I claim as my invention: 1. A chair comprisin a plurality of sections, certain of which orm seats and others back rests for co-action with the seats, means for connecting the sections for adjustment to occupy different relative positions wherein the seat forming sections and the respective back rest forming sections can be selectively disposed to provide chairs of different heights, means for maintaining the seat and back rest forming sections in one-of said positions when adjusted to provide the chair of one height, and means for maintaining the seat and back rest forming sections in the other of said positions when adjusted to provide the chair of another height. 2. A chair comprising a main frame having a seat portion and a back rest portion on reverse sides, a back rest mounted on the main frame for co-action with the seat portion of the latter in forming a relatively low chair when the frame occupies one position, and a seat member adjustably mounted on the frame to occupy an angular position relative tothe frame for co-action with the back rest portion of the latter in forming a relatively high chair when the frame is inverted tion of the frame to v chair when the frame is inverted fromsaid fromsaid position, and wherein the back rest and main framefunction as legs.

' 3. A chair comprising a main frame having a seat portion and a back restiportion on reverse sides, a back rest, means for mountin the backrest on the frame to occupy a folde position and an open position wherein the back rest co-acts with the seat portion of the frame to form a relatively low chair when the frame occupies one position, means on the main frame and back rest co-acting to maintain the latter in open position, a seat member, meansfor mounting the seat member on the main frame to occupy a folded position and an open position wherein the seat member co-acts with the back rest portion of the frame toform a relatively high chair when the frame is inverted from said position,'and

means for maintaining the seat memberin open position.

4. A chair comprising a main frame having a seat portion and a back rest portion on reverse sides, the back rest on the main frame for angular adjustment relative to the seat portion of the frame -to co-act therewith in forming a relatively low chair when the frame occupies one position, co-acting means on the frame and backrest for supporting the latter in .various positions of angular adjustment, a seat member, means for mounting the seat member on the main frame to occupy a folded position and an open position wherein the seat member co-acts with the back rest porform a relatively high position, and means on the seat member coacting with the first means to support the seat member in open position, 7 v

,5. A chair comprising a main frame having a seat portion and a back rest portion disposed respectively on opposite sides and at opposite ends of the frame, a back rest pivotallymounted on the main frame intermediate the ends ofthe latter forco-action with the seat portion of the frame in forming a chair when the frame ,is disposed in one position, means for supporting the backrest in position to co-act with the seat portion of 7 ing a seat portion and a. back rest portion the frame, a seat'member pivotally mounted on the main frame intermediate the ends of the latter for co-act-ion with the back rest portion of the frame in forming a different type of chairwhen' the frame'is inverted from said position, and means for supporting the seatmember in co-acting relation with the back rest portion of the frame. 6. A chair comprising a main frame havdisposed respectively on opposite sides and at-opposite ends of the frame, a back rest pivotally mounted on the main frame intermediate the ends of the latter for co-action with the seat portion of the frame informing a chair when the frame is disposed in one posia back rest,meansformo untingtion, means for supporting the back rest in position to co-act with the seat portion of the frame, a seat" member pivotally mounted on the main frame intermediate the ends of the latter for co-action with the, back rest portion of the frame in forming a different type of chair when the frame is inverted from said position, and means on the seat member co-acting with the first said means to maintain the seat member in co-acting relation with the back rest portion of the frame.

7. A chair comprising a main frame having a seatportion and aback rest portion disposed respectively on opposite sides and at opposite ends of the frame, a back rest pivotally inounted on the main frame intermediate the ends of the latter for co-action with the seat portion of the frame in forming a chair when the frame is disposed in one position, a propping element on the back rest and notches in the main frame with which the propping element engages to support the back rest in co-acting relation to the seat portion of the frame, a seat member pivotally mounted on the frame intermediate the ends of the latter for co-action with the back rest portion of the frame in forming a different type of chair when the frame is inverted from said position, and means on the seat member co-acting with the propping element when engaging said notches, to maintain the seat member in co-acting relation with the back rest portion of the frame.

8. A chair comprising a main frame hav ing a seat portion and a back rest portion-disposed respectively on opposite sides and at opposite. ends of the frame, a back rest pivotally mounted on the main frame intermediate the ends of the latter for coaction with the seat portion of the frame in forming a chair when the frame is disposed in one position, a propping element on the back rest and notches in the main frame with which the propping element engages tosupport the back rest 1n co-acting relation to the seat portion of the frame, a seat member pivotally mounted onthe frame intermediate the ends of the latter for co-action with the back rest portion of the frame in forming a different type of chair when the frame is inverted from said positionfand lugs on the propping element and hooks onthe seat member co-acting to maintain the seat'membr in co-acting relation with the back res L portion of the frame when the propping e ement engages said notches.

9'. A chair comprising a main frame having a seat portion and a back rest portion, a back rest mounted on theframe for adjustment to occupy an openposition' wherein the back rest co-acts with the seat portion of the frame to form a relatively low chair; when the frame is disposed one position, means for maintaining the back rest in open position, a seat member mounted on the frame for adjustment to occupy an open position wherein the seat member co-acts with the back rest por- 5 tion" of the frame to form a. relatively high chair when the frame is disposed in another position, and means for maintaining the seat member in open osition.

.POHN W. MCCULLOH.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2521412 *May 20, 1949Sep 5, 1950Harry SackAngularly adjustable and collapsible back rest
US3695684 *Jul 2, 1970Oct 3, 1972Barberg Vernon GMulti-use, body-relaxing furniture unit
US4615559 *Mar 25, 1985Oct 7, 1986Blondeau Roland AFolding table/bench combination
US4635998 *Oct 25, 1985Jan 13, 1987Willsboro Wood ProductsFold-away chair
US6666505 *Apr 23, 2002Dec 23, 2003Graco Children's Products Inc.Reclining child seat
US20110115269 *Nov 16, 2010May 19, 2011Roeder Barbara JAdirondack-style chair having improved comfort and support
Classifications
U.S. Classification297/1, 297/31, 297/377
International ClassificationA47C4/16
Cooperative ClassificationA47C4/16
European ClassificationA47C4/16