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Publication numberUS1896938 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 7, 1933
Filing dateApr 18, 1930
Priority dateApr 18, 1930
Publication numberUS 1896938 A, US 1896938A, US-A-1896938, US1896938 A, US1896938A
InventorsBorowsky Isadore
Original AssigneeBorowsky Isadore
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bath apparatus
US 1896938 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


4 Sheets-Sheet 1' Filed April 18, 1930 l I I N 95H!!! 111$ W fiad'orefia mws INVENTOR Feb. 7, 1933. 1; ws 1,896,938

BATH APPARATUS Filed April 18 1930 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 lsadore orazwii R O BY My I ATTORNEY Feb. 7, 1933. BOROWSKY 1,896,938

BATH APPARATUS Filed April 18, 1930 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 197012228 0? ladaraBora W6 Maui , 0 BY g ATTORNEY Feb. 7, 1933. BOROWSKY 1,896,938

BATH APPARATUS Filed April 18 1930 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 BY g Patented Feb. 7, 1933 UNITED STATES ISADORE BOROWSKY, QB ATLANTIC CITY, JERSEY BATH APPARATUS Application menpm 1s,

The present invention relates to bath apparatus for administering health-giving" and restoring baths, such: as will stimulate the bather, and cause a proper thorough circula- 5 tion of the blood, and invigorate the entire body. a

One object of thepresent invention is to provide a bath apparatus which embodies a manifold including a. plurality of pipes or tubes, with outlet jets, adapted to be disposed immediately under' a sub-bottom or base or platform in any construction of tub, the jets being in axial alignment with perforations in the sub base or bottom, or platform, so that the sprays will pass through the perforations of the sub-bottom' or base, and thereby engage witlrthe persons' body supported on the base and in the bath to give the body a needle or tingling sensation, acting on the skin toinsure a complete stimulation of the blood, and an invigorating and healthful condition of the entire body. I

Another object of the present invention is to provide a device of this: kind which em bodies improved means for producing an endless course or circuit of a solution, either hot or cold Water, or a hot or cold medicinal fluid, orboth With or Without a supply of air or gas under pressure, and acts to keep the bath agitated and of an invigorating character.

Another object of the present invention is to provide 'a' container, which may be either a bath tub of any size, or a pool, in conjunctionwith an apparatus having an endless course for drawing or pumping out a hot or cold Water solution from the container, and sending it back to the container with a; mixture of air under pressure, and through a manifold into the container, so agitating the Water solution in the container as to give the appearance of the Water boiling, the solution when leaving the jets of the manifold. with a mixture of air under pressure acting to 5 stimulate the surface of the body of' a bather in the container and tnereby create a most desirable blood circulation. Another object of the present invention is to provide bath apparatus embodying a container adapted to contain hot or cold Water solution, or a miX- 1930. Serial ,No; 445,468.

ture of hot or cold Water solution with amedicinal solution, which will create a desir able stimulating. and invigorating sensationto the body, due to the solution being sprayed through jets of a manifold arranged in. the container, such solution making a complete circuit from the container through awpovver device and back through the manifold and into the container, thereby keepingthe solution in a thoroughly agitated condition, and transmitting to the body of the bather an invigorating and healthful effect. 7

A further object of the present invention is to provide improved means for supporting a base or false bottom in the container and era-1 bodying a manifold having rubber supports which: willengagewith the bottom of the tub or container, the manifold in turn supporting the perforated base or false bottom, and the pipes of the manifold providing for free circulationof invigorating bath fluid. 1

A still-further object of the present inven tion is to provide improved means for in'-' creasing or decreasing the-intake of'airor gas under pressure in the manifold, for the purpose of increasing or decreasing agitation of the fluid in the container or tub. x

' Another object of" the present invention is to provide, in an apparatus of this kind, means .for conducting a, supply of Water, heated if desired to. proper temperatureby any suitable source of heat, and passing with a gaseous invigorating or stimulating chemically treated solution, into a pipe or tube at a pointnear the attachment of the tube to the manifold, in such manner as to provide an injector action, the outlet end of this tube if desired, having a threaded reduced extension. for connection to the manifold, and the heated'vvater and'the gaseous or chemically treated solution circulating thoroughly" through the several jet tubes of the manifold, the sprays leaving the: jets. passing through the perforations of thebase or false bottom and contacting with the body of a person supported thereon in the bath so as to invigorate the body, create 1 a: thorough and proper stimulation of the blood, andassist inthe maintenance-of a normal heart action.

Another object of the present invention is to provide, in an apparatus of this kind means to maintain the level of the water or solution in the tub or pool at any desired height, and to maintain the water, or the mixture of water and gaseous fluld or solution, after reaching any desired height, thoroughly agitated by the inflow of add1- tional water, or gaseous fluid, or both, .so

as to create a tingling sensation to the body of the bather, such as will stimulate and in vigorate the entire system. i

The invention comprises further features and combination of parts to be hereinafter set forth, and in order to more clearly understand the invention reference may be had to the accompanying drawings which illusi trate several embodiments-of the invention.

In the drawings F igure' 1 is a longitudinal sectional view through a tub, showing one embodiment of -the invention.

. Figure 2 is an enlarged detailed sectional View through air regulating means carried by a stand pipe which rises from a per- 7 forated base or false bottom.

V manifold applied thereto. 7

Figure 6 is a plan view of a tub or. cons tainer,'showing another embodiment of the invention. I

' Figure 7 is a detailed perspective view of the perforated base or falseibottom removed from the tub or container.

Figure 8 is a longitudinal sectional view through a tub or container,-showing another embodiment of the invention. r

Figure 9 is a plan view of the tub and apparatus shown in Figure 8.

FigurelO is a cross sectional view through a tub or container equipped with a manifold, forming a part of the container and adapted for association with means, such as shown in preceding figures, for taking the water out of the tub andsending it back through the manifold into the tub or container.

Referring to the drawings, wherein the reference characters designate like parts throughout the several views, a indicates a motor, which may receive current from any suitable source and the shaft 6 of which is provided with a pulley c which is connected by a belt d to a pulley e on the shaft 9 of any suitable type of rotary pump it. i 7

As shown in Figures 1, 6, 8 and 9 a suitable tub or other container is provided,

and which'is adapted to receive a base or false bottom 2 as disclosed. This base or false bottom may be constructed as shown in Figures 1 and 5 or may be constructed as shown in Figures 6, 7, and This base or false bottom 2 is provided with a plurality of perforations 3, through which streams of water from jets are adapted to pass.

As shown in Figures 1 and 5 the under surface of the base or false bottom has secured thereto transverse angle pieces 70, which receive the manifold 5a. shown in Figures 1 and 5 comprises marginal and longitudinally arranged pipes 7a, which are disposed'outwardly and inwardly of each other respectively and pass through the transverse angle pieces, in order that the manifold may be carried by the base or false bottom.

The outermost of. the longitudinal intermediate pipes connect to and communicate with the transverse portion 7 b. of the marginal pipe as at 7 0, while the opposite ends of saidipipes connect at to the-opposite transverse portion 79 of the marginal pipes. The'center pipe of the manifold connects to and communicates with the, transverse p0rtion'7g at one end, and has'its opposite end in communication with and connected to a. chambered head 6a, andinto' which head The manifold,

the water from, a pipe m enters, in order to supply the manifold. Mounted on the longitudinal portions of the marginal pipes of the manifold'are rubber supports or sleeves 4a,

which engage with the bottom of the bath tub or container, their purpose being to prevent'marring the surface of the tub;

Rising from andsecured at n'to the base or false bottom 2 is a stand pipe a2, which has a packing gland a3. at its upper end.

The pipe m passes through the packing gland a3 and carries a T fitting a4, which supports a suitable pressure gauge a5. Suitable pip,- ingb2 connects with the T a l and in turn to the outlet end 63 of the pump it. Another suitable piping M is connected to the inlet end k2 of the pump, and in'turn connected at Z25 with the stand pipe a2.

Obviously, by means of these pipings, the fluid in the tub or container 1 is drawn through the stand pipe a2 from the tub or container 1 through the medium of the pump and discharged by pressure from the pump into the head 6a, and then into the manifold, and out through the jet openings 7?) of the manifold pipes.-' The jet openings 7b are axially aligned with the perforations 3 in the base or false bottom 2 and are disposed below the latter in closely spaced relation therewith, as clearly shown in the drawings. Obviously the sprays or jets of liquid, or of liquid and gas, are thus discharged in the bathing medium directlyagainst abather supported on the base orsupport2 in said medium. The sprays from the jet openings 7 5 mixed, with air if desired, pass axially through the perforations 3 and into the body of water or other fluid in the tub, agitating the water or the like, giving the surface of the water an appearance similar to a boiling action, such agitation of the water together with the water, or-water'and air, sprays acting'on the body of the .bather and thereby transmitting an invigorating massage, which ias been found most beneficial.

. In order to govern the intakeof air into the stand pipe a2 a regulator 2 is provided. This regulator comprises a body g3 which is threaded into the side of the stand pipe a2, and its inner portion has threaded to it'a perforated shell 94, the perforations therein acting to strain the air. The body g3 has a passage and is provided with an extension 96, on which a sleeve portion g7 of a disc g8 is rotatably mounted. The sleeve portion 97 is exteriorly rectangular as shown in Figure 4, so that the sleeve end it?) of the handle k4 may fit thereon, and yet be capable of sliding toward and from the disc g8. A 1 bowed spring k5 has its central opening b6 fitting the sleeve portion of the disc g8, the bowed spring 715 engaging under the sleeve portion 7L3 of the handle he, the spring k5 bearing against the disc 72.8 to hold it in close contact with the disc portion of the body g3 of the regulator. The extension 96 has a slightly reduced threaded part 72.7, which passes tion by a pin 703. However by loosening the pin, the nut may be adjusted to regulate the tensioning action of the spring b5 and thereby govern the engaging action between the disc g8 and the disc portion of the body The disc 98 is provided with a plurality of openings of different diameters graduating from-a maximum diameter to a minimum diameter, and adapted one at a time to register with the passage 95. The smallest opening 5.9 when registering with the passage 5 permits a minimum amount of air to pass through the passage, and by registering the larger of the openings 72/9 with thepassage g5 a maximum amount of air passes therethrough. By this construction of regulator the amount of air allowed'to enter the stand pipe a2'is easily governed. The disc 8 is provided with a series of depressions k4, with any one of which a projection k5 carried by one end of the spring 7L5 engages for the purpose of holding the disc g8 in different positions according to the opening register ing with the passage 95. The disc 98 is also provided with a slot 706, there being lug or pin is? carried by the disc portion of he body g2 engaging in the slot, thereby acting to limit the disc in its maximum movements in either direction.

Referring to Figure 6, it is obvious that the embodiment of the invention therein shown involves the same general principles as the embodiment shown in Figures 1 and 5, the Fig. 6, however, disclosing a differently constructed manifold 5]), comprising a body portion 6 and:tubes or pipes '7, Which'may' be positioned immediately under a perforated base or false bottom 2a, that is supported by legs 4. The pipes 7 have nozzles 9 which register with the perforations 3 in the base or false bottom 2a. The ends of the pipes 7 are closed and are attached in any suitable manner to the under surface of the base or false bottom. Suitable piping 30 connected nected to the inlet'end 36 of the pump. The

pump 32 is operated by an electric motor 37, pulley 38, belt 39 and the pulley 40, which arrangement is similar to that shown in Figure 1. In this embodiment of the invention,

and in the embodiment thereof previously described, there is a continuous circulation of the fluid in a closed circuit including the tub or container.

In the embodiment of the invention shown in Figures 8 and 9, the false bottomor base is similar to that shown in Figure 6, is supported in the same manner, and a manifold similar to that shown in Figure 6 is also supported under the false bottom. The tub in Figures 8 and 9 and as in Figure 6 has an of the fluid in the tub, and keep it regulated automatically as long as the usual hydrant spigots are open.

Any number of pipes or tubes '7 may be used in the manifold according to the nuinber of rows of perforations 3.1 The outlet jets 9 of the tubes or pipes axially align with the perforations so that the spraysof fluid from the manifold will pass centrally through the perforations in the sub-base or false bottom and therefore contact with the.

bather and at the same time agitate the fluid in whichthe b ather is disposed. Further, the sprays will tend to stir or agitate the fluid and said sprays, with orwithout such agitation of the' fiuid, create atingling sensation on the body, hence invigorating or stimulating the blood as well as producing a fluid massage actionon the body. i i

As shown in Figures Sand 9 a pipe 10 is provided and is adapted to receive water either hot, or cold, orboth, from the usual hydrantspigotl oa of the tub. This tube or pipe 10 has an extension 11, which extends in a direction as shown, though itmay be ly with the tuband said first named wall and otherwise positioned whendesirable, Pass-.

7 ing through the extension 11 is a nozzle 12 having properties of a medicinal or chemical character, and which will agitate the water in the tub and cause the'water to transmit to the surface of the body a very desirable tingling sensation, such as will agitate the surface of the skin and at the sametime stimulate or invigorate the blood, and by so acting on the blood regulate the heart action.

The chemical or invigorating solution passing through the nozzle 12 may be received from any suitable source of supply,

such as a tank (not shown) and such fluid, being under pressure, creates an injector ac tion on the water or other fluid passing through the tube or pipe 10. This tube 10 carries a coupling 17, which in turn carries the extension 11. The coupling 17 is con nected to the tube 10 at one end, while'the opposite end of the coupling is reduced and threaded at 18 into an opening 18a of the manifold so as to conduct the medicinal or chemical solution to the manifold, there being a lock nut 18b to hold the reduced end of the coupling 1'? rigid with the sub-base or false bottom. 1 In Figure 10 there is shownaa tub 4:2 having a wall provided with perforations e5, there being a second wall 43 formed integral.-

spaced a short distance from the under surface of the latter to provide a manifold 44 inwhich water or other fluid may 'beoirculated and forced out throughsaid perforations into the tub. While several embodi ments of the present invention are illustrated and described herein with more or less particularity, it is to be expressly understood that the invention is not limited to said embodiments or otherwise than by the terms of the appended claims. The invention having is claimed is: 7 V r 1. In a bath apparatus, a flat-support to be positioned in a container which receives a bathing fluid, said support having. perfora tions throughout its area, a manifold suspended from the under surface of'the sup port and arranged in close parallel relation thereto, said manifold comprising a plurality of parallel conduits having outlet ets, a stand pipe rising from one end of the support and having its lower end in communication with a space below the support, a conduit extending through the stand pipe, suction means for drawing the bathing fluid upwardly through the stand pipe and having 7 a discharge outlet merging into said conduit,

the latter being in communication with one of the conduits of said manifold for maintaining'a constant circulation of the bathing 5 fluid through the manifold and outwardly been set forth, what through the outlet jets, means carried by the stand pipe for theadmission of air from the atmosphere to be entrained by said circulating fluid, and said outlet jets being spaced below the. support and axially aligned with said perforations to permit discharge ofwthe bathing fluid from the outlet jets of the manifold through the perforations thereby causing an entraining action of the bathing fluid between the manifold conduits and sup; port and hence through the perforations to causean agitation of the'bathing fluid against the body of the bather.

2. In a bath apparatus, a flat support to be positioned in a'container which receives/a bath fluid, said support having perforations throughoutits varea, a manifold suspended stand pipe for drawing the bathing fluid upwardly through the stand pipe, said suctionmeans having a discharge outlet merging into said conduit, the latter being in communication with one of thecon-duitsof said manifold for maintaining a constant circu- 1 lation of the bathing fluid through the manifold and outwardly throughthe opposite jets, an air valve operatively carriedby the stand pipe diametrically opposite said conp nection of the suction means for drawingair from the atmosphere into the stand pipe for mixing with the bathing fluid when drawn into the stand pipe, said valve being variably adjustable, for Variating the admission of air into the stand pipe, and said outlet jets I 'beingspaced below the support and axially aligned with said perforations to permit dis charge of the bathing fluidfrom the outlet jets of the manifold through the perforations thereby causing an entraining action of the bathing fluid between the manifold conduits V and support and hence through the perfora tions to cause an agitation vof the bathing fluid against the body of the bather.

In testimony whereof he affixes his signature. V ISADORE BORQVVSKY,


Patent No. 1,896,938. February 7, 1933.'


it is hereby certified that the abeve numbered patent was erroneously issued t0 the invents-r said "Eorswsky whereas said patent should have been issued to "Hydrodneumatic Bath Apptance Company, 1110., of Atlantic City, New Jersey, 21 corperatien 05 New Eerscy", as nssignee 0f the entire interest in said im'em ticn, shcwn by the recsrds of assignments in this office; and that the said Letters Patent should he read with this correction therein. that the same may ctmfcrm t0 the record. of the case in the Patent Office.

Signed and seated this 28th day of February, A. 1). 1.933.

M. 'J'. Moore,

(Seal) Acting Commissioner of Patents.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2525843 *Mar 16, 1945Oct 17, 1950Walker BrooksBullet trap
US2529255 *Jun 21, 1949Nov 7, 1950Jobe Charles AHydromassage device
US2611341 *Aug 13, 1948Sep 23, 1952Paris Hugh PPortable bathing device for animals
US2793372 *Jan 19, 1956May 28, 1957Hohman WilliamTherapeutic apparatus
US2793640 *Mar 21, 1952May 28, 1957Vibra Bath CorpApparatus for hydrotherapeutic treatment
US2856611 *Jul 1, 1955Oct 21, 1958George Velonis StamatisTherapeutic bath device
US4225984 *Apr 5, 1979Oct 7, 1980Lindsey Donnie RPortable therapeutic water massage mechanism
US4358862 *Dec 3, 1980Nov 16, 1982Thermasol, Ltd.Connector assembly for whirlpool system
US4811434 *Jun 5, 1987Mar 14, 1989Kimstock, Inc.Spa with an improved air channel and method for constructing same
US4985941 *Dec 23, 1988Jan 22, 1991Evans Hydrotherapy Corp.Hydrotherapy machine
US5016618 *Aug 23, 1988May 21, 1991Simmons Thomas RMethod and apparatus for massage
US5083329 *Oct 31, 1990Jan 28, 1992Eiichi MurakamiApparatus for effecting massage with water stream
US20120144579 *May 26, 2011Jun 14, 2012Charles FabianHydrotherapy tub
DE2602472A1 *Jan 23, 1976Jul 29, 1976Stanley Leslie SierantBadevorrichtung
DE3538673A1 *Oct 31, 1985May 7, 1987Metronic Elektronic GmbhBubble mat for an air bubble massaging device
U.S. Classification4/541.4, 4/541.5, 4/584
International ClassificationA61H33/00, A61H33/02
Cooperative ClassificationA61H33/025, A61H33/6026
European ClassificationA61H33/60E4C