US 1898056 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 21, 1933.
E. w. JOHNSON 1,898,056
DISPENSING CARTON Filed July 23, 1930 3 Sheets-Sheet l Feb. 21, 1933. E. w. JOHNSON DISPENSING CARTON Filed July 25 1930 3 Sheets-Sheet 24e a A-MQ 2,2-
75m/wd WIG/$12507@ j@ 4% m ff@ 5.
Feb. 21, 1933. E11/[JOHNSON 1,898,056
DI S PENS ING CARTON Filed July 25, 1930 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented Feb. 21, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE EDWARD W. JOHNSON, F CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR TO CHICAGO CARTON COMPANY, 0F CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, A CORPORATION OF ILLINOIS DISPENSING CARTON Application led July 23,
This invention relates to a foldable paper carton, and more particularly, to a foldable paper carton capable of servin for a dispensing magazine for cylindrica articles or packages, such as cylindrical candy packages.
lhe main ob'ects of the invention are to provide a folda le paper carton of rigid but simple and easily assembled construction, having means for dispensing, one at a time,
10 the articles contained in the carton; to provide an arrangement which will dispense the articles by permitting the same to be Withdrawn, but which will be edective to prevent unassisted discharge of the articles; to provide improved means for maintaining the parts in assembled relation; to provide a neat and attractive device of the class described which will prominently display the articles and so assist in the sale thereof, and, in genm eral, it is the object of my invention to provide an improved carton of the type described.
Other objects and advantages of my invention Will be understood by reference to the 25 following specification and accompanying drawings in which I have illustrated my im proved dispensing carton in two of. its se# lected forms. Y
In the drawings, of which there are three 30 sheets,
Fig. 1 is a perspective; y
Fig. 2 is a section on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2;
Fig` 4 is a perspective of the bottom portion of a modified form of the inner box construction; Y
Fig. 5 is a plan of a portionV of the pa er blank which is folded to form the inner ox construction shown in Fig. 4
Fig. e is a plan of the blanl which is foldedv to form the outer box shown in Figs. 1, 2 and3; e
Fig. 7 is a perspective of the outer box formed of the blank shown in Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is a plan of the blank which is folded to form the inner box shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3;
Fig. 9 is a perspective of the inner box formed with the blank shown in F i 8 5g. Fig. l0 is a perspective of a modgified form 1930., Serial No. 470,068.
of my dispensing carton in which the structure involves only one blank;
Fig. 11 is a section on the line 11--11 of Fi 10, and
ig. 12 is a plan of the blank which is folded to form the dispensing carton shown in Figs. and 11.
Referring 110W to the drawings, and particularly to Figs. 1 to 9 inclusive, one form, a double bo'x form, of my invention includes C3 an outer box or cover 15 and an inner box or container 16.
The inner box consists of a bottom or back Wall, side Walls and end Walls, and the out-er box is in the form of a tubular body having suitable end closures. The inner box l lits inside ofthe outer box, and the front Wall of the latter is provided with a display opening 17 and a dispensing opening 18. The open side of the inner box being positioned F adjacent the front of the o'uter box,.it Will be understood that the articles contained in the inner box Will be visible through the display opening 17 and removable through thedispensing opening 18. The inner box 16 is^ formed of a blank (see Fig. 8) which includes a back or bottom Wall member 19, side Walls 20 and 21, and iiaps projecting from the ends of said vvallA members to form end walls or closures for the inner box.
The upper or top end wall of the box is formed from side wall end flaps 22 and 23 and a back end iap 24 which are folded into mutually overlapping relation along suitable score lines which are indicated in broken lines in Fig. 8 and which serve to facilitate folding at the proper places in .accordance with well known practice.
The side Wall end laps 22 and 23 are provided with openings 22a and 23, respectively, 90 which register when the flaps are folded, and the back end flap 24 is provided with an extension 24a which is notched to provide a tongue 24b intermediate its width. The side wall end flaps are folded into overlapping relation and the openings 22L and 23a register with lone another, as shown in Fig. 2. The back wall end flap 24 is then folded into overlapping relation on the outside of the side wall end flaps, and the extension 24a is folded 100 around the front end of the overlapping side wall flaps, and the tongue 24" is inserted through the registering openings 22 and 23" and between the adjacent iaps 23 and 24 (see Fig. 2). The extension 24a.may conveniently be provided with a score line 24c intermediate its length for facilitating insertion of the tongue without cracking the paper as an incident to the folding thereof necessary for inserting the tongue. The incidentally formed side tongues 24d remain on the inside of the end wall, and it will be seen that because of the resiliency of the paper or cardboard of which the box is formed, the tongues 24" and 24d tend to grip the interposed end flaps so as to maintain the parts in as embled position. The tongue 24" is also frictionally held between the flaps 23 and 24 to resist withdrawal of the tongue.
The bottom end wall or closure for the inner box 16 is formed of side wall end flaps 25 and 26 anda back wall end flap 27. The side wall flaps 25 and 26 are provided with openings 25" and 26a, respectively, and the back wall flap 27 is provided with an extension 27EL which is provided with an intermediate tongue 27b and side tongues 27d, all similar to the structure of the top end wall. end flaps25, 26 and 27 are folded into overlapping relation in substantially the same manner as above described in connection with the top vend closure and the parts are locked in assembled overlapping position in substantially a like manner.
The lower end closure or wall of the inner carton is further provided with means coni stituting a guard for the dispensing opening,
i. e., a device for normally retaining the articles in the carton. This guard is formed of a lip 28 integral with one of the side wall bottom end aps, in this instance, integral with the flap 26. When the bottom end flaps..
25, 26 and 27 are folded into overlapping relation, the lip28 is folded lupwardly and the and inwardly inclined position or angular relation to the normal plane of thebox bottom. This arrangement obviously serves to prevent the cylindrical packages designated P in Fig. 2 from rolling outwardly across the bottom wall of the box.
Inasmuch as the articles or packages are withdrawn from the carton across the inclined guard part 27", there may bea tendency to pull the tongue 27"-out of its inter-` locking relation with the end iiaps. Inl order to prevent such possible withdrawal, I rovide an auxiliary lock which is forme by means of an ear 27 which is punchedout of The` the extension 27" and extends forwardly or in the direction opposite to that of the tongue 27 The ear 27 is inserted through the registering openings 25a and 26" and between the outer end flap 27 and adjacent inner flap 26. The locking ear 27" obviously resists withdrawal of the tongue 27" from locked position, and hence the bottom wall fiaps are effectively locked in assembled, overlapping relation.
In Figs. 4'and 5, I have illustrated a modified form of lock for preventing accidental withdrawal of thetongue 27 In this form, the tongue 27" is provided with projections 27ln which serve to increase the width of the tongue in excess of the corresponding dimension of the opening through which it is passed. In this construction, the end flap 25 is provided with an opening 29, the length of which is approximately the same as the dimension indicated at 30 of the neck part of the tongue 27". The flap 26 is provided with an enlarged opening 30, the length of which is greater than the over-all Width of the tongue 27". The tongue 27" is split, as indicated at 31,y so that it may be collapsed. In assembling this modified construction, the flap 25 overlies the flap 30 and the tongue 27" is collapsed and inserted through the opening 29, after which it is permitted to expand to its normal width. Whe-n -so expanded, the tongue is positioned in the enlarged opening 30 vand the projections 27xn hook behind the corners of the. opening 29, as clearly shownA in Fig. 4, to prevent withdrawal of the tongue. By providing the intermediate flap 26 with an enlarged opening 30, it will be seen that the thickness of the tongue is not added .to the thickness of the end wall,
inasmuch asv the tongues thickness is received within the thickness of the flap 26. Of course, this feature may be incorporated in the structure shown in Figs.l 1, 2, 3, 8 and 9, if desired, by simply enlarging the openally extending position, as shown in Fig. 2,
andy the extension 27 is provided with a `score line 27c which facilitates folding of the extension around the lip in'close-fitting position, as shown in Fig. 2. The score line 24 in the extension 24* of thejupper closure flap 24 may be located at any convenient distance` from the Vmain folding line 24 along which the extension is folded aroundv the flaps L22 and 23.
By reference'to Fig. 8, it will be seen that the flaps 22 andy 23 are recessediat their front edges 'as indicated at 22" and 23", respectiveptherwise secured thereto.
Hush with the front edges of the side walls 20' and 21, as clearly shown in Fig. 2.
rl`l1e outer box or cover is formed of a blank shown in Fig. 6, which includes a front wall 35, a back wall 36, side walls 37 and 38, and a uniting lip 39. Suitable score lines are rovided, as indicated in broken lines, for acilitating folding of the blank into the form of a tubular box body, the lip 39 being designed to overlap the marginal portion of the adjacent side wall and to be glued or For closing the top of the tubular, outer box, l provide an end flap 36a which extends from the back wall 36 and which is designed to be folded forwardly over the upperend of the tubular body, as shown in Fig. 7. The front end of the ilap 36EL is provided with a tongue 36b which may be inserted into the box body between the front wall 35 thereof and the front edge of the top wall of the inner box, as clearly shown in Fig. 2. A iiap -35a is also provided as an extension on the upper end ef the front wall 35, this iap being desirably shaped and provided with other matter to constitute an attractive display or advertisement of the goods contained in the carton. rhis flap 35El normally extends upwardly, as indicated in Figs. 1, 2 and 7, but for shipping purposes may be folded down flat on the end wall 36a. Suitable score lines or the like are provided for facilitating folding of the flaps 35a and 36a at the upper ends of the respective walls from which they project, and similar provision may be made for facilitating folding of the tongue 36".
A bottom closure for the outer box body may be provided in the form of iiaps 37a and 33 which project from the bottom ends of the respective side walls 37 and 33.
l/lJben the outer box blank is folded to form the tubular body, the daps 37:l and 38n may be folded in opposite directions into overlapping relation as clearly shown in Fig. 7, and suitable provision may be made for maintaining the flap in such overlapped position. lin this instance, l provide-a tongue 33h on the ap 38a which is designed to be inserted through a slit or slot 37b in the corner between the side wall 37 and flap 37a.
rThe lower -portion of the front wall 35 is cut away as indicated at 39, and the'adjacent lower front portions of the side walls 37 and 33 are cut away as indicated at 37 and 38c to form an open-ended dispensing opening in the front of the outer box and at the bottom thereof.
rllhe inner box 16 is of such size that it may be inserted endwise into the outer box from either the top or bottom of the outer box, and the lower front portions of the sides or side walls 20 and 21 are cut away as indicated at 26 and 21, respectively, to register with the cut-away side portions 37c and 38c of the outer box sides. It will be seen that the dispensing opening thus formed in the lower front of the carton is provided with open ends or finger recesses which facilitate withdrawal of the articles from the carton through the dispensing opening.
As shown in the drawings, the vertical dimension of the dispensing opening, i. e., the distance between the bottom edge of the front wall 35 of the outer box and the highest point of the guard 27a is slightly less than the dia-meter of the articles dispensed. Hence, in withdrawing one ofthe packages or articles from the carton through the dispensing opening, it is necessary to slightly compress the guard to enlarge the opening. If desired, the opening may be made approximate ly the same or slightly greater than the diameter of the articles dispensed so that it will not be necessary to compress the guard in withdrawing the articles. It will, of course, be understood that the guard 27EL is more or less resiliently maintained in operative position by the resiliency of the paper of which the box is formed and by the resiliency of the lip 28. Hence, the guard may yield to permit withdrawal of one of the articles should the article be of greater diameter than the dispensing opening.
rll`he single blank or single box construction shown in Figs. 10 andll is formed from a blank such as shown in Fig. 12. This blank includes a front wall member 45, a back wall member 46, side members 47 and 48, and a lip or ear 49. The blank is suitably scored, as indicated in broken lines, to facilitate folding thereof so as to form a tubular box body, the lip 49 being suitably secured to the inside of the adjacent marginal portion of the side wall member 47. rlhe top of the tubular box body is closed by means of end daps 47a and 48a which project from the upper ends of the side walls 47 and 48, respectively, and a iiap 46a which projects from the top of the .back wall 46. rlhe flaps 47 and 48a are designed to be folded into mutually overlapping relation, and the flap 46a is designed to be folded forwardly over /the iiaps 47a and 483, the said Hap 46a being provided with a tongue 46" which may be inserted between the front edges of the aps 47a and 48a and the inside of the front wall 45, as clearly shown `in Fig. 11. @ne of the :flaps 50 or 51, in this instance, the tlap 50, is provided with a lip 5()b which is adapted to be folded along a suitable score line into laterally extending position relative to the Hap 50 and substantially in the same manner as the lip 28 is folded and positioned in th structure shown in Fig. 2.
VThe back wall 46 is also provided at its lower end with an end closure Hap 52 having an extension 53 provided with tongues 53* and 53". The extension 53 is suitably scored and arranged to be folded around the upwardly extending lip 50", and the tongue 53 may be passed through the registering openings and 51 and inserted between the outer flap and the adjacent flap, as clearl 1y shown in Fig. 11. The tongue 53a may also be provided with a locking ear 53 designed to be passed through the registering openings 50a and 5l8L and inserted forwardly between the outer flap 52 and the adjacent flap 50 to prevent accidental withdrawal of the rebent extension 53. As clearly shown in Fig. 11, the rebent extension and tongue structure, in cooperation with the laterally extending lip 50", constitutes a guard for preventing unassisted discharge of the articles from the carton. 4
The front wall 45.0f the carton is cut away at its lower end, as indicated at 54, and the adjacent front portions of the side walls 47 and 48 are recessed as shown at 55 and 56 v to provide an open-ended dispensing opening, the open ends of the opening serving as finger recesses to facilitate the withdrawal of an article from the carton. rPhe front wall may also be provided with a display opening 56 which is narrower than the width of the box and the length of the articles to be dispensed therefrom.
The single-box structure just described has certain advantages over the double-box structure, particularly in respect of cost,
while the double-box structure has V/certain advantages such as greater rigidity and, in
some instances, a greater convenience in filling the inner box with the articles to be 3g dispensed.
I am aware that changes may be made in the above described structures without departing from the spirit of the invention,
M, the scope of which should be determined by 40 reference to the following claims, the same being construed as broadly as possible consistent with the state of the art.
I claim as my invention: 4
, 1. In a paper carton of the cla'ss descrlbed, Il; the combination of front, side and back walls forming a tubular body, and top and.- bottom closures for said body, th@ front wall being provided with a .dispensing openingadjacent the bottom closure, one of said side walls being cut away at the adjacent end of said dispensing opening to provide a finger recess to facilitate withdrawal of an article from the carton through said dispensing opening, and means overlying said bottom wall for yieldingly resisting withdrawal of articles from the carton through said dispensing opening. 2. In a folded paper carton 4of the class described, the combination of a back wall, side walls projecting therefrom, an end closly overlapping relation from said side walls, a flap projecting from said back wall and overlapping said side wall flaps on the outside thereof, and means for lock1ng said iaps 1n said overlapping relation comprising a reure comprising aps projecting into mutual-j bent, rearwardly extending tongue portion, integral with said back wall flap, overlapping the end closureon the inside thereof and having interlocking engagement therewith to lappin said side wall end flaps on the outside l thereo means for locking said flaps in said overlapping relation comprising a rebent tongue, integral with said back wall end flap, overlapping the end closure on the inside thereof and anchored thereto, and means for locking said tongue in said flap-locking position.
4. In a folded paper carton of the class described, the combination of 'a back wall, side walls projecting therefrom, an end closure comprising flaps projecting into mutually overlapping relation from said side walls, a flap projecting from said back wall and overlapping said side wall end aps @il the outside thereof, means for'lo'clging said Haps in said overlapping relation comprising a rebent, rearwardly extending tongue, integral with said back wall end ap, overlappin said side wall end iiaps on the inside thereo and hav- 4ing interlocking engagement with one of the latter, and means for locking said tongue in said position comprising an ear integral with said ton e, projecting forwardly and having interloc ing engagement with one of said side wall end flaps.
5. In a folded paper carton ofthe class described, the combination of a back wall, side walls projecting therefrom, an end closure comprising flaps projecting into mutually overlapping relation from said side walls, said overlapping side wall end flaps having registering openings therein, a fia/p projecting from said back wall and overlapping said side wall end iiaps on the outside lio thereof, means for locking said end flaps in said overlapping relation comprising a rearwardly rebent tongue integral with said back wall end flap, overlapping said side wall end iiaps on the inside thereof and extending through said registering openings and between the back wall end flap and the adjacent side wall endflap, and means for locking said tongue in said position comprising an ear integral with said tongue, projecting forwardly and inserted through said end iap openings and between the back Wall end flap and the adjacent side wall end flap.
6.- In a folded paper carton of the class described, the combination of a back wall,
side walls projecting therefrom, an end closure comprising flaps projecting into mutually overlapping relation from said back and side walls, the innermost of said end flaps having an opening therein and another of said daps having an extension integral therewith, rebent upwardly and rearwardly so as to overlap said end closure on the inside thereof, said rebent extension having'a portion extending through the opening in innermostwvall end flap, and said portion being of greater width at its outer-end than the corresponding dimension of said opening and being resiliently collapsible to reduced width to permit passage thereof through said opening, said greater width serving to resist withdrawal of said portion from said locking position.
7. ln a folded paper carton ofthe class described, the combination of a back wall, side walls projecting therefrom, an end closure comprising flaps integral with said back and side walls and projecting therefrom into mutually overlapping relationf'a lip extending laterally upwardly from the front edge of one of said idaps, an extension on another of said flaps folded around said lip to form a guard for engaging articles in the carton to retain such articles in the carton, said extension having a portion interlocking with the innermost end Hap to maintain said flaps in said overlapping relation.
8. ln a folded paper carton of thev rclam described, the combination of a pair of wall members, an end closure comprising a pair of end flaps integral with said wall members and projecting therefrom into mutually overlapping relation, a lip extending laterally from the front edge of one of vsaid flaps, an extension on the other of said iaps folded around said lip to form a guard for engaging articles in the carton to retain the same in the carton, said extension havin a portion secured to the first-mentioned ap to maintain said flaps in said overlapping relation.
9. ln a folded paper, dispensing carton for cylindrical packages or like articles, the combination of a front wall having a dispensing opening at its lower end, and a bottom wall provided with an overlying guard extending inwardly and downwardly adjacent its front edge for resisting movement of the articles outwardly from the carton across said bottom wall.
10. ln a folded paper carton for cylindrical packages and the like, the combination of a back wall, side walls extending therefrom and end flaps projecting from said back and side walls into mutually overlapping relation to form a bottom closure for one end of the carton, one of the end fiaps having a lip extending laterally inwardly therefrom, the outer iiap having an extension folded upwardly and inwardly around said lip into overlapping position relative to said bottom closure, said overlapping extension being secured at its inner end to the bottom wall and being disposed at an angle to the planeof the latter, whereby said extension serves to prevent cylindrical articles contained in said carton from rolling outwardly over said bottom wall.
11. In a carton for cylindrical packages and the like, the combination of a back wall, side walls extending therefrom and end flaps projecting from said back and side walls into mutually overlapping relation to form a bottom wall for one end of the carton, one of the end flaps having an extension folded upwardly and inwardly into overlapping position ,relative to said bottom wall, said overlapping extension being anchored at its inner end to the bottom wall and being disposed in a downwardly and inwardly inclined position relative to the plane of the bottom wall, whereby said extension constitutes a guard for preventing cylindrical articles contained in said carton from rolling outwardly over said bottom wall, and means for yieldably maintaining said guard in said inclined position.
12. A folded paper carton for cylindrical packages and like articles comprising an inner box open at its front and having back and side walls and interlocking flaps at its upper and lower ends, and an outer enclosing box having connected front, side and back walls and vfoldable flaps forming upper and lower ends and the lower portion of the front wall of the outer box and the adjacent portions of the side walls of both the inner and outer boxes being cut away to provide an open-ended dispensing opening extending the full width of the box.
13. A` folded paper carton for cylindrical packages and like articles comprising an inner box open at its front and having back and side walls and interlocking flaps at its upper and lower ends, and an outer enclosing box having connected front, side and back walls and foldable iiaps forming upper and lower. ends, the lower portion of the front wall of the outer box and the adjacent portions of the-` side walls of both the inner and outer boxes being cut away to provide an openended dispensing opening extending the full width of the box, and -means overlying and integral with said interlocking iaps at the lower end of the inner box forming a guard for said dispensing opening.
14. A folded paper carton for cylindrical packages and like articles comprising an inner box open at its front and having back and side walls and` interlocking flaps at its upper and lower ends, and an outer enclosing box having connected front, side and bac walls and foldable Haps forming upper and lower ends, the lower portion of the front wall of the outer box and the adjacent portions of the side walls of both the. inneri and outer boxes being cut away to provide an open-ended dislensing opening extending the full width of t e box, and means overlyin l 5 and integral with the lower end of one of sai boxes forming a guard for said dispensing openmlgIi 15. a folded aper carton of the class described, the com ination of a back wall,
.10 side walls projecting therefrom, an end closure comprlsing flaps projecting ilito mutual- Jy overlapping relation from said walls, the `innermost f said fia s having an opening therein, another of sald fiaps having'an ex- -15 tension integral therewith, rebent upwardly A and rearwardll7 so as to overla said end. closure on the inslde thereof, sai rebent extension having a. (portion extendin through the opening in sai innermost end ap, and said 5:3 rebent extension having an ear inte al there-A with, projecting forwardl'n an inserted' through said opening for loc 'ng said rebent extenslon in sind rebent osition.
. W. JOHNSON.