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Publication numberUS1900201 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 7, 1933
Filing dateJan 10, 1930
Priority dateJan 10, 1930
Publication numberUS 1900201 A, US 1900201A, US-A-1900201, US1900201 A, US1900201A
InventorsSager Solomon M
Original AssigneeSager Solomon M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Eye cup
US 1900201 A
Images(3)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

S. M. SAGER March 7, 1933.

EYE CUP Filed Jan. 10, 1930 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 YET 2127f olomon/M Sqyer.

S. M. SAG ER March 7, 1933.

EYE CUP 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 10, 1930 Yam/4:7? Solomon M Sqyerr S. M. SAGER March 7, 1933.

BYE CUP Filed Jan. 10, 1930 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 [ZIP 6030mm? M 6 y r.

j I UNITED, STATES PATENT OFFICE i 50101011 I. sauna, or nvaia'ror. rumors I I 'Applicatlon filed January 10, 1930. 10. 419,772.

This invention relates to an improved eye cup for treatin eyes, and embraces a contamer or cup a apted to carry an/eye treat- ,ing solution which, when the eye cup is a phed to a persons e e, may be agitated iiy means of air contro ed by an air bulb connected with the container whereby air may be forced through an air valve outwardly 'through the solution to circulate or agitate the same to wash or clean a ersons e e with- {out necessitating throwin ack of t e head l or straining of a persons neck during the time that the eye is bein treated. It is an object of this invention to provide an improved, simplified type of eye treating device consisting of one or more containers or cups having connected therewith means whereby the liquid contained in the containers or cups is ada ted to be agitated.

provide an eye cup with an air bulb mechanism to facilitate agitation of .an eye wash solution contained within the eye cup when the cup is applied to a persons eye.

It is a further object of this invention to provide an improved, simplified form of eye cup adapted to hol an eye treating solution, which is adapts to be operated by pneumatic means to agitate the solution within the cap without re uiring the exercise or movement of the muse es or parts of the eye which is. being treated.

It is furthermore an ob'ect of this invention to provide anencase eye cup ofeither the single ormultiple type constructed to permit the same to be readily applied over a persons eye or eyes and havin means for containing an eye treating solutlon adapted to be circulated. or agitated by forcing air through the solution by means of a bulb mechanism attached to the device and operable by means carried by the casing.

It is an important object of this invention to provide an improved and simplified form of inexpensive eye cup adapted to be constructed of light-weight material and adapted to be conveniently applied to a persons eye to permit a treatin solution carried in the cup to be agitated y means of air supplied or admitted through the solution by It is also an o ject of this invention to means of a bulb connected with the cup and operable by the hand of a person holding the device or by a mechanism in a casing enclosing the device; said casing adapted to hold the cup in a convenient osition to r- 55 mit a persons head preferab y to be hel in a bent-over position over the cup, thereby obviating any strain of the muscles of the. persons neck and furthermore relieving the person of the inconveniences which usually accompany the treatment of eyes with the ordinary type of eye cup.

Other and further important objects of this invention will be apparent from the disclosures in the specification and the accom 35 panying drawings. 1

The invention (in. a preferred formi is illustrated in the drawings and hereinafter more fully described.

On the drawings: v

Fi rel is a side elevation of a persons head nt over -in a convenient position and having an improved eye cup applied to one of the eyes.

Figure 2 is a side elevation of an eye on embodying the principles of this invention.

Figure 3 is a top plan view of the eye cup illustrated in Figure 2'.

Figure. 4 is an enlarged longitudinal section of the eye cup taken on line IV-IV of Figure 3 and indicating the compressed position of'the air bulb in dotted lines. a

Figure 5 is a side elevation of a multiple type of eye cup illustrating the adjustment of the on 5 toward or away from one another in dotte lines.

Figurefi is a top plan view of the modified formof multiple type of eye cup illustrated in Figure 5.

Figure 7 is a fragmentary sectional view of the modified form of eye cup taken on line VII-VII of Figure 6, with part of the air bulb broken away.

Figure 8 illustrates a fragmentary sectional view ofanother modified form of eye cup which is adjustable on its support.

Figure 9 isa front elevation of a modified form of eyecu device of the unitary type illustrated in Figure 2 and enclosed in a supporting sanitary case.

Figure 10 is a vertical section taken on line X-X of Figure 9 with parts in elevation.

Figure 11 is an end elevation of a sanitary case for enclosing a multiple type eye cup device of the kind illustrated in Figure 5.

Figure 12 is a sectional view taken on line XIIXII of Figure 11 with the eye treating device in elevation.

As shown on the drawings:

Figures 1 to 4, inclusive, illustrate an improved single type of eye cup comprising a container, receptacle or cup 1 adapted to be constructed of light-weight metal, composition material or rubber, having a rounded bead or cushion 2formed on the rim portion thereof to facilitate application of the container or cup over the eye of a persons face similar to the arrangement illustrated in Figure 1.

The container and its cushion rim or head container 1 is a passaged sleeve or collar 3 which is internally threaded for the reception of an externally threaded valve housing 4, the inner end of which is recessed to receive an apertured air outlet cap or screen 5. Formed in the lower portion of the valve housing 4 is avalve seat 6 upon which a ball valve 7 is normally adapted to seat to close an air intake passage 8 provided in the lower head end 9 of the valve housing 4.

Engaged on the head 9 of the'valve housing 4 is a rubber air bulb 10 having an air intake valve 11 secured in the side thereof for the purpose of admitting air into the bulb 10 after the air contained therein has been forced out of the bulb into the solution contained within the container 1.

The improved unitary type of eye cup illustrated in Figures 1 to 4, inclusive, is ada ted to have a quantity of an eye treating so 11- tion 12 deposited in the container or receptacle 1, as illustrated in Figure 4, and said solution is prevented from flowing downwardly through the valve housing 4 into the air bulb 10 by the closure ball valve 7, which closes the passage 8 leading into the airbulb.

The single type of eye treating device is of simplified form and may be conveniently used and operated in the treatment of a persons eye, The solution contained within the receptacle or container 1 may be of a selected or of a prescribed nature. The eye cup may be held in a vertical or slightly inclined position, as illustrated in Figure 1. with the head or margin'2 in contact with a persons face so that the cup covers the eye which is to be treated. The device may be held by means of the container 1 or by holding the bulb 10 as illustrated, and the person using the device has merely to bend the head forwardly against the open end of the container -1, thereby obviating the necessity of any straining or craning of the neck which usual- I ly has been necessary in using the ordinary type of eye cup requiring the head to be thrown back.

With the eye cup applied-in the convenf the container, so that the air passing upward- 1y through the liquid or solution 12 tends to circulate or agitate the same, as clearly illustrated in Figure 4. It will thus be noted that the solution is adapted to be applied to the eye which is to be treated and that the liquid is agitated or circulated to gently treat the eye with the solution without requiring movement or exerciseof the parts of the eye and Withoutrequiring straining of the persons neck or facial muscles during an eye treatment.

In the use of the eye cup device, the bulb 10 may be used as a handle and may be compressed and released repeatedly to cause air from the bulb to pass through the ball valve and into the container or receptacle, so that the air will pass upwardly through the solu tion 12 to thoroughly circulate or agitate the same, so that the solution will act against the eye to thoroughly cleanse or treat the same. Figures 5, 6 and 7 illustrate a modified ,form of eye treating device of the multi 1e cup type adapted to permit both eyes 0 a person to be treated at the same time. The modified form of eye treating device comprises a T yoke or bridge piece 13 having a middle arm 14 on the end of which an air bulb 15 is engaged. .The air bulb 15 is provided withan air intake valve device 16. Slidably engaged in each of the side arms of the bridge piece or yoke 13 is a pipe arm or stem 17, the inner ends of which slidably telescope into one of the arms of the yoke 13 and has engaged therea-round apacking 18' which is positioned within a retaining cap 19 threaded or otherwise secured on the threaded end of the yoke arm, as clearly illustrated in Figure 7. This arrangement permits the two pipe arms 17 to be pushed into or pulled out of the yoke member 13 to vary the width of the eye treating device so that the same may be readily fitted to the eyes of a person upon which the device is to be used. The outer end of each of the slidable arms 17 is bent at an angle and has an eye solution container or cup 20 mounted thereon. The eye cups or containers 20 may be constructed of light-weight metal, composition matter, or even of rubber, with the margins of the cups or containers rolled orconstructed with a bead 21 to afford a smooth cushion adapted to be applied directly to the portion of a persons head surrounding an eye. Mounted in the outer end of each of the adjustable arms 17 is an air 7 control valve device which is provided with an apertured cap or screen 23 to permit "respect to cups formin a part of the device are adapt air to be admitted into the eye cup.

The multiple cup eye treating device illustrated in Figures 5, 6 and 7 IS'PI'OVidBd fortreating a pair of eyes at the same time. The containers or cups 20 are filled with a quantity of an eye wash of eye treatingrsolution, and the s0lution is prevented om running down into the supporting arms for the cups by the ball valves 22 provided In the ends of the adjustable arms 17. The arms 17 are ada ted to be slidably adjusted with e yoke member 13 so that thetwo' ed to be positioned to cover both of the eyes of a person using the device. The eye treating device may be held by means of the yoke or bridge piece 13 or by means of the air bulb 15, which may serve as a handle. To use the device, the same is held in a substantiall vertical" position or may be slightly 1nc ined,

similar tothe arrangement illustrated in Figure 1, and a person has merely to lower the head .over the cups 20 to permit the ortions of the head immediately surroun ing the eyes to rest upon the beads or cushions 21 of the cups 20. This convenient positioning of the multiple type eye cup treating device obviates stretching or straining of the neck and facial muscles, so that the eyes may be treated with ease by the solution within the cups 20 by merely repeatedly compressing and releasing the air bulb 15 so that air from said bulb is foi'cedupwardly through the hollow arms of the bridge piece through the valves 22 and into the bottom of the cups or containers 20 so that the air passing upwardly through the solution will circulate or agitate the same to treat the persons eyes in a convenient and easy manner.

Figure 8 illustrates another modified form of eye treating device of the multiple cup type whefein the bridge piece or yoke arms 24 communicate at their inner ends with an;

air bulb similar to the arrangement illustrated in Figure 5. Formed on the outer end of each of the bridge arms 24 is a hollow ball member 25 over which a. socket member is movably engaged. 'The socket member comprises a ring or sleeve 26, the lower end of which is provided with a tapered recess 27 to permit movement of the socket member with respect to the ball'25. Threaded -or otherwise secured in the socket member 26 is a boss 28 which is formed on the bottom ofan-eye cup or container. 29. An apertured cap or cover 30 is provided on the open end of the ball member 25 and is positioned within the container or cup 29.

In the modified type of eye treating device illustrated in Figure 8, the eye solution containers or cups 29 are mounted on the ends of the bridge arms 24 by means of ball and socket joints, permitting. the cups to have a :the type illustrated in Figu moved toward or away from oneanother or at any desired angle necesary to permit the cups to be fitted to the eyes of a person who is to usevthe' device.

If desired, the pivotally mounted cup of re 8 may beused in combination with the adjustable arms 17 illustrated iii Figures 5, 6 and 7, so that an eye treating device may be provided permittmg any required adjustment of the cups to fit the eye settings of any individual.

universal movement, so tha't the cups may be While ball type air control valves are described in connection with the eye cups or containers for controlling the-admittance of air into-the solution contained within the containers, it will, of course, be understood that any desired type of control valve may be provided in t e device.

It shoul also be understood that, while an air bulb is used and described for causing air to be admitted into .the containers,'any other suitable type of means may be connected with the cup or cups to permit the contents of thecups to be agitated to facilitate eye mete ment.

Figures 9and 10 illustrate a. modified form of eye cup device involving the use of the unitary type of eyecup illustrated in Figures ,1,

to 4, inclusive. In this form of the device, a

sanitary housing or casing is provided for a half round notch or recess 34 provided therein to provide a recess for the reception of the collar or neck portion 3 of theeye cu'p. Thebase 31 has the top surface thereof provided with a pocket or recess 35 to afford a seat or pocket in which the lower end of the bulb 10 is adapted to seat when the eye cup is mounted in position; Secured on the back wall of the housin or casing section 32 is a stop plate or mem er 36 against which one side of the bulb 10 is adapted to seat or contact, as illustrated in Figure 10.

Hinged or otherwise movably connected to the back housing or casing section 32 is a front housing or casing section 37 which is Pivotally supported on the top of the rear" housing section 32 by meansof hinges 40 or other suitable means vis a cover 41 provided with a handle or knob 42 to facilitate openingand closing of the same. In the closed position of the cover 41, the eye cup 1 is completely enclosed to permit the same to be kept in a clean and sanitary condition when not in use.

For the purpose of permitting the bulb to be operated when the bulb is mounted within .the housing or casing, a concavo-convex disc or plate 43 is positioned within the casing section 32-37 adjacent the bulb 10, as illustrated in Figure 10. The disc or plate 43 is in the form of a plunger and is supported on the inner end of a plunger rod or steam 44 having a head or button 45 mounted on the outer end thereof to permit actuation of the plunger. The plunger rod 44 is slidably supported in a sleeve or auxiliary housing 46, one end of which is externally threaded and engaged in an internally threaded sleeve or boss 47 formed on the front wall of the front casing section 37. Engaged around the plunger rod 44 within the auxiliary housing 46 is a coiled control spring 48, one end of which seats against the inner end of the auxiliary housing 46 while the outer end is positioned to seat against a plunger disc 49 secured on the plunger rod 44 within the auxiliary housing 46. The spring 48 is provided for the purpose of returning the plunger and the plunger rod outwardly to normal position after the same have been pushed inwardly to cause compression of the bulb 10 to of the eye cup. device.

It will thus be noted that, in the modified form of enclosed eye cup device illustrated in Figures 9 and 10, the unitary type of eye cup illustrated in Figures 1 to 4 may be conveniently enclosed in a supporting housing provided with a cover. The housing is provided with a mechanism whereby the bulb encased Within the housing and supported thereby may be conveniently compressed and released for the purpose of causing air from the bulb 10 to pass upwardly through the solution contained withinthe eye cup or container 1 to agitate or circulate the solution/ When it is desired to use the device, the cover 41 is thrown into an open position behind the housing, thereby exposing the eye cup 1 to permit convenientuse of the same. The eye cup is supported by means of the housing or casing within which the bulb 10 of the eye cup is enclosed and supported between the bafile or stop member 36 and the plunger head 43.

i With the casing cover open and an eye treating solution deposited in the container or cup 1, a person who is to use the device has merely to bend the head downwardly to position the eye over the'container or cup 1 against the cushioning rim 2 thereof. By actuating the plunger rod 44, the plunger 43 is adapted to be moved inwardly against the bulb 10 to compress the same and cause air Y therein to be forced upwardly and outwardly in the container or cup 1. to agitate or circulate the solution so that a persons eye may be properly treated or cleaned in a convenient and easy manner without necessitating straining of the neck or face muscles.

Figures 11 and 12 illustrated an enclosure means within which the multiple type eye .cup device is adapted to be supported and enclosed. In this form of the device, the multiple type eye treating mechanism illustrated in Figures 5 to 7 is adapted to be supported and enclosed. The enclosing means illustrated in Figures 11 and 12 comprises a supporting-housing or casing 50 having a pocket or recess 51 provided in the top or inner surface of the housing or casing base 52. The recess or pocket 51' affords a seat for the lower end of the air bulb 15, while the adjustable arms 17 of the eye cup device are adapted to seat in groovesor pockets provided in a top Wall 53 of the housing, The top wall 53 of the housing is provided with a central openin 54 to permit the bulb to be inserted into ,t e housing or casing as illustrated in Figure 12. Removably seated upon the top of the casing or housing 50 is a cover 55 adapted, when in position, to enclose the eye cups 20 to keep the same in a clean, sanitary condition when the multiple type eye cup device is not in use.

Mounted on either the front or rear wall of the housing or casing 50 is an auxiliary housing or sleeve 56 through which a springcontrolled plunger rod or stem 57 is slidably mounted. Engaged on the inner end of the plunger rod or stem 57 is a plunger head 58 which is positioned adjacent the bulb 15 within the housing to permit the bulb to becompressed to expel air therefrom when" the plunger rod or stem 57 is actuated.

To use the multiple type eye cup device of plunger rod or stem 57 to cause the plunger.

head 58 to repeatedly actuate the air bulb 15 to cause air to pass upwardly through the arms 17 and the valve mechanisms contained therein, through the screens and through the solution contained within the cups or containers to agitate or circulate the solution against the eyes of the person using the device.

It will thus be seen that either the unitary details of construction may be varied through e or multiple type of eye treating device illustrated in Figures 1 to 8, inclusive, may be used in combination with a supporting housing'which is provided with actuating means for operating the air bulb to cause agitation of the solution or liquid contained within the cup or cups of the eye treating device.

It will, of course, be understood that many a wide range without departing from t principles of this invention, and it is, thereiore, not purposed to limit the patent granted hereon otherwise than necessitated by the S00 e of the appended claim.

claim as my invention:

An eye treating device comprising a cup for carrying an eye treating solution, a check valve mechanism connected with the cup and opening to an upward stream of air and stopping any downward flow of the solution, and an air bulb connected with the check valve mechanism adapted to be compressed to open the check valve mechanism and cause an to pass upwardly through the solution to agitate the same.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto subscribed my name at Chicago, Cook County,

Illinois.

SOLOMON M. SAGER'.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3261355 *Mar 11, 1964Jul 19, 1966Henry BurbigAerated eye cup with air storage vessel
US4232671 *Jun 23, 1978Nov 11, 1980Crump Charles LSafety eyewash package and container therefor
US4493119 *Jan 7, 1983Jan 15, 1985Baumann Ludwig GDevice for the treatment of the eyes with a washing or bathing liquid
US4798599 *Jan 3, 1984Jan 17, 1989George ThomasEye washing method and apparatus
US5037406 *Jun 20, 1988Aug 6, 1991Smith William LEyedrop applicator attachment
US5154702 *May 21, 1990Oct 13, 1992Wheaton IndustriesVariable dosage dropper system
US5295981 *Aug 5, 1991Mar 22, 1994Smith William LEyedrop applicator attachment
US5578021 *Oct 5, 1995Nov 26, 1996Cornish; Brian K.Eye medicament dispensing device
US6206297 *Jun 26, 1999Mar 27, 2001Louis Arthur Coffelt, Jr.Apparatus and method for manufacturing a gasdrop
US6632202Mar 16, 1999Oct 14, 2003James HagelePrecision release eye dropper bottle
US6913598 *Jan 22, 2001Jul 5, 2005Kuldip Chand TangriHandheld eye washing apparatus
US7846140Nov 30, 2004Dec 7, 2010James HageleMini eye drop tip
US20100314418 *Jun 15, 2009Dec 16, 2010Donna RothDispenser Adapted To Engage A Bottle And For Use With Consumable Fluid Having Solid Ingredients
DE3245464A1 *Dec 8, 1982Jul 21, 1983Baumann M FaDevice for treating the eyes with a washing or bathing liquid
EP0083782A1 *Dec 23, 1982Jul 20, 1983Firma M. BaumannDevice for treating the eyes with a bathing liquid
WO2000013476A2 *Nov 5, 1999Mar 16, 2000Coffelt Louis A JrA bubble drop and method of making same
Classifications
U.S. Classification604/296, 604/301
International ClassificationA61H35/00, A61H35/02
Cooperative ClassificationA61H35/02
European ClassificationA61H35/02