US 1900801 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
T. S. COBB MATTRESS Filed-Aug. 6, 1930 2 Sheets-Sheet l @mm1/bo@ To E.
March 7, 1933.
T. S. COBB Mmh 7, 1933,
MATTRES S Filed Aug. e, 1930 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Mar. 7, 1933 UNITED STATES THOMAS S. COBB, OF FORT LAUDERDALE,
MATTRESS Application filed August 6, 1930. Serial No. 473,406.
The invention relates to a mattress for beds and provides a reversible article presenting surfaces of different degrees of softness depending upon the character of filling and the extent to which the same has been compressed. Y
The invention provides a mattress, cush` ion, upholstery, or the like, of the box type having a generous filling to add to the coinfort of the user. To prevent bulging or spreading of the sides they are connected by a tie which also acts as a spacer to divide the material in the event of the upper portion of the filling being cotton and the lower portion hair or other material.
The invention also contemplates using the tie as means for confining springs or material'to prevent settling or packing of the mattress and preserves its shape and normal condition. i
' The invention, While particularly designed for mattresses, is adapted for cushions, upholstery, pads, and the likeembodying a covering and fibrous filling.
While the drawings illustrate a preferred embodiment of the invention, it is to be understood that in adapting the means to meet specific needs and requirements, the'design may be varied and changes in the minor details of construction may be resorted to within the scope of the invention as claimed, without departing from the spirit thereof.
For a full understanding of the invention and the merits thereof, reference-is to be had to the following description and theV drawings hereto att-ached, in which:
Figure 1 is a perspective View of a mattress embodying the invention, parts being broken away.
Figure 2 is an enlarged detail sectional View on the line 2-2 of Figure 1 showing a modified tie sheet.
Figure 3 is an enlargedV fragmentary sectional view of a complete mattress on the line 3--3 of Figure 1 showing another modified tie sheet. p
Figure 4 is a similar detail sectional view on the line 4-4 of Figure 1, showing the parts on a larger scale.
Figure 5 is a detail sectional 4view ofa modification.
Correspondingand like parts are referred to in the following description and designated in the several views of the drawings, J by like reference characters.
The mattress or analogous article includes a covering and a suitable filling and may be tufted in the usual'w'ay toV prevent'shifting or displacement ofthe filling. The mattressV is reversible so that either side may face upwardly, as required. The mattress is of the box type and in accordance with the invention, the box sides comprise companion strips 10 and 11 which are stitched to the G0 surfaces in any usual or determinate Way.- For convenience, the upper surface or cov- Y ering 12 in the drawing is designated as the top and the bottom surface ory covering 13 as the bottom, although both surfaces present substantially the same appearance. The top and bottom may be stitched to the box sides in any usual or preferred way, and the edges may be finished as desired, either by having braid or tape applied thereto, as indicated at 14, or by being formed into a roll or Welt 15, and it is to be under- Y stood that a single mattress may have either one or both forms of seams. A tie 16 connects the sides and usually consists of a textile sheet co-extensive with the dimensions of the mattress and stitched between the adjacent edges of the wstrips 10 and l1 'forming thevboxing.` The tie 16 may consist of a single v*sheet or ply, as indicated in Figure 2, or may comprise two sheets or plies, as indicated in Figuresv 3 and 4 of the drawings. The tie 16 may also function as a spacer to divide the fillings 17 and 18 in the event of different kinds being employed such as cotton and hair or moss and cotton, or different materials commonly employed in the manufacturev of mattresses, cushions, and the like. A
The tie sheet 16 connects the box sides and prevents bulvfing or spreading thereof, thereby materially preserving the shape of the article. The tie sheet 16 may stop in line with the boxing, as indicated in Figure 1 of the drawings, or may project a short distance beyond the boX sides, as indicated at 19 in Figures 2, 3 and 4, and this projecting portion provides a convenient grip to facilitate the handling of the mattress when reversing or shifting the same.
When the tie 16 includes more than one ply or sheet, a filling may be placed between the sheets, as indicated most clearly in Figures 1 and 4 of the drawings. This filling may consist of fibrous material, as indicated at 20, or it may consist of springs, as indicated at 21, and a single mattress may have either or both forms of filling. The filling 20 and 21 is thus confined and, if desired, may be further confined by stitching the plies or sheets by transverse and longitudinal rowsv of stitching 22. These rows of stitching form compartments in which the fibrous filling 2O or sjrings 21 may be confined. In the event of the spring filling consisting of a structure in wnich the springs are interwoven or connected, the stitching 22 will not be necessary. it is observed that the intermediate filling may be of a different nature from the top filling 17 and bottom filling 18, and is of material advantage in preserving the normal shape of the mattress and preventing its packing when in service.
As shown in Figure 5 of' the drawings, the sheets or plies comprising the tie are stitched adjacent the box sides and project a distance to form an outer seam.
That is claimed is:
1. A mattress or the like compris'ng top and bottom walls, side walls connecting the top and bottom walls and formed of coinpanion strips, a two-ply tie sheet extending the entire length and width of tl ne mattress at approximately the center thereof and dividing said mattress into upper and lower sections each containing a fibrous filling, the filling of one section being of a nature different from the filling in the other section, the ends of the tie sheet being extended laterally between the adjacent ends of the companion strips of the side walls and stitched thereto and the plies of said tie sheet between the opposite side wills of the mattress being separated vertically at spaced intervals to form independent compartments and said plies between the compartments being stitched together, and a filling for each compartment of anature different from the filling in the upper and lower sections of the mattress.
2. A mattress or the like comprising top and'bottom walls, side walls connecting the top and bottom walls and formed of companion strips,` a two-ply tie sheet extending the entire length and width of the mattress at substantially the center thereof and dividing the mattress into upper and lower sect-ions each containing a fibrous filling, the filling of one section being of a nature differ- Leoaeol ent from the filling in the other section, the ends of the tie sheet being extended laterally between and beyond the adjacent ends of the companion strips of the side walls and stitched to said side walls, and the plies of said tie sheet between opposite walls of the mattress being separated vertically at spaced intervals to form independent compartments, the plies between the compartments being stitched together, a fibrous filling in certain of the compartments, and coiled springs housed within other of said compartments, the fibrous filling in said compartments being of a different nature from the filling of the upper and lower sections of the mattress.
3. A mattress or the like comprising top and bottom walls, side walls connecting the top and bottom walls and formed of companion strips, a two-ply tie sheet extending the entire length and width of the mattress and dividing the mattress into upper and lower sections of equal width, a filling in cach section, the ends of the tie sheet being extended laterally between and beyond the adjacent ends of the companion strips coi.- s"tuting the side walls and stitched to said side walls, 'the plies constituting the ltie sheet between opposite walls of the mattress being separated laterally at spaced interyals to form independent compartments and said. plies between adjacent compartments being stitched together, and a filling for each compartment, said compartments being centered between the top and bottom walls of the mattress and held in position within the mattress by the filling in the upper and lower sections of said mattress.
In testimony whereofl l affix my signature.
THOMAS S. COBB.