Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1901589 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 14, 1933
Filing dateJul 18, 1931
Priority dateJul 18, 1931
Publication numberUS 1901589 A, US 1901589A, US-A-1901589, US1901589 A, US1901589A
InventorsGiles C Fullmer
Original AssigneeBridgeport Metal Goods Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pick-up candle light
US 1901589 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 14, 1933. GHQ F R 1,901,589

PICK-UP CANDLE LIGHT Filed July 18, 1931 Patented Mar. 14, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT :OFFI-CE GILES c. FULLMER, F BRIDGEPOBT, CONNECTICUT, assmnon THE BRIDGEPOBT METAL nouns .MANUFACTURING COMPANY, or BR'IDGEPORT, CONNECTICUT, A

conroaamon or CONNECTICUT I PICK- UP CANDLE LIGHT Application filed fil'uly 18, 1931. Serial No. 551,778.

This invention relates to new and useful improvements in portable electriclights and particular relation "to a portable electric light-in the form of a candle. 7 An object of theiinvention is to provide an improved switching means in'za light of the kind :stated wheneby a 'circuit'will be closed through a battery :andvbulbon the light being raised ofl a support, or'whereby the circuit to the bulb may be manually closed to remain closed while thelight is on a support as well as when the light is raised off the sup- A further object is to provide a light as stated and 1 including two switch elements either of which may be moved into engagement with 'a-contact to close a circuit to a bulb, and one of which is adapted to be normally positioned to move into engagement with the contact on the light being raised off a supporting surface and the other of which may be manually .moved into engagement with the contactirrespective of the position of the first.

Other objects-and advantages will become apparent from a consideration of the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, wherein satisfactory embodiments of the invention are shown. However, it is to understood that the invention is not limited to the details disclosed but includes all such variationsand modifications as fall within the spirit of the invention and the scope of the appended claims to which claims reference maybe had fora definition of the invention.

' In the drawing: c.

F 1 is a View showing acomplete candle light in accordance with the present invention, the view being in side elevation and parts being broken away to show more clearly the circuit; i

' F ig. 2 is a bottom plan view of theligh-t, a part of the basebeing broken away; 7

Fig. 3 is. a sectional view substantially along the line 33 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is a side elevational view of a portion of the automatic switch element;

Fig. 5 is an end view of the same;

Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the mounting for the parts shown in Fig. 4;

Fig. 7 is a viewfof the disc of insulation forming part of the base and showing both of the switch elements in inoperative position;

Fig. 8 is a detailed sectional view showing a slightly modified construction of automatic switche'lement; and

Fig. 9 is'aview of the spring of Fig. 8.

Referring in detail to the drawing, the improved candle light includes a base 10, preferably hollow and formed of sheet metal as shown. This base includes a centrally depending threaded portion 11 having an annular flange 12 to which a disc 13 of insulating material is secured as by means of rivets 14 and 15. Threaded into the portion 11 of the base is a sheet metal casing 16 which at its upper end carries clips 17 adapted to secure a globe or glass 18 to the casing.

A bulb 19 is threaded into a socket 20 electrically connected with the casing 16 and the center contact of the bulb engages the central contact 21 of a battery22 enclosed in the usual insulating covering 22a and located I within the casing 16. The battery 22 is held in position with its contact 21 in engagement with the central contact of the bulb as by means of-a flat spring. 23 of conducting material secured to the upper .end of a post 24 of insulating material as by means of :a relatively long rivet :25 which rivet "extends through the post and has its head26 disposed at the under side of the disc 13, whereby to form a contact and also secure the post to the disc.

Since the head 26 of the rivet 25 is arranged centrally or substantially centrally of the disc 13, it will be'apparent that there is no circuit between the bulb and battery until the space between the contact or rivet head 26 and the casingor base is bridged. Accord ing to the present invention, two switch elements are provided for bridging this space and one of these elements is adapted tobe entirely manually operated while the other is adapted to be normally automatic in its operation and to close a circuit between the battery and bulb on the light being elevated off a supporting surface.

bring its contacting portion 29 into engagement with the contact 26. A circuit will then] be closed frcm the battery. to the bulb, and through the casing 16 to the base 10, and through the rivet l tto the element 27,- and from that elemeiitthrough the rivet and spring 23-ba ck to the battery. The upturned edge 30 facilitates the sliding of the contact or switch onto. the contact-26. The automaticswitch element includes a a baseor mounting portion-31 pivoted to the discv 13 on the'rivet 15, and ,liaving a pair of upstanding cars 32 and a pair of stop lugs 31a and 315 on 'its'op'posite side. The circuitclosing member of t-heauto'matic switch includes a relatively elongated member 33 havinga contacting portion .34 and having one end portion ofl set and bent upon itself to provide a spring arm 35. 'Further, this. Y member 33 includes spaced ears 36 adapted to be received-'between'the ears-32 ofthe mounting member 31 and when-a .pin 37 is passed through the respective pairsofears, it will beappreciated that the member 33 is pivoted "to the mounting member, I 31 for movement in a vertical plane relative thereto and ab'outa horizontally extending pivot VVhen the automatic switching element is in place its normal position is such that its portion 34' is either in. engagement with the contact 26 or in line with said contact; When arm 35 is received between the body of the the parts 31-and 33 areassembled, the spring member33 and the mounting member 31 andicompressed so'that. it is constantly endeavoring to rock the member 33 about the pivot pin 37 in adirectionto force the end portion 34: toward the central contact 26.

, However,when the light is resting on a sup- I bulb as shown in Fig. 3.

port, the oii' set 38 of the member 33, will engage the, support and rock the member in a direction to take its portion 34: away from I the contact26 as'shownin Fig, 1 and open the circuitthroughthe lamp. As soon as the light is elevated or liftedfrom'the supv port, the spring arm ,35will ac-tto'rock the switch element 33 on its pivot 37 andhave its portion 34" engage the central contact 26 and complete a circuit through thebatteryand Since the mounting member or means 31 is pivoted on'the rivet 15, the'entire automatic switch element or means may be swung from its position where its contacting portion 34 is in alinement with the contact 26 as shown in Figs. 2 and 3 toan inoperative position as shown in Fig. 7. It will therefore be notedthat the automatic switch element has botha'vertical and a horizontal switch element. Its turning movement about its pivotal mounting 15 is limited in opposite directions by the stop lugs 31a and31b engaging the edge ofthe insulating disc 13. I Further, attention is directed'to the fact that the contacting portion 3 1 of the automatic switch element includes upwardly off-set portions 34a whereby the switch may readily slide onto the contact26 andalso the manually'operable switch element 27 may be moved on its pivot 14 to have'its upturned edge 30 p engage the contacting porti0n134 of the switch element 33' and rock the switch ele ment on its pivot 37 and against-the 'actionof thespring arni35 so'asto permit the contacting portion 29 of the manualswitch ele mentto enter under the contacting-portion 34 of the automatic. switch element to close the circuit. a I .1 f r. From the foregoingdescriptiQn', it Will-be clear that the 7 manual switch element. may be operated to close a circuit between the battery and bulb irrespective of the location of the light, and irrespective of whether or not theautomatic switch. element is in .ClI'Qlllt closing position; Further, it willbe apparent that the automatic switch element may be put out of commission by turning it onits vertical pivot which is the rivet 15 and that the circuit maybe operated entirely by the manual switching element.-

, Referring to the-modified form at the in vention, the parts are all the samewith the exception that the automatic switching element identified in Fig.8 by the numeral 39, does not include-a (spring arm similar to the arm 35 of the switching element 33 of the.

first form of the invention. In lieu of the arm 35 a spring 40 is provided and this spr ng includes an; arm alengaging the mounting member 31 and an arm 42 engaging the member 39 at one "side of the pivot pin 37 .Fur ther, the spring 40 includes an eye 43, to re-.

ceive the pivot pin 37 whereby the spring is secured in placef Obviously; the operation of themodifiedform of automaticflswitching' element is the same as that previously described and further description is therefore 2 7 believed unnecessary; Having thus set forth the nature of my invention, what I claim is: i

battery, a contact, a switch element adapted to automatically" move to engage said contact and thereby close a circuit between the battery and bulb on the light being raised'off a support, a manually operable' switch element,

and said manually operable-switchelement' operable to engage aud -move the automatic 1. In a portable electric light, a bulb, a

switch element from the contact and to itself engage the contact to close the circuit between the battery and bulb.

2. Ina portable electric light, a base, an upright casing on the base, a battery in said casing, a bulb grounded on said casing and disposed at the upper end thereof and having its center contact in engagement with the center contact of the battery, said base including a portion of insulating material, a

contact electrically connected with the battery casing and mounted in said portion of insulating material, a pair of switch elements mounted on and each electrically connected with the base and through the base to the casing, one of said switch elements adapted to be manually moved to engage said contact and close a circuit between the battery and bulb, and the other of said elements pivoted on a horizontal pivot to move and engage said contact to close the circuit on the light being raised off a support.

3. In a portable electric-light, a base, an upright casing on the base, a battery in said casing, a bulb grounded on said casing and disposed at the upper end thereof and having its center contact in engagement with the center contact of the battery, said base including a portion of insulating material, a contact electrically connected with the battery and mounted in said portion of insulating material, a switch element mounted on and electrically connected with the base and through the base to the casing, said switch element including a mounting portion, a contacting portion pivoted on said mounting portion on a horizontal pivot whereby the contacting portion may move to engage said contact on the light being raised off a supporting surface, and said mounting portion arranged for turning movement on a-vertical axis whereby the switch element may be moved to an inoperative position.

4. In a portable electric light, a base, an upright casing on the base, a battery in said casing, a bulb grounded on said casing and disposed at the upper end thereof and having its center contact in engagement with the center contact of the battery, said base including a portion of insulating material, a contact electrically connected with the battery and mounted in said portion of insulating material, a pair of switch elements mounted on and each electrically connected with the base and through the base to the casing, one of said switch elements adapted to be manually moved to engage said contact and close a circuit between the battery and bulb, the-other of said switch elements ad apted to move to engage said contact to close the circuit on the light being raised off a support, and the said other of said switch elements having an inclined portion and the manual switch element having a portion to engage T said inclined portion to raise the said other upright casing on said base, a battery in said J casing, a bulb grounded on said casing and disposed at the upper end thereof and having its center contact in engagement with the center contact of the battery, said base including a portion of insulating material, a con- 4 tact electrically connected with the battery and mounted in said portion of insulating material, a switch element mounted on and electrically connected with the base and through the base to the casing, said switch i element including a mounting portion, said switch element comprising a contact member pivoted intermediate its ends to saidv mounting portion and having one end portion doubled upon itself and engaging the and forming a springnormally tending to move the contact member toward the contact.

6. In a portable electric light, a base, an upright casing on said base, a battery in said casing, a bulb grounded on said casing and disposed at the upper end thereof and having its center contact in engagement with the center contact of the battery, said base including a portion of insulating material, a contact electrically connected with the battery and mounted on said portion of insulating material, a switch element mounted on and electrically connected with the base and through the base to the casing, said switch element including a mounting portion, a contact member mounted on said mounting portion by a horizontal pivot, and a spring.disposedbetween the mounting portion and the contact member of the switch element and. normally tending to rock the contact member of the switch element on its pivot to have the same engage said contact and close the circuit through the battery and bulb. I

7 In a portable electric light, a base, an upright casing on the base, a contact on the base to engage a battery in the casing and including a conducting portion connected with the contact and exposed on the under side of the base, and a switch member grounded on the base and mounted to swing about a horizontal axis toward and from engagement with said exposed member and also mounted to swing about a vertical axis toward and from said member.

8. In a portable electric light, abase, an upright casing on the base, a contact on the base to engage a battery in the casing and including a conducting portion connected with the contact and exposed on the under side of the base, amounting for a switch member grounded on the base and pivoted to turn about a vertical axis, a switch member mounted on said mounting to turn about a horizontal axis to and from engagement with said exposedmember and means on the switch member to engage a support when the base rests on said support to move the contact away from said exposed member.

9. In a portable electric light, a base, a casing on the base, a contact on the base, means to provide electrical connection from said contact to a battery in the caslng, a switch member mounted to swing about a horizontal axis to and from engagement with said contact and having means to engage a support when the base rests thereon to move the switch member away from said contact, means to mount the switch member to swing about a vertical axis toward and from said contact,

manually operable means for operating said member about said vertical axis.

v s 10. In a portable electric light, a base, a casing on the base, a contact on the base,

means to provide electrical connection from said contact to abattery in the casing, a

switch membermounted to swing about a s horizontal axis to and from engagement with said contact, means tending to move the switch toward the Contact, means to engage a support when the base rests thereon to move the switch. away from the contact, a support for theswitch'inounted to shift said switch 7 toward and from the contact, and manually operable means for shifting the support;

'11. In a portable electric light, a base,fac casing on the base, a contact on the base,

means to provide electrical connection from said contact to a battery in the casing, a switch member mounted to swing" about a horizontal axis toward and from said contact, resilient means tending to move the switch to engagementwith the contact, means to en age a supportwhen the base rests thereon to move the switch away from the contact, and a pivoted support-for theswitch adapted for manual, operation'to move the switch toward and'from the contact.

In testimony'whereof I afiix'my signature.

GILES o. FULLMER;

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2763850 *Oct 27, 1951Sep 18, 1956Jacob N NieratkoMechanically controlled electrical signal light
US4231030 *Jan 23, 1979Oct 28, 1980Weiss Mary GSafety device for a crib
Classifications
U.S. Classification362/190, 340/571, 200/60
International ClassificationF21L4/00
Cooperative ClassificationF21L4/00, F21V23/0414
European ClassificationF21L4/00, F21V23/04L