|Publication number||US1902425 A|
|Publication date||Mar 21, 1933|
|Filing date||Jun 19, 1931|
|Priority date||Jun 19, 1931|
|Publication number||US 1902425 A, US 1902425A, US-A-1902425, US1902425 A, US1902425A|
|Inventors||Stouges Anthony J|
|Original Assignee||Mergenthaler Linotype Gmbh|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 21, 1933. s oueEs MATRIX CABINET Filed June 19, 1931 4 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR B y 1 2 M A TTORNE Y5 March 21, 1933. J STQUGES 1,902,425
MATRIX CABINET Filed June 19. 1931- 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 a h A I, I l MHXIINVENTOR TTORNEV:
Patented Mar. 21, 1933 UNITED STATES? PATENTOFFICE ANTEONY J". STOUGES, 0F QUEENS'VILLAGE, NEW YORK, AS SIGNOR TO MEBGEN'THALEB,
LINOTYPE COMPANY, .ACORPORATION OF NEW YORK MATRIX. CABINET Applicationfiledjune 19, 1931. Serial No. 545,381.
lhis invention relates to matrix cabinets, and more particularly to cabinets in which may be stored matrices differing in size and style, and adapted to be composed by hand 111 a suitable composing stick and to be used in casting large type for display purposes.
The different st lesof matrices used for this type of work are the regular matrices,
which are of standard height and which have ears projecting from their opposite edges, and a special earless matrix of greater than standard height. 7 Because of the variable nature of the work involving their use, there are cases where a greaternumber of matrices of one style are required than of the other. Therefore, there is presented a difiicult problem in the construction of a matrix cabinet adapted to accommodate the matrices required'in the various kinds of composition, i. e., composition necessitating an equal-number of regular and special matrices or composition requiring a greater number of one style of matrix than of the other, whether regular or special. A11 obviousmanner in which to cope with the situation is to have a separate cabinet for each kind of matrices, and a choice of size in the cabinets, but this would involve too great an expense-.Another apparent method is that of providing a cabinet with a majority of large drawers which could be used for holding both the special and the regular matrices. However, to do this would be not only to waste considerable space but it would render the withdrawal and replacement of the smaller regular matrices diflicult because of the depth of the drawers.
It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to obviate these and other difficulties by providing a cabinet, which, from the standpoint of economy and efficiency, will more satisfactorily accommodate both regular and special matrices.
Another object of the invention is to provide means for holding a drawer in different partially withdrawn. positions, and the asso ciation therewith of other means for automatically releasing such holding mechanism 59 so that the drawer may be readily closed.
To these ends, thepresent invention, in. its
, broader aspects, contemplates a cabinet con-.
struction such thatlarge and small drawers may be used in the same cabinet, and may be substituted therein for one. another. More specifically, the invention provides a cabinet having a plurality of drawers, at. least one of which is of greater depth than the others, each drawer being supportedon a pair of brackets, and the several pairs of bracketsbeing arranged equidistant from one another so that one of the deeperdrawers may be substituted for any two or more adjacent shallow drawers. The invention further providesa novel drawer-stop arrangement for holding:
a drawer in various partially withdrawn positions, and deflectors associated with the stops for automatically actuating the stopengaging latches in order that the drawer may be readily closed without manually disengaging theilatches from the stops.
In the accompanyingdrawings the invention is shown merely by way of example and in preferred form, but obviously many modifications and variations may be made therein which will still be comprised'within its spirit. It-is to be understood, therefore, that the invention is not to be'limited to any specific form or embodiment, except insofar as such limitations are specified in the appended claims. I,
In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a vertical longitudinal section through the improved cabinet, partly broken away, and showing the front drawer, two single and one double drawer inserted;
Fig. 2 is a horizontal section taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the arrows;
Fig. 3 is a front elevation of the cabinet, partly broken away to illustrate the interior at different levels;
.Fig. 4 is a fragmentary vertical longitudinal section, illustrating the drawer guideway construction which permits the complete re moval of the front drawer from the cabinet;
is a plan view of a detached single lar matrices therein in acertain position;
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary vertical section taken on the line 66 of Fig. 5 looking in the direction of the arrows and more clearly illustrating the features shown therein;
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary view taken on the line 77 of Fig. 8 looking in the direction of the arrows, and illustrating the arrangement of the special matrices therein;
Fig. 8 is a plan view of a detached double drawer, illustrating a numerical and an alphabetical order of arranging the special matrices therein;v 7
Fig. 9 is a fragmentary vertical section taken on the line 99 of F ig.-5 looking in the direction of the arrows, and showing the cooperation of the drawer-stop with the right rear upright drawer-bracket support;
' Fig. 10 is a fragmentary vertical section taken on the line 10-40 of Fig. 9 looking in the direction of the arrows Fig. 1.1 is a plan view of the front drawer, partly broken away to show the association of the stoplatches with the improved stops and deflectors formed in the channeled guideways; i
Fig. 12 is-a rear view Fig. 13 is a perspective view of the complete cabinet, showing the difierent drawers A. shown therein is provided with an inclined slightly raised edges a a and a and 1s adapted to be used as a top a, bordered by make-up table. When at work the composer stands at the front of the cabinet so it would be quite inconvenient" to have all of the drawers removable from this end. For this reason, the cabinet is constructed sothat its drawers (with one exception) generally designated by the letter B, are insertable at one side'ofthe cabinet, and are adapted to slide transversely therein. These drawers are supported in the cabinet, see Fig. 1, each by a pair of angle-ironbrackets D-D secured at opposite sides of the cabinet to upright supporting pillars EE The brackets DD for each drawer lie in planes parallel to one another and parallel to the plane of the inclined top of the cabinet, and the several pairs of brackets are equidistant from one another. With this arrangement, a space is left in thelower right-hand corner of the cabinet, and thereis arranged in said space a drawer F, of any'suitable size and shape, supported by the brackets f'f As shown in Fig. 14, the'regular matrices X differ considerably in size and shape from the new special matrices Y. However, since both styles of matrices are used in display work, itfis convenient and desirable to keep them in the same cabinet, and in order to store them most satisfactorily, there is proof the front drawer, showing the drawer-stop latcn mechanism;
ers can bereplaced by deeper suitable compartments Z, the compartments being of the matrices from clmed position proper width to prevent the falling edgewise, and the 1nof the drawers preventing themfrom being dislodged longitudinally ofthe compartment. InFigs. 5 and 6 is illustrated a special type of drawer in which having ears projecting fromtheir opposite edges, may be supported on edge, independent of the projecting ears and necessarily in similar positions. It is to be understood, however, that this type of drawer, although it may be used in the cabinet which is the subject of the present invention, forms no part thereof, claimed in a N 0. 549,382.
'The drawers w forholding the regular matrices X-inay be of the type shown in'Fig. 5,to which reference has already been made,
co-pending application, Serial orthey may be identical, except for depth,
with the larger drawers 3 for holding special matrices Y, the latter drawers being twice as deep as the former or drawers As shown in Fig. 1','1noreover, the larger drawers 3/ a be formed with'their side walls grooved at their upper portions'so that the same will clear the brackets when the drawers are in position in the cabinet. Since, also, already stated, the pairs of supporting brackets DD are parallel and equidistant from one another,
it is now readily apparent that a deeper drawor 1 may be substituted at will for any two ad acent shallow drawers :0. And so, with this construction, there is provided acabinet which is adapted to support drawers for holding regular matrices, or inwhich those drawtwers which will accommodate special matrices; or, further, in'which can be used a combination of regular matrices,
it being fully described and the two diiferentsize drawers for storing both types of matrices.
Because these'drawers are positioned in the cabinet on a transverse incline, they can be partially withdrawn any desired distance In and et not reou'ire sto s to hold them.
order to orevent their com )lete withdrawal .however, there. is providedat the rear of one side wall of each drawer astop-latch P, see F igs. 5, 9, and 10, seated in'a lOllglljllCliRill groove-Q. and pivctally secured therein by the pin P The latch l is adapted to en the right rear upright suppo t E (sec F 5 and 10) being normally held in an outward engaging position by a compression spring 22, seatedin a recessp in the sidewall ofthe drawer. In order completely to remove the pressure of the spring 0', thereby permitting it to clear the upright supports E it being understood that the dr'awerhas first been withdrawn a distance sufficient to permitac-r cess to said latch. V r
A drawer C, which is the top drawer of v the cabinet, is located in the front thereof; and is slidable longitudinally therein, i. e.', at
to the side drawers already al-- This front drawer C is divided by right angles luded to. longitudinal and transverse partitions C and C respectively, into compartments ofsuitable size, which are adapted to hold miscellaneous matrices, blanks, etc. According to one feature ofthe invention, it-isslidably mounted, see Figs. 3 and l, in a pair of channels lies on one'side and is secured to the top pair of supporting bracketsdtifland at reg-- ggl, directly opposite one another and each having a deflector g associated therewith.
At its middle, see Fig. 11,- the drawer (J is provided with a longitudinal bore K through which a rotatable rod H passes, the rear end of the rod being journaled in a bracket H secured to the rear wall of the drawer. lever 721 seeFig. 12, is rigidly secured at its center to the portion of the rod 'H between the rear wallof the. drawer and the bracket H and pivotally connected to the ends of the lever, as at 71. are latch rods h These latch rods extend laterally and project through the side-walls 0 of the drawer, and are normally held in a projecting position by a small tension spring 7L attached at one end to one of' the latch rods and at its opposite write the rear wall of the drawer. The proj eoting ends of the latch rods 72. see Fig. 11, are adapted to engage the stops 9-9 of the channeled drawer guides GG to hold the" drawer in difierent partially withdrawn positions, the
rod H. being operable through the-lever k to withdraw the latch rods h from engagement with the stops 9- 9 in order that the drawer may be slid forward as desired; To permit the drawer to be readily closed, the deflectors 9?, associated with the stops, serve to cam the projecting latch rods k inwardly so that they will ride out'of the recessed stops onto the channel walls, and thus the necessity for manually disengaging the latchesfrom the stops is eliminated.
Secured to the inner facesof the sidewall extension 0 see Figs. 4 and 11, area pair of upwardly projecting drawer-stops .0 adapted to abut the front top cross member T of the cabinet to prevent the drawer-fromaccidentally falling therefrom when'withdrawn.
In order that the drawer may be completely removed from the cabinet, however, the frame thereof below the drawer opening is neled guideways G-'G each of'which chan-- bent inwardly substantially at a right angle, as atL, instead'of being formed to aline with the ends of the bottom walls ofthe channel guideways G'G 'Because of this construc-= p 7 tion of thecabinet frame,anddue tothe inclined position of the iguideways, thereisformed a recess 1, of suitable conformation sothat', when the forward end of the drawer is raised, the rear end thereof is permitted to tilt downwardsufliciently for the stops 0 toclear the front wall of the cabinet. 1.
Having thus described my'invention, what I claim is:
- 1. A-matrix cabinet including in combina tion, a frame, a plurality of pairsof brackets supported bythe frame and arranged equidistant'from one another, a plurality ofdrawers arranged inthe cabinet'eachsupported'by a pair of the brackets'and adaptedv to occupy the space between the pairof brack- I etson which the drawer supported and an adjacent pair ofthe brackets, and at least one drawer adapted to besupported'by any pairofthe brackets and tooccupy a'space greater than'that between the pair of braclr ets on which the drawer is supported and an. adj acent'pair' ofthebrackets. Y j i 2. A matrix cabinet including in combination, a frame, a plurality of pairs ofbrackets supported by the frame and arranged equidistant fromone another, a plurality of drawers arranged in the cabinet each slidably supported by a pair of the brackets and adapted to occupy the space between the pair of brackets on which thedrawer is supported and an adjacent pair ofthe brackets,-and at least one drawer slidably'supported by a pair of the brackets and adapted to occupy the space between three adjacent pairsof the bra'ckets 3. A combination as in claim 2, wherein the side walls of the last-mentioned drawer are formed so as to ride on the pairof brackets' supporting the drawer and to clear the I adjacent pair of brackets.
4. A combination as in claiml, wherein the cabinet isfformed with an inclined top and the several pairs of supporting brackets iiein planes parallel to the plane of the inclined top. 5. A combination as in claim 1, wherein the supportingbrackets are-arranged in the cabinet so as to supportthe drawersslidably transversely therein.
-- 6. For a matrix cabinet having a frame, a drawer formed with a recessand a longi-- tudinal groove in a side wall thereof, a compression spring located in the recess,'a latch pivotally secured in the longitudinal groove and normally held in active position by said T spring, saidlatch being adapted to engage the frame of the cabinet to prevent accidental complete withdrawal of the drawer therefrom. 7,, I
' 7. Amatrixcabinet including in. combinathe drawer'therein, and a locking device arsupporting means. a. a ':8. A matrix cabmet-includmg-in combina- 1 tion, a frame, channeled guides arranged on ranged to hold the drawer in selective position in said supporting means, said device ineluding as one element a series of stops, and as another element a device for selectively engagingthe stops, one of said last two elemerits being arranged on the drawer and the other of said elements being. arranged on the the frame and adapted slidablyto support a drawertherein, aseries, of stops arranged on the guides, and a device on the drawer adapted; selectively -to engage thestops.
'9. A' matrix cabinetincluding in combina tion, a frame, channeled guides-arrangedon the frame and adapted slidably, to support a drawer therein,- a seriesofstops arranged on the guides,a device on the drawer adapted selectivelyto engage'the stops as the drawer is moved forwardly, and. means associated Wlthllh stops for rendering said device inactive when the drawer is: moved rearwardly.
10. A matrix cabinet including incombination, a frame,- channeled guides arranged on the frame and adapted slidably to support a drawer therein, stops arranged directly-op-. posite one another and at spaced intervalson the guides, a latch mechanism including-a plurality of latch rods adapted selectively to engage the stops, and a. control operable from the front of the drawer to disengage the latch rods from the stops. 7
11.1 A matrix cabinet including in combination, a frame, channeled guides arranged on the frame and adapted slidably to support a drawer therein, stops arranged in registry and at spaced intervals on opposite guides, a latch mechanism includin'gltwo oppositely extending latch rods adapted selectively to engage the stops, a control extending thru the drawer and operable from the front thereof to disengage the latch rods from vthe stops and permit the'drawer to be moved forwardly and deflectors associated with the stops and adapted automatically to render the latch mechanism inactive when the drawer is moved rearwardly.
12. A combination as in claim 11, wherein stops are also arranged at therear of the drawer and are adapted to engage; a cross member of the frame to prevent the drawer from accidental complete withdrawal from the cabinet.
13. A combination as in claim 11, wherein stops are also arranged at the rear of the drawer and adapted to engage a cross member of the frame to prevent the drawer from accidental complete -withdrawal from the cabinet, the construction of the frame and the forward ends of thechanneled guides be ing such that-the front end of the drawer-may be raised to tilt the rear end thereof downward suificiently for said stops to clear the cross member in order that the drawer may be completely removed from the cabinet.
14. For a matrix cabinet, a drawer comprising a bottom, front and rear walls, and side walls, a hollow partition extending longitudinally of the drawer, a latch mechanism arranged at the rear of the drawer, and meanslocated in said hollow partition and operable from the front of the drawerto actuate the latch mechanism. v
15. For a matrix cabinet, a drawer comprising a bottom, front and rear walls, and
side walls, a bracket secured to the outer face of the rear wall, a partition in the drawer extending between the front and rear walls" one end of the rod is journaled, a leverrigidly mounted at its center on the portion of the rod between the rear wall of thedrawer and the bracket, a pair of latch rods pivotally secured one at the end of each arm of the lever and projecting laterally thru the side wall extensions, a tension spring secured at one end to onevof the latch rods and at the other end to therear wall of the drawer and arranged normally to hold the latch rods in projecting position, the projecting latch rods being manually retractable by means of the rotatable rod operable from the front of the drawer. V
17. A matrix cabinet including in combination, a frame, a plurality of pairs of brackets arranged equidistant from one another. on
the frame and adapted to support a plurality of drawers slidable transversely of the cabinet, drawer-supporting guides secured to the top pair of said brackets and adapted to support a drawer slidable'atright angles to said other drawers, and cooperating means on said supporting guides and drawer to maintain the latter in partially withdrawn positions. a j
18. *A matrix cabinet including in combination, a frame, a plurality of pairs of brackets arranged equidistant from one another on the frame and adapted to support a plurality of drawers slidable transversely of the cabinet-,and apair of channeled guides securedto the top pair of said brackets and adapted to support a drawer slidable at-right anglesyto said other drawers,- the channeled guides being formed with a series of stops adapted to be selectively engaged by a latch mechanism on the drawer whereby the draw er may be held in partially withdrawn positions.
19. A combination as in claim 17, characterized by the fact that the-cabinet is pro= vided with an inclined top adapted to be used as a make-up table and wherein the pairs of drawer-supporting brackets and the support ing guides lie in planes parallel to the plane of the inclined top.
In testimony whereof, this specification has been duly signed by: V
ANTHONY J. STOUGES.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2661257 *||Mar 10, 1950||Dec 1, 1953||American Fixture And Mfg Co||Lock mechanism for extension slide tables|
|US2795473 *||Jun 21, 1952||Jun 11, 1957||Carrom Ind Inc||Hospital bed accessory|
|US4736689 *||Dec 21, 1984||Apr 12, 1988||Tiffany Industries, Inc.||Retractable shelf assembly|
|US6340212 *||Oct 21, 1997||Jan 22, 2002||OCÚ PRINTING SYSTEMS GMBH||Apparatus for holding an input unit|
|U.S. Classification||276/44, 312/334.47|
|International Classification||B41B1/00, B41B1/22|