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Publication numberUS1902548 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 21, 1933
Filing dateJan 13, 1932
Priority dateJan 13, 1932
Publication numberUS 1902548 A, US 1902548A, US-A-1902548, US1902548 A, US1902548A
InventorsFenwick Jr Francis F
Original AssigneeFenwick Jr Francis F
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Water carrier and the like
US 1902548 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 1933. F. F, FENWICK. JR

WATER CARRIER AND THE LIKE Filed Jan. '13, 1952 5 Sheets-Sheet l IN VEN TOR xzcasf Ji /21nd fi ATTORNEY March 21; 1933. F, F. FENWICK, JR

' WATER CARRIER AND THE LIKE Filed Jan. 15. 1952 s Sheet s-Sfieet 2 March 21, 1933. F. F. FENWICK, JR 9 5 WATER CARRIER AND THE LIKE I I Filed Jan. 15, 1952 I a Sheets-Sheet a INVENTOR ihmcfimnwzti W ATTORNEY Patented Mar. 21, 1933 FRANCIS r; rEnwIcK, an, or nnsr ORANGE, NEW JERSEY WATER CARRIER AND THE LIKE Application filed January 13, 1932. Serial No. 586,357.

. This invention relates generally to an improved form and construction of collapsible carrier for water and other liquids; and the invention has reference, more particularly, 5 to a novel construction of collapsible water bag having harness means for attaching the same to the body of the user, whereby the same may be carried on theback of the user, and being provided with a mani ula able discharge hose and pump for dlsc arging the content of the bag at will.

This invention has for its principal object to provide a collapsible bag, comprising a substantiallytubular body of relatively flexible material doubled upon itself in a novel manner with, its folded end lowermost so as to afford a generous carrying capacity, and having a discharge hose and pump communicating with the interior of its lower folded end, whereby the user may, with ease and efliciency, direct and control the discharge of the content therefrom; this discharge means being so related to the bag, that the outlet fittings are efliciently guarded against injury. l i y Another object of this invention is to provide a carrier bag which, byreason of its flexible body, will readily adjust itself to the back of the user when carried thereon, and which will therefore avoid causing the user physical discomfort and muscular strain; a suitable body attaching, harness, including shoulder and girth s traps, being provided for mounting and attaching the 3 bag for such carriage.

A further object of the invention is to provide, in a collapsible water bag of the kind mentioned, a novel arrangement and construction of filling mouth which, after 40 the bag is filled, may beadequatelycloseol against outward escape or splash of the bag content; and in connection with the novel filling mouth structure, the" invention also strainer means for preventing foreign matter from entering the interior of the ba when filling the same with the liquid to be stored and carried therein. r

The novel carrier bag of this invention is especially adapted for use by foresters as section through thebag,

r includes provision ,of a novel form of a fire prevention aid, the same being easily reduced in bulk for storage or for carrying when empty, and yet capable of being easily and quickly filled as necessity arises, and, 5 when filled, is easily carried on the back 555 of the user to the desired place of use. It will be obvious, however, thatthe device is adapted to serve many other purposes, such e. g. as other forms of fire prevention and fire fighting operations; as a means for carrying and applying spray and other solutions in agricultural and horticultural operations; and for-any use wherein a portable supply of any liquid is desired to be available forcontrolled discharge Other objects of thisinvention, not at this time more particularly enumerated,willbe p, understood from the following detailed de scription of the same.

An illustrative embodiment of this invention is shown in thefaccompanying drawings, in which Fig. l is a pictorial view showing the novel carrier bag of this invention as mounted upon the back of the user; Fig. 2 is an inner face elevation of the novel carrier bag; Fig. 3 is an outer face elevation of the same; Fig. l is a top end elevation of the same; Fig. 5 is a longitudinal vertical with the filling mouthas arranged for the filling operation; Fig. 6 is a transverse section, taken on line 66 in Fig. 5; ig. 7 is a transverse section, taken on line 7-'? in Fig. 5; and Fig. 8 is another transverse section taken on line 88 inFig. 5. Fig. 9 is a fragmentary face elevation of the lower end of the bag when empty, showing the nature of the fold between the sections of the doubled tubular M bag body; and Fig. 10 is a fragmentary longitudinal vertical section, illustrating a modified arrangement and means to provide a closure for the filling mouth of the bag.

Similar characters of reference are em]- ployed in the above described views, to indicate corresponding parts. a

Referring to thedrawingathe body of the bag comprises a flexible tubular memberfolded substantially midway of its length to provide two parallel upwardly extending erably, however,

ment. form, comprises a pair of panels 24L made of sections, viz. an inner section 11v and an outer section 12 joined at their lower ends by a folded bottom section 13 formed by inwardly tucked portions 14 at the respective sides thereof. It will be obvious that the bag body thus formed may be made of any selected flexible material which is inherently water impervious, or which can, by a suitable treatment, he made waterproof. Pref- I have found that a seamless tubular woven fabric provides the best material for the bag body, both by reason of its high flexibility and because of its comparatively light weight. Many woven fabrics are available which, by reason of thetight character of the weave, may be found sufficiently water tight for the purpose, it is believed desirable, however, when using a woven fabric, to treat the same, preferably upon its interior surface,

with a suitable waterproofing coating. For

example, the fabric may be rubberized if desired.

The upper ends of the body sections 11 p and 12 are joined together against separa tion. For this purpose a short metallic coupling or clamp bar '15 is inserted be-' tween the meeting walls of said sections to extend transversely therebetween, and a like coupling or clamp bar 16 s exteriorly overlaid upon the outer wall of the outer A section 12 in alignment with said clamp bar '15. Fastening bolts 17 are passed through the meeting walls of the sections and the outer wall of the outer section and through said clamp bars 15. and 16, and resilient washers 18, preferably of soft rubber, are

inserted between the bolt heads and the 7 bars to lie against the faces of the section walls, so that when the bolts are tightened up these washers are compressed against the walls of the sections so as to close any interstices around the bolts, and thus preventing leakage at such points. Spacer washers 19 are also applied around the bolts 17 between the inner and outer walls of the outer section 12, so as to leave clear passages 20 giving access to the bag interior for filling purposes.

The free upper end margins of the inner section 11 are brought together and secured by a closing binding 21 to thus permanently and tightly close the end of said innerr section. o

'l he free upper end of the outer section 12 projects beyond the fastening connection between the bag sections to provide a filling mouth portion 22. Secured to the margins of said filling mouth portion 22 is a flexible filling and closing sleeve 23. Detachably mounted within the interior of the filling mouth portion 22 is a collapsible strainer ele- This strainer element, in preferred wire meshand joined along their convergbe poured her 28' of which is secured in the adjacent wall of the filling mouth portion. The fastener devices, as shown, are in the form of cooperating male and female snap fastener elements, although any other suitable separable fastening device may be employed. By reason of the separable fastening devices, thus provided, the strainer element may be detached from the filling mouth portion 22, so as to be removed therefrom for cleaning or replacement. When the strainer element is secured by its fastening means within the filling mouth portion 22, and the latter is spread to open the same (as shown in Fig. 5), the panels 2% will open into V- shape so as to eXtendover the cross-sectional area of the filling mouthportion to lie in the path of water poured downwardly therethrough. Nhen filling the bag,- the filling and closing sleeve 28 is extended in the direction of its length (as shown in Fig. to form a conduit through which water may and guided into the filling mouth portion, and thence intothe bag interior. After the bag is filled, the filling sleeve is rolled endwise upon itself and the roll thereof is wedged into the filling mouth portion 22, thus effectively closing the latter against outward leakage or splash ofthe bag content; When closed, the filling mouth is somewhat flattened together, and drops down upon the bag top (as shown in Fig. 1), thus forming a closed bend-therein which further guards the content against leakage or outward splashing. Instead of rolling the I filling sleeve 23 upon itself in the manner above described, the same may befoldecl back and fort'h upon itself eXteriorly of the filling mouth portion, whereby the walls of the latter may be more flatly closed together, and these walls together with the thus folded filling sleeve thereupon secured in such disposition by detachable clips 29' (as shown in Fig. 10 of the drawings).

Connected with and [through the upper wall '13 .of the folded bottom section 13 of the bag is an outlet connection comprising a nipple 30 'extending vertically through said wall. Mounted over the inner end of said nipple is supporting washer 31 of metal to lie-against the inner face of the wall; said washer having depending flanges 32 on opposite sides thereof so as to guard the connection when the bag is collapsed. A resili ent washer 33 0f rubber, leather or the like is mounted over the outer end of the nipple. Inner and outer nuts 34 and 35 are secured on the nipple '30'and' against the respective washers 31 and 33' to strongly attach the Y connection to the wall 13, while at the same;

time providing a leak-proof jointure of these parts. Coupled with the internal end of said nipple is a foot pipe 36, preferably of the flexible hose type so as to extenddown to the bottom of the bag interior, and preferably so as to lie along the bottom to dispose its intake end sufficiently-close thereto as end of the-hose may ,be manipulated and directed by the latter. Any suitable form of discharge nozzle 39 may be attached to the free end of the hose 38. The content of the bag may be discharged through the hose and its nozzle by gravity, but it is prob ably desirable to provide a hand pump a means 40 at the hose end, whereby the user can force the discharged streams so as to better direct the same aswell as throw the same to greater distance,- In order to support the free end of the hose and pump when not in use, and for easy carrying, a pair of spring clip jaws 41 are anchored between the bag sections 11 and 12, by securing the rear ends of said clip jaws 41 in connection with the adjacent end of the coupling or clamp bar 15. When not in use the free end of the hose, or the pumpv connected therewith, maybe snapped into the embrace of said clip jaws 41, so as to be held thereby in a folded relation to the bag body, and thus out of the bearers way as the bag is carried from place to place. 7 e In order to support the upper wall 13 of the folded bottom section 13 of the bag against collapse'under the weight of. the discharge hose and its connection fittings, a suspension strap {42 of fabric webbing, or other suitable material, is secured in connection with the inner couplingor clamp 15 so as to form a depending loop extending downwardly therefrom between the inner and outer bag sections 11 and 12, the bight of said loop being perforated to engage over the nipple 30, and beneath awasher 43 abut-j ting the lower end of said elbow 37, thus serving as a stirrup to carry the weight of the discharge hose and its connection fit tings, soas to relieve the wall 13 from the 'wei ht thereof.

T e harness means for carrier bag from the users body and dis? posed upon the users back, preferably consists in the following arrangement of body harness. straps. A girth strap 44 of fabric suspending the webbing, leather or other; suitable material, passes between the bag sjections 11 and 12,

so that its end portions may be extended laterally around each side of the users body to meet across the. front of-the latter-.1

The meeting ends of said girth s'trap 44 are separably joined together by a suitable buckle device 45, orfother desired form of fastenermeans. Adjustably disposed onthe forward end portions of said. girth strap 44 are loop member's 46, Shoulder straps 47 are provided, having adjustableloop ends 47 which extend downwardly between the I bag sections 11 and 12 with the bights thereof engaged around the, inner coupling or cl'amp bar 15, so as to sustain theweight of the carrier bag. These shoulder straps 47 respectivelypass forwardly a'crossthe' shoulders of the users body, so that their free ends extend downwardly to the girth strap 44. The free endsof'said shoulder straps 47 are provided with snap-hooks 48 to separably engage with the loop members 4610f the girth strap, incooperative carrierrbag supporting relation thereto. By means of this simple harness arrangement the carrier bag ;may be ,quickly, easily and comfortably mounted on the back of the user,

substantially in the manner shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings. a n

Owing to the flexible nature of thebag body and to the fact that no'metal partslor protruding. parts are exposed inconnection with the face of thebagsection 11,which lies next to the users back, the carrier bag, when mounted on the user3s back,.will conform to the contours thereof, andwill therefore fit comfortably, and so asto distribute the Weight to bestadvantage, whilefat the same time leaving the users arms and. hands free to manipulate and directthe discharge As many changes; cOuId-bemade in the above described construction andmany apparently widely different embodiments of this invention could be made without de parting from the scope thereof, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in theiaccompanying drawings shall be interpreted *as illustrative, and not in a limiting sense.

1. A device of the kind described, comprising a flexible tubular bag' body doubled upon itself with the doubled end lowermost to provide upstanding communicating superimposed sections, means fto secure said sections together; closable filling means at the upperend of one section, and means connected with the doubled end of saidibag body for discharging the content therefrom,

said means issuingfro-m theyspace between the body sections. a V V 2. A device of the kind described, comprising a liquid impervious tubular bag body o'fflexible material doubled upon itself with prising a flexible tubular bag body doubled the body sections, and a harness means forupon itself with its doubled end lowermost to-provide upstanding communicating superimposed sections, means to secure said sections together, closable filling means at the upper end of one section, means connected with the doubled end of said; bag body for discharging the content therefrom, saidmeansissuing from the space between securing the bag body for carriageupon the back of the user; I

4:. A device of the kind described, comprising "a liquid impervious tubular bag body-of flexible material doubled upon itself with its doubled end lowermost to pro-' vide upstanding communicating superimposed sections, means connecting the upper ends of said sections against displacement one from theother, closable filling means at the upper end of one section, means to permanently close the upper end'of the otherv section, means connected with the doubled end of said bag body for discharging the content therefrom, said means issuing from the space between'the body sections, and a harness means for securing the bag body for-carriage upon the back of. the user.

5. A device of the kind described, comprising a liquid impervious seamless tubular bag body of flexible material folded end wise upon itself to provide parallel uprigli sections connected attheir lower ends in intercommunicating relation by a folded bottom section, means to permanently close the upper end of one of said sections, means providing a filling mouth portion at the upper end of the other" section, means for'clamping the upper ends of said sections against relative displacement, "an outlet foot pipe within the bottom section, a discharge hose,

and means engaged with andthrough the upper wall of said botton section to couple said foot pipe and hose in communication and whereby said hose extends outwardly through the space between said upright sec tions.

6.]A device of prising a liquid impervious seamless tubular bag body of flexible material folded endwise upon itself to provide parallel upright sections connected at their lower ends in inthe' kind described, com

tercommunicating relation by a folded bottom section, meansto permanently close the upper end of one of said sections, means providing a filling mouth portion jat'the upper end ofthe other section, meansfor clamping l;

the upper ends of said sectionsagainst relativedisplacementyan,outlet foot pipe with in the bottom section, a discharge hose, means engaged witliand through the upper wall of saidbottom sectioiito couple said foot pipe and hosein communication and whereby "Saki hose extends outwardly through the space between.saidupright-sections, and a harness means for securing the bag body for carriage upon the back of the user. i l I -7. A device of. the kindde'sc'ribed, comprising a liquid impervious seamless-tubular bag body of flexible material folded endwise upon itself to 'provide parallel upright sec- 510115 connected at their lower ends in interend of the; other section, means to close sa-id filling mouth portion, adetachable strainer means within saidlfilling mouth portion,

'ineansfor retaining said upright sections against displacement one from the other,

and a'discharge means communicating with the folded bottom section. a v 8. A device of the kinddescribed, comprising a' liquid impervious seamless tubular bag body of flexible materialfolded endwise upon itself to provide parallel upright sections connected at their lower ends in intercommunicating relation by a folded bottom section, means to permanentlyclose the upper end of one of said sections,means,pro-

viding a f lling mouth portion at the upper end of the other section, meansto close said filling mouth portion, a detachable strainer means within'said filling-mouth portion;

means for retaining said'upright sections against displacement one from the other, a

discharge means communicating with the folded bottom section, and a harness means for securing the bag body for carriage upon the back of the user.

9. A device Oran an described, coinprising aliquid impervious seamless tubular bag body of flexible material folded endwise upon itself to provide parallel upright secper end of one of said sections, means providing a filling mouth portionat the upper end of the other section, meanstoclose said filling mouth portion, a detachable strainer means within said' 'fill ing mouth portion, means for retaining said upright sections against displacement one from the other, an outlet foot pipe "within the bottom 'section,

tions connected their lower ends in intercommunicating relation by a folded bottom section, means toperinanently' close the upa discharge hose, and means engaged with and through the upper wall of said bottom section to couple said foot pipe and hose in communication and whereby said hose ex-' tends outwardly through the space between said upright sections.

10. A device of the kind described, comprising a liquid impervious seamless tubular bag body of flexible material folded endwise upon itself to provide, parallel upright sections connected at their lower ends in intercommunicating relation by a folded bottom section, means to permanently close the up per end of one ofsaid sections, means providing a filling mouth portion at the upper end of the other section, means to close said filling mouth portion. a detachable strainer means within said filling mouth portion, means for retaining said upright sections against displacement one from the other, an

outlet foot pipe within the bottom section, a dischargehose, means engaged with and through the upper wall of said bottom secs tion to couple said foot pipe and hose in communication and whereby said hose ex-V tends outwardly throughvthe space between said upright sections, and a harness means for securing the bag body for carriage upon the back of the user. a

11. A device of, the kind described, comprising a liquid impervious seamless tubular body of flexible material folded endwise upon itself to provide parallel upright sections connected at their lower ends in intercommunicating relation by a folded bottom section, clamp means for retaining the upper ends of said upright sections against relative displacement, said clamp means including nected with the upper end of the other of i said upright sections, a discharge means engaged with andthrough the upper wall, of

said bottom section, a suspenslon means ex tending from said transverse clamp bar downwardly between said upright sections and engaged in supporting relation to said discharge means,said discharge means including a flexible hose extending from between said upright sections outwardly thereof, and a harness means for securing the bag body for carriage uponthe back of the user, said harness means comprising a laterally extending girth strap disposed between said upright sections whereby its free ends may be joined around the users body, shoulder straps secured to said transverse clamp bar to extend over the shoulders of the user, and cooperative separable fastener elements for engaging said shoulder straps with said girth strap. a

13. A 'deviceof the kind described and as defined in claim 11, including a manipulatable force pump connected with the free end of said discharge hose. .5 i

14. A device of the kind described and as defined in claim 11, a clip jaw means secured in connection with said transverse clamp bar and adapted to detachably hold the free end of said discharge hose when the latter is not in use.

In testimony, that I claim the invention set forth above I have hereunto set my hand this 9th day of January, 1931.

' FRANCIS F. FENWICK, JR.

a transverse bar lying between said upright- I through the upper wall of said bottom section, and a suspension means extending from said transverse clamp bar downwardly between said upright sections and engaged in supporting relation to said discharge means, said discharge means including a flexible hose extending from between said upright sections outwardly thereof.

12. A device of the kind described, comprising a liquid impervious seamless tubular body of flexible material folded enclwise upon itself to provide parallel upright sections connected at their lower ends in intercommunicating relation by a folded bottom section, clamp means for retaining the upper ends of said upright sections against relative displacement, said clamp means including a transverse bar lying between said upright sections, means for permanently closing the upper end of one of said upright sections, a closable filling means con-

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4095726 *Nov 1, 1976Jun 20, 1978Hechler Iv ValentinePortable supply tank
US4193518 *May 4, 1977Mar 18, 1980Holmes William APortable water carrier and dispenser
US4280643 *Oct 19, 1979Jul 28, 1981Sam CordovaCamping clean-up equipment center
US4420097 *Jan 15, 1981Dec 13, 1983Motsenbocker Gregg APortable liquid dispenser with carrying case
US4526298 *Feb 28, 1983Jul 2, 1985Cardiosearch, Inc.Sport hydration system
US4621770 *Jan 6, 1984Nov 11, 1986Sayen Michael DPlant watering/misting device
US4688643 *Apr 11, 1986Aug 25, 1987Fireflex Manufacturing, Ltd.Firefighting back tank and pump
US5115947 *May 16, 1989May 26, 1992D. B. Smith & Co., Inc.Collapsible water tank
US5141462 *Jun 13, 1991Aug 25, 1992Latzel Michael RToy water cannon apparatus
US5158208 *May 14, 1991Oct 27, 1992Wilson Joshua RWater cannon apparatus
US5284300 *Aug 19, 1992Feb 8, 1994Jon BrownPortable spray system
US5671884 *Jul 31, 1995Sep 30, 1997D.B. Smith & Co., Inc.Backpack sprayer with an expandable accumulator chamber
US5857618 *May 28, 1997Jan 12, 1999D.B. Smith & Co., Inc.Backpack sprayer with an expandable accumulator chamber
US5984199 *Sep 11, 1997Nov 16, 1999The Fountainhead GroupBackpack sprayer with an expandable accumulator chamber
US7367516 *Apr 25, 2005May 6, 2008Owr S.A.Decontamination liquid spraying appliance
WO2012135923A1 *Aug 4, 2011Oct 11, 2012Guarany Indústria E Comércio Ltda.Fire-fighting apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/105, 239/153, 224/148.2, 383/88, 222/175, 222/530
International ClassificationB05B9/04
Cooperative ClassificationB05B9/0426
European ClassificationB05B9/04B15