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Publication numberUS1905118 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 25, 1933
Filing dateJan 8, 1927
Priority dateJan 8, 1927
Publication numberUS 1905118 A, US 1905118A, US-A-1905118, US1905118 A, US1905118A
InventorsAaron Nadell
Original AssigneeAaron Nadell
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method and means of eradicating typewritten matter
US 1905118 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A. NADELL April 25, 1933.


This invention relates generally to the art of typewriting, and has more particular reference to novel means for applying erasing chemicals to typewriting or carbon copies 5 of typewriting.

The invention has for an object the provision of means for applying erasing chemicals to the originaltypescrlpt, and supplementary means for applying them to the carbon copies of it, while said original and carbon copies are 'in a typewriter in the usual manner, permitting chemical erasure of portions of the carbon copies simultaneously with erasure of the same portions of the original. I

For further comprehension of the invention and of the objects and advantages thereof, reference will be had to the following description and accompanying drawing an to the appended claims, and to the various novel features of the invention as hereinafter more particularly set forth.

Referrin to the drawing forming a material part this disclosure:

Fig. 1 is a fragmentary face view of a ribbon showing the invention applied-thereto.

Fig. 2 is a front view of a fragmentary portion of a typewriting ribbon constructed according to this invention.

Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view taken on the line 33 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is a front elevational view of an erasing chemical carrier used in this invention.

Fig. 5 is a vertical sectional viewtaken on the line 55 of Fig. 4.

Fig. 6 is a fragmentary edge view of an erasing chemical carrier applied to a top sheet with a carbon sheet and a copy sheet the top sheet, the carbon sheet, and copy sheet being shown in section.

Fig. 7 is a view similar to Fig. 5, but showin :1 modification of the invention.

*ig. ,8 is a face view of an inking pad constructed according to this invention.

Fig. 9 is a fragmentary view of a typewrit ing machine showing a section of the ribbon and only one special key lever.

Fig. 10 is a fragmentary face view of a sisting of a p typewriting' ribbon constructed according to this invention.

Fig. 11 is a side View of a fragmentary por-.

tion of a typewriting ribbon wound on a splool, a portion thereof being shown section-. a y.

. Referring in particular to Figs.'1, 2, and 3, a typewriting ribbon is shown that is afiixable to a typewriter in the usual way, and operable in the usual way. This ribbon is divided along the line of its lengthinto two parts, one part 10 containing ink or stainmg substance as is usual, and the other part .11, an erasing chemical mixed with such waxy or oily or other substance, necessary and desirable, either part of-the ribbon being capable of use against the line be ng typed by operating the ribbon' color shift n the usual way. The ribbon may be one piece of cloth, as usual or two separate pieces suitably attached together. The part 10 may have one edge bent upon itself as indi cated by 12, and 11 is similarily formed, indlcated by 13. These edges may be hooked together and a spacer 14 of S-shaped format1on placed therebetween. Stitches 15 serve to hold these parts together. The spacer 14 1s preferably made of rubber or any other suitable material to prevent the ink and the chemical eraser from being carried from one part of the ribbon to the other, thereby decreasing its life.

Referring in particular to Figs. 4, 5, and 6 an erasing chemical carrier is shown, coniece of tissue paper, silk, cloth, or the hke, earing impressed on the outer side an erasing chemical, mixed with such asmay be waxy or oily or other substances as may be necessary or desirable, the said paper being affixed to a cardboard holder 17 having a window 17. The holder 17 is made of cardboard about as thick and stiff as a playing card. The holder 17 facilitates the introduction of the paper 16 under the cars bon paper 19 of the top sheet 20 and the copy sheet 21, and in contact with the line ,or'

portion of a line of the'carbon copy to be erased. -When several carbon copies are made at one time,-several chemical holders may be used, each holder being shaped like an invertpreferably Jerasing chemical to the carbon ed T, the long arni or handle springing from v a slightly different place in each holder of a. set, so as not to interfere with each other.

A blank key bearing no letter on its face may be built into a typewriter, and used in the same manner as the other keysfor applying the erasing chemical. to the top sheet, and making the impact necessary to apply the 7 copies, whenever it is not desired to a pl the chemical, or make the impact, with theplzeys that Wrote the original error. The special blank face key may also be used to 'efi'ace by impact the impressiornas distinct from the ink mark, of letters of punctuation signs that. have been erased. The invention, however, being substantially complete and satisfactory w1thout move the band22 to body of I ing ink, another portion 28 containing eras-- a spacer 29 between these portions. A pad of this kind, making use the use of such'a special key.

The modification shown in trates a band 22 formed with a window opening 23, and slidable and removable through apertures 24 in the holder 17 which is not formed with a window 17'. Ring 25 s secured to the band 22. In the ositio'n illustrated on the drawing, the win ow 23 exposes thepaper 16 with erasing chemlcals thereon. The ring 25 may be manually grasped to slide sothat the wmdow 23 no longer exposes the paper 16, but a different portion of the ber 16, serving as a protection'therefor.

In Fig. 8, the numeral 2Q 1Ild10atQS bhe a pad, having a POItlOIl' 27 contaming chemicals, and

of the principles o f this invention may be used for typewriters applying ink by pad in- ,steadof ribbon.

In manifoldi'ng devices, ribbons, strips, or

pads similarly divided into ink and erasing action on the paper portions, may be employed.

In Fig. 9, a ribbon having an ink portion 30 and a chemical portion 31 is illustrated. 'If desired, the erasing substance may be divided into two parts, one part to go on the ribbon portion 31, and the other part tobe carriedon a key '32, in a suitab e holding means 33,which maybe equipped with a sup ply pipe'34. The-ribbon, for example may e treated-with a soluble-paste com rising acetic or oxalic acid and water may e supplied to thekey for dissolving the acid and facilitating bon.- The holding means 33 may be brought in contact with the ribbon portion 31'by the striking action of the key, the meeting of the two substances. releasing the chemical at the moment "of striking. This process is not applicable.v to carbon copies, but when the ink on the carbon paper can" be erased by the action of one chemical,

or the reaction of one chemicalwith other chemical substances implanted in the ink, the carbon copies can still be erased simulta- Fig. t, in...

band covers the memliberation thereof from the ribstance 10 separator wound thereon.

' erasing neousl y with the original; The typewriter .may be bullt so that the ribbon '30, 31 may being rolled or otherwise moved until either the ink-bearing or chemical bearing part is opposite the place where matter is to be erased or written. I

Fig. 11 shows a spool 10 having a ribbon 10 with a tissue paper or other suitable subw The invention. is to be used as follows: or erasingoriginals with ribbon first described, move carnage till letter to be erased,

1s opposite the point where the type strikes,

operate the ribbon shift to cause the chemical-bearing portion to come in contact with the letter instead of the ink-bearing portion, and strike the erroneous letter or word over again, when the exact lines to .be removed will receive the erasing chemical, and no other portion of the paper, or when a blank key as described is incorporated in the typewriter, striking over the erroneous letter or bearing portion of the ribbon, or when the c described, striking the chemical-bearingportion of the ribbon with the chemical-bearing key against the letter to be erased, or using I an inking pad in the corresponding manner, or by the chemical bearing key strlking the paperdirectly. I I For erasing carbon copies, introducing under the carbon paper, with chemical-bearing side toward the copy, the carbon copy eraser described, or as'm'any such as there are carbon copies being made, one under each sheet of carbon paper, inal as described. The impact of the key, whether the key that made the error, or the flat key or the chemical-bearing key as the case may be, will bring the chemical-bearing paper into contact with the letterof the copy to be erased, while-the new impression of the carbon paper will be caught ha-rmlessly on the back of the chemical-bearing eraser paper, or cloth which back carries no erasing chemicah- For erasing matter over-a greater width or length of the copy than may be covered by the extent of the erasing paper, the paper will have to be shifted, using the cardboard handle. When the erasure is complete, the erasing paper or. papers with the cardboard carrlers to which they'are pasted are .word with such blank key and the chemical emical is divided into two parts, as v then erasing the origremoved, and anything now written on a clean space of the original will be reproduced- ,on aclean space of the-carbon copy, as usual.

It should be understood that a suitable chemical eradicator should be selected for theparticular chemical of the coloring-matter identical to that of writing or fountain pen ink is employed, acetic acid, oxalic acid, javelle water,'ete., will provide a suitable active agent for the eradicator ribbon. As the coloring pigment must be mixed with substances to retain it in the typewriter ribbon, so the eradicating chemical agents must be mixed. In other Words, the ink eradicating portion of the ribbon will be coated with a mixture comprising. a hydroscopic agent, for example, a polyhydric alcohol such as glycerin, 1n which is dissolved a base or a salt of a base in which there are either or both posi-' tive and negative radicals or reducing agents making up the compound. One efiective reducing agent is a compound of hydrazine and citric acid. Of course, the ink in the writing ing chemicals and when the desired eradicatportion of the ribbon must possess a pigment with oxidizing powers, such as'manganese dioxide, or serric tanate, which at the same time are easily reduced but are in turn oxidizing agents. It is conceivable that the eradicator may bean oxidizing agent and the coloring i ent the reducing agent. Also, while I ave referred above to the reducing agent being dissolved in the hydroscopic agent, it is entirely practical to carry the reducing agent in suspension in a suitable carrying agent with which the eradicating portion of the ribbon would be treated.

' I do not Wish to be limited to the use of the specific named agents, since inks of other composition .will require different eradicating agent is conveyed on a flexible material to the place where it is to be employed and there released by impact, the basic principle of my invention is carriedout,

While I have illustrated and described my invention with some degree of particularity, I realize that in practice various alterations therein may be made. I therefore reserve the right and privilege of changin the form of the details of construction or ot erwise altering the relation of the correlated parts without departing from the spirit or the scope of the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by United States Letters Patent is:

1. A device of 'the class described, -comprising a key, means associated with the key for holding a certain chemical, and a ribbon having a chemical portion holding a chemical co-actable with the first mentioned chemical to erase certain matter when the key strikes the chemical portion of the ribbon.

2. An eradicating device for typewriters comprising a blank key operatively mounted on a typewriter and adapted to dispense a liquid chemical substance, a supply tube mounted on said blank key adapted to retain said liquid chemical, and a ribbon operatively mounted on said typewriter comprising an inked section and an adjacent eradicating section having, a form of chemical thereon adapted to be combined with the liquid chemical of said blank key when the latter is actuated to be moved into contact with said ribbon for moistening the writing on a paper to be eradicated.

3. An eradicating device for typewriters comprising a ribbon operativelymounted on a typewriter, a blank key operatively mounted on a typewriter having a chemical substance thereon, said blank key mounted 'on said typewriter in position to be made to engage said ribbon comprising a means for retaining suitable chemical adapted to apply the same on said ribbon for causing the combined chemical of said ribbon and of said blank key to be applied on a paper therebelow. I

4-. The combination comprising a ribbon having an ink portion and a chemically treated eradicating portion and a key with .a blank hitting surface operative to impress and means on the typewriter for bringing the chemically treated portion in contact with the typewriting to be eradicated.

6. The combination in a typewriter of a ribbon having an inked portion and a portion containing an eradicating chemical and operativ.;ly mounted in the typewriter so as to occupy different positions therein in cooperation with the keys of the typewriter'so that said keys may be used to produce typewritten matter and may also be used to cradicate. any of the typewritten matter when the, operative position of the ribbon is changed. I p

7 The combinationin a typewriter of an inked ribbon and cooperating keys-whereby typewritten matter is produced, and means for eradicating the typewritten matter, said means carrying a chemical capable of chemically acting upon the typewritten matterto remove the same, said means being applied to the typewritten matter bythe use of one or more keys of the typewriter. 8. The combination in a typewriter of an inked ribbon and cooperating keys whereby typewritten matter is produced, and means for eradicating the typewritten matter, said means comprising a chemical capable of chemically acting upon the typewritten characters to remove the same, said means being typewritten matter is vproduced, and means carried by the typewriter for eradicating the typewritten matter, said means comprising a chemical capable of chemically coacting with the inked typewritten characters to .re-

' move the same, said being applied to the characters by the use of one or more keys of the typewriter.

In testimony whereof I have aflixed my 1 signature.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2767650 *Jul 24, 1953Oct 23, 1956Yunker Charles LArticle for correcting master sheets
US3096867 *Jun 25, 1962Jul 9, 1963Dorsey Kuhlman IreneCorrection of typed errors on carbon copies
US3104173 *Nov 23, 1960Sep 17, 1963Aetna Products Company IncEradicable carbon paper
US3114447 *Apr 4, 1961Dec 17, 1963William H WolowitzRibbon for typing and obliterating
US3141539 *Feb 8, 1962Jul 21, 1964Howard Wolowitz WilliamTypewriter ribbon for selectively typing and obliterating
US3143200 *Jul 17, 1962Aug 4, 1964Benjamin GutmanError correcting typewriter ribbon
US3154183 *Mar 16, 1962Oct 27, 1964Wolowitz William HRibbon shift for error-obliterating typewriters
US3155216 *Mar 26, 1962Nov 3, 1964Talmage Calvin CType-effacing device
US3729081 *Dec 11, 1970Apr 24, 1973Sears Roebuck & CoTypewriter carriage and ribbon field control for error correction
US3773160 *Jan 19, 1971Nov 20, 1973Olivetti & Co SpaObliterating sign type carrier for typewriting or similar machines
US3872961 *Sep 22, 1972Mar 25, 1975Int Business SuppliesMeans and methods for cleaning type faces of impact printing machines
US4007823 *Jul 5, 1973Feb 15, 1977Victor BarouhTypewriter correction materials employing adhesives
US4113392 *May 19, 1975Sep 12, 1978Filmon Process Corp.Printing ribbon
US4203681 *Nov 25, 1977May 20, 1980Sears, Roebuck And Co.Single element typewriter with error correction feature
US4252845 *Nov 30, 1978Feb 24, 1981Zipatone, Inc.Graphic arts ink and eradicator combination
US4307971 *Nov 21, 1979Dec 29, 1981International Business Machines CorporationSideshift erase apparatus and method for impact printers
US4492485 *Sep 2, 1980Jan 8, 1985Sears, Roebuck And Co.Error correcting typewriter for simplified word obliteration
US4707159 *Jul 23, 1985Nov 17, 1987Canon Kabushiki KaishaSerial printer including a laterally reciprocable recording head, paper bail control, paper detection and feeding means, a multicolor ink ribbon including a head cleaning zone, a ribbon cassette and ribbon shift means
US4773778 *May 30, 1986Sep 27, 1988Pelikan AktiengesellschaftFabric printer ribbon comprising a liquid vehicle containing a decolorizable Lewis acid/Lewis base complex
U.S. Classification400/696, 400/240.1, 15/424, 400/697
International ClassificationB41J11/00, B41J11/60
Cooperative ClassificationB41J11/60
European ClassificationB41J11/60