US 1905324 A
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Aril-25,1933.' y M. F. wml-ERSA `.1,905,324
PIPE COUPLING Filed May 9, 1930 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 fr ME www@ April 25, 1933. M F. WATERS PIPE oouPLING Filed May 9, 1930 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 April 25, 1933. M. F. WATERS PIPE c oUPLING Filed May 9, 19:50
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APatented Apr. 25, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT .OFFICE TULSA, OKLAHOMA PIPE GOUPLING My invention consists in new and useful improvements in pipe couplings or joints and is primarily intended for use in connection with a series of pipes or conduits arranged in end to end relation, its objectbeing to secure the adjacent ends of said pipe sections together in such a manner asto insure against leakage at these points.
A further object of the invention resides in the fact that my improved pipe coupling may be applied to plane surfaced pipes, without thenecessity of cutting threads in said pipes or providing flanges at the adjacent ends thereof. To thisI end I have provided an improved leak-proof ring or gasket having an internal annular pressure chamber located centrally thereof, which bridges the adjacent ends of two pipe sections, the inner periphery of said ring, on either side of said pressure chamber, or the pipe engaging surfaces thereof, being provided with a. series of vacuum cups or recesses, which when said rlng 1s compressed around the sections of plpe, wlll tightly engage the same and prevent leakage.
A still further object of my invention is to 'provide an improved housing adapted toco- `operate with the leak-proof ring above referred to, to serve as an expansion joint,"
whereby adjacent sections of pipe may be permitted a limited longitudinal movement as well as lateral movement, caused by contraction, expansion or settling `of the pipe line, without breaking the seal or causingan undue strain at the points of connection.
With the above and other objects in view which will appear as the description proceedS, my invention consists in the, novel features herein set4 forth, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and more particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
Referring to the drawings in whichnuimerals` of like character designate similar parts throughout the several views,
Figure 1 is a view intside elevation showing the housing in place on a section of pipe.
. Figure 2 is a sectional view taken on line 2-2 of Figure 1, showing one form of my invention as applied to an expansion joint.
Figure 3 is a similar view of a modiiication in the form of a rigid joint.
Figure 4 showsanother form of expansion joint.4
Figure 5 shows one form of my invention as applied t'o a iiexible expansion joint, and
Figures, 7, 8 and 9 show variousgmodiications of the leak-proof ring structure.
In the drawings, 1 represents ahousing comprising two substantially semi-circular hollow sections 2 and 3, provided with the usual abuttingl iianges 4, apertured to receive bolts 5 for securing the same together around two adjacent sections 'of pipe v6.
lIn'the expansion type of joint shown in Figure 2, the opposite ends-of the housing sections are extended longitudinally of the pipe sections to form annular iangesjor col- IILLARD F. WATERS, OF TULSA., OKLAHOMA, .ASSIGNOR TO EANLON-WATEBS, INC., OF
lars 7 the inner faces of which are recessed as at 8 to receiveA a set' 'of toothed jaws 9. These jaws are of less width than the recesses 8 and are'slidablj7 carried in said recesses by means of suitable key sections 10 engaging slots 11 in the annular-wall of each recess 8, whereby when said jaws are rigidly clamped around adjacent pipe sections, .the
latter are allowed a limited longitudinal movement toward oraway from one another without ,effecting the grip of the jaws 9.
Each of the housing sections 2 and 3 are hollowed out to form semi-circular gasket chambers 12, the opposite 'radial walls of which are recessed as at 13 to form inwardly and axially inclined. shoulders 14, ythe purpose of which will be hereinafter set forth.
15 represents my improved gasket or-leakproof ring which is preferably composed of rubber or a rubber composition, but may be made of any suitable material, according to the type of conduit or pipe line to which the coupling is to be applied. The ring is circu lar in form and is of a smaller inside diam# eter than the outer diameter of the pipe with which it istobe employed, the inner periphring being provided with lcomplementary recesses 17. adapted to be engaged by the shouli tween the two adjacent sections. The pressure carried in the pipe line, entering the" chamber 18, tends to compress the ring against the housing and pipe sections `to seal j the joint.
' pressed from the outside, due to the difference v In applying the ring to the pipe sections, it is necessary to stretch the same over the ends of the pipe because of the smaller diameter of the ring. This will obviously create vacuum in the cups or recesses 16 and cause the inner periphery of the ring to tightly engage the adjacent ends ofthe pipe sections on either side of the chamber 18 and when the housing sections -2 and 3 are clamped around said ring, the latter is further comin diameters of the two elements as before the excegtion .ofthe gasket or ring It will be noted that the angularly disposed shoulders 14, engaging complementary recesses 17 in the gasket, will lend further compression tothe latter at thesepoints and retain the ring definitely in place..
In'the modification shown in Figure 3, I have -illustrated the .manner in 'which my invention may be applied to a rigid joint. In v this embodiment, instead of the slidable jaws 9, I employ twov sets of loppositely disposed angular teeth 19 and 20 integral with each of the semi-circular vcollars 7 of the housing sections, whereby when 'said sections are clamped around adjacentpipes, said pipes are preventedy from longitudinal movement in either. direction.
The other features v'of this structure are identical' with that heretofore'described with 15. In Figure 3 have shown this rin provided with inwardly projecting. annular anges'15a, and an additional row of vacuum recesses, whereby the pressure within the pipe sections funcfao tions to maintain the flanges 15erl in engagement with said pipe sections, to assist in sealing the joint.
In Figure 4,- I have shown another form of expansion joint,- wherein -I have eliminated all teeth and merely extended the collars 7 longitudinally of the pipe sections. With the exception of the jaws and the specific shape of the walls of the pres'su'rechamber 19, the. embodiment --shown in Figure 4 is identical with that illustrated inV Figure 2. In this structure it will'be'f-noted 'that the outer walls ofthe chamber 18 converge away from the center of the chamber and are inclined .toward the .inner periphery of i the ring.
The embodiment shownin Figure 5 comprises .a coupling for Ause in connection with grooved pipe wherein a substantially Hexible joint is required. Referring to this figure it will be seen that the adjacent ends of the pipe sections 6 are provided with annular grooves 21 on the outer face ofthe pipe,l the housing sections 2 and 3 being provided with inwardly projecting annular shoulders or rings 22 which engage said grooves 21 and act as key sections or stops for limiting the movement of the pipes. rl`he collars or flanged extensions 7 of the 'housing sections lie along the outer walls of the pipes and are of a sufficient length to cooperate with the rings 22 and grooves 21 to support the pipe sections and prevent undue strain on any one point in the pipe if the same'becomes out of alignment.- It will be noted that the/se extensions 7 are spaced apart from the pipes a sufficient distance to permit a from the center and'toward the axis of the ring 15, the remainingstructure of the ring',v
being substantially the same as those heretofore described, said ring being shown in detail in Figure 6. j InFigure 7 I have shown a detail sectional view ofa modified form of ring wherein the pressure chamber 18 is substantially T- shaped in cross section, the inner periphery of said ring being provided with a single 'row of vacuum cups 16. Figure 8 is a further modification'of the ring structure having a4 pressure'chamberlS with upwardly and outwardly inclined radial walls, and Figure 9 shows a still further modification with the pressure chamber 18 substantially circular or elliptical in cross section.
It will be noted that in all three of these last mentioned rings or gaskets, the walls of the pressure chamber are particularly adapted for facilitating the sealing of the inwardly projecting flanges 15a around the pipe 4 sections.
From the foregoing, it is believed that my invention' may be clearly understood by those skilled inthe art without further description, it being borne in mind that numerouschanges may be made in the details of construction without departing fromv the spirit of the invention as set forth in the following claims. For instance, while I have shown the vacuum cups .or recesses 16 as circular, they may be square, rectangular, diamond-shaped or any other suitable design, with equal effect,V and it is obvious that varions other specific designsof pressure .chambers may be utilized in connection with my invention. n
What I claim and desire to secure by Let-` ters Patent is A i 1. A pipe, coupling comprising a housing formed of 'a plurality of sections, each of said sections being recessed to house a leakproof ring, a leak-proof ring of slightlygreater outside diameter than the diameter of said recesses adapted to bridge the junction of two pipe sections, the radial walls of said housing being provided with axially inclined shoulders, and corresponding recesses in saidring to register with said shoulders, whereby when said housing sections are clamped together around said ring and pipe sections, said ring is compressed and definitely retainedin place.
2.- A pipe coupling comprising a'housing formed of a plurality of sections, each of said sections being recessed to house aleakroof I. ring, the radial walls of said recesses eing rovided with axiall inclined shoulders, a veak-proof ring of s ightly greater outside diameter than the diameter of said recesses and provided centrall with an annular pressure chamber adapte to bridge the junction of two pipe sections, the inner periphery of said ring on each side of said pressure chain-v ber'being provided with a series of vacuum sections, an annular recess in the outer pevof said housin being extended longitudinally beyond sai annular projections to form' substantially elongated annular stop collars, the innerjperipheries of said collars being spaced a predetermined distance from the outer peripheries of said pipe sections, said intervening space being unobstructed to permit a limited relative movement of said pipe sections without undue strain on the coupling, ring orpipe sections.
In testimony whereof I aliix my si ature. MILLARD F.- WA ERS.
cups adapted to engage and seal the outer surfaces of the adjacent ends of said pipe sections, the outer edges of said ring being recessed tov register with said a'xiall inclined shoulders, whereby when said ousing sections are clamped .together around said ring and pipe sections, sald ring is compressed and definitely retained in place.
3. A pipe coupling comprising a sectional housing provided with a centrallyr located annular cavity adapted to receive a leakproof ring, a resilient leak-proof ringenclosed in said cavity and adapted to bridge the junction of two pipe sections arran d in end to end relation, said ring adapte to snugly engage the peripheries of the adjacent ends of said pi e sections, the opposite end walls of said li the extremities of said leak-proof ring,`to form substantiallyelonga-ted annular stop collars,l the inner peripheries of said collars Y .being spaced a predetermined distance from the peripheries ofthe respective pipe sections, saidfintelrvening space being unob-- cavity and bri( ging the junction of said pipe ousing being extended' longitudinallyfof said pipe sections beyond two sections of ity adapted to receive a leak-proof ring, a i resilient leakroof ring enclosed in said i'os 'les