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Publication numberUS1906668 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 2, 1933
Filing dateSep 8, 1932
Priority dateSep 8, 1932
Publication numberUS 1906668 A, US 1906668A, US-A-1906668, US1906668 A, US1906668A
InventorsValk James
Original AssigneeValk James
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Advertising sign
US 1906668 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 2, 1933. J {,ALK 1,906,668

ADVERTISING SIGN Filed Sept. 8, 1932 amil a Z i n I (lttowup Patented Ma y; 2, 1933 UNIT D-"1 ST v .m.1ums vein, or LARNED, KANSAS.

ADVERTISING SIGN Application filedsepternber 8,' 1932. 7 Serial 1T0. 682,237.

This invention relates to advertising signs and has for an object to provide a sign upon which advertising matter may bedisplaycd by the road side for advertising the wares of merchants, location of hotels, and for various other purposes. f i

A further ob'ect is to provide an advertise ing sign which forms aframe for a novel windmill which is mounted and so constructed as to attract attention tov the sign and which in use will operate effectively, for long periods without attention other than periodic supplying the bearing boxes. with oil.

Afurther object is to provide a sign embodying windmill vanes r-and flicker vanes above and below-the windmill "vanes, the flicker vanes each having areflecting portion exposed to the sunlight andzaportion. in shadow to produce the flickering effect, and

' lend. to the. general appearance and attractiveness of the sign'as well as rendering the sign more noticeable than usual in signs of this type. I I

A further object is to provide an advertis- 5 ing sign that will be formed of a few simple, durable, and inexpensive parts that willnot easily get out of order and will withstand exposure to severe weather conditions.

With the above and other objects in view the invention consists in certain novel details of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter fully described and claimed, it being understood that various modifications may be resorted to within the scope of the appended claims without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention. 1 f

In the accompanying drawing forming part of this specification, I

- F gure 1 is a front elevation of the sign,

Figure 2 is an enlarged vertical cross section taken on the line 22 of Figure 1,

Figure 3 is a detail horizontal (section is taken on the line 3+3 of Figure 2 showing the curved windmill vanes, I t

Figure 4 is a plan view of one of the blanks from'which the windmill vanes are formed, 1 i I Figure. 5 .is a detail horizontal section taken on the line 55 of Figure showing the flicker vanes, and I Figure 6 is a plan view of one of the flicker blanks. v t

Referring now to the drawing in which 55. like characters of reference designate simi-, lar parts ,in the various views, 10 designates a standard which maybe embedded n the ground at the lower end andat the'upper end is curved to provide anarcuate frame 11 of about three-quarters ofthe circumference of a circle in length. The standard may be formed solid or tubular and preferably is formed of metal. The extreme end of the frame is closed bya cap .12to prevent access of moisture to the frame and standard.

In the present embodiment of. the invens tion, a ring 13 is mountedconcentrically in the frame ,11 by .means of a plurality of screw hooks 14 whichare, screwed into the 7 0 outer periphery of the ring and encircle the frame atspaced intervals. Removal 'ofthe cap 12, it is evident, will permit the ring to be rotated on its axis until the hooks pass in sequence into the gap between the frame '15 11 and the standardlO so that the sign may be removed when desired. Both side faces of the ring may be equipped with printed matter to advertise the name and wares of individual merchants, or. the locationof ho tels, tourist homes, and for'other purposes which meet the needs of. the individual owner. k Preferably the-ring is formed of wood, although metal may be substituted, as desired. Furthermore, although a ring. is shown, it isnot essentialthat the sign be annular in contour, sinceit may be square, triangular, oval, or of other desired shapes.

To attract attentionto the sign, a combined windmill and flicker device is mounted to turn on a vertical axis in the enclosure of the ring, as shown inFigures 1 and 2. The device comprises an upper disk 15 and a lower disk 16 between which arcuate windmill vanes 17 are mounted, both disks being 'preforated axially to receivea, shaft" 18 which, as hereinafter described, is rigidly, assembled, with the disks and turns therewith. 4 y p v The vanes are each formed of an oblong blank, as best shown in Figure 4, from the upper and lower edges of which project tabs 19 and 20, respectively, these tabs being passed through slits 21 and 22 formed in the upper and lower disks and then crimped over the disks to mount the vanes. As shown in Figure 3, the vanes are set near the edges of the disks in an annular series and are inclined from the outer end to the inner end sufficiently to catch and spill the Wind in the usual manner to rotate the device. 7

Above the top disk 15 there is mounted a small disk 21 which is also perforated axially to receive the shaft 18, and likewise, below the bottom disk 16 there is mounted a small disk 22 which is axially perforated to receive the shaft 18. Disposed between the small disk 21 and upper disk 15 there are a plurality of flicker vanes 23 and these vanes are duplicated between the lower disk 16 and small disk 22. The vanes are provided with tabs 24 at the top and bottom which are passed through slits in the disks at the top and bottom of the vanes and crimped thereover, as above described. The flicker vanes perform no windmill function. It will be noted by referring to Figure 5, that e the vanes are disposed in an annular series near the edges of their respective disks and the trailing edge 25 of one vane overlaps the leading edge 26 of the next vane in rear.

The lapped portions of the vanes provide V-shaped compartments exteriorly disposed of the vanes, and these compartments are in shadow, of course, while the exposed surfaces of each two contiguous vanes are in the direct sunlight or artificial light, as

, the case may be, and reflect the rays of light.

Thus reflecting surfaces alternate with the shadow surfaces so that during rotation of the device a flickering eifect will be produced on the eyes to attract attention to the sign as well as rendering the sign highly ornamental and conspicuous for long distances.

It will be observed that the flicker vanes are frusto-conical in contour, as shown in Figure 6, so that when fabricated into the device, the flicker vanes form substantially frusto-conical flicker sections above and below the central windmill section of the device. This peculiar shape of the assembled device disposes the windmill vanes well out beyond the flicker devices, while at the same time, in the up currents or down currents, it will be evident, may be deflected by the flicker sections toward the windmill section of the device and promote easy turning of the device by light wind currents.

To complete the fabrication of the windmill and flicker device a pair of hollow hemispherical caps 27 and 28 are secured at the edges to the upper and lower small disks 21 and 22 and are centrally perforated to receive the shaft 18. A stop collar 29 is carried by the shaft against which the lower cap 28 rests, and a nut 30 is threaded on to the upper end of the shaft against the upper cap 27. The nut and collar bind the device as a fixed integral unit upon the shaft so that the shaft turns with the device.

An upper journal box 31 and a lower journal box 32 for the shaft are mounted in vertical alignment with each other on the inner periphery of the ring 13. The upper journal box 31 is in the nature of a small container having ears 33 through which screws 34 are passed to secure the box to the inner periphery of the ring 13. A filling cap 35 permits the box being filled with oil periodically to lubricate the bearing opening 36 formed in the bottom of the box.

The lower bearing box 32 is provided with ears 36 through which screws 37 are passed to secure the box to the inner periphery of the ring. A cup 38 is mounted axially in the box and is provided in the bottom with a ball race in which ball bearings 39 are mounted. The lower end of the above mentioned shaft 15 is provided with a tapered head 40 which rests on the ball bearings, the latter forming a thrust hearing which receives the weight of the combined windmill and flicker device and permits turning of on a vertical axis in said opening having an annular portion constituting a windmill and having an annular portion provided with lapped vanes which produce alternate reflecting and shadow surfaces to constitute flickering devices.

2. An advertising device comprising a standard, a sign carried by the standard having an opening therein, and a combined windmill and flicker device in said opening including a central vaned section comprising the windmill, and substantially frustoconical vaned sections above and below the center section having lapped vanes to provide alternate reflecting and shadow surfaces to constitute flickering devices.

3. An advertising device comprising a standard, a sign carried thereby having an opening therein, a shaft journaled at the top and bottom in said opening, spaced disks carried by the shaft, wind vanes connecting the disks, disks above and below said spaced disks and of smaller diameter than the spaced disks, lapped vanes connecting the spaced disks with the last named disks and forming alternate reflecting and shadow surfaces to constitute flickering devices above and below the wind vanes, and means carried byvthe shaft for binding all of said disks to turn as a unit with the shaft. V

4. An advertising device comprising a standard having an arcuate top substantially three-quarters of a circle in length, an

annular sign carried within the enclosure of said top, a cap on the extremity of said top,

securing devices disposed at spaced intervals around the outer periphery of the sign and encircling said top, removal of said cap permitting of said sign being rotated on its axis to permit of said devices passing in sequence into the gap between the end of 'the top and the upright position of the standard to permit removal of the sign, and a wind operated flicker device mounted to turn on a'vertical axis in the enclosure of said annular sign. r

5. An advertising device comprisin a standard, a sign carried 'bythe stan ard having a central opening, a shaft disposed upright within the enclosure of the sign, journal boxes carried by the sign for mounting the upper and the lower ends of the shaft, a thrust bearing supporting the bot- 7 tom of the shaft in the lower journal box, a plurality of spaced disks carried by the shaft, arcuate wind vanes carried by certain of said disks, and lapped vanes carried by others of the disks above and below'the wind vanes and forming alternate reflecting and shadow surfaces to constitute flickering devices. i

6. An advertising device comprising a standard, a sign carried by the standard having a central 0 ening, oilfilled journal boxes disposed at t e top and at the bottom of said opening,- an upright shaft journaled in said boxes, a collar near the lower end of said shaft, a nut threaded on the shaft near the upperend thereof, an annular wind vaned center section carried by the shaft, upper and lower flicker sections car ried by the shaft having lapped vanes providing alternate reflecting and shadow surfaces, and hemispherical hollow caps above and below the last named sections and confined by said collarand said nut against a said sections for assembling said sections and said shaft as a unit. a

In testimony whereof I afiix my signature. I r


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2675739 *Sep 15, 1951Apr 20, 1954 Light reflective signal marker
US4466698 *Mar 24, 1983Aug 21, 1984Gantz William OEmergency signalling device
US4907360 *Feb 6, 1989Mar 13, 1990Macmunn William GThree-dimensional signage
WO2000041160A1 *Jan 4, 2000Jul 13, 2000Effler TimothyDecorative flag with movable element
U.S. Classification40/440, 359/525, 40/479, 40/607.11
International ClassificationG09F7/22, F03D3/06
Cooperative ClassificationF03D3/065, Y02E10/74, F05B2240/215, G09F7/22
European ClassificationG09F7/22, F03D3/06E4