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Publication numberUS1908383 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 9, 1933
Filing dateMar 2, 1932
Priority dateMar 2, 1932
Publication numberUS 1908383 A, US 1908383A, US-A-1908383, US1908383 A, US1908383A
InventorsHolton Vice
Original AssigneeCecile Arnold
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Adjustable hinge
US 1908383 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 9, 1933- H v c ADJUSTABLE HINGE Filed March 2, 1932 HOLTO/V Mas.

Patented May 9,

UNITED STATES PATENT. omen HOLTON VICE, 0]? LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA, ASSIGNOR 0F ONE-FOURTH TO CECILE ARNOLD, OF LQS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA ADJUSTABLE HINGE Application filed March 2, 1932.

My invention relates to hinges, and relates particularly to a hinge havmg a simple eccentric hinge pin structure by whlch the plates of the hinge may be relatlvely adjusted.

An object of my invention 1s to provide a hinge which may be ad usted to properly position a door withm an open ng, or a swinging member relative to another swinging member, and which can be ad usted at any time to compensate for shrmkage andswelling of doors, to prevent themfrombmdmg at the j amb or in the casing 1n which they are hung. Where a'door has been improperly set or has swollen or shrunk so that it binds or is too loose in its casing or is set too close to the jamb, it is necessary either to plane oil part of the door or the casing or reset the hinges. This consumes more or less t1me and is accordingly relatively expensive. My invention makes it possible to quickly ad ust adoor to proper position in a cas1ng without removing the door from its hinges or marring the paint or finished surfaces of either the door or the casing, as occurs where it is necessary to reset hinges, or plane ofi a part of the door or the casing. I

It is a further object of my lnventlon to provide a simple eccentric hinge pin for hinges which may be cheaply manufactured and easily installed, and which will give entirely satisfactory service.

It is a further object of the invention to provide a hinge pin construction comprising a pintle adapted to pass through pintle openings in hinge plates and eccentric members mounted on the pintle.

I A further object of the invention is to provide a hinge pin construction of the above character in which the eccentric members comprise longitudinally slotted cylindrical members.

Further objects and advantages of the in- .vention will be brought out in the following embodying my invention.

Serial No. 59 6,242.

Fig. 2 is a cross-section on a plane represented by the line 22 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a cross-section on a Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the hinge in structure showing the eccentrics placed thereon.

Fig. 5 is a eccentrics.

My invention is adapted for use with various types of hinges such as butts employed for hinging doors. The form of the invention shown in the drawing comprises a hinge 11 having cooperating hinge plates 12 and 13, the plate 12 having three pintle journals 14 providing openings 15, and the plate 13 having journals 16 which extend into the spaces 17 between the journals 14 and having openings 18 therein. Through the openings 15 and 18 a hinge pin structure 20 is extended, this hinge pin structure, as best shown in Fig. 4, comprisinga bar or pintle 21, the lower perspective view ofone of the portion 22 of which is of non-circular'cross section so that such lower portion 22 when resting in slots 24 formed in eccentrics 25 will not rotate in such slots but will cause the cccentrics 25 to remain in relatively stationary positionson the pintle 21. The lower deformed or non-circular portion 22 of the pintle 21 is cheaply and easily formed by fiattening the lower portion of a round pintle by removing metal from opposite sides thereof, so that two oppositeflat faces 27 will be provided on the lower portion 22 of the pintle 21, which fiat faces will rest between the parallel faces 28 of the groove or slot 24 in the eccentric 25.

The eccentric 25 consists of cylindrical bodies, a pair of which employed in a hinge, such as shown in the drawing, consists of a cylindrical body having a longitudinal slot or groove which maybe formed therein in various manners as by milling around the bar or cylindrical body. The slot 24 in the eccentric 25 is of such size that it will fully receive the cross-sectional area of the lower portion 22 of'the pintle 21. -The openings 15 in the journals 14 are of a diameter to relatively closely fit the pintle 21, and the openings 18 are of a diameter to receivethe eccentrics 25. The eccentrics 25 are made preferably the same length as the journals 16, as shown in Fig. 1, and are placed in the openings 18 before the journals 16 are moved into the notches 17 between the journals 14. The pintle 21 of the pin structure 20 is passed through the openings of the journals 14 and 15 and through the slots or grooves 24; of the eccentrics 25. ()n the lower threaded end 30 of the pintle 21 a cap 31 is screwed, which, after adjustment of the pin structure to desired position, may be tightened so as to bind the pintle 21 against rotation, thereby holding the pin structure 20 against rotative movement relati e to the plate 12.

My simple adjustable hinge may be readily made from standard hinges and butts procurable on the market. To install the eccentric pin structure 20 all that is necessary is to separate the hinge plates and ream out the journals of one of the plates to larger diameter to receive the eccentrics 25.

Although I have herein shown and de-:

scribed my invention in simple and practical form, it 'is recognized that certain parts or elements thereof are representative of other parts, elements, or mechanisms which may be used in substantially the same manner to accomplish substantially the same results; therefore, it is to be understood that the invention is not to be limited to the details disclosed herein but is to be accorded the full scope of the following claims.

I claim as my invention:

1. An adjustable hinge device of the character described, including: a pair of members adapted to be pivotally secured together in primary and secondary relationship, said members having cooperating journals through which a pin structure may be extended; and a pin structure extended through said journals, comprising a pintle having a cylindrical eccentric means thereon provided with an open longitudinal slot along one side thereof adapted to receive said pintle. I

2. An adjustable hinge device of the character described, including: a pair of members adapted to be pivotally secured together in primary and secondary relationship, said members having cooperating journals through which a pin structure may be extended; and a pin structure extended through said journals, comprising a pintle having eccentric means thereon consisting of a cylindrical member having an open longitudinal slot along one side thereof to receive said pintle, said cylindrical member being in nonrotative engagement with said pintle.

3. An adjustable hinge device of the character described, including: a pair of members adapted to be pivotally secured together in primary and secondary relationship, said members having cooperating journals through which a pin structure may be extended; and a pin structure extended through said journals, comprising a pintle having eccentric means thereon consisting of a cylindrical member having a longitudinal groove along one side thereof through which said pintle extends, said groove being of noncircnlar cross-section, and said pintle being of non-circular cross-section at its point of engagement with said groove to prevent relative rotation of said eccentric means and said pintle.

4. An adjustable hinge device of the character described, including: a pair of members adapted to be pivotally secured together in primary and secondary relationship, said members having cooperating journals hrough which a pin structure may be extended; and a pin structure extended through said journals, comprising a pintle having eccentric means thereon consisting of a cylindrical member having a longitudinal groove along one side thereof through which said pintle extends and held in position'on said pintle by journals of the hinge device,".said

groove being of non-circular cross-section,

and said pintle being of non-circular crosssection at its point of engagement with said groove to prevent relative rotation of said eccentricmeans and said pintle.

5, An adjustable hinge device of the character described, including: a pair of members adapted to be pivotally secured together in primary and secondary relationship, said members having cooperating journals through which a pin structure may be extended; and a pin structure extended through said journals,comprising a pintle having eccentric means thereon consisting of a cylindrical body having a longitudinal groove along one side thereof of substantially rectangular cross-section adapted to receive said, pintle, said pintle being flattened on opposite sides so as to fitsaid groove of said eccentric means.

6. An adjustable hinge device of the characterdescribed, including: a pair of members adapted to bepivotally secured together inprimary and secondary relationship, said members having cooperating ournals through which a pin structure may be extended, the openings of the journals of said primary member being of relatively small diameter and the openings of the journals of said secondary member being of relatively large diameter; and a pin structure extended through said journals comprising a pintle of diameter to fit said small openings and having eccentric means thereon comprising a cylindrical body having a longitudinal groove therein to receive said pintle in said large openings, said eccentric means being held in place on said pintle by said journals of said secondary member, said groove being of noncircular cross-section and said pintle being flattened to fit into said groove in a nonrotary relation. I

7. An eccentric pin structure of the character described for use in a hinge structure, including: a pintle; and an eccentric member of cylindrical form having a longitudinal groove in the external cylindrical face thereof to receive a portion of said pintle.

8. An eccentric pin structure of the character described for use in a hinge structure, including: a pintle having a portion of noncircular cross-section; and an eccentric member of cylindrical form having a longitudinal groove in the external cylindrical face thereof to engage said portion of said pintle in non-rotary relation.

9. An eccentric pin structure of the character described for use in a hinge structure, including: a pintle having a portion of flattened cross-section; and an eccentric member of cylindrical form having a longitudinal groove of rectangular cross section in the external cylindrical face thereof to fit said portion of said pintle in non-rotary relation.

10. An eccentric pin structure of the character described, for use in a hinge having a pintle member, comprising a cylindrical body having an external longitudinal groove along the side thereof of a size to receive a portion of said pintle member.

11. An eccentric pin structure of the character described, for use in a hinge having a pintle member With a portion of non-circular cross section, comprising a cylindrical body having an external longitudinal groove along the cylindrical face thereof to engage said portion of said pintle member in nonrotary relationship.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand at Los Angeles, California, this 26th day of February, 1932.

HOLTON VICE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2533502 *Aug 1, 1949Dec 12, 1950Philips Richard TAdjusting means for hinges
US4603452 *Jan 22, 1985Aug 5, 1986General Dynamics CorporationDetachable hinge with conveniently releasable hinge flaps
US4748717 *Oct 14, 1986Jun 7, 1988Highland Bond Pty. Ltd.Hinge
US4896188 *Sep 28, 1988Jan 23, 1990Byers Thomas LPhototool having a strut for holding hinged members in an opened position
US4948539 *Sep 27, 1988Aug 14, 1990Byers Thomas LPhototool with a glass member connected to a frame member with an adhesive
US5014087 *Sep 28, 1988May 7, 1991Byers Thomas LPhototool with hinge assembly
US6484363 *Feb 5, 2001Nov 26, 2002Stanley ChungAdjustable hinge
US7891055 *Jan 27, 2006Feb 22, 2011Gary CombsReplacement hinge pin
CN101294467BApr 25, 2008Oct 10, 2012西蒙斯工厂有限公司Hinge and method for manufacturing a hinge
Classifications
U.S. Classification16/242, 16/386, 16/381
International ClassificationE05D7/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05D7/0054
European ClassificationE05D7/00B2B2