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Publication numberUS1913229 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 6, 1933
Filing dateJun 26, 1929
Priority dateJul 5, 1928
Also published asDE549464C
Publication numberUS 1913229 A, US 1913229A, US-A-1913229, US1913229 A, US1913229A
InventorsLouis Bordier Marcel Armand
Original AssigneeLouis Bordier Marcel Armand
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Surgical apparatus
US 1913229 A
Abstract  available in
Images(5)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 6, 1933. M. A. L. BQRDIER' 1,913,229

SURGICAL APPARATUS Filed June 26, 1929 5 Sheets-Sheet l June 6, 1933. M. A. L. BORDIER SURGICAL APPARATUs Filed June 26, 1929 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 fizz/enter.- MdV-Z.Borciier,

1933- M. A. L. aORmER 1,913,229

SURGICAL APPARATUS Filed June 26, 1929 S'Sheets-Sheet 3 lhve n'lor: M07. $.Bordz'er,

June 6, 1933. M. A. L. BORDI ER ,2

SURGICAL APPARATUS Filed June 26, 1929 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 l'nvewfir: 15:37.1: .Ba rdier,

June 6, 1933. r M. A. L. BORDIER SURGICAL APPARATUS Filed June 26 1929 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 i? l FERN Jill/anion- MJnLzm-daer,

p to a cavity.

Patented June 6, 1933 inn-Bonn namnnn LOUIS Bonninmon PARIS, FRANCE SURGiGAL APrARA'rUs a {Application filed June :26, 1929, Serial No 373,719 and in Belgium July 5, 1928.

y The present invention relates to surgical,

a si 1. a One oflthe objects ofthe invention is to provide nieans for applying steady suctionto 1116 ,a spirat-ing devices;subhas arefn current use in medicaland surgical practise.

Another obj ect; isto provide a special form of aspirating device permitting the continm yous evacuation of pus or other liquids from j Afurther objectis to provide aspecial' form of catheteroperativeto evacuate liquids contained in a cavity, thecatheter having a movable suction orifice Whose position may be :15 indicated by reference points visible on the outside of the apparatus, p i Y Still further oh"ectsw11l appear n the r et the detai ed S lT PtiQ 110w is; be

given with reference to the I accompanying 9;?0 drawings, in which I Fig. lrepresents diagrammatically, asuntion device constructed in accordance with the invention;

[ F'gs. 2, ,3 and {i i epresentione form of device g5 fo -th bontinuons evacuation of pus or 16 w liquids; a 3 v Figs. 5, 6 and 7 show a variant 'of the structure illustrated in Figs. 2to 9;;

Figs, Sand 9 howh w sucfionmay Figs. and 11 illustrate a variant of the suction producing ,apparatus shown in F gs plied to devicesjof represented in 8and9;

a cathe e iertheui thre; 1 y i Represent the catheter er n (F gs-I112 m TlB lcombinedw t i a Suction tube and indiCat-ilngdev ce;

, n Figs. 1, to 2151M the tease in various aoperating.positions, eachlligure including a v s ection taken .on l ine X YOf F g, 14 and an end View of the indicating extremity. of the instrrunent. 1. a l

e e ee to F g; rho: th d awi s thereis shown an laspirator conduit 2 c m u a ng wi h a r s ryoir -vie ava w u t dist i ut g ondui 5 0 t i l d by a v '5 extending fr m unde h 1 l i memes l f refiejr m t r ti pu p y, a a part (1 byreservoir 4, (2) bygtheresjistance" of suction'conduits 6 fitted With valves 7 and universal connectors 6 a plurality of flasks 8 connected to elements 6 and cominunicating via conduits with the instrument to be used (one/such instrument is llindicating the terininalpressures;

The hereinabove described assembly is designed primarily to cushion and eliminate rapid changesin depression pro di iced by as This is .acconiphshedin offered by increasing lengthsof conduits 5, 6 i. e. the suction Will be more even at station D than at station A, and finallyi'(3) by the shown at stationjD),-and pressure gauges increasing'depths o fliquidpoured into flasks be seen that stations A to D offer a series of sources of suction of increasing constancy so that when alficrude operation not requiring regular suction isto be eifect-edfihe operating instrument maybeconnected directly to con- "jduit 10 at station A without even theinterlposition of a .cushioning flask 8, and When,

contrariwise, a very constantsour c'e of suct on s desired as, forexample when pus or some other pathological liquid is to be removed'froin the bladder, the uterus or the prostate; theoperating instrument (which "maybe of the type hereinafter to be de scribed) may be mounted as shown in Fig. 1,

series with conduit 10; a flask 12 fitted with jinletanjd outlet control valves 13, 13 serving to ,receivethe liquids aspirated bythe'op;

grating instrnment viaa conduit 10 Referring now to Figs, 2 to 4:, s and 9 of the drawings, there isshoWn an 'aspirating instrument designed to be used "in CLOIIHQC- tion with the suction apparatus represented in F "l and comprisinga main suction tube 9 having two passages 23 and 24 formed therethrough,'-a handle :or finger-grip 17,-

i a hollow flexible tube25 terminatingatits'operating end in a lateral orifice 26 and having a slightly smaller diameter than passage 24, a11 indicating fiag28 designedto indi- Cate the orientation of orifioe fld andthe depth of the latter relatively to a graduated scale 29,an intermediate connecting element 14, fitted with a finger-piece 16, and having a conical male element 32 formed at one end thereof adapted to coact with a correspondingly formed female portion 15 of tube 9, a female portion 34 delivering to a receiving flask 12, a branch 33 adapted to coact with a Y connection 25 receiving liquid from tube 25 and delivering to flask 27,-and a valve 35 adapted to divert the suction either into tube 9 via 32 or into tube 25 via 33.

The manner in which this aspirating instrument operates will be better understood after the structure shown inFigs. 5 to 7 has been described. The apparatus shown in these latter figures is composed of a body portion 9 traversed by a pair of passages 23, 24,- passage 24 having an elongated recess 31 formed therein adjacent the free extremity thereof. A flexible rod 30 having a body portion whose diameter is slightly less than that of passage 24and a tip of substantially the same diameter as the latter is mounted in passage 24 and carrles an index flag 28 adapted to indicate theposition of the tip relatively to index 29 engraved in, or mounted on element 9.. This instrument is designed to evacuate pus and similar liquid continuously in contradistinction to the intermittently operating instruments now in current use, and functions in the following manner. p

The body of the instrument is first introduced into the cavity to be emptied of liquid, the tip of rod 30 extending beyond the end ofelement 9 and serving as a sort of guide into the pocket or pockets ,(intrauterin or intraprostatic, for example) to be evacuated. Receiving flask 12 having first been connected in the manner shownin Fig. 1, valves 13, 13 are opened and a depression is produced in passage 23, causing the liquids contained in the pocket or pockets to be aspirated into fiask 12. In the intermittently operating instruments previously in use, the evacuating operation has to be interrupted from time to time and the instrument removed so as to permit air to enter the pocket being evacuated. In the present type of.instrument,'rod 30-be- .ing of lesser diameter than passage 24, air

enters throughthe interspace between theseelements andis drawn off continuously with pus or the like throughpassage 23. The complete evacuation of the cavity, being opierated on, may, therefore, be effected without interruption once the instrument is in place. If, for anyreason, it be desired to introduce passage 23"of the instrument some what further into the cavity under treatment, rod 30 is drawn downward until its enlarged tip-portion lodges in recess 31, thus permitting air to pass freely through the' whole length of passage 2-4 (Fig. 7) while passage 23 is being advanced.

The instrument illustrated in Figs. 2 to 4 is more especially designed for operating on anatomical structures of the type of Fallopian tubes and operates both continuously and intermittently. Passage 24 is first fitted with a flexible rod of the type of element 30 shown in Fig. 6 i. e. of lesser diameter than said passage and shank 9 (connected to the receiving and control structures represented in Figs. 8 and 9) is introduced into the neck of the uterus. Valve 35 is then manipulated to turn the suction into passage 23 so as to remove the undesirable uterine liquids. WVhen the tip of the instrument has been introduced into the uterus up to a point adjacent the entrance of the Fallopian tube to be operated on, rod 30 is withdrawn and replaced by a hollow tube 25. The suction is then switched over into tube 25 and the latter is advanced up into the Fallopian tube the distance desired, the pus and other pathological (or physiological) liquidsbeing collected in receiver 27, index flag 28 indicating to the operator the exact position of working orifice 26 at all stages in the operation. When the desired amount of liquid has been collected (the instrument here operateslike those of the intermittent type) the instrument is withdrawn.

The apparatus shown in Figs. 10 and 11 is a conveniently operated form of the device represented in Figs. 2 to 4. .Here, tube 25 is arranged to penetrate into the center of shank '9 of the instrument and connects with arm 33 of a Y tube whose second arm 32 communicates with passage 23, receivers 12 and 27 being mounted on a unitary base 36, and the whole instrument taking the form of a gun having a suction chamber 34 (controlled by a valve 35 similar to the one shown in Fig. 9) adapted to be connected to suction tube 10.

The instrument represented in Figs. 12 to 21 is especially designed for evacuating operations to be effected on the prostate or any of the other anatomical elements forming part of the posterior urethra. Here, a graduated catheter having a tubular body portion 38, a slottedportion 4O composed of four apertures having approximately the length of the posterior urethra, a bent tip 39, and a finger piece 16, is fitted with a tube 41 terminating in a laterally directed orifice 42 and carrying a graduated, square. shank-piece 41and a pair of ears 44, 46, ear 44 being perforated at 45 or otherwise marked to distinguish it from ear 46. Tube 41 forms a sliding fit with tube 38.

The instrument, in operation, is connected to'conduit 10 (Fig. 1) at 43, tube assembly 38, 39, 40, 41 is inserted into the urethra the requireddistance and orifice 42 is turned so as to work in one of slots 40, square, graduated shank-piece 41 and ears 44,46 indicating the relative positions of elements 40and 42 and the particular portion ofthe posterior urethra belng operated on. Figs. 19 to 21 show the lnstrument with operating orifice 42 positioned in four different quadrants.

WVhile the instrument shown in Figs. 5 to 9 has been represented as connected to the suction device in Fig. 1, it is obvious that any one of the instruments illustrated in Figs. 2 to 4,

10 and 11, or 12 to 21 may be operated in connection therewith, the particular station chosen depending on the nature of the operation to be effected.

WVhat I claim is 1. An instrument of the class described comprising a body portion having a pair of passages extending longitudinally therethrough, and a solid rod inserted in one of said passages and having a sufficiently small section to permit the passage of air through the space between the rod and the walls ofthe passage into which it is inserted.

2. A structure as defined in claim 1, in combination withmeans for indicating the position of the extremity of the rod extending through the passage.

3. In an instrument of the class described, a body member, a second member telescoping within said bodymember adjustable to different angular positions therein, and adapted to extend beyond one end thereof or to be drawn whollywithin such end, and means spaced from said end for indicating the relative longitudinal and angular displacementof said members.

4. In an instrument of the class described,

a body member, a second member slidably y of or to be drawn wholly within such end, and

means spaced from said end for indicating the relative longitudinal and angular displacements of said members.

5. In an instrument of the class described,

7 through, and a member inserted in one of said passages and having a sufficiently small sectlon to permlt the passage of air through the space between the member and the walls of the passage into which it is inserted.

8. In an instrument of the class described, a body member having a longitudinal open- 1ng therethrough, a member slidably mounted in sald opening and adapted to extend beyond one end thereof or to be drawn wholly within such end, said opening and member being arranged to form a passage to permit access of air to said end, and cooperating means in said opening and member to close said passage when the member is drawn within the opening.

9. An instrument of the class described comprising a body portion having a pair of passages extending longitudinally therethrough, a hollow tube extending through one of saidpassage's and slidable therein, a pair of suction conduits positioned to be con nected to said hollowtube and to one of said passages, and valve means operative to divert the suction into either one of said suction conduits.

In testimony whereof I have signed this specification. y

MARCEL ARMAND LOUIS BORDlER.

a body member, a second member slidably I and rotatably mounted in said body member and adapted to extend beyond one end thereof or to be drawn wholly within such end, and means spacedfrom said end for indicat ing the relative longitudinal and angular displacements of said members, said second member being rotatable at all points of its sliding movement.

6. In an instrument of the class described, a body member, a second member telescoping within said body member adjustable to different angular positions therein and adapted to extend beyond one end thereof or to be drawn whollywithin such end, means spaced from said end for indicating the relative longitudinal and angular displacement of said members, said members having a passage extending from said end to permit withdrawal of matter therefrom by suction and a second passage to permit access of air to said end during a suction operation.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3329147 *Nov 27, 1964Jul 4, 1967James BarronApparatus for bladder irrigation and medication
US4586923 *Jun 25, 1984May 6, 1986Cordis CorporationCurving tip catheter
US4649915 *Nov 1, 1984Mar 17, 1987Heyden Eugene LPlacement marking system for endotracheal tubes
US4690138 *Nov 3, 1986Sep 1, 1987Heyden Eugene LMarking system for tube placement
Classifications
U.S. Classification604/45, 604/319
International ClassificationA61M25/00, A61M1/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61M25/0075, A61M1/008
European ClassificationA61M1/00T