|Publication number||US1913643 A|
|Publication date||Jun 13, 1933|
|Filing date||Feb 13, 1929|
|Priority date||Feb 13, 1929|
|Publication number||US 1913643 A, US 1913643A, US-A-1913643, US1913643 A, US1913643A|
|Inventors||Smith James E|
|Original Assignee||Western Pipe & Steel Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (14), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 13, 1933. J. E. SMITH FLOATING DECK FOR OIL TANKS Filed Feb. 13, 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 June13,1933. J.$MITH 1,913,543
FLOATING DECK FOR OIL TANKS Filed Feb. 13. 1929 Y 1 2 Sheets-Shea! 2 70/6 8 JhngJI 6M1 TH 1 Patented June 13, 1933 cums nsmrnj 01* L08 ITE STATES enemas, enmrormm, nssieuon rownsrnnii time may 00.,AGOBPORATION or eamronnm irnomme nncxt FOR 011. TANKS y a Application flledj'ebr u ar y 1a, 1929, Serial No. 339535.
invention relates generally to the storage of petroleum oils in storage tanks ofthe typein which a floating deck or roof may beused forthe purpose of preventing lossdue to evaporation of the lighter constituents of the oil and the further purpose a of minimizing the fire hazard, this invention relating more particularly to a novel deck construction and seal for closing the space between the deck and tank. a
Oneof theprincipal objects of my mvention is to produce adeckof the class described, having a simple and effective sealor closure member mounted thereon which has few parts and which is simplein'operation.
vide a deck construction of simple form in whichprovision is madefor the accumulation anddisposition of vapors and gases.
Another objectof my invention is to provide a deck construction of simpleform in Another object of my invention is to prowhich drainage of water accumulation on the accompanying drawings. v
Referrlng to the drawings whlchare for deck is provided forin manner; a
a simple; and efficient Other obj cats and advanta es will appear hereinafter in the following escriptlon and illustrative purposes only Fig. lis a fragmentary vertical sectional view showinga portion of a tank and j adf jacent portions ofia floating deck and seal embodying a form of my invention.
Fig 3 is a face vlew adjacent shield plates and fle iblei'connection therebetween.
Figgfi ya ilan viewionsmaller-scale, of
More particularly describing myinvention as illustrated in the drawings, numeral 11 designates the side wall of a tank containing liquid such as petroleumoil; such tankbeing Numeral 12 designates afloating deck or roof means of a suitable sealing devicetobe here inafter described.
The sidewall 14 or theater extends below the deck plate orfloor 13 to form acircular skirt 15 and also extends above the deck plate a 13 to form one wallof an annular gas and a vapor collect ng chamber 16, circular inner wall 17 and top wall 18 forming the remaining walls of the annular chamber which is 1 provided with slotted openings 20 formedin the deck plate 13 through which the oil,
vapors and gas iuayenter the accumulating chamber 16. Numeral 21 designates any common form of relief valve which controls dischargeofvapor or gas from the chamber 16, itbeingiuiderstood that such chamber adds to the buoyancy ofthe deck andbeing .lannular in form and disposed around the edge of the deck, such chamber minimizes the tendency of the deck to tip or to assume an uneven position in the tank} Provisionis made for hal idling rain or Water deposited on the deck which consistsof acover member 25 consisting of li ht, sheet from the metal which slants downwardly center of the deck to an annular trough 26 which is provldediwith dischargefpipes 26 p in theform of traps extending downwardly Fig." 2 is afragmentary plan viewof the parts illustrated inFig. 1. 1
of portions of two intothe oil so that such trapsiat-all times contain sufficient quantity of water to seal such traps against discharge ofj-vaporsor gas therethrough. An additlonal advantage is that Water discharged therethrough is not discharged directly downwardly into the a oil thereby agitating the oil butis discharged over the upwardly extending submerged. end of the trap with a more quiescent action.
a The sealing structure consists of a series of circularplates 30 of thinsheet metal of substantially the same diameter as the side wall of the tank, such platesattheit" adjacent edges being spaced a )art and connected together by strips of ficxi leinaterial 31, secured to the ends ofthe plates 30 by means of of common construction and open at the top. bars 32 and bolts 35. These strips 31 are are on the inside of the tank as well as on the outside as indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 1 in which case the corrugated surface of the shield will permit a close'contact of the shield between rivet heads exposed on the inside of the tank. The lower portion of each shield plate 30 is angularly disposed extending inwardly as indicated at 33 to the deck to which the lower end of the plates 30 are riveted or otherwise firmly secured as indicated at 34.
The angular portion or leg 33 of the plates 30 is of suflicient length to permit a yieldin action of the plates 30 against the side wal of the tank, the plates being so arranged as to yieldingly press against the side wall of the tanks,which action may be assisted by coiled compression springs 36 or otherwell' known resilient mem ers, interposed between such plates and the deck, such sprlngs being supported in described position in any suitable manner.
The form shown in Fig. 4 is the same as that heretofore described in connection with the preceding figures, except that the plates 40 are flat instead of the corrugated type heretofore described.
With either type of sealing plate shown, attention is directed to the broad idea disclosed of thin sheet metal plates fixed at their lower ends to the deck in such a manner that such lower or leg portions of the plates provide suflicient flexibility to permit the shifting of the deck in the tank against yieldin pressure which tends to centralize the deck in the tank.
The sealing plates together with the wall 14 of the deck form an annular trough around the periphery of the deck, the sealing plates forming a yieldable side for such trough being so designed as to yieldingly remain in contact with the tank at such times as the deck may assume an eccentric position in the tank.
It is to be understood that my invention is not limited to any mechanical detail of construction shown and described but includes such changes and modifications as come within the scope of my invention as set forth in the appended claims.
In the form shown in Figs. 5 and 6, a series of vapor chambers 45 are constructed at spaced intervals around the edge of the deck plate 46, said chambers 45 extending above the deck plate and each being provided with openings 47 to provide open communication with the fluid in the tank.
Relief valves 48 are mounted on outlets 49, each chamber 45 being provided with a separate relief valve. I
In this form the sealing plates 50 are but inwardly and upwardly at their lower ends as indicated at 51 in the form of a trough, the inner upwardly extending edge 52 of which is riveted to the lower edge 53 of the circular side wall 54 of the deck.
The plates 50-being of light sheet metal yieldingly press against the tank wall 55, the curved portion 51 of such allowing a yielding movement of the plates. Coiled springs 57 are interposed between the plates 50 and the deck which assist in retaining the plates against the wall of the tank such springs beingattached to the wall 54 in any suitable manner.
The plates 50 are connected to each other along their adjacent vertical edges by means of flexible strips 58 in the manner heretofore described in connection with the preceding figures. 6O designates a drain pipe by means of which any accumulation of moisture on the deck may be discharged into the tanks, such drain pipe in the form shown in Figs. 5 and 6 being connected to and supported by the deck plate 46. I
I claim as my invention:
1. A floating deck for oil tanks having a series of curved sealing plates engaging the tank and extending inwardly and downward- 11y from such tank engaging portion to the eck to form an annular trough about said deck, said plates being formed of yieldable sheet metal and extending below the surface of the oil, and means for rigidly securing the lower ends of said plates to said deck to form a resilient support for said tank engaging portion.
2. A floating deck for oil tanks having a series of yieldable sealing plates circular in form rigidl attached at their lower ends to the outer ace of the deck and extending therefrom outwardly and upwardly into yielding engagement with the tank and spring compression means interposed between said plates and said deck.
3. A floating deck for oil tanks having a series of yieldable sealing plates circular in form rigidly attached at their lower ends to the outer face of the deck and extending therefrom outwardly and upwardly into yielding engagement with the tank, spring compression means interposed between said plate and said deck, and flexible means connecting the adjacent edges of said plates.
4. A floating deck for oil tanks having a series of yieldable sealing plates circular in form rigidly attached at their lower ends to the outer face of the deck and extending therefrom outwardly and upwardly into yielding engagement with the tank, spring compression means interposed between said plate and said deck, and, flexible means connecting the adjacent edges of said plates, said flexible means consisting of strips of fabric and means for securing said fabric to the adjacent ends of said plates.
5. A floating deck for oil tanks having a series of curved sealing plates engaging the tank and extendin inwardly and downwardly from such tank engaging portion to the deck to form an annular trough about said deck, said plates being formed of yieldable sheet metal and extending below the surface of the oil, and means for securing the lower ends of said plates to the outer face of said deck in fixed relation thereto, said tank engaging portion of said sealing plates being a formed of corrugated sheet metal.
6. In combination with an oil storage tank, a floating deck, an annular vapor receiving chamber on said deck in open communication with the oil in said tank, and sealing means betweensaid chamber and said tank, said sealing means consisting of a series of circular plates formed'of yieldable sheet metal having their lower edges rigidly secured to a wall of said chamber and extending outwardly into yielding engagement with the tank.
7 In combination with an oil storage tank, a floating deck, an annular vapor receiving chamber on said deck in open communication with the oil in said tank, sealing means between said chamber and said tank, said sealing means embodying a sheet metal plate resiliently mounted on said chamber, and valve means for automatically relieving pressure in said chamber.
8. In combination with an oil storage tank, a floating deck, acover for said deck formin an annular trough, discharge pipes for said trough, extending into the oil in said tank and havin a submerged outlet end, and sealing means etween said deck and said tank.
9. A floating deck for oil tanks comprising a horizontally disposed deck plate, a circular side wall extending upwardly from said deck plate, a circular rim on said deck plate extending downwardly therefrom, circular sealing lates about said deck, each havin a yielda le tank engaging portion adapte to extend to the surface of the oil and terminating in a downwardly and inwardly extending portion and means for rigidly securing the lower end of said plates to said rim to form a resilient support for said of the oil, said plates having outwardly "extending portions adapted to yieldingly engage the tank below the surface of the oil.
11. A floating deck for oil tanks comprising a horizontally disposed deck plate adapted to rest upon the surface of the oil; a circular side wall mounted upon said deck plate, said side wall extending upwardly to form a lip around said deck plate and downwardly to form a circular wall extending 1nto the oil; a vapor-receiving chamber associated with said upwardly extending lip; and a resilient metal sealing plate secured to the lower end of said downwardly extending wall, said sealing plate having outwardly extending portions adapted to yieldingly engage the tank.
12. A floating deck for oil tanks comprising a horizontally disposed deck plate, an annular vapor receivin on said deck plate exten ing upwardly therefrom, a side wall on said deck plate forming the outer wall of said chamber and extending below the deck plate to form an annular skirt thereon, said deck plate having openings therein in open communication with said.
chamber, and sealing means attached to said side wall extending into yielding engagement with the walls of the tank.
chamber mounted a In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set 5
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2523292 *||Oct 26, 1945||Sep 26, 1950||Chicago Bridge & Iron Co||Floating roof seal|
|US2554497 *||Feb 3, 1947||May 29, 1951||Chicago Bridge & Iron Co||Seal hanger for floating roofs|
|US2568529 *||Nov 5, 1945||Sep 18, 1951||Wiggins John H||Side wall seal for floating tank roofs|
|US2647654 *||Jul 3, 1950||Aug 4, 1953||Alois Cibulka||Floating roof for tanks|
|US2867347 *||Jan 28, 1957||Jan 6, 1959||British Petroleum Co||Liquid storage apparatus|
|US2888161 *||Sep 11, 1957||May 26, 1959||Union Tank Car Co||Static drain arrangement|
|US3059805 *||May 25, 1959||Oct 23, 1962||Joor Ii William E||Sealing means for floating roof tanks|
|US3434619 *||Feb 20, 1967||Mar 25, 1969||Pittsburgh Des Moines Steel||Floating roof seal|
|US3565279 *||Oct 29, 1968||Feb 23, 1971||Us Industries Inc||Floating roof tank seal means|
|US4071164 *||Jun 8, 1977||Jan 31, 1978||Mikhail Grigorievich Skakunov||Floating roof of a tank for storing liquids|
|US4199074 *||Sep 14, 1978||Apr 22, 1980||Donald M. Gammell||Enclosed seal for open top volatile liquid storage tanks|
|US5529757 *||Jul 21, 1994||Jun 25, 1996||Kaufmann; Klaus-Dieter||Apparatus for reducing emissions of pollutants|
|US7225942 *||Aug 6, 2002||Jun 5, 2007||Zhenqi Song||Oil storage tank equipped with a floating bed type inner floating roof|
|US20040200835 *||Aug 6, 2002||Oct 14, 2004||Zhenqi Song||Oil storage tank equipped with a floating roof means of floating bed type|
|U.S. Classification||220/224, 220/221|
|International Classification||B65D88/46, B65D88/00|