US 1914859 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 20, 1933. w. HULL 1,914,859
LOOSE BINDING OR COVER FOR PERIODICALS AND THE LIKE Filed April 14, 1930 2 Sheets-Sheet J.
FIGJ. 'FIG'. 2. FI 5.
i E A 0 ZZ/P g F I June 26, 1933. w. HULL, 1,914,859
LOOSE BINDING OR COVER FOR PERIODICALS AND THE LIKE Filed April 14, 1930 2 Sheets-Shee t 2 mam 51%;
Patented June 28, 1933 WILLIAM HULL, OF BLACKBURN, ENGLAND LOOSE BINDING R COVER FOR PERIODICALS AND THE LIKE Application filed April 14, 1930. Serial No. 444,262.
This invention relates to a loose binding or cover of the type in which periodicals and the like, such for example as weekly or other journals are secured by one or more tapes passing through back loops on the periodicals, the said tapes being detachably, or permanently secured to the binding or cover and provided with means whereby they can be maintained in a state of tension after be- 19 ing threaded through the back loops on the periodicals.
According to this invention the loose binding or cover comprises two cover boards connected by flexible material, both to a flexible or a rigid plate which is approximately the width of the binding when closed, adapted to be detachably secured in position between the cover boards, the said plate being formed with apertures for the 29 passage of the aforesaid tapes after the latter have been passed through the back loops of the stitching or staples which secure the leaves of the periodicals together, the tapes a being then secured in a state of tension by one or more wedges passed through the doubled portion of each tape at the back of the plate which simultaneously tighten and fasten all the tapes at one operation. The den tachable plate may then be replaced in the binding or cover and secured by the devices which detachably secure it to the binding or cover, in which condition the tapes and wedges are concealed, and one cover will serve both for a preliminary and a permanent binding.
In the accompanying drawings 2- Fig. 1 is a perspective View of one form of binding or cover.
Fig. 2 is a front view, Fig. 3 an edge view, of a detachable plate for use in conjunction with the cover shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a detached view of one of the loops shown in Figs. 2 and 3.
Fig. 5 is a view of the inside of the binding showing it in its open position and partly filled with periodicals.
Fig. 6 is a front view of a modified construction of plate, and Fig. 7 is a section 50 taken through a part of such plate and showing one of the loops which project from the back.
Fig. 8 is a back view of a similar construction of plate to that shown in Fig. 6 and showing a tape secured in position by two wedges.
Fig. 9 shows the plate in position in the cover.
Fig. 10 is an edge view, and Fig. 11 a front view of a further modified construc tion of detachable plate; and
Fig. 12 is a front view of a preferred construction of double tape for facilitating the insertion of the wedges between the tapes.
In the example shown in Figs. 1 to 7 A A indicate two cover boards connected to a flexible intermediate portion B which is made approximately the width of the binding when closed. Fixed at intervals in the flexible intermediate portion 13 are metal spring clips formed with projecting tongues D indicates a rigid plate which may be stilfened by being formed with folded edges d. Portions of these folded edges are cut and opened out as shown at d for the passage of the tongues C. Other portions (Z of the plate D are turned over backwards to receive wire hooks or loops (Z which may be detachably secured in such turned over portions, and portions of the plate adjacent to the loops (Z are advantageously cranked as shown at 01*. The periodicals E may be fastened to the plate D by the stitching which secures the leaves of the periodicals together, or if such stitching is unsuitable it may be removed and the periodicals may then be hand stitched with a thread which is advantageously somewhat stronger than the thread with which their pages are ordi- 'narily secured together. The stitching comprises short stitches of a suitable length for the insertion of tapes F which may be formed double or with loops for the passage of wedges G and such short stitches may be connected together by means of long stitches. When staples are used in place of stitches they may be put through the periodicals from the inside and their ends clenched over a gauge on the outside to form a passage for the tapes at the back of the periodicals. To secure a periodical to the plate D, the latter is removed and the periodical placed against the plate, its short stitches or staples occupying a position between the oppositely disposed loops (F. The tapes F are than threaded through the loops (Z at one side of the metal plate D, through the short stitches or staples and through the metal loops at the other side of the plate D. The tapes F are then tightened up and secured by inserting wedges G between the metal loops (Z and transversely sewn portions f of the tapes F, said tapes being composed of two layers or strips stitched together at f with the wedges extending through the double portions. The plate D is then re-engaged with the tongues C In the example shown in Fig. 6 the loops (Z are shown stamped and pressed backwards out of the material of which the plate D is composed. This method of manufacturing the loops (Z may be applied to all types of plate D. Instead of the wedges being arranged to occupy a position outside the loops d as shown in Fig. 5 they may be arranged to occupy a position between the loops stamped out- 0]": the plate D as shown in Fig. 8. In this arrangement the tapes extend from in front of the plate, around the edges of the plate, and thence through the rear loops to be engaged by the wedges between the loops to draw the tapes around said edges and behind the plate. This method of securing the tapes can be used either when the volume is complete, or even while in the process of compiling, but if used for the latter purpose it would necessitatethe removal of the plate from the cover every time a periodical was added.
In the modification shown in Figs. 10 and 11 one end of the metal plate D is cranked at d and its other end is also cranked as at d and has a hole formed therein for fastening the plate to a modified form of cover by screws or the like.
To facilitate the threading of the wedges G through the tapes F such tapes may be made with a front portion that is narrower in width than the rear portion as shown in Fig. 12.
\Vhat I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent in the United States is 1. In combination with cover boards having an intermediate portion, spring clips formed with tongues extending inwardly of the intermediate portion, a rigid member retained in position by said tongues, periodical-engaging tapes extending across said member, said tapes having double portions, said member having portions through which the tapes extend, and wedges passing through the double portions of said tapes and bearing against said member and arranged when forced into position to stretch the tapes.
2. A device of the character described comprising a rigid member, periodical engaging tapes extending across and to the rear of said member, said tapes having double portions and said member having rearwardly extending loops through which the tapes extend, and securing means between said tapes and member including wedging means passing through the double portions of each tape and bearing against said loops of said member at the rear thereof and arranged when tightened, to stretch the tapes.
3. A device of the character described comprising a rigid member, periodical engaging tapes extending across and to the rear of said member, said member having rearwardly extending loops through which the tapes extend, said tapes having double portions, and securing means between said tapes and member including a pair of wed"- ing members passing through said doubIe portions of the tapes and contacting with said loops of said member at the rear thereof tostretch the tapes when said wedging members are tightened.
In testimony whereof I hereunto afiix my signature.