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Publication numberUS1915404 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 27, 1933
Filing dateMar 27, 1931
Priority dateMar 27, 1931
Publication numberUS 1915404 A, US 1915404A, US-A-1915404, US1915404 A, US1915404A
InventorsClifton Gilbey M
Original AssigneeClifton Gilbey M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pliers
US 1915404 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

PLIERS Filed March 27,- 1931 fill Patented June 27, 1933 i UNITED STATES; PATsNroFi-uce GILBEY IVI. CLIFTON, OF PERRY, IOWA PLIERS Application filed larch 27, 1931. Serial No. 525,809.

This invention relates to new and useful is preferably made by a transverse screw 7, improvements in pliers. which extends through corresponding trans- One object of my invention is to provide verse registering openings 8 and 9 in the novel actuating means for the movable gripshank and body portion and 2, respectively, 5 ping jaw of the pliers. and isheld in place by the nut 10. The upper A further obj-ect of my invention iS to section further comprises the movable handle provide means to prevent disengagement of 117 formed a1; its inner end with the Hat, the rack teeth of the upper member or section widened portion 12, which is pivotally conof the pliers. nected by the transverse screw and nut 13 A still further object of my invention is to and 111, respectively, to the body portion 2 60 provide a device of this character which is ofthe lower section of the pliers. simple and economical in construction and In carrying out my invention, the inner highly efficient rand durable in use. end of the shank 5 ofthe movable gripping With the foregoing and other objects in jaw 4, is formed with a series of arcuate rack 15 view that will appear as the nature of my teeth l5 and the adjacent or inner end of 05 invention is better understood, the same conthe flat widened portion 12, is likewise prosists in the novel features of construction, vided with a Series 0f intermeshing rack combination and arrangement of parts illusteeth 16, formed on the arc of a smaller curvetrated in the accompanying drawing and than the teeth 15 o more particularlypointed out in the append* The body portion 12 of section B of the j ed claims. pliers is provided with al transverse slot 18 In the accompanying drawing, which is for having circular end openings 19, to provide illustrative purposes only and is therefore separate pivotal bearings forvthe screw or not drawn to scale: bolt 13, the end openings being connected by Figure 1 is a face view of a pair of pliers a narrow neck 2O.v The bolt 13 is fixed to the constructed in accordance with the present portion 12 Vof the movable handle and is invention; provided with a flattened portion 21 which,

Fig. 2 is an edge view thereof; when the handle 11 is in thedotted line posi- Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view on a tion of Fig. 1, may 'be passed through the larger scale taken along the line 8 3 of neck portion 20 of the slot into one or the Fig. l; other of the end openings 19 to thereby effect Figs. L1 and 5 are sectional views on the lateral adjustment of the handle portion 12 lines 4 4; and 5 5, respectively, of F ig. 3; and a consequent adjustment of the plierv Fig. 6 is a sectional view on the line 6 6 jaws. It will be noted that by reason of the of Fig. 1. fact that the slot 18 extends transversely of Referring to the drawing for a more parthe fixed or main body 2 of the pliers the ticular description of my invention and in adjustment thus provided may be accomwhich drawing like parts are designated by plished without disturbing the intermeshing like reference characters throughout the sevrelation between the teeth 15 and 16. eral views, my device essentially comprises The jaws of the pliers illustrated in Figthe upper and lower plier sections A and B, ures 1 to 3, inclusive, of the drawing, and respectively. rlhe lower section B comprises designed for general use, are provided with the stationary offset gripping jaw 1, flat elonthe wire cutter 211. gated intermediate body portion 2 and curved From the foregoing description taken in handle 3. The upper section A of the pliers connection with the drawings, it is thought consists of the movable offset Vgripping jaw that the construction, operation and advan- 4, formed with the flat elongated shank 5, tages of my invention will be readily underwhich is pivoted adjacent its out-er end, as stood without requiring a more extended at 6, to the body portion 2 of the lower secexplanation. tion B. The aforesaid pivotal connection Having described my invention, what I 100 claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. In a pair of pliers the combination of a member having a stationary jaw at one end thereof and a handle at the opposite end, a movable jaw on said members for eoaetion with said stationary jaw, an operating handle on said member, yintermeshing gears on said movable aw and operating handle forming a driving connection therebetween, and an adjustable pivot for one of said gears adjustable transversely of said member toV effect adjustment of said movable jaw without disturbing the intermeshing relation between said gears.

2.-,In a-pair of pliers the eombinationfof a member having ya stationaryj aw at one end thereof Vand a handle at the* opposite end, a movable jaw on said `member for eoaetion 29 with said stationary jaw, an operatinghan dle on-said member, intermeshing. gears on said movable jaw and Q operatingy handle forming a driving connection therebetween, said member having a slot extending transk verselyI thereof, and a pivot' pin on one of said gears ulcrumed in said slot and adjustabley lengthwise thereof to efeet adjustment of said movable` jaw without disturbing the interlneshing relation between said gears.- 30h 3. In a Apair of pliers the combination oa member: having astationary jaw 4at one end thereof and a'handle lat the oppositev end, a movable aw pivoted onsaid member foracoaction with said stationary jaw, anoperating handle on said member, intermeshing gears on said movable jaw and operating handle forming a driving g'eonnection therebetween, said member. having. a'slotr extending` Vtransverselythereohand a pivot pin on said operating handle fulcrumed Vin said Slot and adjustable lengthwise thereof to effect adjust ment. of. said :operating handle and movablejaw kwithout disturbing the interrneshing relationbetween said gears. 46; In testimonyv whereof he aiiixes his signa ture. n i

GILBEY M.v CLIFTON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3224303 *Jul 16, 1964Dec 21, 1965Omer VeillettePliers with rack and toothed lever means coming into meshing engagement when the jaws contact a workpiece
US3308692 *Apr 13, 1966Mar 14, 1967Shichiro SatoPlier-type tool having cam and slot actuation means
US4599795 *Jun 8, 1984Jul 15, 1986Mcc CorporationCutting tool
US5231763 *Apr 1, 1992Aug 3, 1993Laux Friedrich GMechanical force transmission for a hand tool
US5259117 *Apr 8, 1993Nov 9, 1993Edward DormaCutting tool
US5475927 *Nov 5, 1993Dec 19, 1995Dorma; EdwardCutting tool
US5570510 *Jun 7, 1995Nov 5, 1996Fiskars Oy AbLopper
US5682679 *May 30, 1995Nov 4, 1997Dorma; EdwardCutting tool
US5689888 *Aug 20, 1996Nov 25, 1997Fiskars Consumer Oy AbVariable force tool
US6220126Jul 31, 1998Apr 24, 2001Alberto G. DomengeHand tool having pivoted handles
US6332274May 9, 2000Dec 25, 2001Alberto G. DomengeHand tool having pivoted handles
US6389936Feb 14, 2000May 21, 2002Alberto G. DomengeHand tool having pivoted handles
US6401578Feb 14, 2000Jun 11, 2002Alberto G. DomengeHand tool having pivoted handles
US6408725 *Jun 12, 2001Jun 25, 2002Paul M. JansonPliers
US6601479 *Mar 21, 2002Aug 5, 2003Solomon KramerSelf adjusting locking pliers
US6789324May 4, 2001Sep 14, 2004Fiskars Consumer Oy ObDouble gear hedge shears
US8220164 *Aug 17, 2009Jul 17, 2012Fiskars Brands Finland Oy AbCutting tool
US8327549 *Sep 15, 2010Dec 11, 2012Ho Cheng Garden Tools Co., Ltd.Garden shears
US8458912Aug 17, 2009Jun 11, 2013Fiskars Brands Finland Oy AbCutting tool
US9345200 *Nov 11, 2014May 24, 2016Fiskars Brands, Inc.Cutting tool with a variable pivot system
US20100043237 *Aug 17, 2009Feb 25, 2010Fiskars Brands Finland Oy AbCutting tool
US20100043238 *Aug 17, 2009Feb 25, 2010Fiskars Brands Finland Oy AbCutting tool
US20100269357 *Feb 25, 2010Oct 28, 2010Su-Hua ShanLabor-saving garden scissors
US20120060377 *Sep 15, 2010Mar 15, 2012Ho Cheng Garden Tools Co., Ltd.Garden shears
US20140331825 *May 9, 2013Nov 13, 2014Oleg Aleksandrovich KhristyuchenkoLoad induced mechanism system
US20150135914 *Nov 11, 2014May 21, 2015Fiskars Brands, Inc.Cutting tool with a variable pivot system
Classifications
U.S. Classification81/365, 81/366, 81/412, 30/188, 30/250
International ClassificationB25B7/00, B25B7/12
Cooperative ClassificationB25B7/12
European ClassificationB25B7/12