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Publication numberUS191546 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 5, 1877
Filing dateApr 25, 1877
Publication numberUS 191546 A, US 191546A, US-A-191546, US191546 A, US191546A
InventorsHenry B. Paeson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Improvement in hydrocarbon-injectors
US 191546 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Patenea June 5,1877.

b A QITI -fmn,





Specification forming part of Letters Patent N o.

191,546, dated June 5, 1877; application tiled April 25, 1877.

To all whom. it may concer/n Be it known that I, HENRY E. PARsoN, of Watertown, in the county of Jefferson and State of New York, have .invented certain new and useful Improvements in Hydrocarbon-Injectors; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact 'description of the invention, such as will enable othersskilled in the art to which it pertains to make and use it, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form part of .this specification.

' My invention relates to a improvement in hydrocarbon-injectors'for furnaces; the object of the same being to provide an apparatus whereby oil, air, and steam, or oil and gas, may be delivered intothe {ire-box of a-furnace in a thoroughly atomized and intermingled condition, and the resulting hydrocarbon vapors utilized as fuel for heating purposes.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a vertical section of my improved apparatus. Fig. 2 is a horizontalsection of the same. Fig. 3 represents a cross-section taken through lines :v .fr of Figs. l and 2. -Fig. 4 shows -a rear view of the atomizera nd Fig. 5 afront view of the same. i

A represents the outer casing of the injector, the forward part of which is preferably cylindrical in form, while the rear portion'is enlarged at A', for a purpose hereinafter described. The rear end of casing A is screwthreaded on its inner side. at a, for the attachment of a plug, B, which latter has a shoulder, b, formed thereon, to t snugly against the rear edge of casing A, and form a tight joint therewith. The periphery of shoulder b is hexagonal, or of equivalent form, in order that a wrench maybe secured thereto, when it is desired to secure the plug in place. The inner end of plug B is formed with projections b1 b2, each of which is screw-threaded for the attachment of the-outer and inner tubes C. D, which latter are arranged as shown, to constitute an intervening annular chamber, E,

between said tubes, and a large annular space, F, between the tubes` and the outer casing A. The outer tube G is formed with a conical delivery end, c, which serves to contract the opening E between. tubes C and D, while the face of tube O and the casing A is likewise fcoirtracted, owing to the form of the casing at c'. i/lo the forward end of tube D a contracted nozzle, d, is secured, or formed as a part of said tube, said nozzle d having a conical valveseat, d1, within which fits the forward end of an oil-supply pipe, Gwhich latter forms a steam-chamber, G'. The rear end of oil-pipe G is screw-threaded, and passes through an opening, e, in plug B. A hand-wheel, H, is I rigidly secured to the oil-pipe G, at a point outside the injector, and it will be readily understood that the hand-wheel, when turned, serves to impart an endwise movement to the oil-pipe G, and thus regulate the amount of opening between the outer surface of the forward end of lsaid pipe, which constitutes a valve, j', and the conical valve-seat d1.

Oil is fed to the injector as follows: H' represents a T- piece, having one end screwthreaded at g, for its attachment to an oilsupply pipe leading to an oil-tank or source of supply, while the valve-stem g1 is itted to the opposite end of piece H'. i

The outer end of valve-stem g1 is provided with a hand-wheel, g2, which is rigidly secured to the valve-stem in any desired manner, and to the opposite end of stem g1 is attached a conical or other valve, h., which seats snugly against the valve-seat h'.

The lower stem I of piece H' connects, by means of a pipe, I', with an angular couplingpiece, J, which latter is secured to the movable oil-pipe G. An oil-passage, t', is formed in the coupling-piece J, and serves to conduct oil from the valve to the injector.

In order that a supply of air may be admitted to the injector with the oil furnished thereto, coupling-piece J is provided with an air-passage, 'which has a daring mouth, i?, said passage being formed preferably on a line with oil-pipe G.

K represents a steam-pipe, one end of which connects with the steam-space of any form of steamgenerator, while the other end, or a coupling piece attached thereto, passes through the outer casing A of the injector, and through the outer tube C, and is screwed into the inner tube D, thus enabling steam to be conducted into the steam space G', between chimber or opening F between the outer surthe oil-pipe G and the inner tube D.

To the forward end of the injector-casing A is secured an atomizing-nozzle, L, which consists of a tube, j, screwthreaded at jl, and provided with a shoulder, j2, which latter ts snugly against the forward end of casing A. The opening in the nozzle L is obstructed by any desired numbers of cross-bars, K', which are joined at their centers, the rear edges of said cross-bars gradually decreasing in thickness to constitute knife-edge deiectors K, while all of said deilectors converge to form a single conical deflector, l. The outer surface of atomizer L has a hexagonal boss, l', formed thereon for the attachment of a wrench, in order that the atomizer may be readily detached from the injector. Atomizer L is placed in the fire-box of a furnace, and may be of any desired length to project inwardly into the furnace as far as may be desired, and it may be made of cast-iron, or of any refractory material, to withstand the intense heat to which it is subjected when in use.

The operation of the several parts of the injector, as above described, is as follows: The oil-valve h is opened and any desired quantity of oil allowed to flow into the oil-pipe G. Steam is then admitted lo the chamber G through steam-pipe K, and issues in a thin annular jet through the annular opening between the valve jLand valve-seat d'. As the volume of steam escapes under pressure through the contracted nozzle d, it forms a partial vacuum in the oilpipe G, and operates to draw forward the oil contained therein, which is intimately intermingled with the steam, together with air drawn through the air-passage il; and as the combined mixture of steam, oil, and air is directed forcibly against the sharp deiectors K" and conical deector I., the mixture is thoroughly atomized and fed into the lire-box in the form of spray, where it is ignited, and causes a vivid combustion with an intense heat. The intensity of the heat may be regulated by means of the valve governing the ow of oil, and the force of the injector is also regulated by the hand-wheel H, whereby the steam-eduction to the atomizer is varied in size, a'zcording to the relative position of the valve f and valve-seat dl.

In order to adapt my improved apparatus for use where a supply of gas can be obtained for fuel, the following means are provided, whereby steam and gas may be thoroughly intermingled and forced into a furnace; or, if desired, gas may be admitted and mingled with oil, air, and steam.

To the enlarged portion A of injector-casing A is secured a valve-casing, M, the lower end of which is inwardly screwthreaded at m, for the attachment of a pipe connecting with the supply of gas. The upper end of valve-casing M is provided with a conical valve-seat, m', upon which is seated an inwardly-opening valve, N. Valve-stem n is guided in its vertical movement by a guide, n. The valve is held against its seat by a spiral spring, O, one end of which rests against the stationary guide n', while the other end rests against a pin or nut, o, secured to the lower end of valvestem n.

Steam-pipe P leads from the steam-generator, and, passing through the outer casing A, connects with the outer tube C, thereby establishing a communication between the steamgenerator and the steam-chamber E, the latter formed between the tubes C D. When it is desired to supply gas to the furnace, steam is admitted to chamber E through pipe P, and as the steam issues forcibly through the contracted annular passage between the tube D and the forward end of tube C, it operates to draw the air contained in the enlarged chamber of the injector through the contracted passage formed by the inclined wallc of the casing, and thereby creates a partial vacuum in said chamber, which allows the atmospheric pressure to open the valve and admit gas to the injector. The gas is thoroughly commingled with the steam, and, if desired, the mixture may be further mixed with combined oil, air, and steam before it is injected into the furnace fire-box.

Oftentimes it is desirable to have a steamblower attached to a furnace, in order to hasten and promote the combustion of fuel therein, and hence I have adapted my improved injectonfor such use, as will appear from the following description In the enlarged portion A of the injector-casing A, and opposite the steam-pipe K, there is formed a large opening, Q, the sides of which are screw-threaded for the attachment of a solid plug, Q', which latter has a nut, R, formed thereon, in order that it may be readily removed by a wrench. When the injector is to be used as a steam-blower the valve regulating the supply of oil is closed, the plug Q removed, and steam admitted through pipe P to steam-chamber E. As the steam escapes from chamber E it operates to draw air through the opening Q and discharge a constant and forcible stream of air into the fire-box. It is evident that instead of using a solid plug, Q, an inwardly-opening valve, similar to gas-valve N, may be substituted therefor; and by means of a suitable device for locking the valve-as, for instance, by a wedge or key passing through a slot in the valve-stemthe injector may be very readily transformed into a steam-blower.

Hydrocarbon-injectors constructed in accordance with my invention,as above described, are adapted to be applied to all kinds of furnaces for generating steam, and also to pud- `dling and glass furnaces, and many other purposes not necessary to mention.

I would further observe that there are three little steam-outlets, d2, two only of which are shown in the drawing, formed in the tube D. These are diagonally inclined rearward, and connect steam-passage GJ with the passage F. They create a strong current of air through the passage F, thus aiding combustion, u also maintaining the mouth f the burner a a low temperature.

They partially accomplish the effect of an injector in the casing A, and aid the delivery from the steam-chamber G'; hence practically giving the device a double-injector consturction.

Having fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. In a hydrocarbon-injector, the combination, with the oil-supply pipe located within the injector, and adapted to have an endwise movement therein, of an oil-supply valve and a coupling-piece, the latter provided with an oil-passage, and also with a passage leading to the open air, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

2. In a hydrocarbon-injector, the combination, with the outer casing, having a plug secured within one end of the same, of a tube removably secured to a screw-threaded boss formed on the inner end of the plug, said tube provided with a conical valve-seat and a con tracted nozzle, and an oil-supply pipe, arranged to extend through said plug, the forward end of the oil-pipe having a conical valve formed thereon, substantially as and for the purpose set forth. Y

3. In a hydrocarbon-injector, the combination, with the outer casing, and oil and steam pipes arranged within the same, of an atomizingnozzle, formed with a conical deiector,

made up of a series of knife-edge deilectors,

substantially as, and for the purpose 'set forth.

4. In a hydrocarbon-injector, the combination, with an outer casing having an enlarged chamber formed therein, of an inner steamtube of practically the same length as the enlarged chamber, and a steam-supply pipe leading to said tube, and an inwardly-opening valve, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

5. The combination, with the outer casing .of a hydroxcarbon-injector, constructed sub-- stantially as shown, and a valve-casing, the upper end of which constitutes a conical valveseat, of a valve and a spring, which latter is interposed between the valve-stem guide and a pin or nut secured to the valve-stem, sub- -stantially as and for the purpose set forth.

6. In a hydrocarbon-injector, the combination, with the outer casing, having an enlarged chamber formed therein, and suitable steampipes, of a removable plug, Q', substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

7. In a hydrocarbon-injector, the combination, with casing A, formed with an enlarged portion, A', provided with opening Q, of the steam-pipe P, tubes U D, the several parts constituting the chambers E and F, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

8. In a hydrocarbon-injector, the combination, with the tubes C and D and steam-pipe P, of the outer casing A, provided with an inwardly-opening valve, constructed with an inclined inner surface, c', in close proximity to the forward end of tube C, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

9. In a hydrocarbon-injector, the combination, with casing A, having an enlarged portion, A', of the plug B, tubes C D, oil-pipe G, and steam-pipes K P, substantially and as for the purpose set forth.

10. A hydrocarbon -injector constructed with independent steam-chambers and connecting-pipes, the same arranged substantially as set forth, whereby either air and steam, or gas and steam, or oil, air, and steam, may be injected, separately or collectively, into a furnace, substantially as set forth.

In testimony that I claim the foregoing I have hereunto set my hand this 23d day of April, 1877.




Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2980171 *Apr 16, 1949Apr 18, 1961Selas Corp Of AmericaGas and oil burner
US3000435 *Apr 28, 1950Sep 19, 1961Selas Corp Of AmericaFurnace burner
US5484107 *May 13, 1994Jan 16, 1996The Babcock & Wilcox CompanyThree-fluid atomizer
Cooperative ClassificationB05B7/0408