US 1916493 A
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Patented July 4, 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE NAT L. SOLOMON, F BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR T0 HARRY S. REEL, O F NEW YORK, N. Y.
CONTAINER Application led lay 14,
This invention relates to sanitary appliances and more particularly to an improved container for domestic refuse or garbage.
As is Well known the disposal of household refuse, especially garbage, involves a great deal of inconvenience to the householder and housewife, due. to the fact that it must be collected in a container of metal and the like, and then transferred to a garbage wagon for removal from the premises. Such vcontainers rapidly became fouled with use, and vigorous cleaning is required at frequent intervals to maintain them in as relatively inoensive condition as possible.
In large municipalities where daily removal of household waste material is generally required by municipal ordinances, considerable trouble andv inconvenience is encountered 'm packaging or otherwise preparing the garbage for disposal. The use of newspapers, paper bags, or other absorbent containers, requires an excessive amount of material in order to prevent the disruption of the parcel or bundle when it contains wet or sloppy material.
It is an object of this invention to provide a sanitary, moisture-proof container for household refuse, which is readily and easily disposed of.
Another object of this invention is the provision of such a container, adapted to be used as a sanitary liner for a garbage receptacle.
Still another object of this invention is the provision of a sanitary, moisture-proof liner or container for garbage receptacles provided with supporting extensions or tabs, whereby the container is adapted to be supported in the receptacle by the cooperative action of the cover on the tabs.
Yet another object of this invention is the provision of a moisture-proof liner for garbage receptacles, which is impregnated with deodorants and antiseptic materials.
A further object of this invention is the provision of an article of the character described which is adapted to be packaged for sale as a unitary article and which is easy to manufacture and is of such low cost as to render it susceptible of use and subsequent 1930. Serial No. 452,177.
destruction without involving high replacement costs.
These and other desirable objects and advantages will be described in the following specification and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which preferred embodiments are shown by way of example, for since the underlying principles may be incorporated in a variety of useful devices, it is not desired to limit the invention in its useful applications to the devices shown, except insofar as such limitations are clearly imposed by the appended claim.
In the drawing, like numerals refer to similar parts throughout the several views, of which Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a container embodying the principles of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of ya modifica- 70 tion of the device shown in` Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a diagrammatic showing of the device shown in Fig. 1 in position in a garbage receptacle, parts of the receptacle being broken away to show the relation of the liner to the container, and
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3 in which the modified form of supporting tabs of Fig. 2 is used.
The container or liner comprises a bagshaped device having a body portion 1 of any suitable configuration, and an integral bottom portion 2. As shown, the container is rectangular in cross-section, but, as above intimated, it may have any desired cross-section.
The body portion of the container is provided at its upper open end with a plurality of equally spaced integral tabs or extensions of reduced width, which are of substantial 9 length, the tabs shown being designated, respectively, by the numerals 3, 4, 5 and 6. These tabs are adapted to be folded over the top rim of a container 7, such as the wellknown garbage pail or can used for house- 9 holds, and are held in position by the cover 8 of member 7. The even spacingvof the supports gives an equal distribution of holding strength over the periphery of the liner and thus prevents tearing.
In ordinary use the container is opened up and inserted into its receptacle, the sides of the bag being conformed tothe inner wall of the receptacle, and the supporting tabs bent outwardly and downwardly, as shown.
When refuse is put into the receptacle and the cover placed in position, the supporting tabs are firmly gripped and the liner prevented from sagging or collapsing.
When the proper time for the disposal of the refuse material comes, the liner containing the material is removed from the receptacle and top is tied rmly or otherwise suitably secured. The package of refuse matter may then be disposed of in any desired fashion without involving the soiling of ones hands or clothes, and without danger of disruption due to the edect of water on the bag.
The modification shown in Figs. 2 and 4c comprehends the use of a plurality of tabs 3', a', 5 and 6', which are collectively of the same circumference as the body of the container. This construction allows of the folds of material being turned inwardly on each other to permit the formation of a top liner portion having a plurality of thicknesses whereby the container may be used in an open receptacle without exposing the contained `detritus to the atmosphere and thereby prevent access of flies and other insects in addition to preventing the dissemination of undesirable odors. Such a container may be secured with twine or any suitable fastening material and disposed of as desired.
'llhe action on paper or cardboard of the fluid or pasty matter which makes up a considerable portion of ordinary garbage is very annoying, due to the absorptive capacity of the paper material for moisture. This results in rapid deterioration of the package or bundle, and its disruption, with consequent undesired exposure of its contents.
The article of the present invention is preferably made of suitable water-proof material such as paper of kraft or manila type, which has been treated with wax or oil to impregnate the fibres, thereby imparting the property of moisture-repelling to the paper. In addition to its moisture repelling property, the wax or oil used may serve as a vehicle for antiseptics and/or deodorants for the purpose of minimizing or preventing bacterial growth within such packages if the contents are permitted to stand for any considerable length of time. The materials used for antisepticizing and deodorizing are well known and it is intended that all such materials which are suitable for use in an article of the character described be comprehended within the spirit and scope of the present invention.
The weight of paper used will depend primarily upon the size of the garbage container or liner. For example, a liner adapted for use in the small garbage pails commonly sold for use in Small apartments and they like, could be of relatively light weight stock without any danger of disruption due to excess weight of the contained materials. v
Where the container is of large size, such, for example as the galvanized iron cans used in hospitals, hotels and institutions generally, a larger liner of course will be necessary and the material of the liner will be accordingly varied in order to provide the requisite strength, which, as above noted, in addition to the moisture-proofing advantages, iS distinctly a function of the weight of the paper material generally.
The treated paper container can be used without being inserted in a pail or covered can. .Where such use is contemplated, the strength of lche bag can be varied to suit, as already pointed out. When so used, the container may readily be placed on the drainboard of a sink and the waste material dumped therein, after which the Whole package isclosed up and disposed of.
A particularly advantageous feature of the present invention resides in its ability to withstand the relatively high degree of heat and moisture, as is necessary in sterilizing apparatus of the type used in hospitals. By sterilizing these containers, they are adapted for use generally about hospitals, and especially for the purpose of holding'waste surgical dressings, which at present are placed in enamel pans or basins. These basins, with their contained material, must then be covered with a towel and removed and'placed in a large container, the basin requiring much cleaning before it can again be used. By the use of the antisepticized containers described herein, the used material, such as surgical dressings, may be practically deposited in a container of suitable size, which is immediately sent to the furnace or incinerator for disposal thereby obviatingthe necessity of dirtying metallic basins and subsequently cleaning them.
ln homes provided with ranges of the coal burning type, or furnaces, the liner with its contained garbage may be incinerated with-v out bothering to keep the material standing around until the municipal authorities remove it in the ordinary course of their routine.
Such incineration is the ideal method of disposing of the relatively small quantities of garbage, as it aids in keeping the premises clean, and also serves to prevent the multiplication of the domestic house-fly by getting rid of one of its breeding places.
The use of such a moisture-proof liner for -garbage cans or pails, assists materially in keeping the latter in a clean, sweet condition by preventing the access of detritus and moisture to the walls of the can or plate. As already stated, the metal containers used for holding garbage material are almost impos- Cil sible to clean thoroughly due to the oleaginous nature of the Waste material which forms a hard resistant coating on the interior of the walls of the can, which coating serves as an adhesive and keeps or retains the particles of decomposible' matter under proper conditions for decomposition. lrVhen mold growth sets in, the can, lined with the improved container of the present invention, is not musty or sour, odors emanating from the decomposing waste materials, which are highly offensive, being retained in the improved container.
lVhere incineration is neither practicable nor desired, the bags of garbage may be buried or otherwise disposed of, the material of the bag or liner gradually decomposing. This decomposition is relatively slow, so that the contents will have hadlample Atime for degeneration before they are exposed to the atmosphere.
lt will now be seen that there has been provided an improved container for waste material such as garbage and the like, which is highly eflicient, being moisture-repellant and odorless, and which is available at s'uch a low price as to enable it to be thrown away Without involving any great expense. These containers are available in a variet of sizes, the material used in their manu acture being suitably varied to meet the conditions of use to which it is to be subjected.
What is claimed is:
An improved preformed moisture and flyproof bag-shaped garbage container adapted to be inserted into and conformed to the inside of a cylindrical garbage can forming a liner therefor, said container being made of a freely flexible Water-proof fabric and comprisinga preformed bag having a substantially square bottom together with unitary sides severally terminating in freely fiexible but not self sustaining tab portions` the tab portions of the sides being of a size sufficient to fold toward each other and completely close the top of the container to prevent ingress of insects and also to prevent the liberation of odors and being further adapted to be bent over the rim of a can in which the bag is inserted and conformed as a liner whereby to form a substantially continuous depending sectional apron for the rim, the said apron being adapted to Coact with a superimposed and fitted cover for the can to e retained thereby and to seal the can and its contents. NAT L. SOLOMON.